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sions-the flames-the smoke-the hurras, of the European sailors-the curses, and the Allah shouts of the Turks, presented one of the most impressive scenes ever witnessed.

The battle raged from three o'clock P. M. until seven; and ended as every contest must end, where one side opposes only superior force directed by blind fury, to cool courage, discipline, and science. The Turkish fleet was almost utterly destroyed, many ships had been blown up, sunk, or burned; the rest were pierced through and through, shattered, dismasted, or driven on shore; not more than fifteen vessels had escaped undamaged; and more than five thousand Turks had been killed. The rest were overwhelmed with confusion and rage, but not with fear; and they continued during the night madly to set fire to, and blow up their vessels which were on shore or disabled; regardless of the word sent by Codrington, that he had finished.

Thus an action, commenced by accident, ended in the almost complete destruction of the naval power of Turkey. The news reached the Cabinets of Europe, exciting surprise and regret; it reached the Sultan, stunning and overwhelming him; but his first impulse to deluge his empire in the blood of infidels, was checked by a feeling of impotency; the day had gone by, when Turkey would oppose a single European power, much less the greatest united; but to Greece, to poor Greece, the news was the reprieve of her death-warrant; joy and exultation were in every heart, rejoicing was on every tongue, hope beamed on every countenance; and from Arta to Thermopylæ, from Pindus to Taygetus, Ellas felt that her chains were broken; she was freed for ever from the yoke of Mussulman bondage.

The right arm of Turkey was broken and withered; Greece was now put more on a par with her, and felt that, though European interference should be from that moment at an end, she could continue the conflict to a successful termination.

The Treaty, signed at London on the 6th July, 1827, was sealed in blood at Navarino, on the 20th of October, and relieved the world of any anxiety about the contest between Greece and Turkey; for, from the moment the first cannon

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was fired on that day, the European Powers seem pledged to keep back the invader. But the same interest continues to be felt by a generous public, who begin to see that the hope of Grecian Independence is not alone a dream of the enthusiast; and the same anxiety exists about the progress of events, in that interesting section of the world.

The result of the battle of Navarino convinced every Greek, that the freedom of his country from Turkish thraldom was rendered a matter of the strongest probability; and the general and most ardent wish of the people, was immediately to return to their occupations, to their cultivation, and commerce; they were not only impoverished by the long struggle, but completely exhausted; and wished only for a cessation of external and internal troubles; confident, however, that their strong inclination for republican institutions would be gratified, and looking with the most sanguine hope, for the coming of Capo d'Istria, whom all, without exception, regarded as the only man capable of reconciling the different factions; or rather, of putting them all down by the strong arm of an Executive power.

The subsequent military events have been of little consequence. Favier failed entirely in his undertaking against Scio: the revolt in Candia continued with varying success; Church appears to have effected nothing; Cochrane vanished from the scene, after having performed an ineffectual part. It is to be hoped, however, that he is attempting to get out the Steamvessels, which through his obstinacy, have been lying useless. in the Thames; if he succeeds, he will in some measure discharge the debt of service which he owes; and Greece will have at once, a national naval force, which (there is not the least doubt) will enable her to keep the mastery of the seas.

Capo d'Istria, on his arrival at Napoli on the 19th January, was received with enthusiastic joy; and immediately proceeded to adopt vigorous and salutary measures. The Constitution was re-modelled; greater power given to the Executive; and Capo D'Istria was inaugurated President of Greece, and took the oath of office. He appointed Speredion Tricupi, Secretary of State; Petrom Bey, or Mavromichalis, Secreta


ry of War; Andreas Xaimis, of Interior: Conduriottis, of Treasury. The military party, the Primates, and the Islandare each represented in these different persons; and every measure of the new President evinces prudence, decision, and a perfect knowledge of the character of his countrymen, as well as the secret spring of the different factions.

He has the wishes of the whole people with him; and has only to fear the opposition of military Chiefs, who, until a regular army is established, will have the greatest influence, by means of the strong attachment of the soldiery to their per


It is to be feared that the powers of Europe will not countenance a republican form of Government there; the Greeks perhaps are not capable at present, of supporting one; but there is the fairest hope that they may be independent. At any rate, they have received an impulse, which cannot be controlled by tyrants; the march of mind cannot be averted by any one of them; no! nor by the whole, in Holy Divan Allied: Greece has grasped the sword, and felt from it courage and confidence; she has flung her arms fetterless to the winds, and will not again be manacled; but above all, she has tasted of knowledge, and will not be satisfied till her people are fully enlightened.


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