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modated to its respective inhabitants. Are not these livet, beard sterO Mirza, habitations worth contending for? Does life appear miserable, that gives thee opportunities of earning such a reward? Is death to be feared, that will ma co convey thee to so happy an existence? Think not man was made in vain, who has such an eternity reserved for him. I gazed with inexpressible pleasure on these bappy islands. At length, said I, show me now, beseecb thee, the secrets that lie hid under those dark clouds wbich cover the ocean on the other side of the rock of adamant. The Genius making me no answer, I turned about to address myself to him a second time, but I found that he had left me; I then turned again to the vision which I had been so long contemplating: but instead of the rolling tide, the arched bridge, and the happy islands, I saw nothing but the long bollow valley of Bagdat, with oxen, sbeep, and camels grazing upon the sides of it.”
Veteres avias tibi de pulmone retello.
I root th' old woman from my trembling heart.
REMEMBER last winter there were several young
girls of the neighbourhood sitting about the fire with my landlady's daughters, and telling stories of spirits and apparitions.
Upon my opening the door the young woiren broke off their discourse, but my lady's daughters telling them that it was nobody bat the gentleman (for that is the name which I the weighbourhood as well as in the family) they went on without minding me.
I seated myself by the can. dle that stood on a table at one end of the room; pretending to read a book that I took out of my so there
go by in
pocket, heard several dreadful stories of ghosts as pale as ashes that had stood at the feet of a bed, or walked over a church.yard by moonlight: and of others that had been conjured into the Red Sea, for disturbing People's rest, and drawing their curtains at midnight; with many other old womens' fables of the like natare.' As one spirit raised another, I observed that at the end of every story the whole company closed their ranks, and crowded about the fire: I took notice in particnlar of a little boy, wbo was so attentive to every story, that I am mistaken if he ventures to go to bed hy himself this twelvemonth. Indeed they talked so long, that the imaginations of the whole assembly were manifestly crazed, and I am sure will be the worse for it as long as they live. I heard one of the girls, that had looked upon me over her shoulder, asking the company how long I had been in the room, and whe. ther I did not look paler than I used to do. This put me under some apprehensions that I should be forced to explain myself if I did not retire; for which reason I took the candle in my hand, and went up into my chamber, not without wondering at this unaccountable weakness in reasonable creatures, that they should love to astonish and terrify one another. Were I a father, I shonld take a particular care to preserve my children from these little horrors of imagination, which they are apt to contract when they are young, and are not able to shake off when they are in years. I bave known a soldier that has entered a breach, affrighted at his own shadow; and look pale upon a little scratching at his door, who the day before had marched up against a battery of cannon. There are instances of persons, who have been terrified, even to distraction, at the figure of a tree, or the shaking of a bullrush. The truth of it is, I look upon a sound iinagination as the greatest blessing of life, next to a clear judginent and a good conscience. In the meantime, since there are very few whose minds are not more or less subject to these dreadful thoughts and apprehensions, we ought to arm ourselves against them by the dictates of reason and religion,' to pull the old woman out of our hearts,' (as Persins expresses it in the motto of my paper) and extinguish those impertinent notions which we imbibed at a time that we were not able to judge of their absurdity. Or if we believe, as many wise and good men have done, that there are sach phantoms and apparitions as those I have been speaking of, let us endeavour to establish to ourselves an interest in Him who holds the reins of the whole crea. tion in his band, and moderates them after such a man. ner, that it is impossible for one being to break loose upon another without his knowledge and permission.
For my own part, I am apt to join in opinion with those who believe that all the regions of nature swarm with spirits; and that we have multitudes of spectators on all our actions, when we think ourselves most alone; but instead of terrifying myself with such a potion, I am wonderfully pleased to think that I am always engaged with such an innumerable society, in searching out the wonders of the creation, and joining in the same comfort of praise and adoration.
Milton has finely described this mixed communion of men and spirits in Paradise; and bad doubtless his eye upon a verse in old Hesiod, which is almost word for word the same with his third line in the following passage:
Nor think, though men were none, That Heav'n would want spectators, God want praise: Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth Unseen, both when we wake and when we sleep; All these with ceaseless praise his works behold Both day and night. How often from the steep Of echoing hill or thicket, have we heard Celestial voices to the midnight air, Sole, or responsive each to others note,
Singing their great Creator? Oft in bands,
ENGLISH COMMERCE. Hi segetes, illic veniunt felicius uve: Arborei foetus alibi atque injussa virescunt Gramina. Vonne vides, croceos ut Tmolus odores, India mittit ebur, molles sua thura Sabæi? At chalybes nudi ferrum virosaque Pontus Castorea, Eliadum palmas Epirus equarum? Continuo has leges æternaque fæderā certis Imposuit natura locis
VIRG. This ground with Bacchus, that with Ceres suits; That other loads the trees with happy fruits; A fourth with grass, unbidden decks the ground: Thus Tmolus is with yellow saffron crown’d; India black ebon and white iv'ry bears; And soft Idume weeps her od'rous tears! Thus Pontus sends her bever stones from far; And naked Spaniards temper steel for war: Epirus for th' Elean chariot breeds (In hopes of palms) a race of running steeds. This is th' original contract; these the laws Impos'd by nature, and by nature's cause.
DRYDEN. THERE is no place in town which I so mnch love
to frequent as the Royal Exchange. It gives me a secret satisfaction, and, in some measure, gratifies my vanity, as I am an Englishman, to see so rich an assembly of countrymen and foreigners consulting toge. ther upon the private business of mankind, and making this metropolis a kind of emporium for the whole earth.
I must confess that I look upon High-Change to be a great council in which all considerable nations have their representative. Factors in the trading world
are what ambassadors are in the politic world; they negotiate affairs, conclude treaties, and maintain a good correspondence between those wealthy societies of inen that are divided from one another by seas and oceans, or live on the different extremities of a conti. nent. I have often been pleased to hear disputes adjusted between an inhabitant of Japan aad an alderman of London, or to see a subject of the Great Nogul entering into a league with one of the Czır of Moscovy. I an infinitely delighted in mixing with these several ministers of commerce, as they are distinguished by their different walks and different languages. Sometimes I am justled among a body of Armenians ; sometimes I am lost in a crowd of Jews; and sometimes make one in a gronp of Dutchmen. I am a Dane, Swede, or Frenchman, at different times; or rather fancy myself like the old philosopher, who upon being asked what conutryman he was, replied, that he was a citizen of the world,
This grand scene of business gives me an infinite variety of solid and substantial entertainments. As I ain a great lover of mankind, my heart naturally over. flows with pleasure at the sight of a prosperons and happy multitude, insomuch that at many public solemnities I cannot forbear expressing my joy with tears that have stolen down my cheeks. For this reason I am wonderfully delighted to see such a body of men thriving in their own private fortunes, and at the same time promoting the public stock; or, in other words
, raising estates for their own families, by bringing into their country whatever is wanting, and carrying out of it whatever is superfluous. Nature seems to have taken a particular care to dis
. seminate her blessings among the different regions of the world, with an eye to this niutual intercourse and traffic among mankind, that the natives of the several parts of the globe might have a kind of dependence upon one another, and be united together by their common interest. Almost every degree produces