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Placed by his side, a goodly rummer,
Largish, though not so big as some are
Then through his nozzle, like a pair
Of hellows did he twang the air,
And plied his leathern lungs so fast,

That he soon raised a rousing fire,
In which he swore they'd all be cast

Unless they follow'd his desire.

With his own heat he'gan to flicker,
And read them such a hot" epistle,
That he was fain to wet his whistle,

By oft appealing to the liquor,
While his industrious friend or foe,
Still kept his glass in statu quo.
Thus did he preach against excess

And raved by turns, and sipp'd and muddled,
Till in denouncing drunkenness

Our Saint became completely fuddled,
While he abused the song so fast,

Still quoting it to prove his theme,
That he bawld fairly out at last,

Betwixt a hiccup and a scream,
“ Thus boys, thus do sailors fare,”
And twirld his rummer in the air.
Each moment did our grand reformer,
Grow more convivial and warmer,
Rolling his eyes, in liquor swimming,
With vacant leer upon the women,
And hugging the surrounding rabble
With maudlin love, and empty gabble,
All which the wicked singing wight
Beheld with infinite delight.
• The mighty master smiled to see
That dancing was the next degree,'

And play'd a jig upon his fiddle,
When the whole corps de ballet danced,

And toe'd and heel'd it down the middle,
Faster than did the beasts who pranced,
And made a ball-room of their pasture
When Orpheus was the ballet-master.
O ! for a goosequill that could drink
Intoxicating draughts of ink,
That in my tipsy reeling measure

I might picture to all,
Mr. Muggs at a ball,

Who danced as if frantic;
And paint every sprawl,

And ridiculous antic,
By which he denoted his floundering pleasure,
Till Vandals came with hoop and hollo,
To scare our capering Apollo.
It seems that from a town just by
A Vice-suppressing Company
Had march'd their forces one and all,
To storm and take an apple-stall,
Whose aged diabolic owner,
(A heathen hussey, out upon her!)
Had sold, to earn her Sunday dinner,

Some Sabbath pippins to an urchin,
Whereby the sacrilegious sinner

Had plunged in horrors up to her chin...

Returning from this pious frolic
They heard the fiddle diabolic,
A sound more rousing to their spirits,
Than squeak of rats and mice to ferrets,
Or the loud cackling of a hen-yard
To prowling weasel, stoat, or reynard.-
Popping their peepers to the casement
They started back with wild amazement-
As when the cleanly Betty sees
A sudden country dance of fleas,
Although she scarcely can believe

Her eyes, she neither lags nor lingers,
Puts every nerve on the qui vive,

Throws all her soul into her fingers,
And arching her indignant nippers
Pounces upon the luckless skippers;
So was each Vice-suppressing prig
Electrified to see the jig,
And felt his restless fingers itching
To be a doing and a catching.

And now I'm excessively shock'd to relate
They no sooner began their intentions to state,
Than the face of their virtuous chairman was scored,
And their truly respectable president-floor’d.-
Each subscriber received, while preparing to speak,
An exordium smack, or a prologuing tweak,
And the friends of good order and quiet were now
Compell’d by their duty to kick up a row.-
The treasurer first in his sinewy grasp
Seiz'd one of the nymphs, as an eagle an asp,
But darting her nails in his countenance solemn,
She presently fluted it down like a column,
Whereat, I'm reluctantly forced to aver,
Mr. Treasurer lost both his temper and her,
And launch’d from his hand, to the midst of the fight,
A candlestick, not very little or light.-
Like an opera hero, though secretly bent
On mischief and murder, it sang as it went,
Impinged upon Muggs who was groping his way
To sneak by the door from the gathering fray,
And squib-like concluded its hissing complaint
By an echoing crack on the head of the saint.

'tis amazing it did not strike light,
Or, at least, that his scull was not fractured outright,
But it must have been crack'd, and I'm free to maintain,
That while its a scull it will ne'er ring again.
Imagine the rest in their fisty-cuff freaks,
And list to the swearing, and tearing, and shrieks,
Occasion’d by sundry kicks, thumps, smacks, and boumees
Bestow'd on ribs, stomachs, eyes, noses, and sconces.-

Our hero meanwhile with a headaching throb, And a bulbous excrescence endorsed on his nob, Reeld forth from the fight, and took up his abode Beneath a large haystack that skirted the road, W'bere drowsy with liquor, and weary with toil, He forgot in repose all his pain and turmoil.




