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Soon after his return to Gibraltar he was sent on an expedition in order to furnish arms and ammunition to the Spaniards, who it was said were falling rapidly into the jaws of the French ; and to take Malaga, the attack of which place was supposed to be combined with one made by General Blake, commanding some Spanish troops, so as to occupy the force under General Sebastiani. Unfortunately, neither General Blake nor the Spaniards made a movement, and the entire of Sebastiani's force was left disposable to act against the small and motley force sent under Lord Blayney, composed of about 300 English, the Spanish regiment of Toledo, 800 strong, and about 500 German and Polish deserters, who were clothed and equipped for this enterprise. An action commenced near Fingerole (which fort Lord Blayney attacked), which lasted for twenty-four hours; and the Spaniards giving way, a battery fell into the hands of the enemy, which was charged by Lord Blayney with a detachment of the second battalion of the 89th regiment, and retaken with the bayonet. Lord Blayney's horse on that occasion was killed under him at the battery; and after having succeeded in another charge, he was shortly after made prisoner, being then far in advance and unsupported. One grand object of the expedition was, however, accomplished; viz. the landing and disposing of 20,000 stand of arms. The Guerillas were organised and formed into thirteen different corps, under enterprising leaders: they attacked all convoys, and effectually cut off the communication between Soult and Sebastiani, which led to consequences having a powerful influence on the success of future operations.

Lord Blayney having remained for some time a prisoner, went to Verdun, where he was soon after employed by the British government in the distribution of large sums of money towards the daily support and clothing of our own prisoners of war, and assisting the Russian, Austrian, and Spanish prisoners, in a manner that did immortal honour to the British nation.

Lord Blayney obtained the rank of Major-General on the

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25th of July, 1810, and of Lieutenant-General on the 12th of August, 1819. His Lordship was distinguished by extreme good-nature; and he was a very convivial companion.

Lord Blayney's death took place at Bilton's hotel, Sackville Street, Dublin, on the 8th of April, 1834. On the Saturday preceding he was left at table in his usual rather delicate health, by his agent, who dined with him, and was subsequently found alone by his servants, senseless, and lying on the floor with his leg entangled in his chair, in which it had probably caught in an attempt to rise from the table. He was carried to bed, as if it had been an ordinary accident, and no doctor was called in till next evening, when it was found that the torpor he had evinced the preceding night was not abating, though he appeared occasionally in pain. The doctor, on examination, found that his thigh was broken very near the hip, and every attention was paid to his very dangerous

He appeared to improve a little on Monday; but the same night fell again into a state of insensibility, which terminated in dissolution.

He married, July 5. 1795, Lady Mabella Alexander, eldest daughter of James first Earl of Caledon, and sister to the present Earl ; and by that lady, who survives him, he had issue one son and three daughters: - 1. the Hon. Anne, married in 1818 to Captain Charles Gordon, R. N. ; 2. the Right Hon. Cadwallader Davis, now Lord Blayney, born in 1802, and late M.P. in the present parliament for Monaghanshire; 3. the Hon. Elizabeth Harriet, who died in 1818; and, 4. the Hon. Charlotte Sophia, married in 1833 to Frederick Angerstein, Esq.

state.

Principally from “ The Royal Military Calendar.”

147

No. XI.

MR. RICHARD LANDER.

Of all the geographical problems which remained to be solved in our times, that which (with the exception, perhaps, of the North-west Passage) attracted more attention and interest than any other, was the course and termination of the Niger. At length the discovery was achieved by an humble, but a very intelligent and a very meritorious, individual ; who, not having any theory to support, or prepossession to gratify, set about the task in a straightforward 'manner, and accomplished, although not without considerable difficulty and danger, an undertaking in which all former travellers had failed; thus affording a new proof of how much may be effected by determination and perseverance. In a subsequent expedition, he unhappily perished; and, as has been justly observed by his surviving and affectionate brother (his companion in his former but not in his latter enterprise), “it is a sorrowful reflection, that after all his painful toil and mental and bodily sufferings in the cause of African exploration, after having escaped, in a manner truly surprising, the treacherous and destructive influence of the climate, — he should have met his death on the eve of returning to enjoy the fruits of his noble labours in the bosom of domestic tranquillity, by the hands of heartless savages, amongst whom he was in the very act of endeavouring to introduce the blessings of civilisation and the arts of peace ! ”

