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was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that 46 day forth ask him any more questions.

CHAPTER XXIII.

Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, Saying, 1 The Scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: All therefore 2 whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do 3

Lord God will help me; therefore shall I not his disciples, Beware of the Scribes. Lu. be confounded. Therefore have I set my face XX. 45. like a flint, and I know that I shall not be 2 The Scribes, &c.] Ezra the Scribe ashamed. He is near that justifieth me; who stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had will contend with me? let us stand together: made for the purpose ; and beside him stood who is mine adversary? Let him come near Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and to me. Behold the Lord God will help me; Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his Who is he that shall condemn me? Lo, they right hand ; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, eat them up. Is. I. 2–9. When he (Jesus) and Hashbadana, Zechariah, and Meshullam. said these things (respecting the sabbath, &c.), And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all all his adversaries were ashamed: and all the the people (for he was above all the people); people rejoiced for all the glorious things that and when he opened it all the people stood were done by hiin. Lu. xiii. 17. And they up. And Ezra blessed the Lord, the great could not answer him again to these things. God; and all the people answered, Amen, Lu, xiv. 6. When they continued asking him Amen, with lifting up their hands : and they (respecting the woman taken in adultery) he bowed their heads, and worshipped the Lord lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that with their faces to the ground. Also, Jeshua, is without sin among you, let him first cast a and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, stone at her. And again he stooped down, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelitah, and wrote on the ground; and they which Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the heard it, being convicted by their own con- Levites, caused the people to understand the science, went out one by one, beginning at the law. So they read in the book in the law of eldest, even unto the last. And Jesus was left God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused alone, and the woman standing in the midst them to understand the reading. Ne. viii. John viii. 7, 8, 9. And (the rulers of the 4-8. For the priest's lips should keep people, &c.) beholding the (lame) man which knowledge, and they should seek the law at was healed standing with them, they could say his mouth, for he is the messenger of the Lord nothing against it. Ac. iv. 14.

of hosts. Mal. ii. 7. Beware of the Scribes Neither durst any man.) When Jesus saw (said Jesus), which love to go in long clothing, that he (the Scribe) answered discreetly, he said and love salutations in the market-places. unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom Mar. xii. 38. Beware of the Scribes, which of God; and no man after that durst ask him desire to walk in long robes, and love greetany question. Mar. xii. 34. Certain of the ings in the markets, and the highest seats in Scribes answering, said, Master, thou hast the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts. well said : and after that they durst not ask Lu. XX. 46. him any question at all. Lu. XX. 40.

3 Whatsoever they bid you, &c.] See chap.

xv. 2-9. Hearken now unto my voice (said CHAP. XXIII.1 To the multitude and to Jethro to Moses), I will give thee counsel, and kis disciples.] And he called the multitude, God shall be with thee: be thou for the people and said unto them, hear and understand. to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the Mat. xv. 10. And when he had called all causes unto God. Ex. xviii. 19. And thou the people unto him, he said unto them, shalt teach them ordinances and laws, (said Hearken unto me every one of you, and Jethro to Moses), and shalt shew them the understand. Mar. vii. 14. When they were way wherein they must walk, and the work gathered together an innumerable multitude that they must do. Moreover thou shalt of people, insomuch that they trode one upon provide out of all the people, able men, such another, he began to say unto his disciples as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness, first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the and place such over them, to be rulers of Pharisees which is hypocrisy. Yea, even of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of yourselves (said Jesus to the Jews) judge ye fifties, and rulers of tens; and let them judge not what is right? Lu. xii. 1. 57. Then, in the people at all seasons: and it shall be that the audience of all the people, he said unto every great matter they shall bring unto thee;

