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At Christ Church, Marylebone, Mr.
John Mickleburgh, of Catharine Hall, to At St. Sepulchre's Church, Cambridge, Sarah, only daughter of Lieut.-Col. Hunt, the Rev. Lawrence Stevenson, B.D. Rec- of Walmer, Kent. tor of Soulderne, Oxfordshire, and late At St. George's, Hanover-square, by Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, the Rev. St.John Lucas, the Rev. Richard to Anne, second daughter of Mr. Robert Dawes, Fellow of Downing College, and Anderson.
Rector of King's Samborne, Hants, to At Buckingham, the Rev. J. Graham, Mary Helen Gordon, daughter of G. J. M.A. Fellow of Queen's College, Cam- Guthrie, Esq. bridge, and Rector of Cosgrove, North- At Cork, John Hibbert, Esq. Barristeramptonshire, to Eliza, eldest daughter of at-Law, and Fellow of King's College, to the late Richard Moorsom, Esq. of Airy- Charlotte Elizabeth, second daughter of hi!l, Yorkshire, and niece of the late Colonel Turner, Assistant AdjutantAdmiral Sir Robert Moorsom, K.C.B. of General, Ireland. Cosgrove Priory.
At Hilgay, near Downham Market, by The Rev. William Newton, Vicar of the Rev. John Hewlett, B.D., the Rev. Old Cleese, Somersetshire, to Eliza St. Vincent Beechey, M.A. son of Sir Mark, eldest daughter of John Mark William Beechey, Knight, to Mrs. OmCottle, Esq. of Bath-place, Chelten- maney, of Woodhall, in Hilgay, daughter ham.
of the late William Jones, Esq. of WoodAt Storney, Somerset, the Rev. W. hall aforesaid, formerly Marshal of the Lewis Gerardot, to Catherine, daughter King's Bench. of the late J. Gewalter Palairet, Esq.
At Broadclist, the Rev. Dashwood At Worksop, the Rev. John Drake Be- Lang, B.A. of St. Alban Hall, Vicar of cher, M. A. Vicar of South Muskham, West Leigh, North Devon, to Charlotte, in the county of Nottingham, to Eliza- daughter of Lieut.-General Thomas, of beth Susannah, only daughter of Henry Brockhill House. Machin, Esq. of Gateford-hill, in the same At Bishop's Stoke, Hants, by the Rev. county.
John Garnier, Fellow of Merton College, At Ufford, in Suffolk, the Rev. Henry the Rev. Charles Pilkington, B.C.L. late Browne Longe, youngest son of the late Fellow of New College, and Rector of Rev. John Longe, Vicar of Coddenham Stockton, Warwickshire, to Maria, only cum Crowfield, in the county of Suffolk, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Garnier, to Anne Margaret, eldest daughter of B.C.L. late Fellow of All Souls' College, Alexander Nicholson, Esy. of East Court, and a Prebendary of Winchester CatheCharlton Regis, in the county of Glou- dral.
At Whitworth, the Rev. R. Gray, M.A. By the Rev. G. W. Craufurd, the Rev. of University College, son of the late H. Ř. Dukinfield, Vicar of St. Martin's Bishop of Bristol, to Sophia, daughter of in-the-fields, to Jane, widow of General the late R. W. Myddleton, Esq. of Grinkle Chowne, and daughter of Sir James Crau- Park, Yorkshire, and of Old Park, Durfurd, Bart,
ham. At Eccles, Lancashire, by the Rev. At Lyme Regis, John Nicholson, Esq. Thomas Blackburne, T. C. Geldart, Es. eldest son of the Rev. Mark Nicholson, of Lincoln's-inn, Barrister-at-Law, and M.A. of Queen's College, and of Clifton, Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, to to Anne Elizabeth, second daughter of Eliza, daughter of Thomas Cooke, Esq. Captain Waring, R.N. Lyme Regis. of Gorsefield, near Eccles.
