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and a disposition for battle, which the French refused.
General Duering (it was understood) soon after made away with himself. In the course of these campaigns Lord Blayney was often engaged; particularly near Nimeguen and at Tuyl, in covering the retreat in the severe winter from Rhenen, when the Austrians were attacked at Waggenhenjen.
At the close of these campaigns Lord Blayney returned to England with the remains of his regiment: they were forwarded afterwards, with other corps, to form a camp at Sunderland, in order to embark in the fleet under Admiral Christian for the West Indies. Constant heavy gales frustrated the greater part of that expedition, many regiments being forced back to England, and a few only having reached its destination.
In 1796 Lord Blayney obtained the brevet of lieutenantcolonel, and in 1798 the lieutenant-colonelcy of the 89th. Previous to the latter year he was solicited by Lord Carhampton, then commander of the forces in Ireland, to command a flying camp, composed of detachments of light cavalry, light artillery, and flank companies, the north of Ireland being then in a serious state of disturbance. In the course of this command it was difficult to steer clear of party, and to execute satisfactorily the duties required. His Lordship was, however, so far fortunate as to meet with public thanks from the grand juries of three separate counties, and the entire approbation of the Commander-in chief.
On the country being restored to good order, and the camp broken up, his services were required in various parts, and he had orders from General, afterwards Lord, Lake to proceed to their assistance, when he succeeded in repulsing several attacks. He was shortly after appointed to command a battalion of light infantry, and was most actively employed during the whole of the rebellion, having lost many of his
troops, killed and wounded, in the various conflicts, particularly at Vinegar Hill, and in the town of Enniscorthy, where the detachment was fired on from the windows, and furiously charged with pikes. His Lordship was here again wounded in the thigh. On these duties being performed, he was sent to the command of his regiment, and embarked, along with the 30th regiment, for Minorca. Particular advices being received shortly after by Sir Charles Stuart from Lord Nelson, relative to the precarious situation of the King of Naples, on being forced to abandon his continental dominions and retire to Sicily, his Lordship was selected, with the 89th and 90th regiments, to proceed thither. They were followed by Sir Charles; and, owing to the judicious management on that island, and the appearance of the British regiments, the disaffected troops belonging to the King of Naples were disarmed, and the British took possession of Messina ; and, although the King was surrounded by hosts of enemies, and the British troops had to encounter intrigue, disaffection, and revolutionary principles, these regiments had the good fortune to be most materially useful in preserving that monarchy.
Lord Blayney was sent to Malta to assist Sir Alexander Ball in the siege and blockade of that island. His presence on that occasion was acknowledged to be materially useful; and, soon after his return, he was for some time at Palermo with Lord Nelson, Sir William Hamilton, and the court of Naples. From thence he was sent by Lord Nelson to Sir Thomas Troubridge, then on board the Culloden, during the bombardment of Civita Vecchia, with the Culloden, Minotaur, and the Perseus bomb, when a French force, consisting of above 4000 men, under the command of Admiral Garnier, surrendered themselves prisoners. The result was the capture of Rome; after which Lord Blayney proceeded to join the Russian army under Suwarroff at Augsburg : he remained some time at head-quarters, and then returned to England, bringing the accounts of the operations in that quarter.
In the course of two months his Lordship again embarked 12 buni the Pegasus sloop of war for the Mediterranean, and at Leghorn he found Lord Keith, Lord Nelson, and the British fleet together, with that country in the utmost confusion, in consequence of the decided victory gained by Buonaparte at Marengo, and its consequences. He proceeded from thence in the Minorcan gun-brig, (which vessel, on its passage, captured off Elba a French privateer,) and joined his regiment, then actively engaged in the reduction of Malta, which, after an obstinate resistance, surrendered; and Lord Blayney, in command of a detachment of the Maltese corps and some flank companies, was the first who planted the British colours on the fort of Recasoli, five days previous to the entire capitulation of the island.
