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the number of learned clerks' she bowing to them with a graceful humight give employ to, if she had. Her chancellor would have no sine- I have said he is a humane man, cure of it, I trow; hearing the peti- He once detected an unintimate cat tions of her poor, broken-fortuned, picking his cold mutton, “on a day, and bankrupt subjects, would take up alack the day !” for he was then too all his terms, though every term poor to spare it well. Some men were a year, and every year a term.” would have thrown a poker at her ; Thus he unites humour with serious- others would have squandered as ness, and seriousness with humour. way a gentlemanly income of oaths,

He is a polite man, though a wit; and then have sworn by private which is not what wits usually are; subscription; an absent man, had they would rather lose a life than a he been present, would perhaps joke. I have heard him express his have thrown his young son and heir, detestation of those wits who sport or his gold watch and seals, at her; with venomed weapons, and wish another, perhaps, bis wig ;-he conthem the fate of Laertes, who, in tented himself with saying, “ I have his encounter with Hamlet, got his two or three doubts, (which I shall weapon changed, and was himself put forth as much in the shape of a wounded with the poisoned foil he half-crown pamphlet as possible), as had designed for his antagonist. I to the propriety of your conduct in mean by saying he is a polite man, eating my mutton; and then he that he is naturally, not artificially, brushed her off with his handkerpolite; for the one is but a handchief, supped on half a French roll some, frank-looking mask, under and a gooseberry, and went happy to which you conceal the contempt you bed. feel for the person you seem most Some of his jokes have a practicadiligent to please; it is a gilt-edged lity about them; but they neither envelope to a blank valentine; a shell bave the quarter-staff jocoseness of without a nut; a courtezan in a fair Robin Hood, that brake heads let Quaker's chaste satinity and smooth them be never so obtuse and prosleekness; the arch devil in a do- found ; nor the striking effect of that nino :—the other is, as he describes flourishing sprig of the green Isle, it, taking the hat and cloak of your that knocks down friend and foe with heart off, and standing uncovered a partiality truly impartial. and unconcealed in the presence of He is no respecter of persons: the worth, beauty, or any one amiable beggar may have a joke of him, (and quality.

something better), though they do In short, he is a humane man; not happen to apply exactly • beand humanity is your only true po- tween the hours of eleven and four.” Jiteness. I have seen him ridicule Those handmaids of Pomona, who that politeness which contents itself vend her fruits about our streets, with bowing and back-hending, very seem, by their voices, to be legixhumorously. In walking through mate daughters of old Stentor; moie his garden, a tree or tall flower, especially shall I specify those damtouched by the passing wind, bowed seis who sell walnuts. To one of its head towards him : his hat was these our humourist once addressed off, and the bow was returned with himself “ to the effect following :" an old school ceremoniousness and _“ Pray, Mrs. Jones, will you crack etiquette that would, perhaps, have me fifty walnuts with the same voice cured Lord Chesterfield, that fine you cry them with ?" polisher of exteriors, of some of his At dinner, there is purposely but hollow-nutted notions of manners. one glass on the table ; his lady apeIn this spirit, I saw him bow very logizes for her seeming negligence; profoundly to the giants, as he passed -“ Time, my dear, hath no more by St. Dunstan's church. He had than one glass; and yet he contrives asked his friend Hobbes or Dobbs to see all his guests under the table (I know not which) what was the -kings, lord-mayors, and pot-boys." hour? Before Hobbes could reply, If he lends you a book, for the huthe giants had informed him: mour of the thing, he will request Thank you, gentlemen," said he, you, as you love clean shoes on a ford-mayor's day, to make no thumbi is as quick at a parry, and as harma and-butter references in the margin less at a thrust. But it were a and will, moreover, ask you whether vänity in me to attempt to pourtray you have studied that modern “art my humourous friend, so that all who of book-keeping," which has super- run may know him. His likeness seded the * Italian method,viz. of cannot be taken: you might as well never returning the books you bor- hope to paint the cameleon of yesrow?