Rev. Edward Adolphus Holmes, of At Meldon, the Rev. John Æmilius Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Rector Shadwell, M. A. of St. John's College, of St. Margaret's and St. Peter's, South Rector of All Saints, Southampton, and Elmham, Suffolk, to Harriet, second second son of the Vice-Chancellor of daughter of the late W. Archer Judd, England, to Emma Donna, second Esq. of Stafford, Lincolnshire. daughter of Isaac Cookson, Esq. of Mel- In Drumcliffe Church, the Rev. Ed. don Park, Norihumberland.
ward Lindsay Elwood, to Ellen, eldest At Mundesley, Norfolk, by the Rev. daughter of the Rev. John Yeates, Vicar W. F. Wilkinson, the Rev. Thomas of Drumcliffe. Greene, B.D. Senior Fellow of Corpus The Rev. R. G. S. Browne, B.D. Vicar Christi College, and Rector of Fulmon- of Arwick, Yorkshire, and late Fellow destone, Norfolk, to Elizabeth, eldest of Dulwich College, to Sophia, fourth daughter of the late John Patteson, Esq. daughter of Charles Druce, Esq. of Dulof St. Helen's, Norwich.
At Doncaster, the Rev. John Oxlee, B.A. late of All Souls' College, and of Molesworth, Hunts, to Sarab, daughter of the late R. A. Worsop, Esq. of Howden Hall, Yorkshire.
At Plumpton, near Lewes, William Morgan, D.C. L. Fellow of Magdalen College, on the Berkshire foundation, and son of the late George Morgan, Esq. of Biddlesdon Park, Bucks, to Catharine, eldest daughter of John Woodward, Esq. of Uckfield.
The Rev. William Cooper Johnson, B.A. late of Merton College, to Cathariue, only daughter of the late George Taylor, Esq., of Maridge, Devon.
At Buckland, Herts, the Rev. Mr. Smith, to the eldest daughter of the Rev. Mr. Cowlard, of Buckland.
The Rev. William Hamilton Attwood, of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and of Saxthorp, Norfolk, to Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the late John Hodgkinson, Esq. of Deerfield Lodge, Norwood, Surrey.
At Knaresborough, the Rev. George A. Cockburn, M.A. Vicar of Pocklington and Burton Leonard, Yorkshire, to Mary Anna, third daughter of Richard Terry, Esq. of Knaresborough.
The Rev. W. Nicholson, to Elizabeth, daughter of T. Potts, Esq. of Clapham Common.
The Rev. W. Acworth, M. A. of Queen's College, Cambridge, and of Cossington, Leicestershire, to Harriet, eldest daughter of the late E. Muller, Esq. of Clifton.
BIRTHS. August 23, at Fahan, the lady of the Rev. Henry Scott, of a son.
August 23, at the Rectory, Aldborough, Norfolk, the lady of the Rev. Robert Shuckburgh, of a daughter.
August 24, at the Rectory, North Tawton, the lady of the Rev. Septimus Palmer, of a daughter.
August 24, at Ifield Vicarage, Sussex, the lady of the Rev. George Henry Scott, of a daughter.
August 27, at Knighton Parsonage, the lady of the Rev. J. R. Brown, of a daughter.
August 27, at Feltwell Rectory, the lady of the Rev. E. B. Sparke, of St. John's College, Cambridge, of daughter.
August 28, at Merton, the lady of the
Rev. Hubert K. Cornisli, late fellow of Exeter College, of a daughter.
August 30, at Harrow, the lady of the Rev.W.W.Phelps, M.A. of Corpus Christi College, of a son.
August 30, at Ramsgate, the lady of the Rev. Dr. Longley, of Christ Church, of a daughter
August 30, at Sunbury, the lady of the Rev. Charles Moffat, of Brasennose College, of a daughter.
September 1, at Woolwich Common, the lady of the Rev. Capel Molyneux, of a daughter.
At Tonbridge Wells, the lady of the Rev. Frederick Fane, of a son.
September 3, the lady of the Rev. B. Morland, Evening Lecturer of St. Helen's Church, Abingdon, of a daughter.
September 6, the lady of the Rev, George Wells, of Woodspeen, of a son.
September 7, at East Hendred, the lady of the Rev. J. Roberson, of a son.
September 8, at the Vicarage House, East Ham, Essex, the lady of the Rev. Wm. Streatfeild, M. A. late Fellow of Trinity College, of a son.
September 8, at Wimpole Rectory, the Hon. Mrs. Yorke, of a daughter.
September 9, at the Ridge, Gloucestershire, the lady of the Rev. Kenelm H. Digby, B.A. of Christ Church, of a son.
September 9, at Amberd House, near Taunton, the seat of J. Gould, Esq. the Jady of the Rev. T. F. Carter, of a daughter.
