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tion: The Torments that are most: dreadful to look on, are not always the greatest to endure; and, I think, those that other Historians relate to have been'practised upon the Epirot Lords, to be more cruel, who were 'con
* demned to be stead alive, by piece-meal, in so malk
* cious a manner, that they continued in this Misery 3
* Fortnight: As also these other two that follow.
'Crœsus, having caused a Gentleman, the Favourite of
* his Brother Pantaleon, to be seized on, car- Two more In-' f ried him into a Fuller's Shop E, where he stances of^ex« caused him to be scratched and carded with "JFTM Crueh
* Cards and Combs belonging to that Craft, till he died.
* George Secbel, chief Commander of the Peasants of Po
* land., who committed so many Mischiefs, under the Ti
* tie of the Crusade, being defeated in Battle, and taken 1 by the Vayvod of Transylvania, was three Days bound
* naked upon the Rack, exposed- to all sorts of Torments
* that any one could inflict upon him; during which
* Time, many other Prisoners were kept fasting. At
* last, while he was living, and looking pn, they made'
* his beloved Brother Lucat, for whose Safety alone he
* intreated, by taking upon himself r.he Blame of all their
* evil Actions, to drink his Blood, and caused twenty of
* his most favoured Captains to feed upon him, tearing
* his Flesh in pieces with their Teeth, and swallowing the 'Morsels: The Remainder of his Body and Bowels, a»
* soon as he was dead, were boiled, and others of his Fol
* lowers compelled to eat them.'
All Things have their Season,
SU C H as compare Cato the Censor with the younger Cato that killed himself, compare two beautiful Natures, and Forms much resembling one another., The first acquired his Reputation several Ways, and excelled
K k 3 im
6 Herodot. lib. i. p. 44.
in • Military Exploits, and the Utility of his public Vo7be Virtue of 'cat'ons »' out tne Virtue of the Younger, Cato of Uti- besides, that it were Blasphemy to compare ca preferable any to him in Vigour, was much more pure, uth*t0J Cat0 For who can acquit the Censor of Envy and ej>Jcr' Ambition, after ' he had dared to offend the
* Honour of Scipio, a Man, in Goodness and all excellent
* Qualities, infinitely beyond him, or any other of his
That which they report of him, amongst other Things,
Cato the Cen, * tnat> m n^s extreme Old-age, he set himJor took to * self to learn the Greek Tongue, with so greeItam Greek « dy an Appetite, as if he was to quench a too late in Life. t long Thirst,' does not seem to make for his Honour; it being properly what we call being twice a Child.
All "Things have their Season, Good and Bad, and a Man may fay his Pater-ncster out of Time •, as they accused T. Quintus Flaminius ", 'that, being General of an Army,
* he was seen praying apart in the Time of a Battle that
* he won.'
[ Imponet finem sapiens, et rebus honejlis fc.
/. e. The wise Man limits event decent Things.
Jludemonidas, seeing Xemcrates, when very Old, still very intent upon his School Lectures, 'When l will this Man
* be Wise, said he, if he yet learn?' And Philopamon, to those who cried up King Ptolemy, for inuring his Person, every Day, to the Exercise of Arms: * It is not, said
* he, commendable in a King of his Age to exercise him
* self in those Things, he ought now really to imploy
* them- The Young are to make their Preparations, the
* Old to enjoy them, say the Sages;' and the greatest Vice they observe in us is, • That our Desires incessantly grow
* young again; we are always beginning again to live.
k See Plutarch's Comparison of him to Phikpamon, sect. 2. 1 Juv. Sat. vi. v. 344.
k The Words which Montaigne applies here to his own Design, L&ve gnotlw Meaning in the Original. \ flutartb's Notable Sayjngs of th: Latcfamoniam,
Our Studies and Desires should sometimes Qur Decres
be sensible of Old-age: We have one Foot ought to k
in the Grave, and yet,our Appetites and Pur- mortified <witb
fijits spring up every Day. * . OId-«p,
'Tu secanda marmora
Locas sub ipsum funus, et fepulcri
Immemor, struts domos m.
The longest of my Designs is not above a Year's Extent; I think of nothing now but my End; abandon all new Hopes and Enterprises; take my last Leave of every Place I depart from, and every Day dispossess myself of what I have. n OUmjam nee perit quicquam mibi, nee acquiritur ; plus super eft viatici, quam via: 'I now shall nei
* ther lose, nor get; I have more wherewith to defray
* my Joyrney, than I have Way to go.
Vixiy et quern dederat cursum for tuna peregi °.
i. e. I've liv'd, and finish'd the Career Which Fortune had prescrib'd me here.
To conclude; 'tis the only Comfort I find in my Oldage, that it mortifies in me several Cares and Desires, wherewith Life is disturbed s the Care how the World goes; the Care of Riches, of Grandeur, of Knowledge, of Health, and myself. There are some who are learning to speak, at a Time when they should learn to be silent for ever. A Man may always study, but he must pot always go to School. What a contemptible Thing is an old Man learning his A, B, C!
~Piversos diver/a juvant, nan omnibus annist
K k 4 i. e.
■ Hor. lib. ii. Ode 18, v. 17, l£t. » Sen. Epifi. 77. ° Æneid, lib. iv. v. 653.
For several Things do several Men delight,
If we must study, let us follow that Study which 1$ What Study suitable to our present Condition, that we suits best with may be able to answer as he did -, who being "Old-age. ask;d> « To what End he studied in his de
'crepid Age? That I may go the better off the Stage, * said he, and at greater Ease.' Such a Study was that of the younger Cato, at feeling his End approach, when Jie was reading Plato's Discourse of the Immortality of the Soul: Not as we are to believe, that he was not, long before, furnished with all forts of Provision for such a DeT parture; for, of Assurance, an established Will and Instruction he had, more than Plato had in all his Writings; his Knowledge and Courage were, in this respect, above Philosophy. He imployed himself thqs, not for the Service of his Death, but as a Man whose Sleep is not once disturbed in the Importance of such a Deliberation •, he also, without Choice apd Change, continued his Studies with the other customary Actions of his Life. The Night that he was c}.enied the Prætorfhip he spent in Play: That wherein he was to die he spent in Reading: The Loss either of Life, or of Office, was all one to him.
IF I N D, by Experience, that there is a vast DiffeT rence betwixt the Starts and Sallies of the Mind, and Man seldom a resolute and constant Habit j and very well attains to a perceive, there is nothing we may not do, Capacity of nay, even to t.he surpassing the Divinity it
fJd"gJuiadA self'- !ays a certain Perf°n> forafr""ch as it is "a« "ding u!' more for a Man t0 render himself impassible the Principles or dispassionate, than to be such by his oriofjokd Firtue. gjnai Condition; and even to be able to conT join to Man's Imbecillity and Frailty a godly Resolution