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tims burnt for sorcery, as well as piness!”—This, by the bye, is the hanged for forgery, up to this day? weakest article in the Number: we The Quarterly Review, when it know nothing of the secret of its mastrikes the balance, always finds nufacture; but it seems to us written more danger in the alteration, than by some one who had no ideas of mischief in the existing practice: on his own on the subject, and who has the principle, therefore, of superior borrowed from another, who has forces prevailing, to rest as we are, is given him wrong ones. What he the certain result. Now we know that says of the tragedy of Carmagnola society has been materially bene- is quite wrong; and that it is so is fited by coming to a different con- proved by the inconsistency of his clusion: the argument, therefore, from observations. He calls the tragedy analogy and experience, is against the feeble, yet speaks of its “ simple and Quarterly: — but we did not com- manly eloquence ;” and of the pathos mence this notice with an intention in its principal scene. The chorus, to combat with it, but rather to com- which we gave in Italian, in a former pliment it. Its last Number is a Number of the LONDON MAGAZINE, well-written, laborious, temperate is allowed to be “ the most noble publication : with little or nothing in piece of Italian lyric poetry which it unduly addressed to the bad pas- the present day has produced.” It sions, either of courtiers, or the po- is not true that “ Carmagnola wants pulace of readers. There is no scan- poetry : ” but its style is simple, condal in it, no polemical intemperance; densed, and nervous; it has great there is much amusing matter, colloquial power, and the dialogue is some important points for consider- terse and pointed. This is not in the ation, and several mistakes, we think. taste of common Italian poetry ; nor A far-sighted view, a profound re- is it in the taste of Mr. Foscolo's Letflection, a noble glowing magnani- ters, or of his tragedy---both of which mous declaration, or appeal to the have great merit, but not of this kind: spirit of human improvement, which ---and, to say the truth, we suspect Providence has planted in the high- that the writer of the article in the est class of human bosoms, we do not Quarterly has profited by Mr. Foslook for in the Quarterly Review: colo's assistance. The first article but it states the different cases, in in the Number is an ably written paits small way, with an evident la- per on Southey's Life of Wesley: it is bouring after impartiality : it seems temperate, cautious, and very comlike one who, if he were not with- plete. Whoever the writer is, he held, would do something : it has an possesses, admirably, the tact suitable air as if it would be intrepid, were to the Quarterly Review; for he conit not timid :-it suggests to our re- trives to write as a gentleman and a collection the French farce, of which man of honour, without once running one of the ladies of the “ small sup- the slightest risk of shocking a single pers” said—“ Ah, poor piece,—how prepossession nursed by what is “ fat hard it tries not to be bad!”—The ar- and full of sap” in venerable estaticle on Italian Tragedy affords a cu- blishment. The second article is on rious example of what we New South Wales :---it is slight and It really emits smoke towards the amusing. Italian Tragedy comes conclusion, where it speaks of the next, which we have already noticed. destiny of “beloved Italy,”- --it gets Articles four and six---on Frazer's the length of calling the sceptre of Tour through Part of the Snowy Austria a “leaden sceptre,”—and we Range of the Himālā Mountains, and now expect the flame of a generous on Belzoni's operations within the Pyenthusiasm to follow but no: the ramids--are interesting in consequence poor fellow recoils, he well knows of their subjects. Article five, on why;
Mrs. Heman's poetry, is very laudScar'd at the sound his hand hath made;
ably intended. The two last papers
are on Insanity, and the Criminal and the conclusion he comes to is, Laws. The first is very unaffectedly that he “ sees no probability of Italy written, and suitably treats of a most being other than divided and sub- important and interesting subject. divided, consistent with the peace Doctor Burrows's book forms the subof Europe, and her own internal hap- ject of review, and it is very deserva
edly praised. It seems clearly esta- tic peace, to every moral virtue, and blished, by facts, that madness is a to political security.” It is shown very remediable disorder, if medical that there is reason to suppose that applications are made early: but every suicide, instead of being more comthing depends on this. The late Doc- mon in England than on the Contitor Willis averred, that nine out of nent, is less so. In the capitals of ten cases of insanity recovered, if Paris, Berlin, and Copenhagen, the
placed under his care within three number of suicides, for the year 1817; months from the attack :---not only is, in relation to that of London, as do the tables constructed by Doctor five to two, five to three, and three Burrows, but also the returns from to one. The article on the state of La Salpetriere, at Paris, justify this our Criminal Law is a very long assertion. The necessity of uniting one: its spirit may be honest; but we medical and moral treatment, and are quite sure, that, if it were the not depending on either singly, is question of abolishing examination much dwelt upon. The Doctor is of by torture that were now agitated, opinion that it is a mistake to sup- the writer would be averse to change pose that madness is on the increase. in the principles and practice of our But Ireland constitutes an exception, penal code! The case of a man in this respect, to England, Scotland, hanged, in 1814, for cutting down and France. Doctor Hallaran, the young trees, though the prosecutor, Physician of the Cork Asylum, re- magistrates, and the whole neighmarks that “ the late unhappy dis- bourhood, petitioned for mercy, is turbances of Ireland have augmented, thought (by The Quarterly Review) in a remarkable degree, the insane to be one justifying such severity: lists ;" he also mentions the influ- — and it appears Lord Sidmouth ence to this effect of “the unre- thought so too.-So much for a sense strained use of ardent spirits, that of duty in certain bosoms ! alarming vice, so inimical to domes
PROJECTED ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE. Just now, when the Royal Society it with his munificent patronage, by as. of Science is on the decline, and the signing the annual sum of one hundred Royal Academy of Art is allowed to do guineas each, to ten of the Associates, payno good, a project has started up for able out of the privy purse; and also an the formation of a Royal Society of annual premium of one hundred guineas
for the best dissertation on some interesting Literature. The following plan has been published.
