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Ireland, and government abets it. Surely there is not a more important term in the social compact, than that which guarantees security to the governed in life, limb, and property. This great article is violated by the present government. An entire class of his majesty's subjects is excluded from the pale of the law without the smallest allegation of crime. The life of a Clergyman in Ireland is, horrible to say, in insurance-office language, "doubly hazardous." What must the ministry be which permits it! which not only permits it, but exults in it, and boasts of the “ tranquillity” it has established in Ireland! “Ubi solitudinem faciunt, Pacem appellant!"*
Can Englishmen be cold in the midst of all this? Are not the Irish Protestants men? Are they not Christians ?-FELLOW-Christians? Have they not by one spirit been baptized into one body with us, and been all made to drink into one spirit ? Have we not a common altar ? Are we not one people,-one CHURCI? ONE CHURCH by law, and one Church by what is before all law,-spirit, conscience, conviction? Is not the persecution of their Clergy the persecution of ours ? Would the Churchmen of Cornwall consider their religious liberty inviolate when the Clergy of Northumberland were starved and hunted to death? And why should there not be the same sympathies in English Churchmen for their suffering pastors in Ireland ? Are we to be told that the Irish Channel presents a greater barrier to compassion than the broad lands of England ?—But if any can be so selfish as to be unmored by these considerations, let them know that such things cannot long be confined to Ireland—the spirit of persecution once permitted to range at large, will select her localities and her victims at pleasure. And we will not be faithless enough to conceal (if indeed, it can be concealed) that some formidable blow at our institutions is meditated, and very shortly too. On the FIRST DAY OF THE SESSION " business of great importance" (so runs the ministerial circular) is to be brought on. The meaning of that expression from that quarter is well understood ;but one simple fact is enough to interpret it: the ministry can only subsist by the support of the Church's enemies ; and this can be purchased at no lower price than the destruction of our Protestant institutions.
But we are asked, what is to be done? We answer, let Churchmen pray earnestly, t and act vigorously. Let them pray that the Lord will appear in this her crisis and difficulty, and deliver his church. Let them act-peaceably, constitutionally, loyally ; but most firmly and decidedly.
Let christian members of both houses of Parliament allow no consideration to detain them from their places in the legislature but such as they will reflect on with a clear conscience in the hour of death. Let them go determined to maintain the integrity of our constitution in church and state, whatever may be the real or alleged consequences. Let no sophistry, such as first “ broke in upon the constitution," be permitted to open the breach, much less to trench upon the foundation.
Let the Convocation most temperately, but most firmly, intreat . Tac. Agric. Oratio Galgaci. + We particularly recommend some prayers in the Accession and Gunpowder Treason services, as capable of easy adaptation to this purpose.
from the sovereign the restitution of their rights. The present state of the Church is quite reason enough, independently of thousands of others, why this essential piece of church reform should no longer be withholden. Let the Convocation then act with the determination to deliver their souls--let them fairly set the position of the Church before its temporal head :—they will not be refused—or, if they are, they will have done their duty.
Let the Clergy petition for ConvoCATION. Let the Church associations, lay, clerical, and mixed, do the like. We believe that the conviction of this necessity is spreading ;-but, be this as it may, one thing is clear, that a blow at the Church is meditated—and that if the Convocation cannot avert it, nothing else will.
Of the King's attachment to tlie Church he has sworn to defend there can be no doubt. His speech to the Bishops, his speech (still uncontradicted) to the present ministers, when he indignantly expelled them his counsels, are quite decisive. These ministers have been driven back upon the sovereign by a desperate faction; and if the people will but rally round Church and King, they will soon be the blessed instruments to “ scatter his enemies, and make them fall."
FOREIGN ECCLESIASTICAL INTELLIGENCE, &c. JEWELS OF THE LATE PRINCESS DE TALLEYRAND.—A curious story has been circulating in Paris respecting the conduct of the Archbishop, who, after administering the sacrament of extreme unction to the late Princess de Talleyrand, carried off a casket of jewels, which, at her death, belonged to the Prince ; legal proceedings being necessary in order to obtain restitution. Perhaps the form under which the decease of the Princess is entered in the register of the church of St. Thomas Aquinas, will appear equally curious :-"On the 12th day of December, in the year 1835, was presented in this church the body of Catherine Worlée, widow of George Francis Grant, more commonly known as the Princess de Talleyrand. She died on the preceding evening, in the 74th year of her age, munie des sacremens de l'Eglise, in the rue de Lille, No. 80. Her obsequies were performed in the presence of Mathurin Pierre de Gougsot and Charles Demon (the prince's steward), friends of the deceased. Their signatures are subjoined."
