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people. In our Saviour's time they were and fearful were the sufferings they inflicted collectively spoken of as the law and the upon those who loved and studied it. They prophets; and, in another place, the law, dragged the Christians, with ropes tied the prophets, and the Psalms.

round their necks, to worship at the temples The Pharisees, however, were not satis of their idols; and finding this of no avail, fied with the Bible: it was too pure and they invented all sorts of horrible tortures, simple for them, and they only allowed by which to shake the courage of these their children to study it until they were children of God. They tied them together old enough to understand the traditions.' in large companies, and drove them into the The precept of Rabbi Eliezer was, ' Prevent sea; they flung them headlong from preyour children from reading the word of cipices; they suffocated them by hundreds God too much, lest they be carried away in lime kilns; they tortured them with with it.' •Carried away' to what? Surely red-hot iron, and smeared and burnt them only to eternal life; for our Lord Himself with pitch : but had not the Master told said, Search the Scriptures; for in them his disciples of all this? and did they not ye think ye have eternal life.' The Rabbins know, from His own book, that this said, The Scriptures are water, but the affliction was but working out for them a traditions are wine.' And so they made far more exceeding and eternal weight of the word of God of none effect--all of glory? Ay, they knew it well; and with them, except a few faithful believers, who faces set heavenward, and the seal of God still held that the Author of the Book must | upon their brow, they laid down their lives know better than even the Rabbins. by thousands, rather than deny the Lord Then, when the Saviour came unto His who bought them, or give up that Book, own chosen people, they received Him not; , which was the Word of their salvation. for they had explained away, or disguised! Then arose the great power of Popery, all the passages which prophesied that He so much more dangerous because it did not should come in humility, and persisted in reject the Book, but rather professed to expecting a Messiah clothed with pomp and honour and obey it as the rule of faith; but glory. When He had departed from earth, gradually engrafted upon it so many errors and was gone back to His Father's house, and perversions of the truth, that soon, those who loved Him began to write down, I like the Jews of old, the people began to as the Holy Ghost inspired them, all His follow, not the word of God, but precepts sayings and doings, and to expound the l of men—not Christ, but the Pope. They doctrines which He had delivered unto made pilgrimages to famous places and them. They also told the history of the holy shrines, worshipped the bones and church after His ascension. And, finally, relics of saints, endured the most painful the Apostle John related his glorious vision and troublesome penances, and paid large of Heaven. By and by the Gospels, the sums of money to the priests for the Acts, the Epistles, and the Revelation were remission of their sins. And all this time collected together, and handed down to the Book lay neglected and forgotten; for after ages as the New Testament.

the people were not able to read, nor By degrees each church obtained an permitted to hear it read;. and the priests' entire copy of these writings; and so they chief object seemed to be to keep it sealed were preserved in purity to be the guide and closed for ever. book of the world. It went forth con But God's will was not to be baffled by quering and to conquer; but now began men. Quietly, like the silent current of a to be fulfilled the word of Jesus, when He great stream, hidden for a while as it runs said, I came not to send peace, but a beneath tangled briars and underwood, the sword '--that word, which was quick and influence of the Book flowed on, breaking powerful, and sharper than any two-edged out every now and again, sometimes in sword.' The Pagan world rose against it; | remote valleys, and sometimes in towns,

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but always wherever it appeared there a Bible was in Latin. In 1488, the Old followed trouble. Nothing seemed able to Testament appeared in Hebrew, its original prevent its steady increase: the more language; and later still, the New Testapersecution was raised, the more diligently ment was printed in Greek by the learned did the people lay its words of encourage Erasmus of Rotterdam. In the beginning ment to heart.

