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Rome, the ritual of which makes the Sun and no intentional Sabbath-breaker ; he day more a day of innocent recreation, seized my rod, and carried it off with im. than severe discipline.
precations; and it was only with great dif. “ Phys. Yet the disciples of Calvin, ficulty, and by rousiug by my, eloquence at Geneva, who, I suppose, must have ha some women who were present, and who ted the Pope as much as their brethren of thought I was an ill-used stranger, that I Scotland, do not so rigilly observe the recovered my property. Another time I Sunday; and I reniember having been in was walking on Arthur's Seat, with some vited by a very religious and respectable of the most distinguished professors of Genevese to a shooting party on that day. Edinburgh attached to the geological opi.
“ HAL. I think climate and the imi. nions of the late Dr Hutton ; a discussion tative nature of man modify this cause took place upon the phenomena presented abroad. Geneva is a little state in a brighter by the rocks under our feet, and to exemclimate than Scotland, almost surrounded plify a principle, Professor Playfair broke by Catholics, and the habits of the French some stones, in which I assisted the vene. and Savoyards must influence the people. rable and amiable philosopher. We had The Scotch, with more severity and simpli- hardly examined the fragments, when a city of manners, have no such examples of man from a crowd, who had been assisting bad neighbours, for the people of the north at a field preaching, came up to us and of England keep the Sunday much in the warned us off, saying, "Ye think ye are same way.
only stane breakers ; but I ken ye are Sab“ Poiet.-Nay, Halieus, call them bath-breakers, and ye deserve to be staned not bad neighbours ; recollect my creed, with your ain stanes !' and respect at least, what, if error, was “HAL.-Zeal of every kind is somethe error of the Christian world for 1000 times troublesome, yet I generally suspect years. The rigid observance of the seventh the persons who are very tolerant of scep. day appears to me rather a part of the Mo- ticism. Those who firmly believe that a saic, than of the Christian dispensation. particular plan of conduct is essential to Thé Protestants of this country consider the eternal welfare of man, may be parthe Catholics bigots, because they enjoin doned if they shew even anger, if this conto themselves, and perform, certain penan- duct is not pursued. The severe observance ces for their sins; and surely the Catholics of the Sabbath is connected with the vital may see a little more like that spirit in the creed of these rigid Presbyterians; it is not interference of the Scotch in innocent therefore extraordinary that they should amusements, on a day celebrated as a fes enforce it even with a perseverance that goes tive day, that on which our Saviour rose in- beyond the bounds of good manners and to immortal life, and secured the everlast. courtesy. They may quote the example ing hopes of the Christian. I see no rea of our Saviour, who expelled the traders son why this day should not be celebrated from the temple even by violence.” with singing, dancing, and triumphal processions, and all innocent signs of gladness
On all this we have just two small reand joy. I see no reason why it should be marks, or so, to make. In the first place, given up to severe and solitary prayers, or the whole party, as men of education, to solemn and dull walks; or why, as in Poietes included, were bound to have Scotland, whistling even should be con- known, that in Scotland, angling on sidered as a crime on Sunday, and hum. the Lord's day would be looked on ming a tüne, however sacred, out of doors, with religious horror, and all such as a reason for violent anger and persecu- anglers as impious reprobates. This tion.
