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of the sum still unaccounted for, under the head of donations, was furnished by a King's Letter, sent round to every parish, in 1828, we shall see that we have not yet ascertained all that the clergy have done towards the good work of supplying the poorer classes with better and more adequate accommodation in our churches. Out of 41,3931, 138. 2d., collected on that occasion, no one, who knows how such collections are made up, especially in country.parishes, can accuse me of overstating the case when I assign one-twelfth of this sum to the contributions of the clergy and their families. And besides all this, as the above calculations only comprise the contributions made to the Parent Society, whatever clergymen have contributed through district committees still remains unnoticed.
Surely there is here discovered by far too great a disproportion between the efforts of the clerical and lay part of the community, -and that, too, in furtherance of an object, which is undoubtedly a popular one,--one, too, which the zeal now everywhere displayed in building new churches, proves to be not altogether contrary to the “ spirit of the age,” which, whatever evil tendencies it has, is certainly, in this respect, well-disposed. For my part, I am convinced that the comparative want of support, of which this society may justly complain, as far as regards the middling ranks of laymen, arises from no unwillingness or deficiency of zeal. Persons of that class expect the thing to be brought home to their own doors by means of a district committee; and when this is done, many, who would never think it worth while to carry their mite of assistance to St. Martin's Place, will gladly come forward and contribute it in their own neighbourhood. Judging, as far as is possible, from a cursory survey of the lists of some of the diocesan or district committees, the number of laymen contributing small annual sums, or single donations of a trifling amount, seems to be considerable. The Canterbury Diocesan Committee seems particularly well supported. And it is, after all, these numerous, though trifling, contributors, that swell the annual income of a society, and excite an interest generally in its behalf. But then the committees in connection with the Church Building Society are so few. How many wealthy districts, fullof zealous clergymen and laymen attached to the church, are as yet without any such establishment? For example, throughout the whole diocese of London, in which I happen to live, there is not one that I know of. Nor was there, in 1834, (as it appears from the report of that year,) one in either of the vast and opulent dioceses of York and Lincoln. How many pounds might be annually collected, in these three dioceses, towards enlarging the accommodation in our present churches, and building fresh ones, which now, for want of some such instrument as district committees, are never applied to any such beneficial purposes ! But I shall say no more on this topic, though I do think a few hints from such a Magazine as yours, Mr. Editor, might induce the influential clergy of the dioceses I have named and others to take some steps to remove the reproach, which now hangs upon them, and follow the example set them by the friends of the church in the dioceses of Canterbury, Chester, and Exeter, where so much has been done in the good and holy work of building and enlarging churches for the worship of Almighty God. I remain, yours, &c., W. P.
SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR CHURCHES.
1.-CAINSCROSS CHAPEL, STROUD, GLOUCESTERSHIRE. The provision of a church has been undertaken by the inhabitants with exemplary zeal, and in no place is such a provision more necessary. Very great exertions have been made, and extraordinary interest has been taken by the parties concerned, as is evinced by the various offers, on the part of individuals in the district, of labour in the work of digging, and of hauling the materials from the quarry. But notwithstanding these aids, a sum of nearly 900l. is yet wanting for the completion of the work. Under these circumstances the building committee have put forth a circular, appealing to the public for assistance. The borough, which contains 40,000 souls, abounds with dissent, on account of the want of accommodation in the church; a strong reason for the support of this measure, with all who have the desire and the means to uphold our holy cause.
Cainscross is situated at the extreme points of three parishes, Stonehouse, Stroud, and Randwick, the united population whereof exceeds 12,000.-The churches of these parishes are at considerable distances, and offer accommodation for less than 2800, and of which a very small proportion indeed is open to the poor.—The population of the village and neighbourhood amounts to upwards of 1500, and is chiefly composed of the working classes in the clothing factories.—A few of the inhabitants have opened subscriptions, and formed a committee for the erection of a church. It is intended immediately to endow the church with the seat rents of the private pews, and to pray the bishop to assign to the church a convenient district. It is a positive instruction to the building committee, to provide an adequate number of free sittings for the use of the poorer part of the population. The expense (exclusive of endowment) is estimated to exceed the sum of 21001., but the subscriptions amount at present to only the sum of 11001., and the inhabitants of the village are unable to raise the whole sum required.—The committee, having received so large an amount of subscriptions, have already commenced the building, feeling confident that the work will not be impeded by the want of means in a case of which the necessity must be apparent; they therefore beg leave to lay this statement before the public, and to pray their aid in this very desirable work.
Subscriptions will be received in London, at the banks of Messrs. Jones, Loyd, and Co., and Messrs. Ladbrokes, Kingscote, and Co.