The early part of the history of this enterprising man we shall derive from an auto-biographical sketch, which he prefixed, in 1830, to his “ Records of Captain Clapperton's last Expedition to Africa.” After premising that he had little to be proud of in the

way of pedigree, he remarks, that his family was, however, of pure Cornish extraction, “ my mother's maiden name being Pen-rose, and my father's name Lan-der; and I have the solitary satisfaction of boasting of, at least, one celebrated character, in the humble records of my pedigree, - my grandfather by my mother's side, who was a noted wrestler in his day, and lived some fifty years since near the Land's End.

- I am the fourth of six children, and was born at Truro in 1804 *, on the very day on which Colonel Lemon was elected member of parliament for the borough. Owing to this striking circumstance, my father, who was fond of sounding appellations, at the simple suggestion of the doctor who attended, added Lemon to my baptismal name of Richard. * *

“ My rambling inclinations began to display themselves in early youth. I was never easy a great while together in one place, and used to be delighted to play truant and stroll from town to town, and from village to village, whenever I could steal an opportunity; as well as to mix in the society of boys possessing restless habits and inclinations similar to my own. I used also to listen with unmixed attention to old women's tales about the ceremonies and manners of the natives of distant regions of the earth, and never felt greater pleasure than when, dandling me on their knees, or stroking down my face with their aged hands, they used to say, “You will be sure - to see two kingdoms, Richard, for you have two crowns upon your head !' Their marvellous descriptions of monsters existing, as they affirmed, in remote lands, likewise conspired to raise in me a longing to be a traveller; for the venerable matrons of my native county, moving in the humbler walks of life, are fond of the wonderful. These tales, however incredible, made a deep and permanent impression on my thoughts; and, though so very young, I formed a resolution, or rather felt a strong and violent inclination, to become a wanderer, in order that the story of my adventures might one day rival in interest those to which I had listened with

* The 8th of February.

so devout an attention; and I was no more than nine

years of age, as nearly as my memory will allow me to guess, when, owing to a series of domestic misfortunes, I left the paternal roof, and have ever since been almost a stranger in the place of my nativity

“ At the early age of eleven I accompanied a mercantile gentleman to the West Indies, and whilst in St. Domingo was attacked with the fever of the country, suffering so severely under its influence that my life was despaired of; but, owing chiefly to the kindness and attention I experienced from some benevolent and sympathising negro females, joined to my youth and a naturally vigorous constitution, I recovered my wonted health, and after an absence of three years returned to my native country in 1818. From that period until the attainment of my 19th year, I lived in the service of several noblemen and gentlemen, one of whom I accompanied to France and other countries on the Continent; when, hearing on my return that Major Colebrook, one of his Majesty's Commissioners of Enquiry into the State of the British Colonies, was in want of an individual to proceed with him in the capacity of servant, I quitted the office I then held, and procured the vacant situation with little difficulty."

Lander then proceeds to relate some particulars of his voyage with this gentleman, with whom he sailed in the spring of 1823, and after accompanying him from one extremity to the other of the colony at the Cape, returned to England in 1824.

“ I had not,” he observes, “ been many weeks in the metropolis, before I accepted of a situation in the establishment of a kinsman of the Duke of Northumberland, where my time passed away pleasantly and thoughtlessly enough ; till the return of Captain Clapperton and Major Denham from the interior of Africa, in the following year, again roused my rambling propensities, and I could not help reproaching myself for having remained so long a time in a state of comparative indolence. I determined from that hour to embrace

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