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of his first marriage with Sarah, daughter of Colonel Thomas Carteret Hardy, are Samuel, the present incumbent of Rodmarton, and Charlotte, the lady of Sir James Carnegie, Bart. By his second wife, Josepha Catherine, daughter of John Gilbert Cooper, Esq. of Thurgarton Priory, Nottinghamshire, his present relict, he left a son and a daughter. In 1824 Mr. Lysons was induced to undertake a continental tour for the sake of the health of his younger children. On this occasion he might fairly have justified the expression of the ancient philosopher, “quotidie se aliquid addiscentem senem fieri.” His journal, in four manuscript quarto volumes, now in the hands of his family, but at no time intended for publication, comprises a fund of interesting matter, enriched by his extensive acquaintance with French and Italian literature.

Having perused with much pleasure, in the course of his different enquiries, a work in Italian by the exBishop of Tarentum, entitled, “ An Historico-political Discourse on the Origin, Progress, and Decline of the Power of the Clergy over temporal Signories, with a Sketch of the History of the Two Sicilies,” he translated it with a view to publication, an idea which he abandoned on his return to England.

On resuming his parochial duties, his attention was exclusively occupied with the design of preparing a commentary on the Scriptures, on a scale adapted to an application of the writings of the fathers, and other sources of sound instruction with which his past studies had rendered him familiar. The failure of his eyesight, however, forced him soon to relinquish a project on which he had long dwelt with satisfaction, as the solace of declining life; or at least to limit it to a preparation of lectures from the gospel of St. Matthew, for the instruction of his own flock.

Mr. Lysons died on the 3d of January, 1834. How deeply and deservedly he was regretted as a father, a husband, and a neighbour, it is not the province of this memoir to describe. How justly he was valued for his openness of heart, and kindly urbanity of temper, will be testified by the many to whom he was casually known as a man of the world and of letters. Placed, from an early time of life, on an intimate and independent footing in the society of men conspicuous for rank and talent, he retained, in a peculiar degree, the simple habits, the unassuming manners, and the practical piety of a faithful minister of the church. To fulfil this vocation conscientiously was the main purpose of a life otherwise distinguished by honourable and useful labours, and combining in a true sense the characteristics which the great poet of antiquity has assigned to the memory of the just.

" Quique sacerdotes casti, dum vita manebat,

Inventas aut qui vitam excoluere per artes,
Quique sui memores alios fecere merendo.”

From a Correspondent.

110

No. VIII.

REAR-ADMIRAL SIR CHARLES CUNNINGHAM,

K.C.H.

When Dr. Johnson indulged his fancy with the horrors of sea life, and pronounced that all who saw a cabin would envy a gaol, he was speaking from the experience of a row across the Thames, by way of varying the scenes of Bolt Court. But it is a proud characteristic of England, that so far from her sons participating in such apprehensions, they are scarcely to be restrained from betaking themselves to the element which has so enlarged the power and resources of the country. Thus it was with the excellent officer whose professional career we are about to relate. No sooner had he mastered the reading of Robinson Crusoe than he felt a violent inclination for a maritime life; and the nation being then at peace, he went as a “sea-boy” into the merchant service, and had become a smart seaman when the American war broke out. That event called forth other aspirings; and though he was now twenty years of age, he entered the royal navy as a midshipman in 1775. His first ship was the Æolus, of 32 guns, which, under the able discipline of Captain William Bennett, who commanded her upwards of seven years, had acquired the character of a “ crack” frigate.

The Æolus sailed for the West India station early in 1776, then commanded by Captain Christopher Atkins; and on joining the squadron of Sir Peter Parker, the activity and seamanship of Mr. Cunningham had already been so conspicuous, that he was recommended to the Rear-Admiral as an officer fully equal to the charge of a watch. This recommendation was effective, - he was received on board the Bristol, of

years in the

50 guns, Capt. Tobias Caulfield, which ship bore the flag, and was soon put into a way of advancing himself. In 1778 he was lent into the Ostrich, of 14 guns and 110 men, a vessel of the squadron cruising off Savannah Point, Jamaica. Here, on the morning of the 8th of July, they fell in with a rakish French privateer of 16 guns and 150 men, which instantly “ showed fight.” A desperate and sanguinary engagement followed, in which the Captain and Lieutenant of the Ostrich were disabled, besides four of her men killed and twentyeight wounded; but after three hours' attack, the privateer was so riddled and cut up, that she surrendered, having then thirty dead upon her deck, and a great number wounded. This led to Mr. Cunningham’s being appointed Acting Lieutenant to the Port Royal, a sloop of war of 18 guns, in the following year, although he had not then served quite four

navy. From this vessel he was soon removed to act as First Lieutenant of the Hitchinbroke, an armed ship of 14 guns, commanded by the gallant Nelson, who, also recently made out of the Bristol, had become acquainted with Cunningham's worth. An attack on the island of Jamaica being apprehended, Captain Nelson was appointed to command the important batteries which defended Port Royal. In consequence of this arrangement, and being anxious to serve in a sea-going ship, in the beginning of 1780 Mr.Cunningham joined the Pallas, a fine frigate of 36 guns, at the express request of Captain J. D. Spry, with which officer he served till the ship was ordered home with the Jamaica fleet, in the summer of 1782. The misfortunes of the ill-fated squadron which convoyed that fleet are well known; a threedecker and three other line-of-battle ships foundered, the Pallas was driven on one of the Western Islands, and all the other ships were disabled.

Fortunately for Mr. Cunningham, on the frigate's being ordered to England, he had determined to remain on the station until his promotion was secured; and therefore joined the Ajax, of 74 guns, just before the Pallas sailed. In this ship he served, as Second Lieutenant, with Captain Charrington, till, on the 4th of September of the same year, he obtained his confirmation, and was, at the same time, appointed to command the Barrington, a little hired brig of 12 guns. Here his talent was put into immediate requisition ; for the Admiral, Joshua Rowley, sent him, with the Racehorse schooner under his orders, to put a stop to the American salt trade with the Bahamas. He here acquitted himself so well, that, by keeping off Turk's Island, he effectually prevented all communication with the subjects of the United States, though the local authorities seemed by no means inclined to second his efforts. Want of supplies, however, compelled him to return to Jamaica; and, during his temporary absence, the French fitted an expedition from Cape François, effected a landing upon Turk's Island, and took possession of it. Their force consisted of two small frigates and two transports, under the command of the Marquis de Grasse, nephew to the Admiral who surrendered to Rodney; and he himself was captured in the Coquette, but not till he had fortified his conquest, and garrisoned it with 550 men. A couple of days after the capture of the Coquette, the circumstance of the fall of Turk's Island was made known to Captain Nelson, who then commanded the Albemarle frigate, and had arrived off there with the Tartar, Resistance, and Drake, on the very day that Lieutenant Cunningham had returned in the Barrington to resume his duties. It was now resolved that an attempt should be made to retake the island. To carry this object, a detachment of 250 seamen and marines were disembarked, under the command of Captain Dixon of the Drake, whilst that vessel and the Barrington were to cover the landing, and dislodge the enemy from the houses ; but a battery, which the Marquis de Grasse had mounted with guns from the Coquette, being unexpectedly opened against them, they were compelled to retire, the Drake having seven men wounded, and the Barrington two. Captain Dixon, at the same time, finding that the enemy were strongly intrenched, and greatly superior to him in numbers, drew off his men, and re-embarked them without loss. Nelson, however, was resolved on

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