of the 16th century we see Luther in The Spaniards wound portions of Scrip Germany, Tyndale in England, Lefèvre in ture round their bodies, only to be delivered France, and Zwingle in Switzerland, cach up with their lives. The Huguenots working by himself at the same tasksacrificed life and liberty, kindred and viz., translating the Book into his own country, sooner than let their heavenly language. Then followed persecutions treasure be touched. The Waldenses more bitter than ever, as the priests saw learned by heart whole books of the Bible, people gradually slipping off the iron beginning as little children, and forming chains of superstition and ignorance with large societies, each member of which was which they had been bound. Before Tyndale trusted to remember and repeat his own had half finished his translation, he was certain number of chapters. Some could obliged to fly the country, anxious only to repeat the whole of the New Testament; save his life that he might be able to others stored their minds with the pro complete God's work. From abroad, he phecies of Isaiah, or the Psalms of David; sent it back to his countrymen, though but all seemed to recognise that the Bible aware that all seaports were closely watched contained the one Pearl of Great Price, and guarded against the entrance of that which must be got and kept at all hazards, pernicious' book. He trusted that, like and without which the world to them was its Master, it would pass unharmed through nought. About the year 1378 arose a poor a multitude of enemies; and he was right. priest of Oxford, a studious, thoughtful man, | A few years later he himself was called, who, in spite of opposition, persecution, and and delivered up his last breath at the distress, succeeded in giving to the English stake in a prayer that the king of England's nation an entire translation of the Bible in eyes might be opened. Time went on, and its purity, without note or comment England blazed with the fire and tortures Several copies were made, and many people in which martyrs and their books were wrote out small portions into little books, destroyed, until at last Elizabeth came to which they carried next to their persons the throne, and the Bible was allowed free for safety.

circulation among all who chose to read it. Fast spread the new doctrines which And now, what has it done? What is it were daily bringing human fuel to the doing? Mighty as ever to endure all avenging fires; but Wycliffe himself, con human storms, it has gone, and is still trary to all his expectations, was not destined going, abroad over the face of the whole to be a martyr. He died in the act of earth, shedding out upon the world the administering the Lord's Supper.

pure light of heaven, driving before it Seventy years after the death of Wycliffe darkness, corruption, and sin, conquering the wonderful art of printing was invented, enmity, and overthrowing opposition. and it is believed that the first book ever It is bringing peace to the weary and printed (in 1450) was a Bible—the Magarin sight to the blind, releasing the prison(_, Bible—in two very large volumes, of which and making the exiles' heart to leap for there were only 18 copies—4 on vellum, joy. It is flowing on in a mighty stream, and 14 on paper; and not until Faust, the ever widening and deepening, and becoming goldsmith, was suspected of magic arts, did more powerful, until the current shall have he reveal the secret confided to him by swept in all the nations of the world, and the real inventor of printing-Johann "the knowledge of the Lord shall cover the Gutenburg. This first printed edition of earth, as the waters cover the sea. J. G. M. K.

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ONLY A PIN.

influence clings to them, and leaves its 6 ONLY two or three days ago, an mark upon everybody with whom they come

U overseer in one of the mills found in contact. a pin which cout the company about fifty • That pin damaged irreparably forty pounds.

hundred yards of new print; but bad Was it stol n?' asked Susie. "I company has ruined thousands of souls. suppose it must liave been very handsome. Remember, wone sinner destroyeth much Was it a diamond pin ??

good;" therefore avoid evil companions.' Oh, no, my dear! not by any means. It was just such a pin as people buy every Keep thy heart with all day, and use without stint. Here is one upon my dress.

Such a pin as that cost fifty pounds!' exclaimed John. “I don't believe it.' the issulcs of life.- Pro. iv. 23.

"But mamma says it's a true story,' interposed Susie.

Yes, I know it to be true. And this is the way the pin happened to cost so much: You know that calicoes, after they are printed and washed, are dried and smoothed by being passed over heated rollers. Well, by some mischance, a pin dropped so as to lie upon the principal roller, and, indeed, became wedged into it, the head standing out a little way from the surface.

•Over and over went the roller, and round and round went the cloth, winding Boys and Girls' Torner at length upon still another roller, until the piece was measured off. Then another

For their own contributions. piece began to be dried and wound; and so on, until a hundred pieces had been counted

TIIE DAISY. off. These were not examined immediately, THERE is a little flower, but removed from the machinery and laid 1 Awild, uncared-for thing, aside.

That opes its eye in May-time, When, at length, they came to be And blossoms in the spring. inspected, it was found that there were holes in every piece throughout the web, It has a little golden eye, and only three-quarters of a yard apart. With silver lining round; Of course the goods could not be classed

It grows upon the roadside, as perfect goods, so they were sold as

On every grassy mound. remnants at less than half the price they would have brought had it not been for the The children love it dearly, hidden pin.

