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the sixth hour; when beasts most graze, birds best peck, and men sit down to that nourishment which is called sup. per. So much for the time when: Now for the ground which; which, I mean, I walked upon: it is ycleped thy park. Then for the place where; where, I mean, I did encounter that obscene and most preposterous event, that draweth from my snow-white pen the ebon-coloured ink, which here thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or seest: But to the filace, where, it standeth north-north-east and by east from the west corner of thy curious-knotted garden: There did I see that low-spirited swain, that base minnow of thy mirth, 8

Cost. Me.
King. —that unletter'd small-knowing soul,
Cost. Me.
King. —that shallow vassal,
Cost. Still me.
King. -- which, as I remember, hight Costard,
Cost. O me!

King. -sorted and consorted, contrary to thy established proclaimed edict and continent canon, with-with, '_ with —but with this I passion to say wherewith ;

Cost. With a wench.



curious-knotted garden:] Ancient gardens abounded with figures of which the lines intersected each other in many directions. Thus, in King Richard II:

“ Her fruit-trees all unprun’d, her hedges ruin’d,

“ Her knots disorder'd,” &c. In Thomas Hill's Profitable Art of Gardening, &c. 4to. bl. I. 1579, is the delineation of “ a proper knot for a garden, whereas is spare roume enough, the which may be set with Time, or Isop, at the discretion of the Gardener.” In Henry Dethick's Gardener's Labyrinth, bl. 1. 4to. 1586, are other examples of “proper knots deuised for gardens.” Steevens.

base minnow of thy mirth,). The base minnow of thy mirth, is the contemptible little object that contributes to thy entertainment. Shakspeare makes Coriolanus characterize the tribunitian insolence of Sicinius, under the same figure:

hear you not “ This Triton of the minnows !Again, in Have with you to Saffron Walden, or Gabriel Harvey's Hunt is up, &c. 1596 : “ Let him denie that there was another shewe made of the little minnow his brother,” &c. Steevens.

with-with, -] The old copy reads—which with. The correction is Mr. Theobald's. Malone.



King. --with a child of our grandmother Eve, a female; or, for thy more sweet understanding, a woman. Him I (as my ever-esteemed duty pricks me on) have sent to thee, to receive the meed of punishment, by thy sweet grace's officer, Antony Dull; a man of good repute, carriage, bearing, and estimation.

Dull. Me, an 't shall please you; I am Antony Dull.

King. For Jaquenetta, (80 is the weaker vessel called, which I apprehended with the aforesaid swain) I keep her as a vessel of thy law's fury;1 and shall, at the least of thy sweet notice, bring her to trial. Thine, in all compliments of devoted and heartburning heat of duty,

Don ADRIANO DE ARMADO. Biron. This is not so well as I looked for, but the best that ever I heard.

King. Ay, the best for the worst. But, sirrah, what say you to this?

Cost. Sir, I confess the wench.
King. Did you hear the proclamation?

Cost. I do confess much of the hearing it, but little of the marking of it.

King. It was proclaimed a year's imprisonment, to be taken with a wench.

Cost. I was taken with none, sir; I was taken with a damosel.

King. Well, it was proclaimed damosel.

Cost. This was no damosel neither, sir; she was a virgin.

King. It was so varied too; for it was proclaimed virgin.

Cost. If it were, I deny her virginity; I was taken with a maid.

King. This maid will not serve your turn, sir.
Cost. This maid will serve my turn, sir.

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vessel of thy law's fury:] . This seems to be a phrase adopted from scripture. See Epist. to the Romans, ix. 22:

- the vessel of wrath.” Mr. M. Mason would read-vassal instead of vessel. Steevens.

2 I do confess much of the hearing it, but little of the marking of it.] So Falstaff, in The Second Part of King Henry IV:

- it is the disease of not listening, the malady of not marking, that I am troubled withal.” Steevens.

King. Sir I will pronounce your sentence: You shall fast a week with bran and water.

Cost. I had rather pray a month with mutton and porridge.

King. And Don Armado shall be your keeper.
My lord Biron, see him deliver'd o'er.-
And go we, lords, to put in practice that
Which each to other hath so strongly sworn.-

[Exeunt King, Long, and Dum. Biron. I 'll lay my head to any good man's hat,

These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn.Sirrah, come on.

Cost. I suffer for the truth, sir: for true it is, I was taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a true girl; and therefore, Welcome the sour cup of prosperity! Aflliction may one day smile again, and till then, Sit thee down, sorrow!

[Exeunt. SCENE II. Another part of the same.

Armado's House. Enter ARMADO and Moth. Arm. Boy, what sign is it, when a man of great spirit grows melancholy?

Moth. A great sign, sir, that he will look sad.

Arm. Why, sadness is one and the self-same thing, dear imp.3

Moth. No, no; O lord, sir, no.

