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mortal, if Fortune had not made it so; and to attempt to shoot on Horseback, and at a great Distance, and at one whose Body was in Motion by the moving of his Horse, was the Attempt of a Man who had rather miss his Blow, than fail of saving himself, as was apparent by what followed after; for he was so astonished and stupified with the Thought of so desperate an Execution, that he totally lost his Judgment, both to find his Way to escape, and how to govern his Tongue in his Answers. What needed he to have done more than to fly back to his Friends cross a River? 'Tis what I have done in less Dangers, and what I think of very little Hazard, how broad soever the River may be, provided your Horse have good going in, and that you see, on the other Side, good landing, according to the Stream. The other, (viz. the Prince of Orange's, Assassin) when they pronounced his dreadful Sentence:
* I was prepared for this, said he, beforehand, and I will
* make you wonder at my Patience.'
The Assassins, a Nation dependant upon Phœnicia, are reputed, amongst the Mahometans, a People 4 peopie ^bo of great Devotion, and Purity of Manners, bdieot AjsajjlThey hold, 'That the nearest Way to gain Para- »at>°» thesudise, is to kill some one of a contrary Religion; r^ p"!f?" which is the Reason they have often been seen, ara Je' being but one or two, without Arms, to run madly against powerful Enemies, at the Price of certain Death, and without any Consideration of their own Danger. So was our Count Raimond, of "Tripoli, assassinated (which Word is derived from their Name) in the Heart of his City, during our Enterprises of the Holy War; and likewise Conrade, Marquis of Montserrat, the Murderers going to their Exe.tion with great Pride and Glory, that they had performed so brave an Exploit.
Vol. II. JL 1 CHAP.
Of a monstrous Child.
IS H A L L tell the Story simply, and. leave it to the Physicians to reason upon it. Two Days ago, I saw a Child, which two Men and a Nurse, who called themselves the Father, the Uncle, and the Aunt of it, carried about to get Money by (hewing it, because it was so strange a Creature. It was, as to all the rest, of a common Form, and could stand upon its Feet, walk and gabble much like other Children of the fame Age; it had never, as yet, taken any other Nourishment but from the Nurse's Breasts, and what, in my Presence, they tried to put into the Mouth of it, it only chewed a little, and spit out again without swallowing; the Cry of it seemed, indeed, a little odd and particular, and it was just fourteen Months old. Under the Breast it was joined to another Child, that had no Head, and that had the Spine of the Back stopped up, the rest intire •, it had one Arm shorter than the other, because it had been broken, by Accident, at their Birth; they were joined Breast to Breast, as if a lesser Child was to clasp its Arms about the Neck of one something bigger. The Part where they were joined together, was not above four Fingers broad, or thereabouts, i'o that if you turn up the imperfect Child, you might fee the Navel of the other below it, and the joining was betwixt the Paps and the Navel. The Navel of the imperfect Child could not be seen, but all the rest of the BeJJy \ •so that all the rest that was not joined of the imperfect •one,- as Arms, Buttocks, Thighs, and Legs, hung dangling upon the other, and might reach to the Mid-leg. The Nurse, moreover, told us, that it urined at both Bodies, and also that the Members of the other were nourished, sensible, and in the fame Plight with that she gave suck to, excepting that they were shorter, and less. This , double §ody, and the several Limbs relating to one Head, might be interpreted as a favourable Prognostic to the
King, king, of maintaining those various Parts of our State under the Union of his Laws; but, lest the Event should prove otherwise, 'tis better to let it alone, for in Things already past, there is no Divination; r-iUt quum facia suflt, turn ad conjeRuram aliqua interpretatione revocantur. 'So
* as when they are come to pass, they should then, by
* some Interpretation, be recalled to conjecture:' As 'tis said of Epimenides, 'that he always prophesied of Things
* past V I have lately seen a Herdsman, in Medoc, of about thirty Years of Age, who has no Sign AManwhe of any genital Parts •, he has three Holes by hadncGemwhich he incessantly voids his Water; he is tais' Bearded, has Desire, and loves to stroke the Women. >
Those that we call Monsters, are not so to God, who fees, in the Immensity of his Work, the in- whether there finite Forms that he has therein comprehend- an Monsters . ed :. And it is to be believed, that this Fi- properly fa gure, which does astonish us, has relation to some other of the fame kind, unknown to Man. From a God of all Wisdom, nothing but good, common, and regular proceeds •, but we do not discern the Disposition and Relation of Things. a Quod crebro videt, non miratur, etiamsi, cur fiat, nescit: Quod ante non videt, id, si evenerit, ojientum ejfe censet. 'What Man often fees, he does
* not admire, tho' he be ignorant how it comes to pass:
* But, when a Thing happens he never saw before, that
* he looks upon as a Prodigy.' What falls out contrary to Custom, we fay is contrary to Nature -, but nothing, whatever it be, is contrary to her. Let, therefore, this universal and natural Reason expel the Error and Astonishment from us, that Novelty brings along with it.