subject, to be chosen by a council belong
ing to the Society. Royal Society of Literature, for the en- Ten Associates will be placed under the
couragement of indigent merit, and the patronage of the Society, as soon as the promotion of General Literature.
To subscriptions (a large portion of which will consist of Honorary Members, Sub- be annually funded for the purpose) shall scribing Members, and Associates.
be sufficient, and in proportion as they beThe class of Honorary Members is in
An annual subscriber of ten tended to comprise some of the most emi- guineas, continued for five years, or a life nerit literary men in the three kingdoms, subscription of one hundred guineas, will and the most distinguished female writers entitle such subscribers to nominate an Asof the present day.
sociate under the Society's patronage, acAn annual subscription of two guineas cording to the date of their subscription. will constitute a Subscribing Member. The Associates under the patronage of Subscribers of ten guineas, and upwards, the king, will be elected by respected and will be entitled to privileges hereafter men- competent judges. The Associates nomi. tioned, according to the date of their sub- nated by subscribers must have the same scription.
qualifications of learning, moral character, The Class of Associates is to consist of and public principle, as those who are twenty men of distinguished learning, au- elected, and must be approved by the same thors of some creditable work of literature, judges. and men of good moral character ; ten un- Every Associate, at his admission, will der the patronage of the king, and ten un- choose some subject, or subjects, of literader the patronage of the Society.
ture for discussion, and will engage to deHis Majesty has been pleased to express, vote such discussions to the Society's Me. in the most favourable terms, his approba- moirs of Literature, of which a volume will tion of the proposed Society, and to honour be published by the Society, from time to
time; in which memoirs will likewise be afterwards “ for the promotion of inserted the successive Prize Dissertations. the general literature of the country.”
From the months of February to July, As an association to give a hundred it is purposed that a weekly meeting of the
a year to literary persons to whom Society shall be held ; and a monthly meet
that sum is an object, it may alleing during the other six months of the year. viate distress; and so far it is wor
In the best written recommenda- thy of encouragement. It is not liketion of this plan which we have yet ly to do much in the second branch seen,* it is said, that, without some of its undertaking ; but the first such royal protection,“ literature would be always understood to be will continue either neutral or ad- its principal object; and there would verse to the service of the country.” be no idea entertained of its AssociThis is paying but a sorry compli- ates, but that of men whose fortunes ment to the letters and literary men required aid, and whose talents needof the country; or rather it is cast- ed patronage. “ The Society's Meing a reflection on them which the moirs of Literature,” we suspect, long course of British genius repels. would be considered analogous to the Is the measure of pensioning twenty musters of the Chelsea pensioners : writers, at the rate of a hundred a Mr. Murray would publish the anyear each, absolutely necessary to en- nual volume of course, and put his list the talent, that takes a literary di- name to the title page,-but he would rection in this country, in the service not give so much for the copy-right, of the best interests of society? We as for that of one of the Cantos of should think not :—though it is very Don Juan. The writer of the artipossible that these pensions might cle in the Literary Gazette himself attach twenty persons to ministerial says, that the Associates would be newspapers. The writer of the arti- “ called the King's Paupers by discle in question, in his enthusiasm, affection;" but is there any doubt ventures to anticipate “ another Mil- that ten of them, at least, would be ton,” as the result of this society; regarded as the “ King's Paupers" by “ summoned from the mountains and the affection of his Majesty and his the valley to vindicate the ways of courtiers ?--However, as a charitable God to man.' But this anticipa- institution simply, we repeat, we see 'tion suggests a question :-would no objection to the foundation. The Milton have probably been one of labourer is worthy of his hire; and “ the Associates under the patronage the nature of the thing would be suf. of the king,”- if the Royal Society ficiently understood to hinder it from had existed in his days? We think doing mischief. not.
