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same time, it presents to the lay mem- discussed; comprising church-union, bers of our Church a complete view church-government, church-ministers, of the whole scriptural controversy church-authority, and church-worship. relating to the constitution and go- From this outline, our readers will vernment of the Christian Church. perceive that the author has disIn the promotion of this design it was cussed every one of those topics which, essential to ascertain what scriptural in the present crisis of the Reformed arguments have been adduced by dis- Church of England and Ireland, have senters both in opposition to ecclesi- acquired a peculiar interest. It is an astical establishments, and in defence important and pleasing feature in of the voluntary and independent Mr. Holden's volume, that his invessystem, For this purpose, Mr. Holden tigations are conducted solely on the informs us, that he commenced a evidence of Scripture: and though search into the writings of noncon- his treatise cannot be altogether diformists; and, as he proceeded, he rested of a controversial cast, yet he noted down everything which ap- has happily succeeded in making it as peared deserving of attention with little controversial as possitle. Every the design of referring the reader to candid nonconformist, we think, must the works from which the various acknowledge that Mr. H. has stated objections and arguments were ex- the adverse arguments on each topic tracted. Finding, however, that even of discussion with perfect fairness. a selection from the accumulated mass of materials would crowd his pages A Poet's Portfolio; or, Minor Poems. with a distracting multiplicity of refer- In Three Books. By James Montences, he has made one general refer- GOMERY. London: Longinan. 1835. ence to his authorities, of which he Pp. 297. has given a bibliographical list in the MR. MONTGOMERY has again bestowed Appendix, divided into three classes, a favour on the world in these very viz. 1. Works in defence of noncon- interesting poems. Many of them formity; 2. Works in defence of will be found highly adapted to excite church establishments; and 3. Works the attention of youth, and fill the relating to church government. This mind with delightful instruction. list contains the productions of every writer of eminence; and we observe Sermon preached at Dorking, Surrey, with pleasure, that Mr. Holden has the occasion of the Great not overlooked the very valuable Eclipse, May 15, 1836. By Stetreatises which have been published PHEN ÍSAACSON, M. A. Curate of by the Clergy of the Protestant the Parish. (Published by request.) Episcopal Church in the United London: Hearne, and Simpkin, States of America.

Marshall & Co. 1836. Pp. 31. Mr. Holden divides his work into The text is Rev. vi. 12-17. In this two parts.

The first treats on the very eloquent and interesting sermon, alliance of Church and Slate: after Mr. Isaacson draws from the occasion some preliminary considerations on such weighty lessons, as must make the subject of inquiry, and on the an indelible impression on his hearers. nature of the evidence supplied by the We have in this discourse an evidence holy Scriptures, together with the that a talented, eloquent, and faithful mode of applying that evidence, he pastor can turn even an unpromising discusses in successive chapters the subject to account, and find . sermons right of the civil magistrate to interfere in stones,” and good in every thing. in matters of religion; the principles Mr. Isaacson has taken, of late, we by which he should be guided in understand, a prominent part in proestablishing a religion; the civil pri- moting the rebuilding of the church vileges which he may grant for this at Dorking, and we hope the new purpose ; and the penalties which a church, when built, will long be made magistrate may impose in establishing to resound with discourses from the a religion. In the second part, the rev. gentleman, of similar eloquence constitution of the christian church is and power.

VOL. XVIII. NO. VI.

on

3 E

iures.

The Solar Eclipse; or, the Two Alma- of having neglected education and the

nacks : containing more inquiries in religious amelioration of the people.
Astronomy. By Rosina MARIA
Zomlin. London: Ridgway. 1836. A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Wiseman, in
Pp. 97.

reply to his Roman Catholic LecThis is a very clear and simple expo

By the Rev. H. PEMBLE, sition of some of the most interesting

B. A. Rector of St. Peter's, Sundphenomena of astronomy; it is well

wich. London: Rivingtons. 1836. adapted for children, while those “ of Pp. 27. a larger growth” may find much in- However favourable may be our opistruction from its perusal.

nion of this pamphlet as far as it goes,

our readers must be aware that it is A Letter to an Edinburgh Reviewer, morally impossible to do justice to the

on the case of the Oxford Mulignants subject of the rule of faith in twentyand Dr. Hamprlen. By E. CHUR

seven pages. TON, M. A. of Christ Church, Orford, and Rector of Crayke, in the

The National Church Re-adjusted : a County of Durham. London: Ri- Charge delivered to the Clergy of the vingtons. 1836. Pp. 62.

County of Nottingham in June 1836, Conspectus of the Hampden Cuse at at the Annual Visitation of the

Oxford, in a Lelter to a friend. Ven. ARCHDEACON WILKINS, D.D. Addressed particularly to the consi

London: Rivingtons. Pp. 28. deration of Clerical Non-resident This is a valuable summary of those Members of Convocation. By Joun changes recommended in our existing Miller, M. A. formerly Fellow of ecclesiastical arrangements by his Worcester College. London: Ri- Majesty's Commissiovers, and a very vingtous. 1836. Pp. 47.

able defence of the same. These are both powerful justifications of the great body of the University of Death Disarmed of his Terrors: a Oxford, against the calumnies and Course of Lectures preached in Lent falsehoods of Whigs, and Radicals, and 1836. By the Rev. R. C. Coxe, M.A. so-called Liberals. Some historical Minister of Archbishop Tennison's points, adduced by the reviewer, are

Chapel, Regent Street, and formerly in the former pamphlet rectified, and

Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford. considerable light is thrown on certain

London: Rivingtons. Pp. 146. points of a mixed religious and poli- A VERY useful “ course of Lectures," tical nature, with regard to the Church and well adapted to the purpose. at the time of the Revolution of 1688.

