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generally admitted, that the time intervening between the first degree and the legal age for deacon's orders, might conveniently be assigned for that purpose; but Mr. Dale wisely goes beyond this, and appeals to the consciences of the youthful aspirants themselves, urging those who are aware of their destination, in the ordinary course of Providence, to holy functions, to consult their usefulness, their own comfort, their salvation, by early exercising themselves unto godliness. The necessity of personal holiness and obedience, the impossibility of a sudden change of habit or principle, the awful danger of the unworthy minister, and the inestimable price of the Church of God, are vividly and energetically insisted upon ; and there are some passages in the second sermon, which, in the place where they were delivered, must have been deeply impressive.
In his fourth sermon, Mr. Dale introduces to the notice of his auditors the Society, which he considers as the means of affording, upon a small scale, an opportunity of initiation into ministeral duties. The religious destitution of the metropolis and its neighbourhood ; the alarming increase of intemperance; the lamentable neglect and abuse of the Lord's day ; have for some time engaged the attention of the friends of truth and good order. Foremost among these, the estimable prelate who administers the important diocese of London has been long and anxiously labouring to effect such arrangements as might afford a safe and practical remedy to these evils. However, the present is an age of movements; a popular pamphlet, lately published, has succeeded in exciting considerable public attention. We cannot but commend the piety and zeal displayed by the Rev. Baptist Noel, in his “ Letter to the Bishop of London," and we are grateful for the interest it has been the means of creating upon these important subjects. Here, however, our approbation must end. We have the misfortune to differ from Mr. Noel in almost every opinion he puts forth, except in the general ones of the existence of the ill, and the necessity of meeting it. Our variation with regard to his statistical data would be of little importance, as we agree in the main with his statement of the result; but Mr. Noel must allow us to observe with much regret, that he appears to us entirely to mistake the nature of our ecclesiastical polity. By what bounds and definitions he would distinguish the household of faith we know not, but certainly not by the symbols of christian sacraments, and apparently not by christian doctrines. His two schedules of orthodox and heterodox congregations are founded upon data which are to us inexplicable. Upon what grounds does he include the Quakers in the first list, and the Romanists in the second ? Deeply as we differ from these last, we have still less in common with the first; nor would we hesitate in our choice between Pascal or Fenelon, and George Fox. We protest against such loose and latitudinarian notions. We regard the union proposed by Mr. Noel between Churchmen and dissenters as one of the crafty devices of the latter to forward their designs of perfect equality, by means of a pious yet mistaken Clergyman of the Establishment. Why join with the dissenters ? What security have we for soundness of doctrine? Why countenance an unjustifiable schism from the church of Christ, and an unscriptural opposition to our pastors? We compassionate, indeed, the condition of the thousands of our fellow-creatures who are as sheep without a shepherd; and we know that the gospel must be preached, but never will we aid in enrolling them under the banners of comfortless liberalized dissent. We meddle not with the sentiments of others; we will agree to differ, but we will never agree to unite, with those who persist in severing themselves from the body of Christ. We wish not to offend against charity ;-we know some estimable and worthy dissenters ;-we speak but against the system, which, with all kindness, yet from conscientious motives, we must decline ever seemingly to join. We will go with the dissenters usque ad aras. Why should they desire to intrude beyond this upon us, who will not communicate in these matters with them?
Something must, however, be done, first to stir up and instruct, and then to edify, the half million of practical heathens around us. There must also be churches provided for them to worship in. For this object the Bishop of London has made a touching and powerful appeal to the liberality of the affluent, and has himself set the example of a noble munificence, worthy of the best days of our Church. We trust that He who directs the hearts of men may prosper this endeavour to forward the cause of holiness and truth!
But we have observed, that sufficient attention has not been given to a fact, which is, nevertheless, we fear, too true and alarming. It is not the lowest, or labouring classes alone, who need the exertions of christian philanthropy; that class which is called the middling, extending through many varying degrees of respectability and intelligence, includes more than we could imagine of those who live habitually without God in the world. We are convinced that the number of those in the classes alluded to, who never partake of God's ordinances, is very great, and necessarily increasing. With respect to one description of persons, those employed as shopmen, &c. &c. in our great commercial establishments, we refer our readers to an admirable article which appeared last year in Fraser's Magazine. But the evil ascends to higher grades, and deserves serious consideration. Infidelity is appearing among them; and if it once be patronized by any popular leader, so as to become fashionable or tolerated, which it now is not, we know not how far it may spread, until heartlessness and wickedness corrupt the core of our land, as they succeeded too well in effecting in a neighbouring country. The guileful enemy of souls will readily inject his poison into bosoms empty of holy principles. We cannot now enter into the subject ; but we with pleasure request attention to a late Charge of the Bishop of Chester, wherein he strongly admonishes the Clergy, (and we may add, that all Christians are in some degree included), to take opportunities, and even to make them, of advocating the cause of practical Christianity in their intercourse with their fellow-citizens, of all degrees whatever. His lordship’s remarks are well worthy the careful attention of all who are permitted and enjoined to preach the word in season and out of season.