Shortly after this interesting capture, so necessary to insure the success of future operations, his Lordship embarked on the expedition under Sir Ralph Abercromby for Egypt, where he was actively engaged in every action of that campaign. The regiment being afterwards detached along with the 90th foot, a few of the 11th light dragoons, and a corps of Albanese, had orders to occupy the right bank of the river Nile, and to possess Rosetta, which was accordingly done. This corps was under the command of Colonel W. Stewart, and had constant skirmishes with the enemy at Dassong, &c. One engagement is particularly worth notice. Orders being issued for the troops to march at six in the morning, the 89th regiment advanced with the Albanese. It happened, from a want of wind, the English gun-boats could not proceed up the river, and the small corps was entirely in advance, unsupported, which the enemy perceiving, endeavoured to avail themselves of. Dependence could not be placed on the Albanese, and the 89th, being then in advance, had to pass the fire of a heavy battery, and the enemy detached some chosen troops to cut them off; their files were counted, and their number was precisely thirty-seven more than the 89th : these British and French corps met in presence of many spectators of the French army from the opposite shore; and the circumstances, as to the main bodies of the respective corps, were such as to render them unable to assist each other. The result was a severe action between these chosen troops from the French and the 89th, which terminated most gloriously in favour of the latter, under the command of Lord Blayney; and the small detachment under Colonel Stewart took possession of seventy-three large guns, loaded, sunk one gun-boat, and captured another. The consequence of this success was very considerable, as, by cutting off the river communication, a most valuable convoy of several boats, much specie, and a vast deal of provisions and clothing, after a smart skirmish, fell into our hands; on which occasion Lord Blayney was nearly killed in preserving the convoy from the Turks. *
This detachment soon after joined the Grand Vizier's army: the 30th and 89th regiments acted at all times as an advanced picket, exposed to continued action with the enemy, and frequently engaged until they took possession of Grand Cairo, and these two regiments were put in possession of the capital.
A curious circumstance occurred in the absence of Colonel Stewart, Lord Blayney being there acting as commanding officer. The Captain Pacha arrived in a superb row-galley, accompanied by several others, which combined a large force: on his arrival, after the usual ceremony of smoking a pipe, and having possessed himself of the room with his Janissaries, he demanded of Lord Blayney, in an imperious, angry tone, why the English colours were hoisted on the citadel ? and a reply was made by his Lordship, that, 'to answer such a question, reference must be made to his superior cfficers; on which the Pacha instantly ran up to the tower, followed by troops, and attempted to pull the colours down by violence. Resistance became requisite, and Lord Blayney informed his Highness, that having found them there, they of course should remain; and he was under the necessity of forcing the Pacha and his troops, at the point of the bayonet,
See Sir Robert Wilson's account in “ Anderson's Journal.”
into their boats, which being effected by the light battalions of the 30th and 89th regiments, every compliment was paid to his Highness, with a march and all the honours of war due to departing royalty. Nothing could exceed the rage of the Pacha and his Janissaries at this method of treating them with such polite indifference. These troops were most particularly useful by their courage, humanity, and the good arrangements made by Colonel Stewart, which prevented the massacre of 30,000 Christians, and the confiscation of their property. The army
arrived soon after from India, under the command of Sir David Baird; and these regiments, with others, were ordered on board to reinforce Lord Keith's fleet, then short of complement, and to go in pursuit of the French squadron under Admiral Gantheaume. Lord Blayney was embarked with part of the regiment on board the Minotaur, and the remainder on board the Northumberland. A violent gale of wind overtook this fleet off the island of Candia, accompanied by water-spouts, which in those seas are very formidable; and the ships suffered so much in the rigging, that they required time to repair previous to their being equal to an attack. After passing some time at Malta, the regiments being in readiness to act in any expedition, the account arrived of the peace of Amiens, and the army was ordered home. The short duration of that peace is well known.
Lord Blayney was next embarked for some time on an expedition to the West Indies; at another, under Sir David Baird, for the Cape of Good Hope. At length an expedition under Lord Cathcart was decided on, and the 89th, with other regiments, was ordered to proceed from Cork to the Douro, as a reinforcement, which was effected, although exposed during the passage to violent gales of wind.
Lord Blayney being under the necessity of proceeding to London on regimental business, a telegraphic order was sent for the fleet to sail, which sailed before he could arrive in time to embark on board of his own ship, containing the staff, &c. of the regiment; he therefore embarked in another vessel.