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If thou dost bend, and pray, and fawn for him,
Will he be satisfied. 6. But wherefore do you droop? Why look you sad ?
Be great in act as you have been in thought;
7. How comes it, Cassio, you are thus forgot,
unlace your reputation thus, And spend your rich opinion for the name
Of a night brawler? Give me answer to it. 8. As I was banished, I was banished Hereford ;
But as I come, I come for Lancaster :
You have a son, Aumerle, my noble kinsman;
To my inheritance of free descent.
“ Art thou that traitor Angel, art thou he,
Strange horrors seize thee, and pangs unfelt before." 10. I conjure you by that which you profess,
(Howe'er you come to know it,) answer me;
Of nature's germins tumble altogether,
11. Thou slave, thou wretch, thou coward,
Thou little valiant, great in villainy !
To teach thee safety! Note.-It is by the use of these symbols of expression, that man maintains his authority over the domestic animals; and these are among the first which children learn to interpret. So universally are these employed to express their appropriate sentiments, that they are sometimes heard on a clause occurring in a member whose current melody presents the Rising Slide; thus,—“If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, and one of you say unto him, Depart in peace,
be ye warmed and filled—notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body : what doth it profit?"
12. The following directions of Hamlet to the players, exhibit a good specimen of the Didactic style of delivery.
• Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounce it to you, trippingly on the tongue. But if you mouth it as many of our players do, I had as lief the town-crier spoke my lines. And do not saw the air too much with your hand, thus; but use all gently; for in the very torrent, tempest, and, as I may say, whirlwind of your passion, you must acquire and beget a temperance that may give it smoothness.
“ Be not too tame neither; but let your own discretion be your tutor. Suit the action to the word, the word to the action; with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modesty of nature : for any thing so overdone is from the purpose of playing ; whose end, both at the first and now, was and is, to hold as 'twere the mirror up to nature; to show Virtue her own feature, Scorn her own image, and the very age and body of the Time his form and pressure. Now this overdone, or come tardy off, though it make the unskilful laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve; the censure of one of which, must in your allowance overweigh a whole theatre of others.
6. And let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them; for there be of them that will themselves laugh, to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too; though in the meantime, some necessary part of the play be then to be considered. That's villainous, and shows a most pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it."
ENERGY. Energy in the expression of any of the passions, and earnestness of utterance, are uniformly characterized by Force or Loudness, combined with the Downward Slides, and the Radical or Compound Stress. Great vehemence of feeling authorizes the full exhibition of the Vibrant R, and of the Aspiration, as well as the use of the Emphatic Vocule at the close of those emphatic words which end with a mute. Energetic expression sometimes passes into the Falsette, but then it loses all its dignity. As
energy is a quality of utterance which never exists but in connection with some passion or excitement as its cause, it will more properly find its general illustrations under other heads. A single example, however, will be presented of the application of each of the last mentioned symbols of expression.
1. In the following example, the r is put in italics, wherever it should be made vibrant as a symbol of energy.
Pent in this fortress of the North,
But one along yon river's maze
Seek other cause 'gainst Roderick Dhu. 2. The Aspiration should be distinctly heard on the word fear, in the following earnest interrogation. Brutus. What means this shouting? I do fear, the people
Choose Cæsar for their king.
Ay, do you fear it?
3. The Vocule may be slightly heard in the following example, on the words in italics. When heard too distinctly, or in improper places, it is a decided fault of delivery.
“Sir, I in the most express terms deny the competency of parliament to do this act. I warn you do not dare to lay your hand on the constitution. I tell you, that if circumstanced as you are, you pass this act, it will be a nullity, and that no man in Ireland will be bound to obey it.
“I make the assertion deliberately. I repeat it, and call on any man who hears me, to take down my words; you have not been elected for this purpose, you are appointed to make laws, not legislatures ; you are appointed to exercise the functions of legislators, and not to transfer them; and if you do so, your act is a dissolution of the government; you resolve society into its original elements, and no man is bound to obey you.- Are you competent to transfer your legislative rights to the French council of five hundred? Are you competent to transfer them to the British parliament? I answer,—No. When you transfer you abdicate, and the great original trust reverts to the people from whom it issued. Yourselves you may extinguish, but parliament you cannot extinguish.”