terday by the cameleon of to-day; He has a very ingenious mode of or ask it as a particular favour of a putting names and significations on flash of lightning to sit for a wholes what he calls the brain-rack, and length portrait : or Proteus to stand dislocating their joints into words: while you chiselled out a personifithus tortured and broken into pieces, cation of Immutability. He is everThemistocles loses his quality, but changing, and yet never changed. increases his quantity, and becomes I cannot reflect back, by my aim the Miss Tokeleys; the Cyclades, by mirror, the “ flashings and outthe same disorder, become sick la- breakings of his fiery mind," when dies; a delectable enjoyment” is a he is in what he terms “ excellent deal-legged-table pleasure; &c. &c. fooling." (but it is, to my thinking, pun without end. These are what true wisdom);sparkle follows sparkle, he denominates punlings.

as spark followed spark from the For his puns, they fall as thick well-bethumped anvil of patten-footfrom him as leaves from autumn- ed Vulcan. I give up the attempt. bowers. Sometime since, he talked This is the humorous, and thereof petitioning for the office of pun- fore happy, man. Dost envy him, purveyor to his Majesty ; but ere he thou with the rugged brow, and pale, had written and your petitioner dejected cheek? When Fortune shall ever" pun, it was bestowed on frowns at thee, do thou laugh at her: the yeoman of the guard. He still, it is like laughing at the threatenhowever, talks of opening business ings of a bully,-it makes her think aspun-wright in general to his less of her power over thee. Wouldst Majesty's subjects,” for the diffusion thou be such a man, one-hearted of that pleasant small ware of wit; Selfishness, who hast no sympathy and intends to advertise puns with the suffering, no smile with the wholesale, retail, and for exporta- happy ? Feel less for thyself, and tion. N. B. 1.-A liberal allowance more for others, and the happiness made to captains, and gentlemen go- of others shall make thee happy. ing to the East or West Indies. As he has walked up the hill of Hooks, Peakes, and Pococks, sup- life with an equal pace, and without plied on moderate terms. Worn-out any breathless impatience for, or fear sentiments and clap-traps taken in at, the prospect beyond, and the exchange.--N. B. 2. May be had journey has been gentle and serene, in a large quantity in a great deal so, I have no doubt, will be the box, price five acts of sterling come- end of it. Wishing him, and all who dy, per packet; or in small quantities contribute to the happiness of their in court-plaister-sized boxes, price fellow-men, either by good humour, or one melodrama and an interlude, per goodness of any kind, the same silent box.-N. B. 3.—The genuine are conclusion to a noiseless life, I shake sealed with a Munden grin; all his and their hands; and, while the others are counterfeits. Long live journey lasts, may they have May for Apollo !&c. &c.

their weather, and as many flower's His wit is what he describes the for the roadside as Flora can afford true wit to be: it is brilliant and to those who will stoop for them : playful as a fencing-foil; it is as and inns of plenteousness and joy, at pointed too, and yet it hurts not; it which to sojourn, &c. &c.

C. W.




In the year 1813 I made a tour of deepened and magnified by some ina considerable portion of the north of tercourse with the Secret Societies of Germany. From the Elbe to the Isle Germany, which, with much mysof Rugen my route lay through the ticism, and solemn affectation of country which had been the principal knowledge, certainly inculcated rescene of the celebrated Schill's opera- sistance to the tyrant of Europe, as tions. The peasantry were full of the among the first of duties. recollection, and when they were not He was said to be more distinafraid of finding a spy, or smarting guishable for bravery than for miliunder a recent visit from the French, tary knowledge or talent. But the they were boundless in their histo- man who could elude or overpower ries of the miraculous atchievements all opposition in the heart of an eneof “ the Brandeburgh Hussar.” my's conquest for months together, -Those narratives had gradually must have had talent as well as hegrown romantic, little as romance roism. Schill's first operation was was to be expected from a boor on to pass over the Elbe, and try the the edge of the Baltic. But the state of the public mind in the counvalour and eccentricity of Schill's try round Magdeburgh. attempt, his bold progress, and his It is still difficult to ascertain, death in the midst of fire and steel, whether his enterprize had a higher would have made a subject for the authority. The situation of Prusexaggerations and melancholy of ro- sia, after the battle of Jena, in 1806, mance in any age.