y Cic. de Divin. lib. ii. c. 31. * Aristotle's Rhetoric, lib. iii. c. 12. » Cic. de Divin. lib. ii. c. 22.
L 1 2 CHAP,
PLU T A R C H is admirable throughout, but especially where he judges of human Actions: What Childm in- **ne Things does he fay in the Comparison of discreetly aban- Lycurgus and Numa, upon the Subject of our domed te the great Folly in abandoning Children to the
^bdrpTnntf Care and Government of their Fathers! etr ar s. , moft. of our Civil Governments, as
'Aristotle fays, leave, to every one, after the manner of
* the Cyclops, tht ordering of their Wives and Children, 'according to their own foolish and indiscreet Fancy j
* and the Lacedæmonian and Cretenfian are almost the on
* ly Governments that have committed the Discipline of
* Children to the Laws.' Who does not fee, that, in a State, all depends upon their Nurture and Education? And yet they are indiscreetly left to the Mercy of the Parents, let them be as foolish and ill-natured as they will.
Amongst other Things, how oft have I, as I have pasted along the Streets, had a good mind Of the Indif- tQ vvrjte a Farce) to revenge the poor Boys, rmtH who%- whom I have seen Head, knocked down, and nijb 'their Chil- almost murdered, by some Father or Modrenintbe ther, when in their Fury, and mad with
PaSl °s RaSe? You fee them come out with Firc and Fury sparkling in their Eyes.
- ' ■ rabie jecur incendente feruntur
With burning Fury they are headlong borne, As when great Stones are from the Mountains torn, By which the Clifts depriv'd and leslen'd are, "And their steep Sides are naked left, and bare.
k Juvenal. Sat. vi. v. 548. &c.
(and, acording to Hippocrates, * the most dangerous Mac ladies are they that disfigure the Countenance') with 9 sharp and roaring Voice, very often against those that are but newly come from Nurse, and there they are lamed an J stunned with Blows, whilst our Justice takes no Cognizance of it; as if these were not the Maims and Diflocations of the Members of our Commonwealth.
Gratum est qubdpatriæ civem, populoque dedisti,
It is a Gift most acceptable, when
There is no Passion that so much perverts Men's trup Judgment, as Anger. No one would demur upon punishing a Judge with Death, who should condemn a Criminal from a Motive of Anger; why then should Fathers and School-masters be any more allowed to whip and chastise Children in their Anger? This is not Correction, but Revenge. Chastisement is instead of Physic to Children; and should we bear with a Physician, that was animated against, and enraged at his Patient?
Jf we would do well, we should never lay a Hand upon our Servants whilst our Anger lasts; The Fault* cf whilst the Pulse beats high, and that we feel the Per/in an Emotion in ourselves, let us defer the Bu- «"**■ «*/*■ siness ; for 'tis Passion that commands, and T**4*?}
•n m 1 f 1 1 T» -A 1 Jeem t0 m «ls~
Passion that speaks then, not we: But faults ferentfrom seen through Passion, appear much greater to what they are us than they really are, as Bodies do, being '* Real"y' seen through a Mist. He that is hungry, uses Meat, but he that will make Use of Correction, ssiould have no Appetite, neither of Hunger or Thirst, to it. And, more
L 1 3 over,
c Juvenal. Sat. xiv. v. 60, He.