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be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven : and come and follow me. But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sor- 22
disciple is not above his master ; but every shalt have treasure in heaven, and come, take one that is perfect shall be as his master. up the cross, and follow me. Mar. 'x. 21. Lu, vi. 40. Not as though I had already at- And after these things (curing the sick of the tained (said Paul), either were already perfect; palsy, fc.) he went forth, and saw a publican but I follow after, if that I may apprehend named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom : that for which also I am apprehended of and he said unto him, Follow me. And Christ Jesus: brethren, I count not myself to he left all, rose up, and followed him. Lu. have apprehended. But this one thing I do, v. 27, 28. If any man will come after me, let forgetting those things which are behind, and him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, reaching forth unto things which are before, and follow me. Lu. ix. 23. Sell all that I press toward the mark for the prize of the high thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and calling of God in Christ Jesus. Let us, there. thou shalt have treasure in heaven; and come, fore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: follow me. Lu. xviii. 22. My sheep hear and if ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal my voice, and I know them, and they follow even this unto you. Phi, iii. 12–15.
John X. 27. If any man serve me, let Go and sell that thou hast.] See chap. vi. him follow me, and where I am there shall 19, 20. and verse 20. Sell that ye have, and also my servant be. John xii. 26. give alms ; provide yourselves bags which 22 He went away sorrowful.] See chap. wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that xii. 22; xiv. 9. And they (the men that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither were in the houses near to Micah's house) cried moth corrupteth. Lu. xii. 33.' Whosoever unto the children of Dan (who had robbed he be of you that forsaketh not all that he Micah of his priest, and consecrated things), hath, he cannot be my disciple. Lu. xiv. 33. and they turned their faces, and said unto Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of Micah, What aileth thee, that thou comest unrighteousness, that when ye fail they may with such a company? And he said, Ye have receive you into everlasting habitations. Lu. taken away my gods which I made, and the xvi. 9. All that believed were together, and priest, and ye are gone away, and what have had all things common, and sold their posses- i more? And what is this that ye say unto sions, and goods, and parted them to all men me? What aileth thee? Ju. xviii. 23, 24. as every man had need. Ac. ii. 44, 45. And Then the king (Darius), when he heard these the multitude of them that believed were of words of Daniel's breach of the ensnaring one heart, and of one soul, neither said any decree), was sore displeased with himself, and of them, that ought of the things which he set his heart on Daniel to deliver him. And possessed was his own, but they had all things he laboured to the going down of the sun tò common. Neither was there any among them deliver him. Then these men (the presidents that lacked : for as many as were possessors and princes) assembled unto the king, and said of lands, or houses, sold them, and brought unto the king, Know, O king, that the law of the prices of the things that were sold, and the Medes and Persians is, that no decree nor laid them down at the apostles' feet, and dis- statute which the king establisheth may be tribution was made unto every man, according changed. Then the king commanded, and as he had need. Ac. iv. 32–35. Charge they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den them that are rich in this world that they be of lions. Now the king spake and said unto not high minded, nor trust in uncertain Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest conti! riches; but in the living God, who giveth us nually, he will deliver thee. And a stone richly all things to enjoy. That they do good, was brought and laid upon the mouth of the that they be rich in good works, ready to dis- den, and the king sealed it with his own tribute, willing to communicate, laying up in signet, and with the signet of his lords, that store for themselves a good foundation against the purpose might not be changed concerning the time to come, that they may lay hold Daniel. Da. vi. 14-17.' The king (Herod) on eternal life. I Ti. vi. 17, 18, 19. Ye had was exceeding sorry (when he was asked for compassion on me in my bonds (said Paul), the head of John the Baptist), yet for his oath's and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, sake, and for their sakes which sat with him, knowing in yourselves that you have in hea- he would not reject "her" ("the daughter of ven a better and an enduring substance. He. Herodias"). Mar. vi. 26. And he (the young
man) was sad at this saying, and went away Come and follow me.] See verse 28. and grieved ; for he had great possessions. Mar. chap. iv. 19. Whosoever will come after me, *. 22. When he heard this he was very sorlet him deny himself, and take up his cross, rowful, for he was very rich. Lu. xviii. 23. and follow me. Mar. viii. 34. sell whatsoé Pilate sought to release him (Jesus), but the ever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou Jews cried out; 1f-thou let this man go, thou
23 rowful: for he had great possessions. Then said Jesus unto
his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly
art not Cæsar's friend; whosoever maketh him- tiplied, then thine heart be lifted up, and thou self a king speaketh against Cæsar. When forget the Lord thy God which brought thee Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment of bondage ; and thou say in thine heart, My seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but power and the might of mine hand hath gotten in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. And it was the pre- me this wealth ; but thou shalt remember the paration of the passover, and about the sixth Lord thy God, for it is he that giveth thee hour. And he saith unto the Jews, Behold, power to get wealth, that he may establish your king! but they cried out, Away with his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate as it is this day. De. viii. 10--18. If I saith unto them, Shall I crucify your king? have made gold my hope, or have said to fine The chief priests answered, We have no king gold, Thou art my confidence; if I have rebut Cæsar. Then delivered he him therefore joiced because my wealth was great, and be unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus cause my hand had gotten much, this also and led him away. John xix. 12-16. were an iniquity to be punished by the judge.