“Orn. I agree with Poietes, in his being the case, Puietes might, with views of the subject. I have suffered from equal sense of propriety, have propothe peculiar habits of the Scotch Church, sed walking into a church during time and therefore may complain. Once in the of divine service, in England, in the north of Ireland, when a very young man, dress in which he might have chanced I ventured, after the time of divine ser to perform the character of Beelzebub vice, to put together my rods, as I had at a masquerade in the Pantheon. In been used to do in the Catholic districts a subsequent conversation, (which shall of Ireland, and fish for white trout in the be our last quotation) he speaks of the river at Rathmelton, in pure innocence of people of Scotland as if he understood heart, unconscious of wrong, when I found them thoroughly—their love of edu. a crowd collect round me at first I thought cation, and its peculiar nature, and effrom mere curiosity, but I soon discovered fects on their national character. Yet I was mistaken ; anger was their motive, here he is so utterly ignorant of all and vengeance their object. A man scon came up exceedingly drunk, and began to
about them, as absolutely to propose abuse me by various indecent terms ; such fishing in Scotland upon the Sabbath! as a Sabbath-breaking Papist, &c. It was
This is one of the many gross and in vain I assured him I was no Papist, - glaring contradictions and inconsisten
cies into which Sir Humphry is ever Bart., we shall place him in an impofalling, throughout every part of his sing attitude with his best foot foreunlucky volume. When called to task most. We were struck with one pasby Halieus for his most improper pro- sage, unconnected wholly with angposal, Poietes says, “I now remember ling, and had the volume been written that I have often heard of the extreme throughout with the same spirit, how severity with which the Sabbath discie different had been our critique ! pline is kept in Scotland. Can you give us the reason of this ?” So he who “ Phys. You are severe on Cockney speaks authoritatively and oracularly fishermen, and, I suppose, would apply about Scotland, and the people of to them only, the observation of Dr JohnScotland, on the great question of edue son, which on a former occasion would
you cation, here avows himself ignorant as
not allow to be just: 'Angling is an amuse.
ment with a stick and a string ; a worm a child of the history of its “ glorious
at one end, and a fool at the other.' And army of martyrs and apostles !” See condly, suppose that in Scotland the change : a Ay at one end, and a philoso
to yourself you would apply it with this Sabbath-day were not so religiously pher at the other. Yet the pleasure of observed as it is in hall and hut, still, the Cockney Angler appears to me of much what possible excuse could there have the same kind, and perhaps more contibeen for Poietes in looking forward to nuous than yours; and he has the happithe morning of that day for good sport pursuit in as high a degree as you have;
ness of constant occupation and perpetual in the river among the salmon ? Would he not have been better em.
and if we were to look at the real foun: ployed in going to hear a Gaelic dations of your pleasure, we should find sernion ? or in bringing up his Joure them like most of the foundations of hu. nal? or writing a letter to his wife
man happiness-vanity or folly. I shall
never forget the impression made upon me or mistress ? or lying on his back
some years ago, when I was standing on among the heather composing a son. the pier at Donegal, watching the flowing net? Why should he always be ang of the tide. I saw a lame boy of fourteen or ling-angling-angling—and not at fifteen years old, very slightly clad, that tending a little, like other worthy and some persons were attempting to stop in wicked people, to the interests of his his progress along the pier; but he resisted immortal soul? Thirdly, Do the gen
them with his crutches, and halting along, tlemen of England angle on Sun
threw himself from an elevation of five or days? No. You may see a Cockney cel of wooden boats that he carried under
six feet, with his crutches, and a little para or other Cit,-the round-faced, pot- his arm,
on the sand of the beach. He bellied, happy little father of a nu
had to scramble or halt at least 100 yards, merous family, with knee-breeches,
over hard rocks, before he reached the wa. and buckles in his shoes, on a point ter, and he several times fell down and or on a promontory, beetling three cut his naked limbs on the bare stones. or four feet above the raging bil. Being in the water he seemed in an ecstasy, lows of a canal, pulling out an oc and immediately put his boats in sailing casional “ animal,” somewhat more order, and was perfectly inattentive to the like a fish than a fowl, to the infinite counsel and warning of the spectators, who delight of the progeny, with bags of shouted to him that he would be drowned. worms and
His whole attention was absorbed by his papers
of paste swarming at his feet. Such a Cockney, or other should outsail the others, and when this
boats. He had formed an idea that one Cit, you may see angling-and ang- boat was foremost he was in delight; when ling blamelessly, too-on a Sunday. any one of the others got beyond it, he But London Physicians, and Authors howled with grief ; and once I saw him of Epic or Didactic Poems, and Presithrow his crutch at one of the unfavoured dents of Royal Societies, and Mem- boats. The tide came in rapidly--he lost bers for Counties, do not angle on Sun- his crutches, and would have been drowndays in England ; and were they to be ed but for the care of some of the spectamet on the King's highway, on their tors : but he was wholly inattentive to any progress to the river, creeled, rodded, thing save his boats. He is said to be and booted, while all honest and decent quite insane and perfectly ungovernable,
and will not live in a house, nor wear any people were going to church, the first magistrate they met would commit clothes, and his whole life is spent in this
one business making and managing a them as audacious vagabonds to the
feet of wooden boats, of which he is sole tread-mill. “ Can you give us the admiral. How near this mad youth is to reason of this?”
