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folution, and good Fortune, wherein (tho' we had not had the Authority of Hannibal to assure us) he was the chief of Men; the uncommon Beauty and State of his Person, even to a Miracle, his majestic Port, and awful Deportment in a Face so Young, ļo Ruddy, and so Radiant :

Qualis ubi Oceani perfusus Lucifer unda,
Quem Venus ante alios estrorum diligit ignes,
Extulit os facrum cælo, tenebrasque resolvit

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So does the Day-ftar from the Ocean rise,
Above all Lights, grateful to Venus' Eyes ;
When he from Heaven darts his sacred Light,

And diffipates the fullen Shades of Night. Whoever, moreover, considers the Excellency of his Know. ledge and Capacity, the Duration and Grandeur of his Glo; ry, pure, clear, without Spot or Envy, and that, even long after his Death, it was a religious Belief, that his very

Mea dals brought good Fortune to all that cațried them about them; and that more Kings and Přinces have writ his Acts, than other Historians have written the Acts of any other King or Prince whatever ; and that, to this very Day, the Mahometans, who despise all other Histories, admit of, and honour his alone, by a special Privilege: Whoever, I say, will seriously consider all these Particulars, will confess, that I had reason to prefer him before Cefar himself, who alone could make me doubtful in my Choice: And it cannot be denied, but that there was more of his own Conduct in his Exploits, and more of Fortune in those of Alexander. They were, in many Things, equal, and, peradventure, Cæfar had the Advantage in some par ticular Qualities. They were two Fires, or two Torrents, to rayage the World by severa! Ways ;

Et velut immiffi diversis partibus ignes
Arentem in Sylvam, et virgulta fonantia bauro
Aut ubi decurfu rapido de montibus altis
Dant fonitum fpumosi amnes, et in æquora çurrunt,
Quisque suum populaţus iter ?,

• Æneid. lib. viii. v: 589, SC,

? Ibid. lib. xii. v, 521, &

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. e.
And like to Fires in sev'ral Parts apply'd
To a dry Grove of crackling Laurel's Side ;
Or like the Cataracts of foaming Rills,
To tumble headlong from the lofty Hills,
To hasten to the Ocean ; even so

They bear all down before them where they go.
But tho' Cæsar's Ambition was, in itself, more moderate,
it was so mischievous, having the Ruin of his Country,
and the universal Devastation of the World for its abo.
minable Object; chat, all Things collected together, and
put into the Balance, I cannot but incline to Alexander's

The third Great Man, and, in my opinion, the most Ex-
cellent of all, is EPAMINONDAS: Of Glory he

has not near so much as the other two (which the Third, and
also is but a Part of the Substance of the the most Ex-
Thing :) Of Valour and Resolution, not of cellent.
that Sort which is pushed on: by Ambition, but of that
which Wisdom and Reason can plant in a regular Soul, he
had all that could be imagined : Of this Virtue of his he
has, in my Thoughts, given as ample Proof, as Alexan.
der himself, or Cæfar : For, although his military Exploits
were neither fo frequent, nor so renowned, they were yet,
if duly considered in all their Circumstances, as important,
as vigorous, and carried with them as manifeft a Testi-
mony of Boldness, and military Capacity, as those of any

The Greeks have done him the Honour, without Con-
tradiction, to pronounce him the greatest Man
of their Nation; and to be the first Man of His Honour by

the Greeks.
Greece is easily to be the first of the World.

As to his Knowledge and Capacity, we have this ancient Judgment of him, That never any Man

His Know-
knew so much, and spake so little as he 9: For

he was of the Pythagorean Sect: But, when he
did speak, never any Man spake better; being an excellent
and most persuasive Orator.
But, as to his Manners and Conscience, he has vastly

9 Plutarch of Socrates's Familiar Spirit, c. 23:

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His Manners.

surpassed all Men that ever undertook the

Management of Affairs ; for in this one Thing, which ought chiefly to be considered, which alone truly denotes us for what we are, and which alone I counter-balance with all the rest put together, he comes not short of any Philosopher whatever, not even of Socrates himself. Innocency, in this Man, is a Quality, peculiar, fovereign, constant, uniform, and incorruptible; compared to which, it appears, in Alexander, fubaltern, uncertain, variable, effeminate, and accidental.