4 not ye after their works: for they say, and do not. For they bind

heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's

shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of 5 their fingers. But all their works they do for to be seen of men:

but every small matter they shall judge. So excellent, being instructed out of the law. shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall And art confident, that thou thyself art a bear the burden with thee. Ex. xviii. 20, guide of the blind, a light of them which are 21, 22. Behold, I have taught you (said in darkness, an instructor of the foolish, a Moses) statutes and judgments, even as the teacher of babes, which hast the form of Lord my God commanded me, that ye should knowledge, and of the truth in the law. do so in the land whither ye go to possess it. Thou therefore which teachest another, De. iv. 5. Go thou near (said the Israelites teachest thou not thyself? Thou that to Moses), and hear all that the Lord our God preachest a man should not steal, dost thou shall say, and speak thou unto us all that the steal ? Thou that sayest a man should not Lord our God shall speak unto thee, and we commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery! will hear it and do it. De. v. 27. And thou Thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit shalt come unto the priests, the Levites, and sacrilege? Thou that makest thy boast of unto the judge that shall be in those days, the law, through breaking the law dishonourand inquire; and they shall shew thee the est thou God? For the name of God is blassentence of judgment : and thou shalt do phemed among the Gentiles through you according to the sentence, which they of that Ro. ii. 17–24. Men shall be lovers of their place which the Lord shall choose shall shew own selves, having a form of Godliness, but Thee; and thou shalt observe to do according denying the power thereof; from such tura to all that they inform thee: according to away, 2 Ti. iii. 5. They profess that they the sentence of the law which they shall know God, but in works they deny hin, teach thee, and according to the judgment being abominable and disobedient, and unta which they shall tell thee, thou shalt do. every good work reprobate. Tit. i. 16. Thou shalt not decline from the sentence 4 They bind heavy burdens, &c.] See verse which they shall shew thee, to the right hand 23. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are nor to the left. And the man that will do heavy laden, and I will give you rest : take presumptuously, and will not hearken unto my yoke upon you, and learn of me, for I am the priest that standeth to minister there meek, and lowly in heart, and ye shall find before the Lord thy God, or unto the judge, rest unto your souls; for my yoke is easy, even that man shall die : and thou shalt put and my burden is light. Mat. xi. 28, 29, 30. away the evil from Israel. De. xvii. 9–12. Woe unto you also, ye lawyers, for ye lade In Judah the hand of God was to give them men with burdens grievous to be borne, and one heart, to do the commandment of the ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one king, and of the princes, by the word of the of your fingers. Lu. xi. 46. Now, therefore, Lord. 2 Ch. xxx. 12. We ought to obey why tempt ye God (said Peter) to put a yoke God rather than man (said Peter and the upon the neck of the disciples, which neither other apostles). Ac. v. 29. Let every soul our fathers nor we were able to bear? 46 be subject unto the higher powers; for there xv. 10. For it seemed good to the Holy is no power but of God; the powers that be Ghost (said the apostles and elders of the are ordained of God. Ro. xii. 1.

church by letter, to their Gentile brethren), For they say, and do not.] And he (a cer- and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden tain man who had two sons) came to the than these necessary things, that ye abstain second, and said "likewise" ("go work to- from meats offered to idols, &c. Ac. xv. 28. day in my vineyard"). And he answered and for neither they themselves who are circumsaid, I go, sir, and went not. Mat. xxi. 30. cised keep the law; but desire to have you Unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou circumcised, that they may glory in your to do to declare my statutes, or that thou flesh. Ga. vi. 13. Unto you I say, and shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth ? unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest not “this doctrine" (" That I will giar este my words behind thee. When thou sawest a every one of you according to your works"), thief, then thou consentedst with him, and (and which have not known the depths of hast been partaker with adulterers. Thou Satan, as they speak), I will put upon you no givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue other burden : but that which ye have already, frameth deceit. Thou sittest and speakest hold fast till I come. Re. ii, 24, 25. against thy brother; thou slanderest thine own 5 All their works they do, &c.] See clas mother's son. Ps. 1. 16–20. Behold, thou vi. 1–16. Come with me (said Jehr), and art called a Jew, and restest in the 'law, and see my zeal for the Lord. 2 Ki. x. 16. Te makest thy boast of God, and knowest his are they (said Jesus to the Pharisees) which will, and approvest the things that are more justify yourselves before men : but God

they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the 6

seen.

knoweth your hearts; for that which is thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy highly esteemed among men is abomination vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself. De. in the sight of God. Lu. xvi. 15. Beware xxii. 12. of the Scribes, which devour widows' houses, 6 Love the uppermost rooms, &c.] And and for a shew make long prayers : the same " He” (* Jesus ") said unto