Lord of my Life :a sacred Song. By The Leaven of Christian Faith: a T. ATTWOOD. London: Hill. 1836. Sermon preached in St. Lawrence's The learned and ingenious musical Church, Reading, March 24, 1836. By the Rev. J. 'Hitchings,' M. A. professor at Oxford, Dr. Crotch, in

one of his lectures, speaking of MoVicar of Wargrave, Berks. Pub

zart's duet “ La douv prende," said, lished by desire of the District Com

" that it contained nothing but what mittee of the Society for Promoting any one might have done, only no one Christian Knowledge. London :

had done it." The same remark would Rivingtons. 1836. Pp. 29.

apply to the song now under consiThis is a very able discourse, and deration, composed by Mozart's taplaces the claims of the venerable lented pupil. "A spirit of devotion Society, in whose aid it was preached, breathes throughout. If any part dein a strong point of view. The writer, lighted us more than the rest, it was by tracing back the labours of this in the third line of the fourth page, Society during the century preceding where an easy and very pleasing transthe establishment of the Bible and ition takes place from G minor to the other Societies, shows that the Church original key F major. Our readers is not guilty (as the dissenters assert) cannot fail to derive much gratification

from the perusal of this sacred song, of the recently published work of which fully proves that true genius is Lord Brougham; the design of wbich never more conspicuous than when work, the author thinks, was “ to shew clothed with simplicity.

that a revelation was superfluous. His

most distant allusions to Christianity, A few Words addressed to the Arch- and its defenders generally, convey a

bishops, Bishops, Deans and Chap- sneer, a doubt, or a censure.” We ters, and generally to the Members of certainly think that the author bas the Church of England. By A LAY placed the whole subject in a new EPISCOPALIAN. London: Roake & and highly important light; but the Varty. 1836. Pp. 6.

whole book, its high tone of moral The writer has particularly requested and philosophical discussion, and its our opinion on these “ Few Words ;” the field of metaphysical inquiry, are

fearless and important conclusions in but when we state, that the design of all made subservient to the great cause it is to prepare the Church to resist

of sound and orthodox Christianity, the exercise of State patronage as secured by the statute 25 Henry VIII., and will ensnre its speedy reception and, under certain contingencies which

among the standards of our highest may arise, to retire from the State, and

philosophers. form a totally independent Church,

There is an Eye that never Sleeps :" like the Episcopal Protestant Churches

vocal Duet. By T. Attwood. Lonof Scotland and America, we must

don: Hill. 1836. beg to pause. Whenever a real ne- We have great pleasure in introducing cessity does arise, po doubt the this pleasing duet to the notice of our Church of England, both Clergy and readers. It opens with a very beaupeople, will do their duty, at whatever titul siciliano movement, which lulled hazard; but it appears to be wise not us into such a delightful train of ideas, to anticipate such evils, and perhaps that we were almost angry at the thereby hasten them. We certainly change of time to allegretto. Howmay conceive circumstances in which ever, Mr. Attwood, with that taste it might be our duty to throw off our and judgment which pervades all his civil allegiance; but as rebellion in the writings, concludes this pleasing comState, or a schism in the Church, are position in a larghetto style in time. not things of ordinary duty and obli- Perbaps in a piece of this necessarily gation, but can only be justified by limited duration we might have prestern necessity, which has no laws, so ferred fewer changes of rhythm; yet

the it is unwise to discuss them till such musical portion of our readers cannot necessity arises. Yet such indistinct do better than possess themselves of notions as these floating in the public this clever duet, for nothing tends so

signs of the times," which much to intellectual amusement as our governors ought not to overlook. music, when sụitably placed to sacred

words. On the Whole Doctrine of Final Hints to Mothers of the Higher Classes Causes. A Dissertation in three

of Society, originally suygested in a parts; with an introductory chapter Leller uddressed to the Right Hon. on the Character of Modern Deism.

the

By A Physician. By William J. Trons, M. A. of London : Hatchard. 1836. Pp. 30. Queen's College, Oxford, and Curate This is a very useful work, addresser of St. Mary's, Newington, Surrey. to those whom Paley calls the most

London : Rivingtons. 1836. Pp. 222. incorrigible class of society; showing Tuisis the work of a mind of deep reflec- the evils, moral and physical, which tion and great metaphysical acuteness. result from ladies delegating to hired It deserves a long and elaborate discus- nurses the task and duty of suckling sion rather than this short notice, to their children. We question vastly which, at present, space confines us. the good taste of the introductory It is avowedly written as an antidote part; but we think it, on the whole, to what the author does not hesitate calculated to work a reformation of w term the antichristian tendencyexisting customs.

mind are

66

A SERMON.