And chains of it they make, Now, it seems to me that, when a boy

As they wander in the meadows takes for his companion a profane swearer,

By the river or the lake. a Sabbath-breaker, or a lad who is untruthful, and a little girl has for her playmate

Now, this sweet little flower one who is unkind, or disobedient, or in any can teach a lesson sure, way a wicked child, they are like the roller That tho’ life's road be rough and drear, which took to its bosom the pin. Without

We can shew our blossom pure. their being able to help it, often the evil |

FLORENCE LESSELS.

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Florence.

EMINENT MEN
OF THE FIFTEENTH AND SIXTEENTH CENTURIES.

SAVONAROLA.
À VOICE before the Reformation—a , in the heart of beautiful Florence. Ilis

solitary voice, warning back the story is full of sadness, but you shall read world to God—was Savonarola the monk's, | it as it is.

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He was born of a noble family at Ferrara, Seven years later it was in 1489—he on the 21st of September, 1452, and was was in the same city, preaching in the educated with great care; for very early his convent garden of San Marco, with breathgenius showed itself, and his father cherished less crowds listening. People were high hopes that he would distinguish crowded together even on the garden walls, himself in his country, and some day be | eager to catch every word which fell from one of the great powers which would lead the lips of the preacher. Such enthusiasm and rule his countrymen. 'And so he was in Florence had never been seen before. yet to be, but not as his father dreamed. Michael Angelo himself was a disciple of

From his youth, Jerome Savonarola was Savonarola. Fra Bartolomeo, another averse to the gaieties of court; its great painter, burned in the public market wickedness haunted him. He could not the pictures which the monk disapproved. hear the light music, nor see the splendour It seemed as if the whole city was melted of its feasts, for the thoughts of all that by his earnest eloquence. The listener who was beneath-the falseness and the misery. 1 reports his sermons often breaks off his And so he shrank into retirement, and spent sentence, and writes: the days and months at home in his father's Here I was so overcome with weeping, house, soothing his thoughts as best he that I could not go on. could with poetry and music. But his . Another says, “These sermons caused music was very sad, and his poetry as such terror, alarm, sobbing and tears, that stern as his thoughts.

every one passed through the streets withOne of his poems was entitled The 1 out speaking, more dead than alive.' Ruin of the Church'; another, The Ruin! And still Savonarola, from under his of the World.' For in all the wickedness hood, with his deep sunken eyes and round him, he saw but the prophecy of piercing voice, proclaimed the judgments ruin, and it burned into his heart and must of God, and his near vengeance on the sins find voice for itself.

of fated Florence; and not on Florence One April day he sat with his mother. alone, but on Rome and Italy, and the His lute was in his hand; he was playing a whole world lying in wickedness. mournful melody. So sad, so expressive it He did not scruple with his burning was, that it touched his mother like a words to reprove the Pope himself, to prophecy-touched her with a strange, keen accuse him of wickedness, and warn him to pain, and she turned her face to her son. turn from his evil ways. Such language

My son,' she exclaimed with all her was new indeed, to be heard in the court sorrow in her voice,' the music is a sign at Rome, but the Pope could not offer we must part soon.

openly to show his displeasure. Savonarola Jerome Savonarola was then twenty-two was the idol of the people; the Pope would years old. On the very next day he fain seem to be his friend. He dissembled secretly left his home, and never his displeasure, and offered to make him a returned to it again. He began his life as cardinal. But Savonarola rejected the a monk in the Dominican convent at Bologna. But some years passed before •Rather would I have,'he answered, the his fame came. The first time he was sent red crown of martyrdom.' to preach at Florence, he was received with And that martyrdom surely awaited him. coldness and neglect. The people would Troubles gathered round him fast. The not listen to him; his voice was unmusical; people began to doubt their prophet; and he said nothing which interested them, and with all the fickleness of a crowd, turned so they left him alone.

from him in his hour of need. Could he do no good in the world so full O Lord, if it be Thy will that I of evil? Was all his life to be a failure? Very should go through deep waters, Thy will be sad and depressed, Savonarola left Florence. | done,' he prayed.

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