a genius, a hero, or to an angler, who inBut before we take leave of the jures his health and risks his life by going
into the water as high as his middle, in scepticisin and discontent-sickness of the
“HAL.-Surely you cannot have a more There is another pretty good pase
religious, moral, or more improved popu.
lation than that of Scotland ? sage in “ Ninth Day”-Scene-the
" POET.-_Precisely so. In Scotland, Fall of the Traun, Upper Austria. education is not forced upon the people, “ POIET..I admire in this country not
it is sought for, and it is connected with only the mode of preserving, carrying, and
their forms of faith, acquired in the bo.
soms of their families, and generally purdressing fish, but I am delighted, general.
sued with a distinct object of prudence or ly, with the habits of life of the peasants,
interest: nor is that kind of education and with their manners. It is a country in which I should like to live; the scenery
wanting in this country.
“ Phys.-- Where a book is rarely seen, is so beautiful, the people so amiable and
a newspaper never. good-natured, and their attention to stran.
66 POIET.-Pardon me- there is not a gers so marked by courtesy and disinte
cottage without a Prayer-book ; and I am restedness. “ Phys. They appear to me very ami.
not sorry that these innocent and happy
men are not made active and tumultuous able and good ; but all classes seem little instructed.
subjects of King Press, whom I consider “ POIET. There are few philosophers
as the most capricious, depraved, and unamongst them, certainly ; but they appear
principled tyrant that ever existed in Eng
land. Depraved for it is to be bought 'very happy, and
by great wealth ; capricious_because it • Where ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be wise.'
sometimes follows, and sometimes forms, We have neither seen nor heard of any in. the voice of the lowest mob; and unprin. stances of crime since we have been here.
cipled because, when its interests are They fear their God, love their sovereign, concerned, it sets at defiance private feel. are obedient to the laws, and seem perfect ing and private character, and neither rea ly contented. I know you would contrast gards their virtue, dignity, or purity. them with the active and educated pea " Hal. My friends, you are growing santry of the manufacturing districts of
I know you differ essentially on England; but I believe they are much this subject ; but surely you will allow happier, and I am sure they are generally that the full liberty of the press, even better.
though it sometimes degenerates into li. “ Phys.,I doubt this : the sphere of
centiousness, and though it may sometimes enjoyment, as well as of benevolence, is
be improperly used by the influence of enlarged by education.
wealth, power, or private favour, is yet " POIET.-I am sorry to say I think highly advantageous, and even essential the system carried too far in England. to the existence of a free country; and, God forbid that any useful light should be useful as it may be to the population, it is extinguished ! Let persons who wish for still more useful to the government, to education receive it; but it appears to me whom, as expressing the voice of the peothat, in the great cities in England, it is, ple, though not always vox Dei, it may be as it were, forced upon the population; regarded as oracular or prophetic. But and that sciences, which the lower classes
let us change our conversation, which is can only very superficially acquire, are pre- neither in time nor place." sented to them ; in consequence of which they often become idle and conceited, and
We have a million more remarks to above their usual laborious occupations. make. But, Brethren of the Angle, The unripe fruit of the tree of knowledge farewell till next month, when we me is, I believe, always bitter or sour; and ditate having A DOUBLE NUMBER.
CHRISTOPHER IN HIS SPORTING JACKET.
AND T. CADELL, STRAND, LONDON;
To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed.
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