The Unity of the Church in her Com- Marriages in England, and a Bill for
munion and Ministry: two Sermons Marriuges in England. By the Red. preached before the University of WILLIAM H.DALE, M.A. Prebendary Oxford, in March and April 1836. of St. Paul's, Preacher at the CharterBy the Rev. Robert EDEN, M.A. House, and Chaplain to the Lord Lute Fellow of Corpus Christi Col- Bishop of London. London: Riving
lege. London: Hatchard. Pp. 54. ton and Fellowes. 1836. 8vo. Pp. 40. These are well written discourses, and We most strongly recommend to all place the necessity of preaching Christ classes a pamphlet as able as it is as the only foundation in a striking seasonable. None who have traced view. The author justly maintains the progress of dissenters for the last that the great question of Christ cru- few years, and observed the character cified is one so well fitted to fill the and conduct of their friends in Parwhole mind with a sense of divine liament, can doubt the animus with love and obligation, as to throw all which these bills have been framed: sectarian and inere party distinctions that though, professedly, for the relief among Christians into the shade. Now of dissenters from the grievances under all this may be fully admitted; still it which they pretend to labour, they leaves the great question of " the were really intended to be, as was Unity of the Church” just where it expressly declared by a member of the was before. In a discourse especially House of Commons, bills of pains and on this subject, we certainly did expect penalties against the Church. The the great question of Unity more fully truth is, that a government driven to developed. The author, after all, has depend for support upon all that is left us in doubt as to the practical base and wicked, and finding arrayed bearing of Church Union on the vari- against it all that is great and excelous divisions of Christiaus in the pre- lent, must uphold its supporters at sent day. In all, however, which he whatever cost of public virtue, or risk says on the subject of Neologism, we of public safety, and depress its opcordially concur and pray that this ponents if possible, though the constidry-rot may be long kept off from our tution and the empire should be put ark of the Covenant.
in peril by the attempt. The country
gentlemen and magistracy are conRemarks on the Two Bills now before servative, and they are to be insulted !
Parliament, entitled, A Bill for Not many days ago one of his MaRegistering Births, Deaths, and jesty's ministers declared his approbation of a proposal for taking from consideration appear, to me, to be effectual the magistrates their control of the means towards the accomplishment of that county expenditure. The peers are
scheme; and, if I can make it appear that, conservative, and an attempt is being
when carried into practice, they will have made to effect a revolution which shall
a tendency, not merely to separate multi
tudes of his Majesty's subjects from the destroy one of the three branches of
communion of the Church, but even to the legislature. The Church is con
deprive them of Christianity itself ; that servative, and every engine which
the compelling persons to give notice of malice can devise is directed against intended marriage to an officer resident it.
away from the parish, will be an actual To the particular bills now under hindrance to the solemnization of marconsideration, Mr. Hale has given riage ; and that the universal license to much attention. Two years since he celebrate marriage with whatever rites the published a pamphlet on the subject; parties please, will probably throw disand as no man can be better situated grace upon the religious celebration of than himself for observing and judg
marriage: I think there will be enough to
awaken the fears even of the most secure, ing of the effects likely to result from
and to rouse to resistance the spirits of such measures, his present pamphlet
those, who still maintain the opinion that will be received as a valuable autho
social order, and social duties, can be rity. He traces with great ability the based upon no foundation so lasting as evil and oppression which would in
true religion.—Pp. 7, 8. evitably Aow from these bills,-evil to the Church, and oppression to the
We confess that we find encoupeople. His objects, which he follows ragement in contemplating the proout and establishes through the pam- posed measures, not only in the phlet, are generally expressed.
character of the parties who bring
them forward, but also in that of the The objections, which may justly be taken to these two bills, are either against
measures themselves. The parties, the principle upon which they are founded,
bewildered amidst a multitude of or against the machinery, by which the
schemes of which they understand enactments are to be carried into effect. nothing, but which having brought The latter class of objections lie upon the
forward in obedience to the commands very surface, whilst the former class is of the various sections on whom they liable to be overlooked by simple-minded depend for support, they have given persons, who are unacquainted with the to the House of Commons for playsecret history of these bills, and whose
things, to be tossed about till ausecular occupations prevent them from
tumn :-the measures, calculated to discerning that the religious services, which -attend upon the events of birth, of mar
outrage so grossly the best feelings of riage, and of death, are means which
the community, to indict such opmaterially serve to keep the great mass of pression on the poor, and to interfere the people in connexion with the Church.