September 11, at the Canonry, Christ Church, the lady of the Rev. Dr. Buckland, of a daughter.
September 13, the lady of the Rev. T. L. Ramsden, M. A. late of St. John's College, of a son.
September 13, at the School House, Chard, the lady of the Rev. William John Bussell, M.A. of Pembroke College, of a daughter.
At the Vicarage, Nocion, Lincolnshire, the lady of the Hon. and Very Rev. the Dean of Windsor, of a son.
September 18, at Sullington Rectory, Sussex, the lady of the Rev. George Palmer, of a son.
September 18, the lady of the Rev, James Hitchins, M. A. late of Christ Church, and Vicar of Wargrave, Berks, of a son.
September 18, the lady of the Rev. Thomas Newland, of Leinster-terrace, of a daughter.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Not having space for the insertion of "Swift's" communication, we fear his p.tience will be exhausted by the delay; we have therefore left a parcel for him at our publisher's.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Art. I.— The Doctrine of Atonement and Sacrifice, evinced from the
Scriptures, and confirmed from the Sacraments : Errors considered ; and Difficulties of Theists and Infidels removed. By John Whitley, D.D., T.C.D. London: Duncan. 1836. 8vo. Pp. viii. 392.
In the doctrine of the Atonement two distinct considerations are involved : the expiation of sin by the blood of Christ, and the sanctification of the soul as the necessary passport to the benefits of his passion, It is a very inadequate view of this important article, either to assume the sacrifice of the death of Christ as all-sufficient to secure salvation without any exertion on the part of man, or to place the standard of human righteousness in competition with the meritoriousness of the Redeemer. Nor is it enough to consider it as merely intended to reconcile man to God, by “cleansing him from all sin,” and overcoming the corrupt principle within him by the sanctifying influence of the Spirit. The reconciliation of God to man, by satisfying the demands of offended justice, is no less an object of the great scheme of redemption ; and deliverance from the punishment, as well as the overthrow of the power, of sin, is equally included in the doctrine of “Christ crucified.”
The value and the efficacy of our Lord's atonement can indeed scarcely be appreciated apart from the consideration of the entire fabric of christian faith and christian duty combined. It comprehends the shadow of the old and the substance of the new covenant; and has given rise to a variety of speculations on the nature and the power of sin, the origin and intent of propitiatory sacrifice, justification by faith, the effect of grace, and other kindred topics; to which the candid inquirer after truth, and the cavilling infidel, have respectively borne their part. Many, nay most, of these matters have been discussed by Dr. Whitley,
VOL. XVIII. NO, XI.
with considerable learning, and just argument; and we are at a loss to account for the inconsistency with which the most correct and scriptural investigations are made to bear upon a very unsatisfactory and imperfect view of the great doctrine which he has undertaken to elucidate. After some severe observations on the manner in which the subject has been handled by preceding writers, the Doctor opens his treatise with the following outline of the case :
Atonement, it is obvious, supposes two parties who are disunited and at variance with each other; it implies offence and separation between them between God and us: hence it involves our sin and fall, our corruption and degeneracy. That God is justly displeased with us, provoked by our sins and wickedness, is a primary truth, a fundamental verity, known and felt by all nien: it is the sentiment of nature, the voice of reason; it is the dictate of conscience, the testimony of experience; above all, it is the word of inspirationthe truth of God. Hence, a ransom was to be found; propitiation was to be made; satisfaction was to be obtained. The dignity of the Legislator, the honour of his laws, the justice of his rule and government, the truth of his word and character, required it: there was, in these respects, an entire, an absolute necessity for it. Writers have bere, indeed, successfully and triumphantly evinced,—from the sacrifice of Abel at first, from all that have succeeded it afterwards, from the heathens and from the Jews, from the barbarous rites of Idulators, and the sacred offerings and worship of the people of God, from reason and from Scripture,—the vicarious iinport and propitiatory nature of sacrifice in general; and thence of the one true and grand sacrifice of the Redeemer in particular; “ that it was expedient that one man should die for the people, that the whole nation perish not; and not for that nation only, but hat he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered broad.” Hereby the holy law of God was fulfilled ; justice was satisfied; the curse was endured; the ransom paid ; the sentence cancelled ; the pardon bought; and the spotless purity, the righteous goverument, and sovereign majesty of the Almighty Creator and Ruler of the world for ever confirmed and established.-Pp. 4, 5.