To travel in Russia it is indis- the Russian language possesses three pensably necessary to possess a qualities, which render it an object knowledge of the language, for hos- of attention to every one who is depitable as the Russian is, it is only termined not to be exclusive in his towards such as can address him in literary studies. In the first place, his native tongue; all others he re- it approaches more nearly than any gards as beings of a distinct and in- other modern tongue, to the ancient ferior species. It is owing to the languages-especially to the Greek want of this knowledge that foreign- and Latin,* in its construction, in ers experience so much to try their the employment of a number of parpatience, or excite their disgust. A ticiples, and in the conciseness of its trifling misunderstanding is not un- idioms; whereas the other modern frequently the cause of much serious European dialects are all, more or altercation, trouble, inconvenience, less, loaded and deformed with artiand expence; and yet foreigners will cles, auxiliary verbs, and other suca incur all this rather than take the cedanea for varied terminations. trouble to acquire the language of Secondly, it has an advantage over the country.

At Petersburg and them, in the inexhaustible treasures Moscow the necessity for conversing of the ancient Slavonic, which conin Russian is not so great, since one tinued for a length of time to be the may always shift tolerably well there dialect consecrated to literature and with either French or German. Yet the church, and from this may be it is very extraordinary that even the borrowed, without at all departing German professors, of whom there from the genius of the modern are so many at the various Univer: Russ, terms to denote all those shades sities, will not study the language of expression, and all those new ideas, of the people among whom they produced by an increase of national reside, although they are perhaps, ac- culture and civilization. , While, for quainted with every other European want of similar resources, other nadialect. During my stay at Kasan, tions are obliged to derive their phiI attended a mathematical lecture: losophic and abstract terms from the Professor had three pupils, the languages totally unknown to the first of whom could speak a little mass of the people, the Russian German, the second a little French, language, on the contrary, is capable and the third nothing but Russian.- of developing them from its own The two former were obliged, there. core; and for this reason it possesses fore, to officiate as interpreters to a freshness, a vitality, and an intheir companion, to whom they trans- tegrity, in which other modern idioms lated—or at least affected to translate are all, more or less, deficient. -propositions which they themselves Thirdly, and lastly, it is, as far as probably did not comprehend. And the authority of history will avail although these people may think us, one of the most widely-extended there is nothing worth their learning of all languages, ancient or modern. in Russian—which, by the bye, is a What was the Greek, even at its most very gross error --yet they should flourishing period, when it was the consider that, as they are employed language of Magna Græcia in the to teach, it behoves them not to re- west, and of Asia Minor in the east? linquish the only medium by which What was the Latin—at one time they can be enabled to do so effec- spoken, or at least understood, tually.

throughout all the then known and Independently of its other merits, subjugated world ?-What was the

* That the study of Russ would not be wholly unprofitable or uninteresting to the classical scholar, will be admitted by those who have perused Mr. Galiffe's arguments in favour of its being the parent of the Latin tongue. The analogies and afinities which he traces, appear luss fanciful than the generality of philologica! hypotheses.

Arabic, that, during the flourishing more importance to them than we ages of the Caliphat, had spread it should to a trifling excursion for a self from the shores of the Tigris single day. and the Euphrates, even to the peaks It is no unusual thing to hear a of Gebel Tarif (Gibraltar)?-What Russian mention, in the course of were all these in comparison with conversation, that he is just return. Russ, which has not been raised, ed from visiting the catacombs of by favourable circumstances, to a the Holy City—from Spain, Switmomentary elevation merely, but has zerland, Archangel, or Astrakan, as continued, with all its dependant if from some place in the immediate dialects, to be, since time immemorial, environs. I remember that, on my the language of an immense tract of arrival at Moscow, there lodged at country? From the eastern frontier the same inn as myself, an opulent of Bavaria to Kamtschatka, and even merchant, who was in the habit of to the western shores of North Ame- coming, with his family, every year rica, it is not only understood but from Tobolsk, to spend the carnival spoken.

there, and then return home: and Having pointed out the necessity although the distance is not less than of making one's self acquainted with 2336 versts, he accomplished it in the language of the country, and the only eight days. value of the acquisition, I would The Director of the Gymnasium at next advise whoever intends to travel Irkuzk, travelled, with his family, in Russia, to provide himself with from that city to Kasan, a distance a vehicle of his own. A hired car- of 5070 versts, in nineteen days; and riage may always be procured of a this journey was undertaken merely post-master; but it subjects those for the purpose of paying a short visit who adopt it, to the imputation of a to an old friend. contemptible poverty. Were any one Having procured a carriage of one's to make a pedestrian tour, he would own, the next thing to be observed, infallibly be regarded as a beggar: even is to take no more luggage than is the commonest peasant is generally absolutely necessary. The drivers, the possessor of two or more horses; who consider celerity more than any and so averse are the inhabitants of thing else, are exceedingly impatient some of the provinces, from the exer- of whatever may tend to impede it: cise of walking, that they will not and it will be found in every respect proceed the shortest distance, except more prudent, and, I may add, more in a carriage.

economical, to have all one's baggage Indeed so little idea have they of conveyed either by water or land walking for mere amusement, that a carriage. Owing to imprudence in promenade appears to them an egre- this respect, Gerinans, who proceed gious absurdity; and a man who to settle in Russia, occasion themwalks abroad, apparently for no other selves great delay, vexation, and expurpose than that of returning home pense: and they often incommode again, is regarded as little better themselves during a long journey, than a madman. When unoccupied, with what they could as well purthey indulge in the Oriental luxury of chase at the place of their destination. reposing upon a carpet.