was one of the most deplorable sufA thousand years ago a German fering. The loss of independence, the bard would have seen his spirit loss of territory, the plunder of the drinking in the halls of Odin, out of public property, and the ruin of the a Gaelish skull, and listening to the Prussian name in Europe were felt harps of the blue-eyed maids of Val- like mortal wounds. But the perhalla, bending around him with their sonal insolence of the French, who sweet voices, and their golden hair. have always lost by their insolence Arminius might have been no more what they had gained by their rathan such a daring vindicator of his pine, struck deeper into the national country ; and, but for his narrower mind. The innumerable private inmeans, and more sudden extinction, juries to honour and feeling, the Schill might have earned from some gross language, and the malignant future Tacitus the fine and touching tyranny of the French military, inpanegyric, “ Liberator haud dubiè flamed the people's blood into a Germaniæ, et qui non primordia po- fever of impatience and revenge. I puli Romani, sicut alii reges duces- have often expressed my surprise, on que, sed florentissimum imperium la- hearing those stories of French atrocesserit ; præliis ambiguus, bello non city, that no German had taken up victus, septem et triginta annos vitæ the pen to transmit them as a record explevit

. Canitur adhuc barbaras and a warning to posterity. One apud gentes, Græcorum annalibus evening, standing on the banks of ignotas, qui sua tantum mirantar, the Elbe, and overlooking the fine Romanis haud perinde celebris, dum quiet landscape of the islands tovetera extollimus, recentium incu- wards Haarburg, I remember to riosi.” Schill was thirty-six, but a have made the observation, after year younger than Arminius at his hearing a long detail of the sufferings death. The rude prints and plaster of the peasantry, whose white cotimages at the German fairs, gave tages studded the scene at my feet. him a vigorous figure, and a bold “ My dear sir,” said an old German physiognomy. He was active in his officer, “ My countrymen are like exercises, superior to fatigue, and that river; their whole course has of acknowledged intrepidity; fond been through sandbanks and shalof adventure in the spirit of his lows, but they make their way to corps, and his natural enthusiasm the end at last.” Then, indulging Vol. III.



his metaphor, and waving his hand vanced to the gates, and after susa as if to follow the windings of the taining a vigorous skirmish with the stream, “I am not sure but that garrison, in which the French were this very habit of reluctance to un- on the point of being cut off from necessary exertion, may have al- the town, was forced to abandon an lowed them to collect comforts by enterprize, which was probably unthe way, which neither Englishman dertaken merely as a more open nor Frenchman would have been mode of declaring, that "war in procalm enough to gather. If that river cinct” was levied against the ophad been a torrent, should we now pressors of the population. He then be looking on those islands ?" There plunged into Westphalia. His plans may be some experience in the old in this country have been often can-soldier's answer, but if Germany is vassed; for the Germans are, in a slow to give a history of her mis- vast proportion to the English, mifortunes, she ought not to leave her litary disputants; and the names of heroes in oblivion. Schill deserves a their highest soldiers, from Frederic better memoir than a stranger can down to Blucher and Bulow, are give.

discussed without mercy and withIn this fermentation of the public out end. Schill shares the common mind, the North of Germany was fate, and all the armies of Germany suddenly denuded of troops to form would not have been enough to fill a part of the grand imperial army, up the outline of the campaign, marching against Austria. Slight which I have heard sketched for him garrisons were placed in the principal round the fire of a table d'hote in towns, and the general possession of the north. According to those tacthe open country was chiefly left to ticians he should have marched dithe gendarmerie. Schill, then major rect upon Cassel, and made himof one of the most distinguished regi- self master of Jerome Buonaparte. ments in the service, the Branden- He should have charged up to the burgh hussars, one morning sudden- gates of Berlin, and delivered the ly turned his horse's head towards country. He should have attacked the gate of Berlin, on the dismissal the rear of the grand army, and of the parade, gave a shout for given time for the arrival of the “ King and Country,” and at the Arch-duke. He should have made head of this regiment burst from the an irruption into the French terriGlacis. Though the whole garrison tory in its unguarded state, and of Berlin, French and Prussian, were compelled Napoleon to consult the on the parade, there was no attempt safety of Paris. To all this the nato intercept this bold manœuvre. tural answer was, that Schill had They were thunderstruck, and by but from four to six hundred husthe time that orders were determined sars, and a few infantry, deserters on, Schill was leagues off, galloping from the line. With those he refree over the sands of Prussia. The mained for nearly three months masofficers of his corps were among the ter of the communications of Westbest families of Brandenburgh, and phalia, continually intercepting ofsome fine young men of rank joined ficers, functionaries, and couriers, him immediately. It is uncer- and either eluding or beating every tain, to this hour, whether he was detachment sent to break up his not secretly urged by his court to flying camp. In one of his expemake the experiment on the proba- ditions he took Marshal Victor with bilities of insurrection. But Napo- his suite and despatches, on his Jeon was too near to allow of open way to join the army before Vienna. encouragement, and at the demand But it affords an extraordinary eviof De Marsan, the French ambassa- dence of the apathy, or the terror dor, who was, as Trinculo says, of Germany, that, during this period “ Viceroy over the King," Schill was of excitement, his recruits never proclaimed an enemy to the state. amounted to two hundred men. It,