This is all very well as far as it goes; and the author betakes himself, after producing a few illustrations from his historical analogy, to refute the infidel objection, that God might have vindicated his justice, and saved the world, without the sacrifice of his Son. It would here be superfluous to advert to the argument with which Bishop Butler, in his fifth chapter, meets this objection; but we may remark, that it is infinitely more effective than that which Dr. Whitley substitutes in its place. He observes, that the cavil is to be overthrown by remembering that the enmity between God and man is much greater on the part of man than of God; and, though he admits that the expiations of the Hebrew ritual were intended to reconcile both God to man, and man to God, yet he plainly undervalues, if he does not altogether reject, the former purpose, as an object of the atonement of Christ. Hence it is that he speaks of the learned and elaborate treatises of Grotius, Stillingfleet, Balguy, and Outram, as “ failures ;" and regards the volumes of Archbishop Magee as almost equally defective. In the chapter especially dedicated to the consideration of the term “Reconciliation, the contracted nature of his views are abundantly manifest.
When it is stated that Christ died to reconcile the Father to us, we are to understand and to explain it in a peculiar and qualified sense; for be, too, loved the world, loved sinners, and gave his Son for them; it respects him, therefore, in his public authority, in his official, or political capacity of legislator and governor of the world, whose laws were to be enforced, and whose justice was to be asserted and maintained, by the sacrifice and death of his Son. Not that any one person of the ever blessed and undivided Triunity is one whit more compassionate and gracious to us than another. Our salvation being the joint plan, the united work, the common gift and benefit of the three persons of the Godhead; perfectly agreeing and mutually cooperating to seek and to save that which was lost, to rescue corrupt and degenerate man from sin and ruin. God the Father is therefore called our Saviour, as well as God the Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. And “ God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him might not perish, but have everlasting life.” He has, therefore, reconciled the Father to us, by satisfying his justice, evincing bis holiness; not by reconciling bim to our sins, to our corrupt and sinful nature, as it is in us; but to our nature as it is in Christ, to our common humanity, freed from all corruption, and victorious over all temptation ; exalted and enthroned at the right hand of God, whereby our common flesh, our human nature is, in his person, not only absolved from all stain and spot of sin, all imputation of blame and guilt, but is elevated to the throne of heaven, made King and Juŭge of the world, the fountain of grace and influence, to turn us from evil to good, from the power of Satan to God, to redeem us from all iniquity, and to purify us to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. Pp. 288, 289.
Nor can the Father of angels and of men be ever reconciled to sinners, unless by giving them grace to repent, and power to abhor and to forsake their sins. In this way he ever waiteth to be gracious; he is most ready to be at peace with us, most desirous to be reconciled to us, more willivg to hear than we to pray, and gives more than we either desire or deserve: he is ever inviting and beseeching us to return and to be saved ; to cease to do evil, to learn to do well; to repent, and to return to God; and when, through his love attracting us, his grace assisting, and bis Spirit directing and guiding us, we draw nigh to him, he draws nigh to us, and has mercy and pity upon us ; not by consenting to our faults, and approving our iniquities, but' by inspiring us with aversion to them, and by giving us power and dominion over them; by inclining us to hate and to forsake them; by redeeming us from all iniquity, and purifying us unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. Vur blessed Lord, indeed, whilst on earth, was blasphemed and reviled as the friend of publicans and of sinners; but he associated with them, not because he loved their vices, and was indulgent to their faults and crimes, but because he hated and abhorred them; because he was the friend of sinners, to admonish them; their physician. to heal them; to overcome their pride by his humility, their malice by his kindness, their sins by his holiness. The change is not in God, but in ourselves; wbo, being far off from bim by perversity and disobedience, must be brought nigh by penitence and prayer, by wisdom and by grace.-Pp. 291, 292.
According to the opinion here delivered, it can only be inferred thut we are not justified freely, and accepted into God's favour by virtue of the meritorious sacrifice of the death of Christ ; but, the dominion of sin being cancelled, and a moral miracle worked upon our nature by the infusion, as it were, of a principle of righteousness, we are thereby entitled to the favour of the Almighty. In fact, the vicarious nature of the Atonement, regarded as a propitiation for the actual sins of men, is entirely overlooked; the necessity of justification by faith, under-stated; and the entire benefits of Christ's death and passion are limited to the