For he had great possessions.] See chap. vi. 24; Job xxxi. 24. 28. They that trust in their xvi. 26. Arise, O Lord, deliver my soul from wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude the wicked, which is thy sword, from men of their riches, none of them can by any which are thy hand; Lord, from men of the means redeem his brother, nor give to God world, which have their portion in this life, a ransom for him. Be not thou afraid when and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid one is made rich, when the glory of his house treasure. They are full of children, and leave is increased; for when he dieth he shall carry the rest of their substance to their babes. Ps. nothing away; his glory shall not descend xvii. 13, 14. They (the Jews) come unto after him. Though while he lived he blessed thee, as the people cometh ; and they sit be- his soul, (and men will praise thee when thou fore thee as my people, and they hear thy doest well to thyself,) he (his soul) shall go to words, but they will not do them: for with the generation of his fathers. Ps. xlix. 6. 7. their mouth they shew much love, but 16-19. He that trusteth in his riches shall their heart goeth after their covetousness. fall. Pr. xi. 28. Remove far from me vanity Ez. xxxiii. 31. This ye know, that no whore- and lies; give me neither poverty nor riches; monger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, feed me with food convenient for me, lest I who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the be full and deny thee, and say, Who is the kingdom of Christ and of God. Ep. v. 5. Lord ? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take Mortify therefore your members which are the name of my God in vain. Pr. m. 8, % upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inor. How hardly shall they that have riches enter dinate affection, evil concupiscence and covet- into the kingdom of God. Mar. x. 23. Take ousness, which is idolatry, for which things' heed and beware of covetousness; for a man's sake the wrath of God cometh on the children life consisteth not in the abundance of the of disobedience. Co. iii. 5.
things which he possesseth. And he spake a 23 That a rich man, &c.] See chap. xiii. parable unto them, saying, The ground of a 22. It shall be when the Lord thy God shall certain rich man brought forth plentifully: have brought "thee” (“Israel") into the land and he thought within himself, saying, What which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, shall I do, because I have no room where to to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and bestow my fruits ? And he said, This will i goodly cities which thou buildedst not, and do; I will pull down my barns, and build houses full of all good things, which thou greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits, filledst not, when thou shalt have eaten, and and my goods: and I will say to my soul, be full, then beware lest thou forget the Lord Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many which brought thee forth out of the land of years, take thine ease, eat, drink, and be Egypt, from the house of bondage. De. vi. merry. But God said unto him, Thou fool, 10, 11, 12. When thou hast eaten, and art this night thy soul shall be required of thee; full, then thou shalt bless the Lord thy God then whose shall those things be which thou for the good land which he hath given thee. hast provided ? So is he that layeth up Beware that thou forget not the Lord thy treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God, in not keeping his commandments, and God. Lu. xii. 15-21. No servant can serve his judgments, and his statutes, which I com- two masters; for either he will hate the one mand thee this day; lest when thou hast eaten and love the other, or else he will hold to the and art full, and hast built goodly houses, and one and despise the other. Ye cannot serre dwelt therein, and when thy herds and thy God and mammon. And the Pharisees alse, flocks multiply, and thy silver and thy gold is who were covetous, heard all these things multiplied, and all that thou hast is mul- and they derided him. There was a certain
enter into the kingdom of heaven. And again I say unto you, 24 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. When his disciples 25 heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men 26
rich man (said Jesus in a parable) which was draw you before the judgment seats? Ja. ii. clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared 5. Go to, now, ye rich men, weep and howl sumptuously every day. And there was a for your miseries that shall come upon you ; certain beggar, named Lazarus, which was your riches are corrupted, and your garments laid at his gate, full of sores, and desiring to are moth eaten ; your gold and silver is canbe "fed with the crumbs which fell from the kered, and the rust of them shall be a witness rich man's table; moreover, the dogs came against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were and licked his sores. And it came to pass fire; ye have heaped treasure together for the that the beggar died, and was carried by the last days. Behold, the hire of the labourers' angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man which have reaped down your fields, which is also died, and was buried ; and in hell he of you kept back by fraud, crieth, and the lifted op his eyes, being in torments, and cries of them which have reaped are entered seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth. Ja. V: bosom; and he cried, and said, Father Abra- 1-4. ham, have mercy on me, 'and send Lazarus, Enter into the kingdom of heaven.] See that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, chap. v. 20 ; xviii. 