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mortal, if Fortune had not made it so; and to attempt to shoot on Horseback, and at a great Distance, and at one whose Body was in Motion by the moving of his Horse, was the Attempt of a Man who had rather miss his Blow, than fail of saving himself, as was apparent by what followed after; for he was so astonished and stupified with the Thought of so desperate an Execution, that he totally loft his Judgment, both to find his Way to escape, and how to govern his Tongue in his Answers. What needed he to have done more than to fly back to his Friends cross a River? 'Tis what I have done in less Dangers, and what I think of very little Hazard, how broad loever the River may be, provided your Horse have good going in, and that you see, on the other Side, good landing, according to the Stream. The other, (viz. the Prince of Orange's Affaffin) when they pronounced his dreadful Sentence : • I was prepared for this, said he, beforehand, and I will • make you wonder at my Patience.'

The Afassins, a Nation dependant upon Phænicia, are reputed, amongst the Mahometans, a People A People who of great Devotion, and Purity of Manners. believe AffaliThey hold, That the nearest Way to gain Para- nation the Judise, is to kill some one of a contrary Religion ; reft Path to

Paradise. which is the Reason they have often been seen, being but one or two, without Arms, to run madly against powerful Enemies, at the Price of certain Death, and without any Confideration of their own Danger. So was our Count Raimond, of Tripoli, affassinated (which Word is derived from their Name) in the Heart of his City, during our Enterprises of the Holy War; and likewise Conrade, Marquis of Montferrat, the Murderers going to their Exetion with great Pride and Glory, that they had performed so brave an Exploit.

VOL. II.

L1

CHAP

CH A P. XXX.

Of a monstrous CHILD.

SHALL tell the Story simply, and leave it to the

Physicians reason upon it. 2 Child, which two Men and a Nurse, who called themselves the Father, the Uncle, and the Aunt of it, carried about to get Money by shewing it, because it was so strange a Creature. It was, as to all the rest, of a common Form, and could stand upon its Feet, walk and gabble much like other Children of the fame Age; it had never, as yet, taken any other Nourishment but from the Nurse's Breafts, and what, in my Prefence, they tried to put into the Mouth of it, it only chewed a little, and spit out again without fwallowing; the Cry of it seemed, indeed, a little odd and particular, and it was just fourteen Months old. Under the Breast it was joined to another Child, that had no Head, and that had the Spine of the Back stopped up, the rest intire ; it had one Arm shorter than the other, because it had been broken, by Accident, at their Birth; they were joined Breast to Breaft, as if a lesfer Child was to clasp its Arms about the Neck of one something bigger. . The Part where they were joined together, was not above four Fingers broad, or thereabouts, 10 that if you turn up the imperfect Child, you might fee "the Navel of the other below it, and the joining was betwixt the Paps and the Navel. The Navel of the imperfect Child could not be seen, but all the rest of the Belly; to that all the rest that was not joined of the imperfect one, as Arms, Buttocks, Thighs, and Legs, hung danga Jing upon the other, and might reach to the Mid-leg. The Nurse, moreover, told us, that it urined at both Bodies, and also that the Members of the other were nourished, fenfible, and in the same Plight with that she gave suck to, excepting that they were shorter, and less. This double Body, and the several Limbs relating to one Head, might be interpreted as a favourable Prognostic to the

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Ch. XXX. Of a monstrous Child.

595 King, of maintaining those various Parts of our State under the Union of his Laws; but, left the Event should prove otherwise, 'tis better to let it alone, for in Things already past, there is no Divination ; Ut quum facta sunt, tum ad conje&turam aliqua interpretatione revocantur. • as when they are come to pass, they should then, by ' fome Interpretation, be recalled to conjecture :' As 'tis faid of Epimenides, that he always prophesied of Things

past ?' I have lately seen a Herdsman, in Medoc, of about thirty Years of Age, who has no Sign A Man who of any genital Parts ; he has three Holes by had no Geniwhich he incessantly voids his Water ; he is tals. Bearded, has Desire, and loves to stroke the Women.

