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power, must be previously approved by the Senate, except in the case of a very short armistice.
41. The Senate discusses and votes, at the beginning of every year, the probable amount of the public receipts and disbursements, At the end of the year it regulates and verifies the general state of the same articles. But, for the service of this first year, it is, without delay, to supply the government with a credit proportioned to its wants, although it is as yet unable to draw up the annual budget, by reason of its having been so recently instituted, and of the difficulty of foreseeing the rate of expenses. The government will not, however, be the less bound to present the general accounts at the end of the year.
42. The Senate has the right of approving the military promotion which the government proposes.
43. It is likewise entitled to decree, on the proposal of the government, the distinguished recompenses due to patriotic services.
44. It is to settle a new system of money to be struck at the national mint, under the direction of government.
45. The Senate is expressly forbidden to accede to any transaction which threatens the political existence of the nation. On the contrary, if it perceives the Executive engaged in negotiations of this nature, the Senate is to prosecute the President; and, after his condemnation, to declare his charge forfeited in the face of the na
48. Every periodical writer has a free entry in the sittings of the Legislative Body. He is excluded only from the secret committees formed on the petitions of five members.
Of the Secretaries of the Senate.
47. The first Secretary draws up all the acts or decrees of the Assembly, and keeps an exact register of them.
48. He is commissioned by the President to send the decrees of the Senate to the Executive Power.
49. In the absence of the first Secretary, the second discharges his functions.
50. When one, or several members of the Senate are accused of a political crime, a jury of seven Deputies, named for this purpose, examines the validity of the accusation, and gives its opinion in writing. If two thirds of the Senate support the accusation, the deputy
is declared to have forfeited his dignity, and is sent as a simple citizen before the supreme tribunal of the state, which determines the degree of the offence, and its corresponding penalty.
51. No member of the Senate can be imprisoned before he is deprived of his dignity.
52. If one of the members of the executive is accused in the midst of the Senate of a political offence, a committee of nine members examines and makes a report on the case. As soon as four fifths of the Senate have pronounced against the accused, the President of the Senate proclaims him stripped of his dignity, and sends him before the supreme tribunal, where he undergoes the penalty which corresponds to his offence.
58. If accusations for a similar offence are established in the Senate against one or more secretaries of state, the proceedings and the judgment are carried on in the same forms as against members of the Senate. (50.)
CHAPTER IV.-SECTION VII.
Duties of the Executive.
54. The Executive power, taken collectively, is inviolable. 55. When an accusation of felony is directed against this power, the President is put on his trial, (45,) and his place filled, if he is convicted. Then the other members, one by one. (52.)
56. The Executive power presides over the application of laws. 57. It sanctions the bills of the Senate, or opposes to them its veto. (34.)
58. It submits bills to the deliberation of the Senate, and has them supported in the discussion by one or more secretaries of state, and especially by that secretary, whose department is interested in the proposed law.
59. All acts and ordinances of the government are signed by the President, countersigned by the secretary of state, and sealed with the seal of state.
60. The Executive power directs the land and sea forces.
61. It sends out instructions, and applies general laws to particular cases.
62. In points in which the general police and safety of the state are concerned, the Executive power has a right to take extraordinary measures, on condition of immediately referring them to the Senate.
63. The Executive power can contract loans both at home and abroad, and pledge the national property for them, consulting however the Sénate.
64. It can equally, and under the same condition, alienate a portion of this property, according to the wants of the State.
65. In appointing eight secretaries, it traces out to each the circle of his functions, which he cannot exceed.
66. The Secretaries of State are responsible in the exercise of their functions. They cannot execute any act or ordonnance of the Executive power contrary to the rights and duties which the present constitution defines.
67. The Executive power names the Ministers and all other diplomatic agents with foreign powers.
68. It explains with fidelity to the Senate the state of the relations of Greece with these powers, and the internal situation of the country. 69. It can displace all the government agents.
70. In case of need, it convokes the Senate for an extraordinary sitting.
71. If a crime of high treason were to be discovered, the Executive power is entitled to take such measures as it may judge necessary, whatever might be the rank of the guilty.
72. In such a case, it may, if it judges it requisite, provisionally make military promotions, which it submits to the Senate for its approbation.