so tyrannically with all classes, that if Wben, however, I speak of being ac
it were possible to force them through quainted with the secret history of these parliament, they would be suffered to bills, I do not mean to imply that I have remain laws no longer than the first any information respecting the proceedings opportunity of striking them from the of the Home-Office, or of the persons statute-book. An extensive interunder whose advice and suggestion these ference with the settled babits and bills have been drawn. The secret history feelings of a nation is a task from is to be discerned in the aspect of the wbich the most consummate ability, times, and in the state of political parties. united with the firmest integrity, A man must be blind if he does not perceive that a great scheme is on foot for
might well shrink. How, then, shall
it be effected by political quacks, separating religion from the state; for making the care of public worship, as it is
whose only principle is selfishness, and in some foreign countries, a mere matter
who are consistent only in tenacity of of police; and for providing, if possible, place; whose power for mischief falls that the acquirement of all civil privileges
so for short of their will, that their opshall be totally independent of any re- ponents have scarcely a motive for any lation to religion. The bills now under stronger feeling than contempt; and
who are endured by their own party the apostolical succession; and 2, only because more subservient tools That, if we have it, it is derived to bad men could not be found, and through the Church of Rome. These their masters, well knowing that they objections Mr. Cary has briefly, but would not themselves be endured by solidly refuted by an appeal to histhe country, are obliged to be content tory: he has conducted his analysis with pulling the wires of their pup- of the evidence on these points with pets,
much ability. We hope he will be
encouraged, by the favourable recepCalvinism scripturally examined, and
tion given to this tract, to publishshewn to be inconsistent with the
what for the present he has been Statements, and totally opposed to
obliged to postponema selection of the general tenor of the Word of God. passages translated from writers during By WILLIAM HOUGHTON, London :
the earliest ages of Christianity, to Rivingtons. 1836.
prove that a ministry regularly deviii. 136.
sended from the apostles is necessary
for the constitution of the Church. This sensible little volume is the
A treatise on the Apostolicity of duction of a layman, who has brought Episcopacy, tracing it upwards from to his work two rare qualities in a the fifteenth century, (when it uniwriter on a controverted topic-can- versally prevailed both in the eastern dour in not imputing to predestinarians and western churches,) to the apo. motives which they disavow, and accu- stolic fathers, is yet a desideratum in racy in stating the peculiar tenets of theological literature. The outline of Calvinism in the words of the founder such a treatise (if the lapse of more of modern predestinarianism - the than thirty years has not impaired our learned and justly eminent John critical recollections) was discussed, Calvin. Much of the perplexity in necessarily with brevity, but at the which the subject of predestination same time with much perspicuity, by the has been involved bas arisen from the Rev. G. S. Faber, in a sermon preached introduction of metaphysical discus- before the University of Oxford in the sions, derived from scholastic philo- year 1802, which was afterwards sophy. In determining the question published. We regret that it is now no ili debate, the appeal must be made longer to be met with in commerce. to tbe only authoritative rule of faiththe divinely inspired Scriptures fairly examined, with the union of prayer
A Scriptural Vindication of Establishand diligent study. To the Scriptures
menis; with a Reiiew of the printhe author has made his appeal; and
cipal Objections of Nonconformists. those who have not opportunity, lei
By the Rev. GEORGE HOLDEN, M.A. sure, or inclination to peruse larger
London: Rivingtons. 1836. small treatises on this subject, will find in
8vo. Pp. xii. 407. tis volume a satisfactory proof that This is unquestionably the most comthe dogmas of Calvin are not the prehensive, and (we may add) the doctrines of the Bible.
most covsise treatise on the subject of Ecclesiastical Establishments, and on
the constitution, ministry, authority, The Apostolical Sucression in the Church
and worship of the christian Church, of England briefly defended, in which is extant in our language. To unswer to certain Populur Objec
students at the universities, to canditions. By HENRY CARY, M. A.
dates for orders, and to young clergyCurate of St. Mary's, Reading. London: Rivingtons.
men in particular, it is an invaluable
Reading: digest, collected with no small labour, R. & J. Snare. Oxford: Talboys of information scattered through the & Co. 8vo. Pp. 28. 1836.
works of not fewer than three hunTwo objections have been, and still dred authors, (exclusive of recent very frequently are, alleged against pamphlets,) from the Reformation our Church, viz. 1, That we have not down to the present period : at the