HENRI DE GAND.—A bust of Henri de Gand, sometimes called Bonicolius, a celebrated theologian of the 13th century, has been presented by the Count de Goethales to the Theological Library at Ghent. He took his degrees at the University of Paris, and there his high reputation obtained for him the title of the Solemn Doctor.
The Belgian UNIVERSITÉ LIBRE, which has commenced its second year, progresses favourably. The course has opened with nearly two hundred students. Among them is a poor peasant, who is compared by his countrymen to Burns, the Ettrick Shepherd, and Duval.
RENUNCIATION OF Romish Errors.--For some years past an Abbé, whose name is Helsen, having renounced the errors of the Romish
creed, has zealously promoted Protestant doctrines in the city of Brussels. In spite of the most strenuous opposition, and even persecution of his former brethren, and with scarcely the common necessaries of life, he performs a reformed service in an obscure chamber, and fear alone keeps many away who would otherwise attend. Some account of this Eglise Catholique et Apostolique reproduite à Bruxelles shall be hereafter communicated to our readers.
Or, the History of Cathedral and Parochial Organs. NO. XXVI.---THE ORGAN AT ST. GEORGE'S NEW CHURCH, CAMBERWELL.
The instrument at the above church was built in 1824, and is the workmanship of that well-known artist, Mr. H. Lincoln, of High Holborn. It is one of the first class, and inferior to none of this builder's make, in London; and possesses the following stops :
6 Cremona and Bassoon, 1 Stop Diapason. 2 Open ditto. 3 Ditto ditto
348 pipes. 4 Principal. 5 Twelfth. 6 Fifteenth. 7 Sexquialtra, 5 ranks. 8 Mixture, 4 ditto.
1 Dulciana. 9 Trumpet.
2 Stop Diapason. 10 Clarion.
3 Open ditto. 11 Double Diapason.
5 Trumpet. 1045 pipes.
336 pipes. Choir,
348 ditto. 1 Dulciana.
1045 ditto. 2 Stop Diapason. 3 Principal. 4 Flute.
Total number of pipes 1729
The compass of the great and choir organs is from G G to F in alt, 58 notes ; that of the swell, from C in the tenor to F in alt, 42 notes; the swell keys then extend to the bottom, and communicate with the bass of the choir organ. The quality of tone in this instrument is rich and powerful. The reed stops are very finely voiced, and blend admirably with the chorus. The diapasons throughout the instrument are good. The double diapason, pedal pipes, possess great purity of tone; but the double stop diapason, in the treble, injures the effect of the great organ when used in chorus. There are two octaves of German pedals, including a G G sharp, and also a shifting movement to the swell, that takes off all the stops but the dulciana and diapasons. We do not consider the organ too large for the church, but we think the church not large enough for the organ. The great organ, when used in chorus, is remarkably brilliant. It would well bear another reed stop, which we should venture to recommend in place of the double stop diapason.
COLLECTANEA. FREEMASONRY.—The following facts connected with the brotherhood are collected from the “Freemason's Pocket Companion," a manual published by a brother of the Apollo Lodge, 711, Oxford :-St. Alban, the first martyr for Christianity in England, was a supporter of the mystery; among the subsequent superintendents, we find the name of St. Swithin, King Alfred, and Athelstan. The first grand lodge of England met at York in 926, according to a charter from Athelstan. From the year 1155 to 1199, the fraternity was under the command of the Grand Master of the Knights Templars, whose mysteries and titles are still continued. We have yet extant, records of a lodge held in the reign of Edward V. at Canterbury, where Chicely, the Archbishop of that See, presided; where the names of the master, wardens, and other brethren are given; this was in 1429; the king himself was instituted. The St. Clairs of Rosslyn were hereditary grand masters of the order, from the time of James II. of Scotland till 1736, when the then representative of the family being old and childless, resigned it to the grand lodge. Among the grand masters in England, are numbered Dunstan, Edward the Confessor, Gondulph, bishop of Rochester, Gilbert de Clare, William à Wykeham, Henry VII., Sir Thomas Gresham, Inigo Jones, W. Wren, and Dr. Desaguliers. William III. was a freemason ; so was George IV. and so is his present Majesty. In 1717, there were only four lodges in London, who constituted themselves a grand lodge. There are now masons in all parts of the globe, who instantly recognize each other.
No. XXXVIII.-ON DILAPIDATIONS OF GLEBE LANDS.