Antiquity has judged, that, in thoroughly sifting all His confum the other great Capcains, there is found, in mate and uni.

every one, some peculiar Quality that illusforn Virtue.

trates him. In this Man only there is a full and equal Virtue and Sufficiency throughout, that leaves nothing to be wished for in him, in all Offices of Human Life, whether in private or public Employments, either of Peace or War, in order for living and dying with Grandeur and Glory. I do not know any form or Fortune of a Man that I fo much honour and love. ?Tis true, that I look upon his obstinate Poverty, as it

is set out by his best Friends, a little too His Obftinary scrupulous and nice. And this is the only


Action, tho' high in itself, and well worthy of Admiration, that I find so unpleasant as not to desire to imitate myself, to the Degree it was in him.

Scipio Æmilianus, would any attribute to him as brave Scipio Æmi

and magnificent an End, and as profound lianus the and universal a Knowledge of the Sciences, only one to be

is the only Person fit to be put into the other compared with

Scale of the Balance : Oh! what a Mortifibim.

cation has Time given us, to deprive us of the Sight of two of the most noble Lives, which, by the common Consent of all the World, one the greatest of the Greeks, and the other of the Romans, were in all Plutarch! What a Subject! What a Workman! · For a Man that was no Saint, but, as we fay, a gal

lant Man, of civil and ordinary Manners, which Alci

and of a moderate Eminence, the richest Life biades made.

that I know, and full of the most valuable

The Figure

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and desirable Qualities, .all Things considered, is, in my Opinion, that of Alcibiades.

But, as to Epaminondas, I will here, for the Example of an excessive Goodness, add fome of his Opi- Humanity

, &c. nions. He declared, ? That the greatest Sa- of Epaminon

tisfaction he ever had in his whole Life, das.
was, the Pleasure he gave his Father and Mother by

his Victory at Leuctra';' wherein his Complaisance is great, preferring their Pleasure before his own, fo just, and so full of fo glorious an Action: He did not think it lawful to kill any

Man for no Crime, even tho' it were to restore the Liberty of his country': Which made him fo cool in the Enterprise of his Companion Pelopidas for the Relief of Thebes. He was also of Opinion, " That . Men in Battle ought to avoid attacking a Friend that was on the contrary Side, and to spare him!!! And his Humanity, even towards his Enemies themselves, having rendered him fuspected to the Beotians ; for that, after he had miraculously forced the Lacedemonians to open to him the Pafs, which they had undertaken to defend at the Entrance of the Morea, near Corinth, he contented himself with having charged thro' them, without pursuing them to the upónoft: For this he had his Commission of General taken from him, which was very honourable for such an Account, and for the Shame it was to them, upon Neceflity, afterwards to restore him to his Command, and to own how much depended their Safety and Honour upon him : Victory, like a Shadow, attending him wherever he went; and, indeed, the Prosperity of his Country, as be: ing from him derived, died with him".

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" Plutarch in the Life of Coriolanus, c. 2. And in his Treatise, to prove that there can be no merry Life, according to Epicurus.

Plutarch of Socrates's Dæmon, c. 4.
i Idem, ibid. c. 17.,
* Corn, Nepos in the Life of Epimonondas.



Of the Resemblance of Children to their Fathers.


N compounding this Farrago of so many different

Pieces, I never set Pen to Paper, but when I have too much idle Time, and never any where but at home; fo that it is the work of several Pauses and Intervals, as Occasions keep me sometimes many Months abroad. As to the rest, I never correct my first by any second Conceptions ; I peradventure may alter a Word or so, but 'tis only to vary the Phrase, and not to cancel my Meaning: I have a mind to represent the Progress of my Humours, that every Piece, as it comes from the Brain, may be seen : I could wish I had begun sooner, and taken Notice of the Course of my Mutations. A Servant of mine, that I imployed to transcribe for me, thought he had got a Prize by stealing several Pieces from me, which best pleased his Fancy, but it is my Comfort, that he will be no greater a Gainer, than I shall be a Loser by the Theft.

I am grown older, by seven or eight Years, fance I.beMontaigne's

gans neither has it been without fome new Patience in the Acquisition : I have, in that Time, been acDisease which quainted with the Cholic, and a long Course he always

of Years hardly wears off without some such dreaded.

Inconvenience. I could have been glad, that, of other Infirmities Age has to present long-lived Men, it had chosen fome one that would have been more welcome to me, for it could not possibly have laid upon me a Disease, for which, even from my Infancy, I have had a greater Horror ; and it is, in Truth, of all the Accidents of Old-age, the very Distemper of which I have ever been most afraid. I have often thought with myself, that I went on too far, and that, in so long a Voyage, I should infallibly, at last, meet with some scurvy Shock ; I perceived, and oft enough declared, that it was Time to knock off, and that Life was to be cut to the Quick, according to the Surgeons Rule in the Amputation of a 3


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