I have sometimes seen a caravan of With respect to the horses, they these settlers with their waggons proceed with extreme rapidity, al- packed with tables, chairs, hen-coops, though they are but meagre, misera- doors, and windows, in short, with ble-looking animals; and instead of all their moveables and fixtures. Thus there being any occasion, as in Ger- they improvidently retard their promany, to urge on the postillions to gress, lose their patience, and begreater expedition, it is here abso- come disgusted with the country, the Iutely necessary to entreat them to inhabitants, the language, and every abate somewhat of their speed. In- thing that is Russian. deed it is no uncommon thing for Russia has for some time past be. them to travel 150 or 175 versts in come an object of attention to the twelve hours. Such is the celerity west of Europe, with which it has and the frequency with which they been brought more immediately into perform journeys of 500 or 600 miles contact. Numbers emigrate thither and upwards, that they attach no from Upper Germany; and the Rus

sian Universities are principally filled and repeated sacrifices, will at length with German Professors, who might destroy all energy of character in nam here find enough to exercise both tions, as well as in individuals; and their curiosity and their literary in- thus it happens that states verge todustry; and yet, strange to say, very wards imbecility and complete exlittle is the information they possess haustion: yet, should a people possess of the national character of the Rus sufficient perseverance to work its sians: little more, in fact, than that way through the storms of adversity vague and erroneous species of in- and revolution, until they attain seformation traditionary in popular curity and independence, they will school-books, and systems of geogra- likewise acquire a fixed character. phy. How, indeed, is it possible to That this has been the case with become acquainted with the genius Russia is well known to every one and disposition of any people, so long who is at all acquainted with its as we continue ignorant of their lan- history. This fixity and uniformity guage? A residence of a few months of character, extending through such in the metropolis, where the stranger an immense empire, is a phænomenon generally mixes with his own coun- unparalleled among any other nation, trymen, or with the higher classes of whether of ancient or modem times. the natives, is as little adapted to From Archangel to Cherson, from enable him to judge of the people Wilna and Kiev to Oshotsk and and their peculiar characteristics, as Nishnikamtskatt, there is but one travelling post through the country, language, with hardly any admixand conversing with none but postil- ture of dialects, and but one relions and innkeepers. Whoever tra- ligion; there are the same customs vels from Tala to Moscow, and from and manners; the same education thence to Volodimir, will be con- and way of living ; the same costume vinced, more perhaps than in any and the same popular amusements, other place, how contagious to morals In his temperament, the Russian is is the pestilential atmosphere of a vivacious and sanguine, and it is to great city; but he will he greatly this peculiarly, happy constitution, mistaken should he imagine, that the that he is indebted for those advanduplicity and cunning, from which he tages which distinguish him from here suffers, are characteristic of the other nations, and which may, at people in general : in order to con- some future period, elevate him to a vince himself of the contrary, he point that has not hitherto been atneeds only turn aside a few miles tained. From this cause arises his from the high road. Traders and almost indestructable gaiety, and artisans, who have the best oppor- that truly enviable accommodation of tunities of observing the habits and temper, which enables him to elicit manners of the lower and middling enjoyment from every the most tri, classes, have seldom either the leisure fling circumstance. or the ability to publish them; and Singing is, with the Russian, an the traveller who mixes only with almost universal specific with which the higher orders of society, will find he sweetens all his toils and difficulhut little to distinguish them from ties. To a foreign ear their national the same ranks in the other civilized melodies appear melancholy and countries of Europe. The best means plaintive; but for a native they posof becoming acquainted with the sess something tenderly engaging. most prominent traits of national Never, no not even in Italy during character, is to intermix for some the vintage, have I heard more singtime with the lower and middling ing in the open air then I have in classes, or, if this be not practicable, Russia. In every village, a lively to study their manners and disposi- troop of youthful peasantry assemtions in their genuine popular ro- bles in a circle during the delightful mances, wherein they are faithfully summer evenings; and the air retranscribed from the life. Of these, sounds with the finest voices, the however, there are scarcely any to most charming melodies, accombe found in Russia, with the excep- panied by songs of such enchanting tion of some national comedies, little, delicacy and simplicity, that they if at all; known, except to the na- might be attributed to a Sappho, or tives.

an Anacreon, without detracting from A series of reverses, misfortunes, the reputation of either. Even in

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