LUKE xv. 10.

Likewise 1 say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of

God over one sinner that repenteth. THERE are several points of view in which we may regard christian repentance. We may look at it as the continued and daily repentance of the sincere and confirmed believer, as the original and first repentance of the nominal Christian, or heathen, or infidel, or as the renewed and reiterated repentance of those who have strayed away from the paths of truth and peace.

However deeply and truly the heart may have been penetrated and affected by the divine influence and impulse of the truths of the gospel, however devout and sincere be the general course of the feelings and conduct, still there can be no Christian who knows himself, but must also acknowledge the weakness and defects, and even corruption of all his works, and acts, and services, and thoughts, and words. He must be a rare instance indeed of christian perfection, nay, an incredible instance, who can always maintain not only general abstinence from gross sin, (for that he may and must do,) but also an uninterrupted frame of devotion, and a lively sensibility as to heavenly and spiritual objects. We may be entitled to assert that no one, however strong and high may be the flame of God's grace within him, will, while he is in “the body of this death,” be exempt from those distressing and sinful weaknesses and struggles of which the apostle St. Paul himself complains. Torpor and deadness of mind as to the unseen world, a want of lively apprehension of holy things, a decay and languishment in duty, a proud and worldly and too anxious spirit, have always been lamented by holy men in all ages, and for such things as these they feel the need of daily repentance, of a continued and uninterrupted recurrence to that Saviour's atoning blood, which, like the blood of the sacrifices of old, must be sprinkled daily upon the conscience. Sanctifying faith opens the eyes of the understanding more and more incessantly, and showing to us the exceeding breadth of God's law, makes plain before the believer, like the microscope, those deficiencies and failings which before escaped his vision, so that no man prays with more sincerity than he, “Forgive me my trespasses ; I do earnestly repent, and am heartily sorry for these my misdoings.”

But though the most conscientious and pious Christian feels the need of repentance, yet there is nevertheless a very wide and remarkable distinction between him and the wicked or unholy. With the true believer piety has become a habit, and it has pleased a merciful God so to make us, and so to order our minds and faculties, that whatever becomes habitual is easy. He is so far, therefore, in a state of salvation; he is not under the power of sin, nor does he find pleasure in unrighteousness; he does not seek to gratify and fulfil his corrupt desires, propensities, and disposition; nor does he make provision, with determination

of purpose, for the performance of wickedness and folly. With him the principles of right, the first springs of action, are, upon the whole, sound; therefore, although he needs repentance, it is probably not his repentance that our Saviour speaks of in the text as affording such special and peculiar cause for joy in heaven. “ There are just persons who, though they cannot but feel their daily short-comings, and their need of daily forgiveness, still need no change ; already they have peace with God through Christ, already they walk, not after the flesh, but after the spirit. These are so far safe, as safe as they can be in a corrupt and tempting world.” Angels feel for them rather hope than fear, they know that He who hath begun a good work in them will perform it unto the day of Christ,--that faithful is He that promised, who will also do it. If angels feel any anxiety respecting them, it is an anxiety lest they may not hold fast the beginning of their confidence safe unto the end. For, alas! the strongest saint may fail, and wander, and fall

away

and perish ; "Death only binds us fast to the bright shores of love!"

The repentance, therefore, that rejoices the powers of Heaven, is a different kind of repentance from the daily repentance of the true Christian. It is a repentance from a state of sin, whether that state has always existed, or whether we have fallen into it from a previous state of comparative holiness. It is an awakening of the dead conscience, whether that conscience was always dead, or was made insensible by continued sin. It is in short the first repentance either of the nominal Christian or infidel, or the renewed repentance of the fallen and erring soul. In these two cases, the first springs of right have either never existed, or have been destroyed, they must therefore be implanted or renewed.

Brethren, it is to be feared that even in this christian country there are many who are practically infidels and heathens; there are many who are brought up without any fear of God, any knowledge of the Saviour, any hatred of sin. The parents of too many children bring them indeed to baptism, but take no care afterwards that they may lead the rest of their life according to that beginning. They grow up in folly and sin, without any holy desires or wishes, or hopes or fears, having no hope, and without God in the world. There are too many who live under the warmth and light of the gospel, whose hearts remain still unmelted and unillumined. If there are any among us who have never prayed, never felt sorrow at known sin, never felt fear at the idea of dying unreconciled to God, then they are practical heathens. It is too true, that unless while we are young and docile, lessons of holiness and truth be taught us, we shall grow up in error and in sin. Such is the case with many, whose hearts never having been impressed when young, remain full of sin and wickedness. Remember, my brethren, that it will be to little purpose that you were born in a christian land, that you were admitted into the christian Church, that you live in a land where the gospel invites you, where the gospel will help you, unless you attend to these things, unless you make use of your christian privileges, and give up your sins, and repent and be converted, and turn and suffer God to turn you. No doubt many publicans and sinners saw Jesus pass by at a distance without much notice or regard ; it was only when they drew near to hear him that the Saviour received them, and

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