“ her" (the shall receive greater damnation. Lu. xx. 47. "mother" of Zebedee's children), What wilt And he looked up and saw the rich men thou ? She saith unto him, Grant that these casting their gifts into the treasury. Lu. my two sons may sit, the one on thy right xxi. 1. How can ye believe which receive hand, and the other on the left, in thy kinghonour one of another, and seek not the dom. Mat. xx. 21. Put not forth thyself in honour that cometh from God only? John v. the presence of the king; and stand not in 44. He that speaketh of himself seeketh his the place of great men. For better it is that own glory: but he that seeketh his glory it be said unto thee, Come up hither; than that sent him, the same is true, and no un- that thou shouldest be put lower in the righteousness is in him. Jolin vii. 18. They presence of the prince, whom thine eyes have (the Pharisees) loved the praise of men more Pr. xxv. 6, 7. Beware of the Scribes, than the praise of God. John xii. 43. Some which love to go in long clothing, and love indeed preach Christ, even of envy and strife, salutations in the market-places, and the chief and some also of good-will, Phi. i. 15. Let seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost nothing be done through strife or vain-glory; rooms at feasts. Mar. xii. 38, 39. Woe unto but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other you, Pharisees, for ye love the uppermost better than themselves. Phi. ii. 3. Let no seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the man deceive you by any means : for that day markets, &c. Lu. xi. 43. And he put forth (of Christ) shall not come, except there come a a parable to those which were bidden, when falling away first, and that man of sin be he marked how they chose out the chief revealed, the son of perdition, who opposeth rooms, saying unto them, When thou art and exalteth himself above all that is called bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down God, or that is worshipped ; so that he, as in the highest room, lest a more honourable God, sitteth in the temple of God, shewing man than thou be bidden of him, and he that himself that he is God. 2 Th. ii. 3, 4. bade thee and him come and say to thee,

They make broad their phylacteries.] Thou Give this man place; and thou begin with shalt bind “them(the words which Moses shame to take the lowest room. But when commanded) for a sign upon thine hand, and thou art bidden, go, and sit down in the lowest they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes. room, that when he that bade thee cometh, De. vi. 8. Let not mercy and truth forsake he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher : thee: bind them about thy neck; write them then shalt thou have worship in the presence upon the table of thine heart. Pr. iii. 3. of them that sit at meat with thee. For Bind “them ” (thy Father's command, whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; ments") continually upon thine heart; and and he that humbleth himself shall be extie them about thy neck : when thou goest it alted. Lu. xiv. 7–11. Beware of the Scribes, shall lead thee; whe thou sleepest it shall which desire to walk long robes, and love keep thee ; and when thou awakest, it shall greetings in the markets, and the highest talk with thee : for the commandment is a seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms lamp, and the law is light, and reproofs of at feasts : which devour widows' houses, and instruction are the way of life. Pr. vi. 21, for a shew make long prayers: the same 22, 23.

shall receive greater damnation.

Lu. XX. The borders of their garments.] Behold a 46, 47. Be kindly affectioned one to another,

which was diseased with an issue of with brotherly love ; in honour preferring one blood twelve years, came behind him, and another. Ro. xii. 10. My brethren, have touched the hem of his garment. Mat. ix. 20. not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid Lord of glory, with respect of persons. For them that they make them fringes in the if there come unto your assembly a man with borders of their garment, throughout their a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there generations, and that they put upon the come in also a poor man, in vile raiment; and fringe of the borders a rihand of blue; and ye have respect to him that weareth the gay it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in look upon it, and remember all the com- a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou mandments of the Lord, and do them: and there, or sit here under my footstool : are ye that ye seek not after your own heart, and not then partial in yourselves, and are become your own eyes, after which ye use to go a judges of evil thoughts ? Ja. ii. 1-4. I whoring. Nu. xv. 38, 39. Thou shalt make wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who

woman,

7 chief seats in the synagogues, And greetings in the markets, and 8 to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. But be not ye called Rabbi: 9 for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren. And

call no man your father upon the earth : for one is your Father,

xx. 16.

loveth to have the pre-eminence among them, was Paul crucified for you? or were ye bapreceiveth us not. 3 John 9.