3. The publicans and the and cool my tongue, for I am tormented in harlots (said Jesus) go into the kingdom of this flame. But Abraham said, Son, remem- God before "you" ("the chief priests," &c.). ber that thou in thy life-time receivedst thy Mat. xxi, 31. Except a man be born again good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things, (said Jesus), he cannot see the kingdom of but now he is comforted and thou art tor: God. Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a mented. And besides all this, between us man be born when he is old ? can he enter and you there is a great gulf fixed; so that a second time into his mother's womb, and be they which would pass from hence to you born? Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say cannot, neither can they pass to us that would unto thee, except a man be born of water and eeme from thenee. Then he said, I pray of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingthee, therefore, father, that thou wouldest dom of God. John iii. 3, 4, 5. We must; send him to my father's house, for I have through much tribulation, enter into the kingfive brethren, that he may testify unto them, dom of God. Ac. xiv. 22. lest they also come into this place of torment. 24 It is easier for a camel.] See verse 26. kv. xvi. 13, 14. 19-28. When Jesus saw Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat and that he (the young man) was very sorrowful, swallow a camel. Mat. xxiii. 24. Can the he said, How hardly shall they that have Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his riches enter into the kingdom of God. Lui spots ? Then may ye also do good, that are xvii. 24. Ye see your calling, brethren, how accustomed to do evil. Je. xiii
. 23. Chilthat not many wise men after the flesh, not drén, how hard is it (said Jesus to his dismany mighty, not many noble, are called. ciples) for them that trust in riches to enter I-Cosi. 26. They that will be rich fall into into the kingdom of God. It is easier for a temptation, and a snare, and into many foolish camel to go through the eye of a needle, than and hurtful lusts, which drown men in de- for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of struction and perdition. For the love of God. Mar. X. 24, 25. It is easier for a money is the root of all evil; which while camel to go through a needle's eye, than for some coveted after, they have erred from the a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. faith, and pierced themselves through with Lu xviii. 25. How can ye believe, which many sorrows. 1 Ti. vi. 9, 10. Let the receive honour one of another, and seek not brother of low degree rejoice, in that he is the honour that cometh from God only? John exalted; but the rich in that he is made low; because as the flower of the grass he shall 25 Who then can be saved ?] Except those pass away. For the sun is no sooner risen days (of the coming of the Son of man) should with a burning heat, but it withereth the be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the but for the elect's sake those days shall be grace of the fashion of it perisheth. Ja. i. 9, shortened. Mat. xxiv. 22. Except that the 10, 11. Hath not God chosen the poor of Lord had shortened those days, no flesh this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the should be saved; but for the elect's sake, kingdom which he hath promised to them whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the that love him? But ye have despised the days. Mar. xiii. 20. Lord, are there few that poot. Do not rich" men oppress you, and be saved? And he said unto them, Strive to
27 this is impossible ; but with God all things are possible. Then
answered Peter, and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, 28 and followed thee; what shall we have therefore? And Jesus
said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in
enter in at the strait gate; for many, I say his brother, who also were in the ship, mendunto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not ing their nets. And straightway he called be able. Lu. xiii. 23, 24. Whosoever shall call them, and they left their father Zebedee in upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. the ship with the hired servants, and went Ro. x. 13. At this present time also (as well after him. Mar. i. 17-20. And as he passed as in former times) there is a remnant, ac- by, he saw Levi the son of Alpheus, sitting cording to the election of grace. And if by at the receipt of custom; and said unto grace, then is it no more of works; otherwise him, Follow me. And he arose and followed grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, him. Mar. ii. 14. Lo, we bave left all and then is it no more grace; otherwise work is followed thee (said Peter). Mar. 1. 28. Se no more work. What then? Israel hath not Lu. xviii. 20. When they (James and John) obtained that which he seeketh for; but the had brought their ships to land, they forsook election hath obtained it, and the rest were all, and followed him. He (Jesus) went forth, blinded. Ro. xi. 5, 6, 7.
