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He that directs the storm supports my mind,
When dangers rise, in Him alone I'll trust,
And though I perish, own that he is just.
Poor wanderer, whither art thou going?
The sea runs high;
And ah! no friendly land is nigh.
Thy little wants make known:
Strive to forget my own.
With grief opprest,
The past, immeasurable space :
While I may roam
Or freeze beneath the pole;
Get safely home.
THE OLD AND THE NEW SCHOOLMASTER. My reading has been lamentably Dieman's Land. Yet do I hold a desultory and immethodical. Odd, correspondence with a very dear out of the way, old English plays, friend in the first-named of these and treatises, have supplied me with two Terræ Incognitæ. I have no most of my notions, and ways of astronomy. I do not know where to feeling. In every thing that relates look for the Bear, or Charles's Wain; to science, I am a whole Encyclopædia the place of any star; or the name behind the rest of the world. I of any of them at sight. I guess at should have scarcely cut a figure Venus only by her brightness—and among the franklins, or country gen- if the sun on some portentous morn tlemen, in king John's days. I know were to make his first appearance less geography than a school-boy of in the West, I verily believe, that, six weeks' standing. To me a map while all the world were gasping in of old Ortelius is as authentic as apprehension about me, I alone should Arrowsmith. I do not know where- stand unterrified, from sheer incuabout Africa merges into Asia; riosity and want of observation. Of whether Ethiopia lie in one or other history and chronology I possess of those great divisions; nor can some vague points, such as one canform the remotest conjecture of the not help picking up in the course of position of New South Wales, or Van miscellaneous study ; but I never deliberately sat down to a chronicle, were the sole passengers, he naturally even of my own country. I have enough addressed his conversatior most dim apprehensions of the four to me; and we discussed the merits great monarchies; and sometimes of the fare, the civility and puncthe Assyrian, sometimes the Persian, tuality of the driver ; the circumfloats as first in my fancy. I make stance of an opposition coach having the widest conjectures concerning been lately set up, with the probaEgypt, and her shepherd kings. My bilities of its success to all which I friend M., with great pains-taking, was enabled to return pretty satisgot me to think I understood the first factory answers, having been drilled proposition in Euclid, but gave me into this kind of etiquette by some over in despair at the second. I am years' daily practice of riding to and entirely unacquainted with the mo- fro in the stage aforesaid - when he dern languages; and, like a better suddenly alarmed me by a startling man than myself, have “ small Latin question, whether I had seen the show and less Greek.” I am a stranger to of prize cattle that morning in Smiththe shapes and texture of the com- field: Now as I had not seen it, and monest trees, herbs, flowers—not from do not greatly care for such sort of the circumstance of my being town- exhibitions, I was obliged to return a born-for I should have brought the cold negative. He seemed a little same inobservant spirit into the mortified, as well as astonished, at world with me, had 'I first seen it my declaration, as (it appeared) he in “ on Devon's leafy shores,"—and was just come fresh from the sight, am no less at a loss among purely and doubtless had hoped to compare town-objects, tools, engines, mechac notes on the subject. However he nic processes.-Not that I affect ig- assured me that I had lost a fine norance—but my head has not many treat, as it far exceeded the show of mansions, nor spacious; and I have last year. We were now approachbeen obliged to fill it with such ca- ing Norton Falgate, when the sight binet curiosities, as it can hold with- of some shop-goods ticketed fresherout aching. I sometimes wonder, ed him up into a dissertation upon how I have passed my probation the cheapness of cottens this spring. with so little discredit in the world, I was now a little in heart, as the as I have done, upon so meagre a nature of my morning avocations stock. But the fact is, a man may had brought me into some sort of do very well with a very little know- familiarity with the raw material ; ledge, and scarce be found out, in and I was surprised to find how elomixed company; every body is so quent I was becoming on the state of much more ready to produce his own, the India market-when, presently, than to call for a display of your ac- he dashed my incipient vanity to the quisitions. But in a tête-à-tête there earth at once, by inquiring whether is no shuffling. The truth will out. I had ever made any calculation as There is nothing which I dread so to the value of the rental of all the much, as the being left alone for a retail shops in London. Had he quarter of an hour with a sensible, asked of me, what song the Sirens well-informed man, that does not sang, or what name Achilles asknow me. I lately got into a dilemma sumed when he hid himself among of this sort.