Arm. How canst thou part sadness and melancholy, my tender juvenal?4


- dear imp.] Imp was anciently a term of dignity. Lord Cromwell, in his last letter to Henry VIII, prays for the imp his son. It is now used only in contempt or abhorrence; perhaps in our author's time it was ambiguous, in which state it suits well with this dialogue. Fohnson.

Pistol salutes King Henry V, by the same title. Steevens.

The word literally means a graff, slip, scion, or sucker: and by metonymy comes to be used for a boy or child. The imp, his son, is no more than his infant son. It is now set apart to signify young fiends ; as the devil and his imps.

Dr. Johnson was mistaken in supposing this a word of dignity. It occurs in The History of Celestina the Faire, 1596: “- the gentleman had three sonnes, very ungracious impes, and of a wicked nature.” Ritson.


Moth. By a familiar demonstration of the working, my tough senior.

Arm. Why tough senior? why tough senior?
· Moth. Why tender juvenal? why tender juvenal?

Arm. I spoke it, tender juvenal, as a congruent epitheton, appertaining to thy young days, which we may nominate tender.

Moth. And I, tough senior, as an appertinent title to your old time,5 which we may name tough.

Arm. Pretty, and apt.

Moth. How mean you, sir? I pretty, and my saying apt? or I apt, and my saying pretty?

Arm. Thou pretty, because little.
Moth. Little pretty, because little: Wherefore apt?
Arm. And therefore apt, because quick.
Moth. Speak you this in my praise, master?
Arm. In thy condign praise.
Moth. I will praise an eel with the same praise.
Arm. What?" that an eel is ingenious?
Moth. That an eel is quick.

Arm. I do say, thou art quick in answers: Thou heatest my blood. Moth. I am answe

wered, sir. Arm. I love not to be crossed.

Moth. He speaks the mere contrary, crosses love not him.6

[Aside. Arm. I have promised to study three years with the duke.

Moth. You may do it in an hour, sir.



my tender juvenal?] Juvenal is youth. So, in The Noble Stranger, 1640: * Oh, I could hug thee for this, my jovial juvinell.Steevens.

tough senior, as an appertinent title to your old time,] Here and in two speeches above, the old copies have signior, which appears to have been the old spelling of senior. So, in the last scene of The Comedy of Errors, edit. 1623: “We will draw cuts for the signior; till then, lead thou first.” In that play the spelling has been corrected properly by the modern editors, who yet, I know not why, have retained the old spelling in the passage


crosses love not him.] By crosses he means money. So, in As you like it, the Clown says to Celia; “ if I should bear you, I should bear no cross.” Johnson.

before us.


Arm. Impossible.
Moth. How many is one thrice told?

Arm. I am ill at reckoning, it fitteth the spirit of a tapster. 7

Moth. You are a gentleman, and a gamester, sir.

Arm. I confess both; they are both the varnish of a complete man.

Moth. Then, I am sure, you know how much the gross sum of deuce-ace amounts to.

Arm. It doth amount to one more than two.
Moth. Which the base vulgar do call three.
Arm. True.

Moth. Why, sir, is this such a piece of study? Now here is three studied, ere you ’ll thrice wink: and how easy it is to put years to the word three, and study three years in two words, the dancing horse will tell you.8

71 am ill at reckoning, it fitteth the spirit of a tapster.] Again, in Troilus and Cressida : “ X tapster's arithmetick may soon bring his particulars therein to a total.” Steevens.

8 Moth. And how easy it is to put years to the word three, and study three years in two words, the dancing horse will tell you.) Bankes's horse, which play'd many remarkable pranks. Sir Walter Raleigh (History of the World, First Part, p. 178) says: “If Banks had lived in older times, he would have shamed all the enchant. ers in the world: for whosoever was most famous among them, could never master, or instruct any beast as he did his horse.” And Sir Kenelm Digby (A Treatise on Bodies, ch. xxxviii, p. 393) observes: “ That his horse would restore a glove to the due owner, after the master had whispered the man's name in his ear; would tell the just number of pence in any piece of silver coin, newly showed him by his master; and even obey presently his command, in discharging himself of his excrements, whensoever he had bade him.” Dr. Grey.

Bankes's horse is alluded to by many writers contemporary with Shakspeare; among the rest, by Ben Jonson, in Every Man out of his Humour : “He keeps more ado with this monster, than ever Bankes did with his horse.

In 1595, was published a pamphlet, entitled Maroccus Extaticus, or Banks's bay Horse in a Trance. A Discourse set downe in a merry Dialogue between Bankes and his Beast: anatomizing some Abuses and bad Trickes of this Age, 4to.; prefixed to which, was a print of the horse standing on his hind legs with a stick in his mouth, his master with a stick in his hand and a pair of dice on the ground. Ben Jonson hints at the unfortunate catastrophe of both man and horse, which I find happened at Rome, where, to the disgrace of the age, of the country, and of humanity, they were burnt by order of the pope, for magicians. See Don Zara del Fogo, 12mo. 1660, p. 114. Reed.

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