The following is a very remarkable document:-
OF GLASGOW. At a meeting of Protestant Episcopalians, held at Claythorn-street infant school room, on Monday, the 5th of October, 1835, to consider the propriety of erecting a new episcopal chapel, the Rev. W. Routledge, of St. Andrew's episcopal chapel, having been called to the chair, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted :1. We, the undersigned Protestant Episcopalians, have long experienced the
want of a chapel, where we may worship God according to the rites of the church in which we have been baptized, and to which we are much
attached. 2. For the space of three months last past we have attended service, on Sunday
evenings, in a school-room, where the Rev. David Aitchison, M.A., of Queen's College, Oxford, officiated; but as we cannot there enjoy the blessings of the sacrament, nor instruction for our children in the Christian faith and the doctrines of our church, we are desirous to have a con
venient chapel for the regular celebration of divine worship. 3. Being most of us poor persons, it is not in our power to erect, at our own
cost, a sufficiently commodious chapel, but we are willing to contribute
something to the utmost of our ability. 4. We earnestly solicit the assistance of our richer brethren, to enable us to
obtain for ourselves and our children the benefit of that spiritual instruction which our poverty prevents us procuring by our own means.
5. We, the undersigned, further agree to place ourselves under the ministry of
the said Rev. David Aitchison, and do humbly beg to be admitted into communion with, and to be recognized as members of, the Scottish Episcopal Church ; and we do promise to render all canonical obedience to our diocesan, the Right Rev. the Bishop of United Dioceses of Edinburgh, Fife, and Glasgow.
W. ROUTLEDGE, St. Andrew's chapel, Chairman. William Scott, weaver, Bridgeton ; William McGovern, weaver, Bridgeton ; James Rowan, weaver; James Mc Cormick, labourer, Bridgeton; Alexander Porter, potter, Calton; Hugh Adams, weaver, Glasgow ; Charles Mc Connell, shoe maker, Main-street : James Knights, weaver, Calton; George Spence, labourer, Claythorne-street; Hugh Donnald, labourer, Main-street, Calton; William Graham, weaver, Calton; Robert Wright, weaver, Bridgeton; Thomas Kerr, 57, Gallowgate ; George Gray, weaver, Main-street, Bridgeton ; William Morison, labourer, Dalmarnock Road; David Mc Williams, tailor, Calton ; Thomas Hull, Havannah-street.
N. B. The congregation for whom the chapel is required amounts to 1000 persons, and there are still above 7000 episcopalians without any place of religious worship.
Having duly considered the foregoing resolutions, I hereby formally approve and sanction them; and while I appreciate as I ought the valuable GRATUITOUS services of the Rev. David Aitchison, it is with peculiar satisfaction that I grant him my episcopal licence, praying most fervently that the blessing of God may accompany and prosper his labours. Done at Edinburgh, this 3d of Nov. 1835.
James Walker, D.D., Bishop, &c. Mr. Aitchison states, in a private letter dated 6, Somerville-place, Glasgow, that he came here on the 19th of July, by the permission of the Bishop of Edinburgh, to endeavour to assemble a congregation, and that, on every successive evening, the number of the congregation gradually increased, and the room, which holds nearly 300, is quite filled. In consequence of not being able to obtain the use of the school-room during the day, he opens another room for a school and morning service. In the school he has eighty-two children, and expects a considerable increase, as the school was only commenced three weeks ago. These poor people are almost all of them Irish, quiet, industrious, and intelligent; and so desirous are they to have a chapel, that they have already subscribed in small sums varying from 1s. to 12.) 321. 98., but without aid from the public they cannot hope for a speedy accomplishment of their wishes. He asks nothing for himself, but only for funds to erect a place of worship for the poor, and a school and books for the education of their children; and if this object can be attained, he is quite willing to devote his services to them. His letter concludes thus :
Pray, sir, can you inform me whether the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge would make us a grant of books? I have distributed a great many prayer-books, but the demand is still more than I can supply. In the hope (if you will be good enough to publish the above resolutions) of obtaining a chapel for my poor flock, I remain, Sir, your faithful servant,
David AITCHISON. 6, Somerville-place, Glasgow, Nov. 7, 1835.
An Appeal to PROTESTANTS.—The township of Eccleston, in the parish of Prescot, Lancashire, containing upwards of six thousand souls, has no place of worship, either of the established church, or of any denomination of protestant dissenters. About one-fourth of the inhabitants consists of Roman catholics, who have two chapels, fully and constantly attended. For the remaining 4500 protestants there is no place of worship, or resident clergyman! The population has doubled itself in the last ten years, and increases rapidly. A resident gentleman liberally offers 12001. as an endowment for a resident clergyman, on condition that an episcopal place of worship is erected. The estimated expense of the church is 20001. With a donation of 5001. from the Chester Church Diocesan Society, 13001. are raised. For the remaining sum of 7001., this appeal is made to the Christian public. Donations may be paid to the “Eccleston Church Fund,” at the Bank of Messrs. Jones, Lloyd, and Co., and at Messrs. Hatchard and Sons, 187, Piccadilly, London.