His first attempt was the surprize however, grew obviously perilous to of Magdeburgh, the principal fortress leave this daring partizan free to of the new kingdom of Westphalia, raise the spirit of the country, and and famous to English ears for the à considerable force was despatched imprisonment of Trenck. He ads against him. A corps from Cassel


moved in direct pursuit, while ano- like a broad river, tranquil and glasther, composed of Dutch and Danes, sy, with a low rich border of veturned towards his rear. It was getation, leading the eye across to now time to fly. The experiment the woods and picturesque : rocks on Westphalia was completed; and that crown the shore of Rugeni an escape into Sweden was the only The country was thinly peopled; course of safety. Schill has been but those were times of the « pride, blamed for lingering on this retreat. pomp, and circumstance of gloria But a gentler estimate, and proba- ous war.” The Swedish army, unbly a truer one, would have attri- der the Crown Prince, going to fight buted his tardiness to the natural re- his countrymen, were now moving luctance of a brave man to leave the down from Sweden. A strong corps ground while there is a chance of had just landed at Stralsund, where disputing it. Every hour was full the head-quarters were now estaof change; a battle on the Danube blished. As I approached Stralsund might alter the whole fortunes of from a bend of the shore, I at once Germany within an hour, and Prus- saw the dome of the great church sia would have been the first to raise and heard the sound of a trumpet, the standard. But Schill suffered no as if to announce its appearance. advantage to be taken of his delay. Then, military sights and sounds folHis marches were regular, he fixed lowed in quick succession ; à squahis head-quarters for ten or twelve dron of Swedish gun-boats were lydays at Domitz, a small town on the ing off the shore, with the yellow Mecklinburgh side, which he forti- cross brightning in the sunset. Chafied so far as to be secure from a lopes and rafts were passing with surprize. He abandoned it only on troops and stores. A line of huge the approach of the enemy, to whom pontoon waggons stood the he left nothing but his sick, -ade shore of Rugen like the bastions of vanced to Stralsund, the strongest a fortress; the flags of all nations fortress in Pomerania, dismantled in the harbour were displayed in by the French, but still in their honour of the presence of royalty; possession, and capable of defence and on driving round to the glacis, against an ordinary hazard; stormed I was dazzled by the glare of a the gates; drove the French before whole host of musquets and sabres his cavalry into the great square; flashing in a lovely setting-sun, at and was in possession of the town the close of a review before the after a brisk engagement of less than Duke of Brunswick, then on his way an hour. On the road to Stralsund to the camp of the allies. I was shown the remains of a field But the military spirit of my refortification where a French detach- ception was not yet complete. At ment had attempted to stop the the gate I found the Burgher guard' hussars. It was a rude work, a of the town returning from their parapet of earth and a trench filled evening parade; and was led to my with water. The gates and guns hotel in the midst of a gallant dishad probably fallen into the hands of sonance of clashing cymbals, drums, the peasantry. Schill, on proposing trumpets, and restive horses caraa capitulation to those men, had coling and curvetting under the unbeen fired on. He immediately easy heroism of all the chief warcharged at the head of his regiment, riors of the corporation of Stralsund. leaped the trench, and got into the Schill had found the principal fortification on horseback. All the works destroyed, but yet not to be French were killed or taken. gained without fighting, and it was

Pomerania (in German, Pommern) not till after a sharp contest that he is one vast flat, which probably was forced his way over the ramparts. once at the bottom of the Baltic. On his march he had baffled the It is fertile, and was, when I passed Dutch general, Gratien, whose exthrough it, covered with a carpet press commission was to extirpate of springing corn. But on my ap- him in the field. Schill out-maproach to the sea the prospect on næuvred the general, and was mas the side of the Island of Rugen be- ter of Stralsund a week before he came diversified. The sea between saw the face of a pursuer. There the island and the main land looked can be no doubt that he might, in

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