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Secondly, How deplorable is the condition of an intellectual being, who feels no other effects from this his presence, but such as proceeds from divine wrath and indignation !

' Thirdly, How happy is the condition of that intellectual being, who is sensible of his Maker's presence, from the secret effects of his mercy and loving kindness !

* First, How disconsolate is the condition of an intellectual being who is thus present with his Maker, but at the same time receives no extraoro dinary benefit or advantage from this his presence! Every particle of matter is actuated by this Almighty Being which passes through it. The heavens and the earth, the stars and planets, move and gravitate by virtue of this great principle within them. All the dead parts of nature are invigorated by the presence of their creator, and made capable of exerting their respective qualities. The several instincts, in the brute creation, do likewise operate and work towards the several ends which are agreeable to them by this divine energy. Man only, who does not co-operate with this Holy Spirit, and is unattentive to his presence, receives none of those advantages from it, which are perfective of his nature, and necessary to his well being. The Divinity is with himõ and in him, and every where about him, but of no advantage to him. It is the same thing to a man without religion, as if there were no God in the world. It is indeed impossible for an Infinite Being to remove himself from any of his creatures ; but though he cannot withdraw his essence from us, which would argne an imperfection in him, he can withdraw from us all the joys and consolations of it. Bis presence may perhaps be necessary to support us in our existence; but he may leave this our existence to itself, with regard to its happiness or misery. For in this sense he may cast us away from his presence, and take his Holy Spirit from us. This single consideration one would think sufficient to make us open our hearts to all those infusions of joy and gladness which are so near at hand, and ready to be poured in upon us ; especially when we consider, secondly, the deplorable condition of an intellectual being, who feels no other effects from his Maker's presence but such as proceed from divinc wrath and indignation.

We may assure ourselves that the great Author of nature will not always be as one who is indifferent to any of his creatures. Those who will not feel him in his love will be sure at length to feel him in his displeasure. And how dreadful is the condition of that creature, who is only sensible of the being of his Creator by what he suffers from him! He is as essentially present in hell as in heaven ; but the inhabitants of the former behold him only in his wrath, and shrink within the flames to conceal themselves from him. It is not in the power of imagination to conceive the fearful effects of Omnipotence incensed.

But I shall only consider the wretchedness of an intellectual being, who in this life lies under the displeasure of him, that at all times and in all places is intimately united with him. He is able to dis. quiet the soul, and vex it in all its faculties. He can hinder

any

of the greatest comforts of life from refreshing us, and give an edge to every one of its slightest calamities. Who then can bear the thonght of being an outcast from his presence, that is, from the comforts of it, or of feeling it only in its ter. rors ! How pathetic is that expostulation of Job, when for the trial of his patience he was made to look upon himself in this deplorable condition ! “i Why hast thou set me as a mark against thce, so

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that I am become a burden to nsei?But, thirdly, how happy is the condition of that in:ellectual be. ing, who is sensible of his Water's presence from the secret efects of his merey ani joring kininess !

“The blessed in bearen behoij him face to face, that is, are as seasible oë his presence as we are of the presence of any person whom we look upon with our eyes. There is, dosbeless, a faculty in spints by which they apprehand one another as our senses do material objects:aal there is no question but our souls, when they are disembodied, or placed in glorified bodies, will by this faezliy, in whatever part of space they reide, be alınars sensible of the Divine Presence. We, who have this veil of flesh standing between us and the world of spirits, must be content to knox that the start of God is pre. sent with us, by the ecee's wbich he produces in us. Our outward senses are to gross to apprehend him ; we may, however, taste and see how gracious he is, by his intinence upon our minds, by those virtuous thoughts which he awakens in us, by those secret comforts and refreshments which he coareys into our souls, and by those ravishing jors and in ward satisfactions which are perpetually springing up. and diffusing themselves aroog ali the thoughts of good mea. He is lodged in our very essence, and is as a soul within the soul to irradiate its understanding, rectify its will, purify its passions, and enliven all the powers of man. How happy therefore is an intellectual being, who, by prayer and meditation, by virtue and good works. opens this communication between God and his own soal! Though the whole cration frowns upon him, and all nature looks black about him, he ho his light and support within him, that are able to cheer his mind, and bear him up in the midst of all those ho:rons which encospas ww.

He knows that his helper is at hand, and is always. nearer to him than any thing else can be, which is : capable of annoying or terrifying him. In the midst of calumny or contempt he attends to that Being who whispers better things to his soul, whom he looks upon as his defender, liis glory, and the lifier-up of his head. In his deepest solitude and retirement tre knows that he is in company with the greatest of beings; and perceive's within himself such real sensatious of his presence, as are more delightful than any thing that can be met with in the conversation of his creatures. Even in the hour of death he considers the pains of his dissolution to be nothing else but the breaking down of that partition, which stands betwixt his soul and the sight of that Being who is always present with him, and is about to manifest itself to him in fulness of joy.

If we would be thus happy, and thus sensible of our Maker's presence, from the secret effects of his mercy and goodness, we must keep such a watch over all our thoughts, that, in the language of the Scripture, his soul may have pleasure in us. We must take care not to grieve his Holy Spirit, and endeavour to make the meditations of our hearts always acceptable in his sight, that he may delight. thus to reside and dwell in us. The light of nature could direct Seneca to this doctrine, in a very remarkable passage among his epistles : “Sacer inest in nobis spiritus bonorum malorumque custos, et obserrator, et quemadmodum nos illum tractamus, ita et ille, nos.” “There is a holy spirit residing in us, who watches and observes both good and evil men, and will treat us after the same manner that we treat him,” But I shall conclude this discourse with those more emphatical words in divine revelation, “ If a man love me he will keep my words; and

my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him."

N° 572. MONDAY, JULY 26, 1714.

Quod Medicorum est
Promittunt Medici-

HOR. I. Ep. ii. 115.
Physicians only boast the healing art,

I am the more pleased with these my papers, since I find they have encouraged several men of learn.' ing and wit to become my correspondents: I yes. terday received the following essay against quacks, which I shall here communicate to my readers for the good of the public, begging the writer's pardon for those additions and retrenchments which I have made in it.

6 'The desire of life is so natural and strong a passion, that I have long since ceased to wonder at the great encouragement which the practice of plıysic finds among us.

Well-constituted governments have always made the profession of a physi. cian both honourable and advantageous. Homer's Machaon and Virgil's Iapis were men of renown, heroes in war, and made at least as much havoc among their enemies as among their friends. Those who have little or no faith in the abilities of a quack. will apply themselves to him, either because he is willing to sell health at a reasonable profit, or be. cause the patient, like a drowning man, catches at every twig, and hopes for relief from the most ignorant, when the most able physicians give him

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