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may be confidently followed. All the enchantment of fancy, and all the cogency of argument, are employed to recommend to the reader his real interest, the care of pleasing the author of his being. Truth is shown sometimes as the phantom of a vision, and sometimes appears half veiled in an allegory; she wears a thousand dresses, and in all is pleasing. His prose is the model of the middle style; on grave subjects not formal, on light occasions not grovelling; always equable and always easy, without glowing words or pointed sentences. Whoever wishes to attain an English style, familiar but not coarse, and elegant but not ostentatious, must give his days and nights to the volumes of Addison.” Such a eulogy from one who stands personally in the first order of British moralists, and ranks among the greatest masters of English composition, requires no addition from meaner judges. CONTENTS

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96

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Ladies' Head-Dress,
The Fan Mania,

99 Pedantry,

102 Party Humours,

105 Proposal to leave the Country, .

108 Dissection of a Beau's Head,

111 Dissection of a Coquette's Heart,

114 Pin-Money,

118 Jack Anvil,

122 Project of a Political Academy,

125 Fortune-Hunters,

130 Idling Away Time, .

133 Journal of a Woman of Fashion,

138 On Cat-Calls,

142 A Humorist,

146 Love's Bill of Mortality,

149 Selfish and Unreasonable Supplications,

152 Difference of Manners in Different Parts of London, 156 The Male and Female World,

159 The Republic of Women,

162 Fantastic Female Manners,

165 Advice Seekers,

168 Disputation,

171 Conjugal Affection,

174 The Married Life,

177 Market for Wives,

180 Marriage of Will Honeycomb,

183 The Mountain of Miseries, .

186 The Mountain of Miseries-concluded, .

188

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ADDISON'S

SELECTED HUMOROUS ESSAYS.

THE SPECTATOR'S CLUB. The first of our society is a gentleman of Worcestershire, of an ancient descent, a baronet, his name Sir Roger de Coverley. His great-grandfather was inventor of that famous country-dance which is called after him. All who know that shire are very well acquainted with the parts and merits of Sir Roger. He is a gentleman that is very singular in his behaviour, but his singularities proceed from his good sense, and are contradictions to the manners of the world only as he thinks the world is in the wrong. However, this humour creates him no enemies, for he does nothing with sourness or obstinacy; and his being unconfined to modes and forms, makes him but the readier and more capable to please and oblige all who know him. When he is in town, he lives in Soho Square. It is said he keeps himself a bachelor by reason he was crossed in love by a perverse beautiful widow of the next county to him. Before this disappointment, Sir Roger was what you call a fine gentleman, had often supped with my Lord Rochester and Sir George Etherege, fought a duel upon his first coming to town, and kicked bully Dawson in a public coffee-house for calling him youngster. But being ill used by the above-mentioned widow, he was very serious for a year and a half; and though, his temper being naturally jovial, he at last got over it, he grew careless of himself, and never dressed afterwards. He continues to wear a coat and doublet of the same cut that was in fashion at the time of his repulse, which, in his merry humours, he tells us, has been in and out twelve times since he first

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wore it. He is now in his fifty-sixth year, cheerful, gay, and hearty ; keeps a good house both in town and country; a great lover of mankind; but there is such a mirthful cast in his behaviour, that he is rather beloved than esteemed.

His tenants grow rich, his servants look satisfied, all the young women profess love to him, and the young men are glad of his company. When he comes into a house, he calls the servants by their names, and talks all the way up stairs to a visit. I must not omit, that Sir Roger is a justice of the quorum; that he fills the chair at a quarter-session with great abilities, and three months ago gained universal applause by explaining a passage in the game act.

The gentleman next in esteem and authority among us is another bachelor, who is a member of the Inner Temple, a man of great probity, wit, and understanding; but he has chosen his place of residence rather to obey the direction of an old humoursome father, than in pursuit of his own inclinations. He was placed there to study the laws of the land, and is the most learned of any of the house in those of the stage. Aristotle and Longinus are much better understood by him than Littleton or Coke. The father sends up every post, questions relating to marriage articles, leases, and tenures, in the neighbourhood ; all which questions he agrees with an attorney to answer and take care of in the lump. He is studying the passions themselves, when he should be inquiring into the debates among men which arise from them. He knows the argument of each of the orations of Demosthenes and Tully, but not one case in the reports of our own courts. No one ever took him for a fool, but none except his intimate friends know he has a great deal of wit. This turn makes him at once both disinterested and agreeable. As few of his thoughts are drawn from business, they are most of them fit for conversation. His taste of books is a little too just for the age he lives in; he has read all, but approves of very few. His familiarity with the customs, manners, actions, and writings of the ancients, makes him a very delicate observer of what

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