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15. One will do well to bow respectfully, by way of a general salutation, on entering a room among strangers, and never to fall into the discussion of religious or political subjects while in a public vehicle. Never give particular attention to persons on their entering church or other public assembly; they should be allowed to enter unobserved. One will less seldom err by taking off his hat in the way of politeness than by keeping it on.

16. When two persons åre walking upon the side walk, abreast, and meet a third person, the nearer of the two should fall back to allow the third to pass, if the narrowness of the walk requires it.

17. One can never disregard nor come short of the rules of good behavior with credit to his own character. Good breeding is always perceived and appreciated, even by those who are not accustomed to it themselves.

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a bed

Yr be is on

The chains that bind debtors are heavy and cold,

The links all corrosion and rust,
Gild them o'er as you will, they are never of gold,

Then spurn them aside with disgust.
The man who's in debt is but a mere slave,

Though his heart may be honest and true;
Can you hold up your head, and look honest and brave,

When a note you can't pay becomes due?

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1. Every school must, in the first place, be carefully organized ; that is, the pupils are to be divided into suitable classes, according to age and capacity, designated by numbers, or letters of the alphabet, as first class, second class, third class, or class A, class B, class C, etc. ; regular times are appointed for the exercises of each, for the beginning and ending of the daily sessions, and for intermissions or recesses; and a general system of manners, forms, and ceremonies is prescribed for punctual observance ; for without this, pupils can never be well trained, nor put in a proper condition for the observance of the principles of good behavior.

2. The dress of the pupils should be scrupulously neat; for neatness is indispensable as the first element of good breeding. Respectable parents, and all who desire to be respectable, will never send their children to school without first seeing that their dress is properly attended to ; well mended if torn; carefully washed if soiled ; their hair neatly combed ; their shoes tied and blacked, etc. The quality of a dress is not to be so much regarded as its wholeness and neatness. All children whose parents take care to present them at school in a neat dress, and in gentle, quiet manners, are to be kindly commended and encouraged by the teacher, while those of an opposite

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а таппу аѕ 10 respecuavity can always be told by the appearance of the children which it sends to school. Worthy parents will have neatly clad, well behaved children, however poor they may be.

3. Good morals and good manners, together with a neat person and tidy dress, will place the poorest on a level with the highest and best of the land.

4. At recesses the girls are allowed precedence of the boys, going out and coming in first, by themselves, and the boys afterwards, according to classes, beginning with the youngest classes first, or those nearest the door, and ending with the oldest, or those farthest from the door.

5. As the movements of well-bred persons are always quiet and free from noise, the pupil, therefore, on going out or coming into the schoolhouse, or on crossing the floor, is always to avoid haste or loud noise in walking, or in any other way; and when entering or leaving school should make his manners at the door. The boy, on entering the school while in session, having first taken off his hat, makes a bow to the teacher, or for the assembly in general; and on leaving the school he turns at the door and does

The girls can make either a bow or a courtesy, though the latter is frequently the most becoming. Not until well out of the house should any play begin.

6. Where the schools are very large, as in some of our principal towns, the teacher sometimes marches his scholars from and to their seats at recess, at the sound of a bell. At the first stroke of the bell they form in one rank, the youngest first, and at the second they march quietly and orderly to or from their places. In this case the bow may be omitted at the door.


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at the intimation or word from the teacher, as, -Your manners ! or-Your obeisance! and, though the class may be seated in the interim, the pupil must always stand while reciting, reading, or spelling.

8. When a visitor, and especially a distinguished visitor, like the President, or a Governor, or foreigner of distinction enters the school-room, the pupils should all rise and remain standing until he is seated; and on his taking leave they do the same until he has left the door. In cases where visits are frequent or numerous, as on examination days, or in our larger centers of population, this ceremony might be omitted, at the discretion of the teacher. It is better to seek occasions for politeness than excuses for the want of it.

9. On meeting grown persons, upon the street or road, the pupil, if spoken to by them, should always reply with a bow or courtesy, the boy taking off or touching his hat; and if the meeting be on the road, in unfrequented places, it is well for the pupil to make his manners whether spoken to or not. Kindness and civility to strangers is one of the most beautiful traits of civilization. Foreigners of every degree should be received with especial kindness and consideration.

10. It is never well-bred to whisper in company; and hence the best behaved children will never be seen whispering in school. 11. When the pupil finds it neccssary

ask a question of his teacher, he first raises his hand to signify his wish ; and if permitted to speak, he is always to preface his request with—Please Teacher, or Please Sir, or Please

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politeness of adding sir, or ma'am, as No Sir, or Yes Sir, No Ma'am or Yes Ma'am. A child thus well behaved is sure to win the esteem of all, both for itself and its parents.

12. No child should ever suffer itself to do discredit to its breeding, to be thrown off its balance, or fail in the observance of good behavior on account of the haste, impatience, or rudeness of others, or for any other cause. He will never be rude and offensive to his playfellows; nor call hard names, nor apply nicknames; and he will always be respectful towards the old and the unfortunate. To imitate or follow the bad manners of others, would be like wearing soiled and ragged clothes because others might be seen in them.

13. At the beginning of the school term particular attention will be naturally paid to establishing a system of rules and observances; and the well-behaved pupil will adhere to them with perfect fidelity.

14. As we should put others to as little inconvenience as possible, the pupil should never ask the teacher's assistance, nor occupy his time, when he can effect the same purpose by his own exertions.

15. It is exceedingly vulgar and ill bred to mark, cut, or deface in any way the walls or furniture of public buildings. One should ever be more careful of the things of others than of those which belong to himself. In a republic, the preservation and good condition of public edifices should be the care of all. Instead of defacing schoolhouses, it would be better for the pupils to ornament and beautify them by planting shrubbery and flowers.

16. "Order is Heaven's first law ;' and it should never

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