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tion: The Torments that are most: dreadful to look on, are not always the greatest to endure; and, I think, those that other Historians relate to have been'practised upon the Epirot Lords, to be more cruel, who were 'con

* demned to be stead alive, by piece-meal, in so malk

* cious a manner, that they continued in this Misery 3

* Fortnight: As also these other two that follow.

'Crœsus, having caused a Gentleman, the Favourite of

* his Brother Pantaleon, to be seized on, car- Two more In-' f ried him into a Fuller's Shop E, where he stances of^ex« caused him to be scratched and carded with "JFTM Crueh

* Cards and Combs belonging to that Craft, till he died.

* George Secbel, chief Commander of the Peasants of Po

* land., who committed so many Mischiefs, under the Ti

* tie of the Crusade, being defeated in Battle, and taken 1 by the Vayvod of Transylvania, was three Days bound

* naked upon the Rack, exposed- to all sorts of Torments

* that any one could inflict upon him; during which

* Time, many other Prisoners were kept fasting. At

* last, while he was living, and looking pn, they made'

* his beloved Brother Lucat, for whose Safety alone he

* intreated, by taking upon himself r.he Blame of all their

* evil Actions, to drink his Blood, and caused twenty of

* his most favoured Captains to feed upon him, tearing

* his Flesh in pieces with their Teeth, and swallowing the 'Morsels: The Remainder of his Body and Bowels, a»

* soon as he was dead, were boiled, and others of his Fol

* lowers compelled to eat them.'


All Things have their Season,

SU C H as compare Cato the Censor with the younger Cato that killed himself, compare two beautiful Natures, and Forms much resembling one another., The first acquired his Reputation several Ways, and excelled

K k 3 im

6 Herodot. lib. i. p. 44.

in • Military Exploits, and the Utility of his public Vo7be Virtue of 'cat'ons »' out tne Virtue of the Younger, Cato of Uti- besides, that it were Blasphemy to compare ca preferable any to him in Vigour, was much more pure, uth*t0J Cat0 For who can acquit the Censor of Envy and ej>Jcr' Ambition, after ' he had dared to offend the

* Honour of Scipio, a Man, in Goodness and all excellent

* Qualities, infinitely beyond him, or any other of his

* Timc?'

That which they report of him, amongst other Things,

Cato the Cen, * tnat> m n^s extreme Old-age, he set himJor took to * self to learn the Greek Tongue, with so greeItam Greek « dy an Appetite, as if he was to quench a too late in Life. t long Thirst,' does not seem to make for his Honour; it being properly what we call being twice a Child.

All "Things have their Season, Good and Bad, and a Man may fay his Pater-ncster out of Time •, as they accused T. Quintus Flaminius ", 'that, being General of an Army,

* he was seen praying apart in the Time of a Battle that

* he won.'

[ Imponet finem sapiens, et rebus honejlis fc.

/. e. The wise Man limits event decent Things.

Jludemonidas, seeing Xemcrates, when very Old, still very intent upon his School Lectures, 'When l will this Man

* be Wise, said he, if he yet learn?' And Philopamon, to those who cried up King Ptolemy, for inuring his Person, every Day, to the Exercise of Arms: * It is not, said

* he, commendable in a King of his Age to exercise him

* self in those Things, he ought now really to imploy

* them- The Young are to make their Preparations, the

* Old to enjoy them, say the Sages;' and the greatest Vice they observe in us is, • That our Desires incessantly grow

* young again; we are always beginning again to live.


k See Plutarch's Comparison of him to Phikpamon, sect. 2. 1 Juv. Sat. vi. v. 344.

k The Words which Montaigne applies here to his own Design, L&ve gnotlw Meaning in the Original. \ flutartb's Notable Sayjngs of th: Latcfamoniam,

Our Studies and Desires should sometimes Qur Decres

be sensible of Old-age: We have one Foot ought to k

in the Grave, and yet,our Appetites and Pur- mortified <witb

fijits spring up every Day. * . OId-«p,

'Tu secanda marmora

Locas sub ipsum funus, et fepulcri

Immemor, struts domos m.

i. e.
"When Death, perhaps, is near at Hand,
Thou fairest Marbles dost command
But cut for Use, large Poles to rear,
Unmindful of thy Sepulchre.

The longest of my Designs is not above a Year's Extent; I think of nothing now but my End; abandon all new Hopes and Enterprises; take my last Leave of every Place I depart from, and every Day dispossess myself of what I have. n OUmjam nee perit quicquam mibi, nee acquiritur ; plus super eft viatici, quam via: 'I now shall nei

* ther lose, nor get; I have more wherewith to defray

* my Joyrney, than I have Way to go.

Vixiy et quern dederat cursum for tuna peregi °.

i. e. I've liv'd, and finish'd the Career Which Fortune had prescrib'd me here.

To conclude; 'tis the only Comfort I find in my Oldage, that it mortifies in me several Cares and Desires, wherewith Life is disturbed s the Care how the World goes; the Care of Riches, of Grandeur, of Knowledge, of Health, and myself. There are some who are learning to speak, at a Time when they should learn to be silent for ever. A Man may always study, but he must pot always go to School. What a contemptible Thing is an old Man learning his A, B, C!

~Piversos diver/a juvant, nan omnibus annist
Omriw conveniunt.

K k 4 i. e.

■ Hor. lib. ii. Ode 18, v. 17, l£t. » Sen. Epifi. 77. ° Æneid, lib. iv. v. 653.

i. e.

For several Things do several Men delight,
And all Things are not for all Ages right.

If we must study, let us follow that Study which 1$ What Study suitable to our present Condition, that we suits best with may be able to answer as he did -, who being "Old-age. ask;d> « To what End he studied in his de

'crepid Age? That I may go the better off the Stage, * said he, and at greater Ease.' Such a Study was that of the younger Cato, at feeling his End approach, when Jie was reading Plato's Discourse of the Immortality of the Soul: Not as we are to believe, that he was not, long before, furnished with all forts of Provision for such a DeT parture; for, of Assurance, an established Will and Instruction he had, more than Plato had in all his Writings; his Knowledge and Courage were, in this respect, above Philosophy. He imployed himself thqs, not for the Service of his Death, but as a Man whose Sleep is not once disturbed in the Importance of such a Deliberation •, he also, without Choice apd Change, continued his Studies with the other customary Actions of his Life. The Night that he was c}.enied the Prætorfhip he spent in Play: That wherein he was to die he spent in Reading: The Loss either of Life, or of Office, was all one to him.

Of V I R T U E,

IF I N D, by Experience, that there is a vast DiffeT rence betwixt the Starts and Sallies of the Mind, and Man seldom a resolute and constant Habit j and very well attains to a perceive, there is nothing we may not do, Capacity of nay, even to t.he surpassing the Divinity it

fJd"gJuiadA self'- !ays a certain Pern> forafr""ch as it is "a« "ding u!' more for a Man t0 render himself impassible the Principles or dispassionate, than to be such by his oriofjokd Firtue. gjnai Condition; and even to be able to conT join to Man's Imbecillity and Frailty a godly Resolution

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