tized in the name of Paul ? 1 Co. i. 12, 13. 7 Rabbi, Rabbi.] What seek ye? (said Ye are yet carnal, for whereas there is among Jesus to his two disciples). They said unto him, you envying, and strife, and divisions : are Rabbi (which is to say, being interpreted, ye not carnal, and walk as men? For while Master), Where dwellest thou ? Rabbi, thou one saith, I am of Paul ; and another I am of art the Son of God (said Nathanael). John i. Apollos ; are ye not carnal ? Who then is 38. 49. Rabbi (said Nicodemus), we know Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by that thou art a teacher come from God, for no whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to man can do these miracles that thou doest, every man ? 1 Co. iii. 3, 4, 5. except God be with him. Rabbi (said John's All ye are brethren.] I have prayed for disciples), he that was with thee beyond thee (said Christ to Peter), that thy faith fail Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, not, and when thou art converted strengthen the same baptizeth, and all men come to him. thy brethren. Lu. xxii. 32. For this cause John iji. 2. 26. And when “they” (the I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord people") had found him on the other side of Jesus Christ, of whom the whole family in the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when heaven and earth is named. Ep. iii. 14, 15. camest thou hither? John vi. 25. Jesus Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of saith unto “her” (“ Mary Magdalene "), God, and Timothens our brother, to the saints Mary! she turned herself, and saith unto and faithful brethren in Christ which are in him, Rabboni! which is to say, Master ! John Colosse, grace be unto you, and peace from

God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 Be not ye called Rabbi.] See verse 10. Col. i. 1, 2. 1, John, who also am your broI call God for a record upon my soul, that to ther and companion in tribulation, and is spare you, I came not as yet unto Corinth: the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, not for that we have dominion over your was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus ye stand. 2 Co. i. 24. For we preach not Christ. Re. i. 9. I fell at his (the angels) ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and feet to worship him (said John), and he said ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake. 2 Co. unto me, See thou do it not, I am thy fellowiv. 5. My brethren, be not many masters, servant, and of thy brethren that have the knowing that we shall receive the greater testimony of Jesus : worship God; for the condemnation. Ja. iii. l. Feed the dock of testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. God, which is among you : neither as being Re. xix. 10. Then saith he (the angel) unto lords over God's heritage, but being ensam- me, See thou do it not (for John fel dosin to ples to the flock. 1 Pe. v. 2, 3.

worship), for I am thy fellow-servant, and of One is your Master.] It is enough for the thy brethren the prophets, and of them which disciple that he be as his Master, and the keep the sayings of this book ; worship God. servant as his Lord. If they have called the Re. xxii. 9. master of the house Beelzebub, how much 9 Call no man your father. ] And Elisha more shall they call them of his household ? saw it (that Elijah went up by a whirlwind Mat. x. 25. This is my beloved Son (said into heaven), and he cried, My father, my the voice from the cloud, at the transfiguration), father! the chariot of Israel, and the horsein whom I am well pleased, hear ye him. men thereof. 2 Ki. ii. 12. And the king of Mat. xvii. 5. Hail, Master (said Judas), and Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw " them (he) kissed him. Mat. xxvi. 49. Ye call (" the army sent by the king of Syria to appreme Master, and Lord, and ye say well, for hend Elisha"), My father, shall I smite ther! so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, Shall I smite them? 2 Ki. vi. 21. Now have washed your feet, ye also ought to wash Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whertot one another's feet. John xiii. 13, 14. For to he died : and Joash the king of Israel came this end Christ both died, and rose, and down unto him, and wept over his face, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the said, O my father! my father! the chariot dead and living. But why dost thou judge of Israel, and the horsemen thereof! 2 Ki. thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought xiii. 14. Let me not, I pray you, accept any thy brother ? for we shall all stand before the man's person ; neither let me give flattering judgment seat of Christ. Ro. xiv. 9, 10. titles unto man : for I know not to give fatNow this I say, that every one of you saith, tering titles ; in so doing my Maker would I am of Paul; and I of Apollos ; and I of soon take me away, Job xxxii. 21, 22 Cephas; and I of Christ : is Christ divided ? Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my

which is in heaven. Neither be ye called masters : for one is 10 your Master, even Christ. But he that is greatest among you 11 shall be your servant. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be 12 abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted. But 13