73. It must within two days give in detail to the Senate the reasons which necessitated these extreme measures.
74. The Executive power, directing the forces by sea and land, may, in time of war, take all the requisite measures for lodging, provisioning, and equipping the national troops.
75. It is to propose a law for the institution of decorations as a reward for public services.
76. The Executive power corresponds with foreign powers, and may commence negotiations. As for declarations of war, treaties of peace, and other conventions, it must submit them for the ratification of the Senate.
77. It can only conclude armistices for a few days, (40,) under the obligation too of communicating them to the Senate.
78. It is to present to the Senate, at the beginning of the year, the budget for the public service, and at the end a detailed statement of the receipts and expenses. These two accounts must be drawn up by the Secretary of Public Economy, and the different acknowledgments of the other Secretaries must be annexed to it. But for the first year the Executive power is to follow the Article 41.
79. Divisions in the Executive are decided by the majority of
80. The Executive cannot, upon any pretext, or in any case, undertake negotiations or conclude treaties dangerous to the national
¡ndependence. In the event of this being attempted, the President becomes stripped of his office, and is judged and condemned according to Article 45.
81. The Executive power is to propose a law on the uniform of the land and sea forces, and of the different public officers and functionaries.
82. It is in like manner to propose a bill, suited to the existing resources of Greece, on the pay of the army, and the salaries of all employés.
83. As soon as an accusation against one of the members of the Executive is received, he accused is considered stripped of his office, and his trial begins according to the provisions of Article 52.
84. No member of the Executive can be imprisoned before his suspension. As often as, either by deprivation, or by the absence of a member, the votes shall be equal, the side with which the President votes, carries it.
85. As soon as an accusation against the secretaries of state is admitted, they are held to be dismissed, and are judged according to Article 53.
86. For the punishment of crimes of high treason, the Executive may, in case of necessity, establish in the city where the government is sitting, a special commission, with power to judge and condemn without appeal, till the period when the Supreme Tribunal shall be established.
πγ'. Ἂν ἓν τῶν μελῶν τὸ Ἐκτελεστικό σώματος κατηγορηθῇ, ἀφ' ἧς στιγμῆς ἡ κατηγορία ἀναφανῇ δεκτὴ, ὁ κατηγορέμενος θεωρεῖται ἔκπα τωτος τῆς ἀξίαςτο τόσον δὲ ἡ κατηγορία, ὅσον καὶ ἡ ἀποδοχὴ αὐτῆς καὶ τέλος ἡ ἐξακολύθησις τῆς διαδικασίας γίνεται κατὰ τὸν (νβ'.)
πδ'. Οὐδὲν μέλος το Εκτελεστικό σώματος καθείργετε πρὸ τῆς παύσεως τῆς ἀξίας του. Οσάκις ἢ δι ̓ ἔκπτωσιν, ἡ δὲ ἀπεσίαν ἑνὸς τῶν με λῶν τῶν Ἐκτελεστικό αἱ ψήφοι μείνωσιν άρτιοι, και επομένως διαμερ ισθῶσιν ἐπίσης εἰς διαφιλονεικεμένας ὑποθέσεις, τὸ μέρος, μὲ τὸ ὁποῖον εἶναι ἡ ψῆφος το Προέδρο, υπερισχύει.
πέ. Οσάκις ἡ καθ' ἑνὸς, ἢ πλειόνων ὑπεργῶν κατηγορία γίνῃ δεκτή, ὁ ὑπεργὸς, ἡ ὑπεργοὶ ἐκεῖνοι θεωρῶνται πραγματικῶς ἔκπτωτοι, ἡ δὲ διαδικαδία αὐτῶν γίνεται κατὰ τὸν (νγ'.)
πς. Διὰ τὴν ποινὴν ἐγκλημάτων προδοσίας ἐναντίον τῆς Πατρίδος, τὸ Ἐκτελεστικὸν δύναται, χρείας καλώσης, νὰ συστήσῃ, ὅπε ἡ κεντρικὴ τῆς Ἑλλάδος Διοίκησις εὑρίσκεται, ἰδιαιτέραν ἔκτακτον ἐπιτροπήν, τῆς ὁποία ας ἔγρον εἶναι νὰ κρίνῃ ἀνεγκλήτως, καὶ νὰ κολάζῃ τὸς ἐνόχες ἄχρι τῆς συστάσεως το Γενικό Δικαστηρία τῆς Ἑλλάδος.
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