The great number and interest of the Letters in “ Correspondence" this month, will be a sufficient reason for this and other parts of the Magazine being curtailed.
The one point requiring particular notice is, that the Irish government have denied to the Irish clergy the aid of even the civil power to enable them to assert their just rights. This is announced in two letters from Lord Morpeth. Abstaining, as this Magazine does, from party politics, it is yet impossible not to say that this is merely an attempt to induce the clergy, by the most biting distress, to give up their recorded principles, and assent to the spoliation measures proposed in parliament. What would be thought, in daily life, of him who attempted to take advantage of the pangs of want to induce a man to give up his honesty, or a woman her virtue ?
Under these circumstances, the laity have come forward—and let the clergy mark their names with the gratitude that they deserve—to supply to the clergy the means of resorting to the courts of law (their last earthly refuge) for the justice denied them by their enemies, and the protection refused to them by the government. This most excellent plan appears to be prospering; and no one can doubt that they who have relied on the poverty of the clergy to refuse the payment of their just debts, will be startled at finding that the friendless are not so wholly friendless, nor the deserted so wholly deserted, as they thought. The clergy, too, there is little doubt, will, in every case but those of absolute destitution and famine, far prefer this mode of aid to any other which can be devised, as less grating to their feelings. They have shewn, and are shewing, as every account proves, a spirit of courage, patience, and generous feeling for others, and carelessness about themselves, which can arise from one source alone. May they be enabled to draw from that source continued and increased supplies of aid and support.
It may be as well to give here, instead of under Documents, the details of this Lay Society.
IRISH LAY ASSOCIATIONS.
For aiding the Protestant Clergy in the protection of Church Property. At a special meeting of the Committee of this Association, on the 15th of October, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted :
“ That the session of Parliament having passed without the enactment of any effectual measures for the better regulation of church property in Ireland, and the recent determination of Government having thrown upon the Irish clergy increased difficulty in the recovery of their composition rents (which must oblige them either to abandon their rights altogether, or institute suits in the superior courts, the expense of which they would be unable to bear), the circumstances of the clergy have thus become such as to demand from our society a still greater degree of sympathy and increased exertion on their behalf.
“ That we feel it, therefore, our imperative duty to call upon those, in both countries who respect the rights of property, and are desirous to support the law, to co-operate with us in extending more widely the benefits of this society; and for this purpose we deem it right to submit to them the following statement of its objects and proceedings :
“The difficulties under which the clergy laboured in consequence of the extensive and well-organized combination against them, induced a few influential individuals (in September, 1834) to form a fund for the protection of church property, to be solely applicable to the purpose of aiding the clergy in resisting that combination, and in asserting their just rights by process of law. The fund was vested in the names of six noblemen, who consented to act as trustees; and a committee was formed, whose duty it was to investigate, consider, and decide upon the best means of forwarding the objects for which the fund was raised. It was not, however, deemed necessary to take measures for giving general publicity to the existence and proceedings of the society, whilst the efficiency of its operations remained to be proved by experience. The committee have great satisfaction in being able now to state that the results of their proceedings have fully realized the expectations entertained ; no case, undertaken with their sanction, having been unsuccessful, and in most instances the opposing parties having been obliged to pay the debt with all costs. Before the accession of the late administration, it was cofidently hoped that the question of church property would have been honourably and finally settled; and the session of Parliament having been so long protracted, the committee, in the uncertain state of public affairs, did not deem it advisable to extend its operations, or to make any appeal to the public. The committee, however, feel that the time has now arrived when they are called upon to make known their readiness and fixed determination to afford every aid that their means will admit of to resist the flagrant violation of the rights of property under which the clergy are suffering; and they most earnestly invite all whose properties have not been as yet invaded, and who sympathize with those who have been deprived of the enjoyment of theirs, to furnish them with funds to carry their objects more completely into effect. By the fundamental principle of the society, the fund (which is placed, to the credit of the trustees, in the Bank of Ireland) is solely applicable to the purpose of contributing to reimburse the clergy the necessary expenses they shall have incurred in asserting their legal rights by process of law, in cases which, after due investigation, are approved of in all respects by the committee."
The trustees of the above association are, the Earls of Roden, Enniskillen, and Bandon, Viscount Lorton, and Lord Farnham ; and among the committee are the Right Hon. William Saurin, Frederick Shaw, M.P., and Thomas Lefroy, M.P., the Dean of St. Patrick, George Moore, Edward Lytton, R. B. Warren, Alexander Hamilton, and James S. Scott, K.C., Serjeant Jackson,
VOL. VIII, Dec.--1835.