Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

If thou dost bend, and pray, and fawn for him,
I spurn thee like a cur out of my way.
Know, Cæsar doth not wrong, nor without cause

Will he be satisfied. 6. But wherefore do you droop? Why look you sad ?

Be great in act as you have been in thought;
Let not the world see fear and sad distrust
Govern the motion of a kingly eye:
Be stirring as the time ; be fire with fire,
Threaten the threatener, and outface the brow
Of bragging honor: so shall inferior eyes,
That borrow their behaviors from the great,
Grow great by your example; and put on
The dauntless spirit of resolution;
Show boldness and aspiring confidence.
What, shall they seek the lion in his den,
And fright him there, and make him tremble there !
Oh let it not be said !-Forage, and run,
To meet displeasure farther from the doors,
And grapple with him ere he come so nigh.

7. How comes it, Cassio, you are thus forgot,
That
you

unlace your reputation thus, And spend your rich opinion for the name

Of a night brawler? Give me answer to it. 8. As I was banished, I was banished Hereford ;

But as I come, I come for Lancaster :
And, noble uncle, I beseech your grace,
Look on my wrongs with an indifferent
You are my father, for, methinks, in you
I see old Gaunt alive; 0, then, my father!
Will you permit that I should stand condemned
A wandering vagabond ; my rights and loyalties
Plucked from my arms perforce, and ven away
To upstart spendthrifts? Wherefore was I born?
If that my cousin king be king of England,
It must be granted, I am duke of Lancaster.

eye :

You have a son, Aumerle, my noble kinsman;
Had you first died, and he been thus tied down,
He should have found his uncle Gaunt a father,
To rouse his wrongs, and chase them to the bay.
I am denied to sue my livery here,
And yet my letters-patent give me leave :
My father's goods are all distrained and sold,
And these, and all, are all amiss employed.
What would you have me do? I am a subject,
And challenge law: attorneys are denied me;
And therefore personally I lay my claim

To my inheritance of free descent.
9. To whom the goblin full of wrath replied :

“ Art thou that traitor Angel, art thou he,
Who first broke peace in heaven and faith, till then
Unbroken, and in proud rebellious arms
Drew after him the third part of Heaven's sons,
Conjured against the Highest, for which both thou
And they, outcast from God, are here condemned
To waste eternal days in wo and pain?
And reckon'st thou thyself with spirits of heaven,
Hell-doom'd, and breath'st defiance here and scorn
Where I reign king ? and, to enrage the more,
Thy king and lord! Back to thy punishment,
False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings,
Lest with a whip of scorpions I pursue
Thy lingering, or with one stroke of this dart

Strange horrors seize thee, and pangs unfelt before." 10. I conjure you by that which you profess,

(Howe'er you come to know it,) answer me;
Though you untie the winds, and let them fight
Against the churches ; though the yesty waves
Confound and swallow navigation up;
Though bladed corn be lodged, trees blown down;
Though castles topple on their warder's heads;
Though palaces and pyramids do slope
Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure

Of nature's germins tumble altogether,
Even till destruction sicken, answer me
To what I ask you.

11. Thou slave, thou wretch, thou coward,

Thou little valiant, great in villainy !
Thou ever strong upon the stronger side!
Thou fortune's champion, that dost never fight
But when her humorous ladyship is by

To teach thee safety! Note.-It is by the use of these symbols of expression, that man maintains his authority over the domestic animals; and these are among the first which children learn to interpret. So universally are these employed to express their appropriate sentiments, that they are sometimes heard on a clause occurring in a member whose current melody presents the Rising Slide; thus,—“If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, and one of you say unto him, Depart in peace,

be ye warmed and fillednotwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body : what doth it profit?"

66

12. The following directions of Hamlet to the players, exhibit a good specimen of the Didactic style of delivery.

• Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounce it to you, trippingly on the tongue. But if you mouth it as many of our players do, I had as lief the town-crier spoke my lines. And do not saw the air too much with your hand, thus; but use all gently; for in the very torrent, tempest, and, as I may say, whirlwind of your passion, you must acquire and beget a temperance that may give it smoothness.

“ Be not too tame neither; but let your own discretion be your tutor. Suit the action to the word, the word to the action; with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modesty of nature : for any thing so overdone is from the purpose of playing ; whose end, both at the first and now, was and is, to hold as 'twere the mirror up to nature; to show Virtue her own feature, Scorn her own image, and the very age and body of the Time his form and pressure. Now this overdone, or come tardy off, though it make the unskilful laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve; the censure of one of which, must in your allowance overweigh a whole theatre of others.

6. And let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them; for there be of them that will themselves laugh, to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too; though in the meantime, some necessary part of the play be then to be considered. That's villainous, and shows a most pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it."

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

ENERGY. Energy in the expression of any of the passions, and earnestness of utterance, are uniformly characterized by Force or Loudness, combined with the Downward Slides, and the Radical or Compound Stress. Great vehemence of feeling authorizes the full exhibition of the Vibrant R, and of the Aspiration, as well as the use of the Emphatic Vocule at the close of those emphatic words which end with a mute. Energetic expression sometimes passes into the Falsette, but then it loses all its dignity. As

energy is a quality of utterance which never exists but in connection with some passion or excitement as its cause, it will more properly find its general illustrations under other heads. A single example, however, will be presented of the application of each of the last mentioned symbols of expression.

1. In the following example, the r is put in italics, wherever it should be made vibrant as a symbol of energy.

Pent in this fortress of the North,
Think'st thou we will not sally forth,
To spoil the spoiler as we may,
And from the robber rend the prey

?
Ay, by my soul !-while on yon plain
The Saxon rears one shock of grain;
While, of ten thousand herds, there strays

[ocr errors]

But one along yon river's maze
The Gael, of plain and river, heir,
Shall with strong hand, redeem his share.
Where live the mountain chiefs who hold
That plundering lowland field and fold
Is aught but retribution true ?

Seek other cause 'gainst Roderick Dhu. 2. The Aspiration should be distinctly heard on the word fear, in the following earnest interrogation. Brutus. What means this shouting? I do fear, the people

Choose Cæsar for their king.
Cassius.

Ay, do you fear it?
Then must I think you would not have it so.

3. The Vocule may be slightly heard in the following example, on the words in italics. When heard too distinctly, or in improper places, it is a decided fault of delivery.

“Sir, I in the most express terms deny the competency of parliament to do this act. I warn you do not dare to lay your hand on the constitution. I tell you, that if circumstanced as you are, you pass this act, it will be a nullity, and that no man in Ireland will be bound to obey it.

“I make the assertion deliberately. I repeat it, and call on any man who hears me, to take down my words; you have not been elected for this purpose, you are appointed to make laws, not legislatures ; you are appointed to exercise the functions of legislators, and not to transfer them; and if you do so, your act is a dissolution of the government; you resolve society into its original elements, and no man is bound to obey you.- Are you competent to transfer your legislative rights to the French council of five hundred? Are you competent to transfer them to the British parliament? I answer,—No. When you transfer you abdicate, and the great original trust reverts to the people from whom it issued. Yourselves you may extinguish, but parliament you cannot extinguish.”

« AnteriorContinuar »