and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at 26 But with God all things are possible.] the receipt of custom; and he said unto him, Is any thing too hard for the Lord ? At the follow me. And he left all, rose up, and time appointed I will return unto thee (Abra- followed him. Lu. v. 11. 27, 28. Whosoever ham), according to the time of life, and Sarah he be of you that forsaketh not all that be shall have a son. Ge. xviii. 14. And the hath, he cannot be my disciple. Lu. xiv. 33. Lord, said unto Moses (when his faith was Yea, doubtless, and I count all things but loss staggered), Is the Lord's hand waxed short? for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Thou shalt see now whether my word shall Jesus my Lord; for whom I have suffered the come to pass unto thee or not. Nu. xi. 23. loss of all things, and do count them but dung I know that thou canst do every thing, and that I may win Christ. Phi. iii. 8. that no thought can be withholden from thee. What shall we have ?] When the first Job xlii. 2. Salvation belongeth unto the came (of the labourers that were hired at Lord: thy blessing is upon thy people. Ps. different hours), they supposed that they iii. 8. God hath spoken once ; twice have I should have received more than the others); heard this, that power belongeth unto God, and they likewise received every man a penny, Ps. Ixii. 11. Behold, I am the Lord, the God And when they had received it, they murof all flesh; is there any thing too hard for mured against the goodman of the bouse, me? Je. xxxii. 27. Thus saith the Lord of saying, these last have wrought but one hour, hosts ; If it be marvellous in the eyes of the and thou hast made them equal unto us, which remnant of this people, in these days, should have borne the burden and heat of the day. it also be marvellous in mine eyes ? saith the Mat. xx. 10, 11, 12. These many years do Lord of hosts. Zec. viii. 6. With men it is im- I serve thee (said the elder brother of the possible (to save themselves), but not with God; prodigal in the parable to his father), neither for with God all things are possible. Mar. X. 27. transgressed I at any time thy commandment
, With God nothing shall be impossible. Lu. and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I i. 37. The things which are impossible with might make merry with my friends. L. 15. men are possible with God, Lu. xviii. 27. 29. God hath chosen the foolish things of
27 We have forsaken all, and followed thee.] the world to confound the wise; and God See chap. iv. 20, 21, 22 ; ix. 9. Of Levi he hath chosen the weak things of the world to (Moses) said, Let thy Thummim and thy confound the things which are mighty; and Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst base things of the world, and things which prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst are despised, hath God chosen; yea, and things strive at the waters of Meribah : who said unto which are not, to bring to nought things that his father and to his mother, I have not seen are ; that no flesh should glory in his presence. him ; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, 1 Co. i. 27, 28, 29. For who maketh thee to nor knew his own children; for they have differ from another ? and what hast thou that observed thy word, and kept thy covenant, thou didst not receive? Now if thou didst De. xxxiii. 8, 9. Come ye after me (said receive it, why dost thou glory, as if thou Jesus to Simon and Andrew), and I will make hadst not received it? I Co. iv. 7. you to become fishers of men. And straight- 28 In the regeneration.) Behold, I create way they forsook their nets and followed him. new heavens and a new earth, and the former And when he had gone a little farther thence, shall not be remembered nor come into mind. he saw Jantes the son of Zebedee, and John Is. Ixv. 17. For as the new heavens and the
the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones," judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath 29
new earth which I will make shall remain unto the end, to him will I give power over before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed the nations; and he shall rule them with a (the seed of the faithful) and your name re- rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall main. Is. Ixvi. 22. And he shall send Jesus they be broken to shivers, even as I received -Christ (said Peter to the Jews) which before of my Father. Re. ii. 26, 27. To him that Was preached unto you; whom the heaven overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my must receive until the times of restitution of throne, even as I also overcame, and am set 'all things, which God hath spoken by the down with my Father in his throne. Re. iii. 'mouth of all his holy prophets since the world 21. began. Ac. iii. 20, 21. We, according to his The twelve tribes of Israel.] And they promise, look for new heavens and new earth, (the Israelites) came to Elim, where were wherein dwelleth righteousness. 2 Pe. iii. 13. twelve wells of water, and threescore and And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, ten palm trees; and they encamped there by I make all things new. Re. xxi. 5.