lefence, which I make now unto you. Ac. We preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus xii. I. Though ye have ten thousand in- the Lord, and ourselves your servants for tructors in Christ, yet have ye not many Jesus' sake. 2 Co. iv. 5. Are they ministers athers; for in Christ Jesus I have begotten of Christ? (I speak as a fool,) I am more ; in ou through the Gospel. 1 Co. iv. 15. Re- labours more abundant, in stripes above uke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths nd the younger men as brethren; the elder oft. 2 Co. xi. 23. Brethren, ye have been comen as mothers; the younger as sisters; called unto liberty ; only use not liberty for rith all purity. 1 Tim. v. 1, 2. Further- an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one nore, we have had fathers of our flesh which another. Ga. v. 13. Let this mind be in orrected us, and we gave them reverence ; you which was also in Christ Jesus, who hall we not much rather be in subjection being in the form of God, thought it not nto the Father of spirits, and live? He. robbery to be equal with God; but made himviii. 9.

self of no reputation, and took upon him the For one is your Father.] See chap. vi. 8, 9. form of a servant, and was made in the like2. A son honoureth his father; and a ser- ness of men ; and being found in fashion as ant his master: if then I be a father, where a man, he humbled himself, and became obe

mine honour ? and if I be a master, where dient unto death, even the death of the cross. | my fear? Saith the Lord of hosts unto Phi. ii. 5—8. ou, o priests, that despise my name ; and 12 Whosoever shall exalt himself.] Blessed e say, Wherein have we despised thy name? are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingfal. i. 6. As many as are led by the Spirit dom of heaven. Mat. v. 3. Whosoever theref God, they are sons of God: for ye have fore shall humble himself as this little child, ot received the spirit of bondage, again to the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven. ar ; but ye have received the spirit of adop- Mat. xviii. 4. When men are cast down, then on, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The thou shalt say, There is lifting up, and he pirit itself beareth witness with our spirit shall save the humble person. Job xxii. 29. hat we are the children of God: and if chil. Though the Lord be high, yet hath he reren, then heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs spect unto the lowly; but the proud he ith Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, knoweth afar off. Ps. cxxxviii. 6. The fear at we may be also glorified together. Ro. of the Lord is the instruction of wisdom ; and ii. 14-17. And I will be a Father unto before honour is humility. Pr. xv. 33. Pride ou, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, goeth before destruction; and an haughty Eith the Lord Almighty. 2 Co. vi. 18. spirit before a fall. Better it is to be of an ehold what manner of love the Father hath humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide stowed upon us, that we should be called the spoil with the proud. Pr. xvi. 18, 19. A e sons of God; therefore the world knoweth man's pride shall bring him low; but honour

not, because it knew him not. 1 John shall uphold the humble spirit. Pr. xix. 23. 1.

Thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabit11 He that is greatest, &c.] Whosoever eth eternity, whose name is Holy ; I dwell in ill be great among you, let him be your the high and holy place, with him also that is inister; and whosover will be chief among of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the ou, let him be your servant. Mat. xx. 26, 27. spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of hosoever will be great among you, shall be the contrite ones. Is. lvii. 15. Now 1, Neur minister; and whosoever of you will be buchadnezzar, praise, and extol, and honour iefest, shall be servant of all. Mar. x. 43. the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, e that is greatest among you, let him be as and his ways judgment : and those that walk

younger ; and he that is chief, as he that in pride he is able to abase. Da. iv. 37. He th serve. Por whether is greater, he that hath shewed strength with his arm : he hath teth at meat, or he that serveth? Is not scattered the proud in the imagination of their that sitteth at meat ? but I am among you hearts. He hath put down the mighty from he that serveth. Lu. xxii. 26, 27. If I their seats, and exalted them of low degree. en, your Lord and Master, have washed Lu. i. 51, 52. Whosoever exalteth himself ur feet, ye also ought to wash one another's shall be abased ; and he that humbleth him

For I have given you an example, that self shall be exalted. Lu. xiv. 11. I tell you should do as I have done to you. John (said Jesus), this man (the Publican who i. 14, 15. For though I be free from all smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful n, yet have I made myself servant unto all, to me a sinner) went down to his house jusat I might gain the more. 1 Co. ix. 19. tified rather than the other the self-righteous

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