BIRD V. Joseph RELAPH AND WIFE, Case for dilapidations. The first and in a good and husbandlike manner, and second counts stated the parsonage according to the custom of the country house, &c. to be out of repair. The where the said lands are situate, to their third count stated, that by the law and successors; and that if such vicars do custom of England, the Vicars of this leave such lands to their successors imkingdom for the time being ought not poverished, damaged, or lessened in vato manage, use, or cultivate the lands jue by reason of having been managed, of and belonging to their respective used, and cultivated in a bad and vicarages, por ought they to suffer unbushandlike manner, and not acor permit the same to be managed, cording to the custom of the country used, or cultivated otherwise than in where the said lands are situate, then a good and husbandlike manner, and the executors or administrators of the according to the custom of the coun- goods and chattels of such Vicars, after try where the said lands are situate; their deatlıs, having sufficient of the and such Vicars onght to leave the said goods and chattels of such Vicars, are ands managed, used, and cultivated bound and ought to satisfy so much as
Neglect to cultivate the Glebe Land in a husbandlike manner, is not a dilapidation for which an incumbent can recover.
shall be necessary to be expended or an action is maintainable against the paid for repairing the damage done to executors of a deceased incumbent for the said lands by reason of their being not cultivating the lands in a husbandso impoverished, damaged, or lessened like manner. But the principle on in value by such improper manage- which the action is founded, viz. that ment, usage, and cultivation. It then the incumbent for the time being should stated that W. Smith, deceased, in his have the beneficial use of the property lifetime was Vicar of Ainstable, in the belonging to the living, extends to the county of Cumberland, and was seised, glebe lands as well as to the buildings; in right of the vicarage, of certain lands lor, it is quite clear, that the successor in that county, and died; that the will not have that beneficial enjoyment plaintiff atier his death, to wit, on, &c. of the glebe lands which he ought to was presented, admitted, instituted, have, it his predecessor has not cultiand inducted into the said vicarage, vated them in a husbandlike manner. and thereby became Vicar of the pa- In Liford's case it is said, “ If a parson rish church of Ainstable, and the next of a church, and one A., are tenants in successor of the said W. Smith; that common of a wood, and A. endeavours at the time of his death the lands were to commit waste, the parson, for the and still are greatly damaged and less- preservation of the timber trees, shall ened in value by reason of the same have a prohibition against him that he having been used, managed, and cul- shall not commit waste; and the reativated during the lifetime of the said son thereof, as the Chief Justice said, W. Smith, and whilst he was such was, that if the parson of a church Vicar, in a bad and unhusbandlike will waste the inheritance of his manner, and contrary to the custom church to his private use in felling of the country where they were situate, trees, the patron may have a prohibiand baving been wrongfully left so im- tion against him; for the parson is poverished, damaged, and lessened in seised as in the right of his church, and value by the said W. Smith, at the time his glebe is the dower of his church, of his death, &c. At the trial before for of it he was endowed.” And in Gurney B., at the Carlisle Spring as- Wise v. Metcalf, where the question sizes 1833, it appeared that the lands was by what rule the dilapidations as belonging to the vicarage consisted of to the rectory-house, buildings, and ancient glebeland, and of lands allotted chancel were to be estimated, three in lieu of tithes, under an inclosure act rules were proposed for the considerapassed in 1820. The learned Judge tion of the Court; the second rule refused to receive evidence that the being, that they were to be left as an allotments under the inclosure act bad outgoing lay tenant ought to leave his been impoverished by bad husbandry, buildings, where he is under covenant but gave leave to the plaintiff to move to leave them in good and suficient to enter a verdict, if the Court thought repair, order, and condition. Bayley J. the evidence admissible, for such an said, that although the Court were not amount as should be certified by an prepared to say that any of those rules arbitrator.
was precisely correct, the second apColtman now moved accordingly. proached most nearly to that which The action for dilapidations is founded they considered as the proper one. In on the common law, by which the in- 2 Gibson's Codex, 752, in a note upon cumbent of a living is required to leave the 13 Eliz. c. 10, s. 1, it is said, the premises belonging to it in the “ Although, in this preanble, nothing same state he ought to keep them in, is referred to as dilapidation, but deso that his successor may have the cayed or ruined buildings, yet it is same beneficial enjoyment of them certain that, under that naine, are which he had. It is true that such comprehended hedges, fences, &c. in actions are usually brought in respect the like condition; and it hath been of the buildings not being in that state particularly adjudged concerning wood of repair wbich the incumbent ought and timber, that the felling of them to have kept them in, and there is no by any incumbent, (otherwise than for express authority for saying, that such repairs or for fuel) is dilapidation, from