the waters. Ex. xv. 27. And Moses wrote . When the Son of man shall sit.] See chap. all the words of the Lord, and rose up early xvi. 27. To you who are troubled (God will in the morning, and builded an altar under recompense) rest with us, when the Lord Jesus the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty twelve tribes of Israel. Ex. xxiv. 4. And , angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on the stones (of the breastplate of judgment) them that know not God, and that obey not shall be with the names of the children of the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; who Israel, twelve, according to their names, like shall be punished with everlasting destruction, the engravings of a signet ; every one with from the presence of the Lord, and from the his name shall they be according to the twelve glory of his power, when he shall come to be tribes. Ex. xxviii
. 21. And thou shalt take glorified in his saints, and to be admired in (said Moses, for the shewbread) fine four, all them that believe (because our testimony and bake twelve cakes thereof; two tenth among you was believed) in that day. 2 Th. deals shall be in one cake. Le. xxiv. 5. Now i. 7–10. I saw a great white throne, and therefore (as the ark of the covenant of the him that sat on it, from whose face the earth Lord of all the earth passeth over Jordan, said and the heaven fled away; and there was Joshua), take you twelve men out of the found no place for them. And I saw the tribes of Israel, out of every tribe a man; and dead, small and great, stand before God; and it shall come to pass as soon as the soles of the books were opened ; and another book the feet of the priests, that bear the ark of was opened, which is the book of life. And the Lord, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, the dead were judged out of those things that the waters of Jordan shall be cut off which were written in the books, according from the waters that come down from above, to their works. And the sea gave up the and they shall stand upon an heap. Jos. iii. dead wbich were in it; and death and hell 12, 13. And Elijah took twelve stones, delivered up the dead which were in them; according to the number of the tribes of the and they were judged every man according to sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of the their works. And death and hell were cast Lord came, saying, Israel shall be thy name ; into the lake of fire. This is the second and with the stones he built an altar in the death. And whosoever was not found writ- name of the Lord. 1 Ki. xviii. 31, 32. And ten in the book of life was cast into the lake (the children of Israel) offered at the dedicaof fire. Re. xx. 11-15. See chap. xxv. 31. tion of this house of God, an hundred bullocks,
Ye also shall sit, &c.] Grant (said the mo- two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and ther of Zebedee's children) that these my two for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve he sons may sit, the one on thy right hand and the goats, according to the numbers of the tribes other on the left, in thy kingdom. Mat. xx. of Israel. Ez. vi. 17. And I heard the 21. Ye are they which have continued with number of them which were sealed (in their me in my temptations; and I appoint unto foreheads): and there were sealed an hundred you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of unto me, that ye may eat and drink at my the children of Israel. Re. vii. 4. And there table, and sit on thrones, judging the twelve appeared a great wonder in heaven: a woman tribes of Israel. Lu. xxii. 28, 29, 30. Do ye clothed with the sun, and the moon under her not know that the saints shall judge the feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve world ? Know ye not that we shall judge stars. Re. xii. l. And (the holy Jerusalem) angels? How much more things that per- had a wall great and high, and had twelve tain to this life. 1 Co. vi. 2, 3. If we suffer gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and we shall also reign with him. 2 Ti. ii. 12. names written thereon, which are the names of He that overcometh and keepeth my works the twelve tribes of the children of Israel; on