It is but fair to say, that. But if there be a serious idea now, the writer of the article condemns the at this late day, after having so long narrowness of the proposed construc- escaped the nuisance, of establishing tion; wishes the pensions to be in England a Royal LITERARY Athrown altogether into the back CADEMY, with the King for patron, ground; talks slightingly of them ; and Princes, Dukes, and Earls for and desires to see the Society put members, to smile and bow with upon something like the footing of their confrères the poets and prose the French Academy, - but to be writers of the day, we do most earstill more open and comprehensive. nestly pray that the good sense of In proportion as his ideas take a the country may take the alarm in wider and higher range, our objec- time. We really did not expect that tions to the project altogether in- we should ever have had to argue
The original proposition is such a measure: all our greatest li“ for the encouragement of indigent terary authorities have attributed the merit;"—and this it mentions first, corruption of French literature to the
* Literary Gazette, for Dec. 16. If this paper was written by the Editor, he is a much stronger and bigger man than we described him to be last month. If he did not write it, we think he had better leave advice-giving for the future to the gentleman who did. There was a good paper, too, the week before, in this Journal, on the Almanacks, and Pocket-Books. If the Editor wrote this, we owe him an apology; but we owe him none if he wrote the review of The Earthquake.
· French Academy : Temple and Dry- to a level of modish scorn, and comden date the decline of the French panionable insincerity. Bickering is style to its existence; and they are better than this: anger makes people right :-while, on the other hand, the sincere. We know it is an opinion most distinguished French authors, entertained at the court of his preeven they who have belonged to the sent Majesty, and expressed by the Academy, have spoken of it as a fo- highest person of that
court, that the cus of intrigue and servility; the populace of England are naturally contrivance of a despotic minister, well-disposed, but that they are imin the first instance,-instituted with properly managed : " they go to the design of spreading and rivetting public houses, and there they meet political delusion through the coun- with the newspapers: they ought to try,- afterwards the seat of adula-. be induced to give more time to tion, scandal, trifling, and paltry mirth, to spectacles, to games out of trick. Authors of pure, simple, and doors.” The idea may have its oriindependent habits, however prodi- gin in humanity; but, if the tax-gagious their talents, experienced the therer did not prevent the accomplishgreatest difficulty of admission,-or ment of the wish it conveys, we should died excluded, that there might be begin to fear, that, what with a new place for sycophants and courtiers. system for the populace, and a new But the object is “ to turn the ge- academy for literature, we were innius of England into the current of deed arrived at a new era,-one fatal English loyalty.” Indeed! What to old England,- to its old manners,
supposed to be the influ- its old principles, and its old renown. ence of the French Academy on the If the scheme shall be talked of again, public mind of France, with refer- we shall have more to say on it. ence to those irreligious and licen- The following note, taken from the tious sentiments that proved the Literary Gazette, contains some furdownfall of the monarchy? It was ther particulars of what has been not the intention of the academy to done, and is doing. take part with the populace :-no: -but it was a very principal means
His Majesty has, we believe, intrusted of depraving them. Any conspicuous the formation of the Institution, (The example of servility and corruption called forth these remarks, to the learned
Royal Society of Literature,) which has must tend to disorganize society, and eminent Prelate, Dr. Thomas Burgess, much more than the official declara- the Bishop of St. David's. The names of tions of men, whose places warrant several individuals who have taken part in but one class of sentiment, can add bringing the design to its present maturity, to the stability of power. Can any have been mentioned to us, but we do not : one, who seriously thinks on the sub- · feel as yet at liberty to make them public. ject, suppose, that the cause either of Suffice it to say, that other branches of the literature, or of the constitution, or Royal Family have become subscribers ; of the church, would be strengthened that Ministers give their aid ; that many of by the spectacle which a Royal Aca
the most distinguished among the clergy demy of Literature would present
concur in promoting the plan; that the amongst us? The Duke of York, leading members of both the universities are possibly president: Mr. Southey,
among its friends. The funds are already
considerable, and we are sure this public perpetual secretary ; Mr. Canning,
notice will raise them considerably; as Mr. Croker, Mr. Jeffrey of the Edin- heretofore, the only question has been “by burgh Review, Mr. Gifford of the
whom the Society was projected, under Quarterly, Mr. Professor Wilson, whose auspices formed, and where the subLord Byron, several Bishops, and scriptions to establish it in splendid suffi. · Lawyers, and Peers, and all the ciency were to be made ? ” Having shown Princes of the blood, members ! The
that the highest authority not only sancmere heterogeneity of the composi- tions but zealously favours the design ; that tion would excite ridicule and dis- his Majesty may be considered as its pergust in the public mind: all their
sonal as well as royal founder and patron ; proceedings would be held suspected, station in the community will press forward
we are certain that men of every rank and or rather odious: having no respect to have the honour of contributing to its enfor each other, yet being obliged to dowment and completion. observe the civilities of colleagues, We have obtained a copy of the first they would settle down their minds prize questions to be proposed (which, we
understand, will soon be officially announc
and on the differences between an. ed) and take the liberty of anticipating cient and modern Greek. their promulgation; they are as follows, The first has already, if we remember Ist. For the King's premium of one
rightly, been a subject of learned discus. hundred guineas.