Those that we call Monsters, are not so to God, who sees, in the Immensity of his work, the in- Whether there finite Forms that he has therein comprehend- are Monsters ed :. And it is to be believed, that this Fi- properly so

called. gure, which does astonish us, has relation to some other of the same kind, unknown to Man. From a God of all Wisdom, nothing but good, common, and regular proceeds ; but we do not discern the Disposition and Relation of Things. Quod crebro videt, non miratur, etiamsi, cur fiat, nescit : Quod antè non videt, id, fi evenerit, oftentum esse cenfet. · What Man often sees, he does

not admire, tho' he be ignorant how it comes to pass : • But, when a Thing happens he never saw before, that • he looks upon as a Prodigy.' What falls out contrary to Custom, we say is contrary to Nature ; but nothing, whatever it be, is contrary to her. Let, therefore, this universal and natural Reason expel the Error and Aftonishment from us, that Novelty brings along with it.

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CHA P. XXXI.

Of A NGER.

P

LUTARCH is admirable throughout, but espe

cially where he judges of human Actions: What Children in

fine Things does he say in the Comparison of discreetly aban- Lycurgus and Numa, upon the Subject of our doned to the

great Folly in abandoning Children to the Government of Care and Government of their Fathers ! their parents.

The most of our Civil Governments, as Aristotle says, leave, to every one, after the manner of " the Cyclops, the ordering of their Wives and Children, ! according to their own foolish and indiscreet Fancy; 6 and the Lacedæmonian and Cretenfian are almost the ons ly Governments that have committed the Discipline of 6 Children to the Laws. Who does not fee, that, in a State, all depends upon their Nurture and Education? And yet they are indiscreetly left to the Mercy of the Parents, let them be as foolish and ill-natured as they will. Amongst other Things, how oft have I, as I have

paffed along the Streets, had a good mind Of the Indif

to write a Farce, to revenge the poor Boys, cretion of Parents, who pu

whom I have seen fead, knocked down, and nith their Chil- almost murdered, by some Father or Mo

ther, when in their Fury, and mad with Madness of

Rage? You fee them come out with Fire Pasion.

and Fury sparkling in their Eyes.
- rabie jecur incendente feruntur
Præcipites, ut faxa jugis abrupta, quibus mons
Subtrahitur, clivoque latus pendente recedit.

į. e.
With burning Fury they are headlong borne,
As when great Stones are from the Mountains torn,
By which the Clifts depriv'd and leffen'd are,
And their steep Sides are naked left, and bare.

(and, Juvenal. Sat. vi. v. 548. &c.

dren in tbe

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(and, acording to Hippocrates, the most dangerous Ma.
• ladies are they that disfigure the Countenance') with a
sharp and roaring Voice, very often against those that are
but newly come from Nurse, and there they are lamed and
ftunned with Blows, whilst our Justice takes no Cognizance
of it; as if these were not the Maims and Dislocations of
the Members of qur Commonwealth.

Gratum est quòd patriæ civem, populoque dedisti,
Si facies ut Patria fit idoneus, utilis agris,
Utilis et bellorum et pacis rebus agendis *.

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It is a Gift most acceptable, when
Thou to thy Country giv'st a Citizen,
Provided thou hast had the Knack of it,
To make him for his country's Service fit ;
Useful tallift the Earth in her Increase,

And useful in Affairs of War and Peace.
There is no Passion that so much perverts Men's true
Judgment, as Anger. No one would demur upon pu-
nishing a Judge with Death, who should condemn a Cri.
minal from a Motive of Anger ; why then should Fathers
and School-masters be any more allowed to whip and chaf-
tise Children in their Anger? This is not Correction, but
Revenge. Chaftisement is instead of Physic to Children ;
and should we bear with a Physician, that was animated
against, and enraged at his Patient ?

If we would do well, we should never lay a Hand upon our Servants whilst our Anger lafts ; The Faults of whilst the Pulse beats high, and that we feel the Person an Emotion in ourselves, let us defer the Bu- whom we puo finess ; for ’tis Passion that commands, and nifh in Anger:

seem to us difPassion that speaks then, not we : But Faults "ferent from seen through Passion, appear much greater to what they are us than they really are, as Bodies do, being in Reality. seen through a Mift. He that is hungry, uses Meat, but he that will make Use of Correction, should have no Appetite, neither of Hunger or Thirst, to it. And, more

over,

L 13

• Juvenal. Sat. xiv, v. 60, 6.

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