sion, as well as of a recent work, by Mr. On the age, writings, and genius of Payne Knight. The second is by no
Homer; and on the state of reli- means so barren of incident for the highest gion, society, learning, and the arts, poetical illustration as its name might seem during that period, collected from to import. And the third is replete with
interest. the writings of Homer. 2d. For the Society's premium of fifty municate further details as they arise, re,
We shall, we trust, be enabled to comguineas. Dartmoor, a poem.
specting a plan so important to Britain and
British literature, in sequent Numbers of 3d. For the Society's premium of twenty- the Literary Gazette. five guineas. On the history of the Greek language,
We trust there will be nothing on the present language of Greece, further to detail on the subject.
We learn that Professor Leslie, of vouching at once for the learning and the University of Edinburgh, has religion of the party, -must natubrought an action for damages a-. rally be supposed to confer responsigainst the publisher of Bla wood's bility and respectability on the deMagazine; and we apprehend it is now fence. The Magazine, itself, the most likely that this respectable public. reader might be expected to say, cation will be compelled to show its does not choose to appear as an ad modest face in open court, an ex- vocate in its own cause ; but here is posure which it has hitherto avoided a man of condition and piety, a Docby heavy secret payments to the par- tor of Divinity, resident in a college, ties it has injured.—The cause of the the college of a metropolis, who action, and some of the circumstances steps forward in an honourable way attending it, are indeed highly cha- to say—“ I have done part of what racteristic. The article of which the you blame in Blackwood's MagaProfessor complains, is one signed zine: I am prepared to avow it, for “ Olinthus Petre, D.D.;" and it is I have done it under a sense of duty ; dated from “ Trinity College, Dublin.” and as no scandalous motive can atIt forms the only reply Blackwood's tach to me, let the general justice of Magazine has offered to the notice of your charge against the Magazine in it taken in our November number; which I have written, be judged of and to the charge, publicly stated from this specimen !” against it, in an Edinburgh Journal, There would be much weight in of having attached James llogg's this: a Doctor of Divinity residing name to papers he never wrote, and in Trinity College, Dublin, is likely which were calculated to do the poet to feel more for his own respectabiserious injury. One might have ex- lity than for the interests of an Edinpected that the Magazine itself would burgh Magazine: on questions of lihave spoken out on this occasion: it terary merit as to the writers, either seems to have concerned it so to do: in it, or any contemporaneous perisetting the motives and the ability of odical work, he may be supposed the attack out of the question, there pretty impartial ; and if he delibewere facts affirmed, which, if true, rately puts his name and address to a are sufficient to brand any periodical severe accusation against an indiviwork to which they may apply, with dual, holding a public office of emiindelible infamy. — A letter from nence and trust in one of the most faa correspondent on such a subject mous of the British seats of learning, does not seem sufficient: but, at the the first presumption is inevitably asame time, it must be confessed, gainst the person accused--for who, that certain advantages attended this in the situation of a Doctor of Divimode of reply of which the Editor nity, would come openly forward to might be happy to avail himself. A make such an attack, unless the case real signature, with a real place of was one of notorious crime? abode, and that one of the seats of Doctor Olinthus Petre, therefore, learning, -and, in addition, a title of Trinity College, Dublin, would be