women, I might, with Sir Thomas In one of my daily jaunts between Browné, have hazarded a “ wide Bishopsgate and Shacklewell, the solution." My companion saw my coach stopped to take up a staid- embarrassment, and, the almshouses looking gentleman, about the wrong beyond Shoreditch just coming in side of thirty, who was giving his view, with great good-nature and parting directions (while the steps dexterity shifted his conversation to were adjusting), in a tone of mild the subject of public charities ; which authority, to a tall youth, who seem- led to the comparative merits of proed to be neither his clerk, his son, vision for the poor in past and prenor his servant, but something para sent times, with observations on the taking of all three. The youth was old monastic institutions, and chadismissed, and we drove on. As we ritable orders ;-but, finding me ra
ther dimly impressed with some as in a grammar school. Revolving glimmering notions from old poetic in a perpetual cycle of declensions, associations, than strongly fortified conjugations, syntaxes, and prosodies; with any speculations reducible to renewing constantly the occupations calculation on the subject, he gave which had charmed their studious the matter up; and, the country childhood; rehearsing continually the beginning to open more and more part of the past ; life must have upon us, as we approached the turn- slipped from them at last like one pike at Kingsland (the destined ter- day. They were always in their first mination of his journey), he put a garden, reaping harvests of their home thurst upon me, in the most golden time, among their Flori and unfortunate position he could have their Spici-legia; in Arcadia still, but chosen, hy advancing some queries kings; the ferule of their sway not relative to the North Pole expedition. much harsher, but of like dignity While I was muttering out something with that mild sceptre attributed to about the panorama of those strange king Basileus; the Greek and Latin, regions (which I had actually seen), their stately Pamela and their Phiby way of parrying the question, loclea ; with the occasional duncery the coach stopping relieved me from of some untoward Tyro, serving for any further apprehensions. My com- a refreshing interlude of a Mopsa, or panion getting out, left me in the a clown Damætas! comfortable possession of my igno- With what a savour doth the Prerance; and I heard him, as he went face to Colet's, or (as it is sometimes off, putting questions to an outside called) Paul's Accidence, set forth ! passenger, who had alighted with “ To exhort every man to the learnhim, regarding an epidemic disorder, ing of grammar, that intendeth to that had been rife about Dalston; attain the understanding of the and which, my friend assured him, tongues, wherein is contained a great had gone through five or six schools treasury of wisdom and knowledge, in that neighbourhood. The truth it would seem but vain and lost lanow flashed upon me, that my com- bour; for so much as it is known, panion was a schoolinaster; and that that nothing can surely be ended, the youth, whom he had parted from whose beginning is eithey feeble or at our first acquaintance, must have faulty; and no building be perfect, been one of the bigger boys, or the whereas the foundation and groundusher.
work is ready to fall, and unable He was evidently a kind-hearted to uphold the burden of the frame." man, who did not seem so much How well doth this stately preamble desirous of provoking discussion by (comparable to those which Milton the questions which he put, as of commendeth as “ having been the obtaining information at any rate. usage to prefix to some solemn law, It did not appear that he took any then first promulgated by Solon, or interest, either, in such kind of in- Lycurgus") correspond with and quiries, for their own sake; but that illustrate that pious zeal for conhe was in some way bound to seek formity, expressed in a succeeding for knowledge. A greenish coloured clause, which would fence about coat, which he had on, forbade me grammar-rules with the severity of to surmise that he was a clergyman. faith-articles ! _" as for the diversity . The adventure gave birth to some of grammars, it is well profitably reflections on the difference between taken away by the king majesties persons of his profession in past and wisdom, who foreseeing the inconpresent times.
venience, and favourably providing. Rest to the souls of those fine old the remedie, caused one kind of Pedagogues; the breed, long since grammar by sundry learned men to extinct, of the Lilys, and the Lin- be diligently drawn, and so to be set acres : who believing that all learning out, only everywhere to be taught was contained in the languages which for the use of learners, and for the they taught, and despising every hurt in changing of schoolmaisters." other acquirement as superficial and What a gusto in that which follows: useless, came to their task as to a “ wherein it is profitable that he sport. Passing from intancy to age, [the pupil] can orderly decline his they dreamed away all their days noun, and his verb." His nou !
The fine dream is fading away to the Panopticon, or into the counfast; and the least concern of a try, to a friend's house, or his fateacher in the present day is to incul- vourite watering-place. Wherever cate grammar rules.
o he goes, this uneasy shadow attends The modern schoolmaster is ex- him. A boy is at his board, and in pected to know a little of every his path, and in all his movements. thing, because his pupil is required He is boy-rid, sick of perpetual boy. not to be entirely ignorant of any Boys are capital fellows in their thing. He must be superficially, if own way, among their mates; but I may so say, omniscient. He is to they are unwholesome companions know something of pneumatics; of for grown people. The restraint is chemistry; of whatever is curious, felt no less on the one side, than on or proper to excite the attention of the other.—Even a child, that "playthe youthful mind; an insight into thing for an hour," tires always. The mechanics is desirable, with a touch noises of children, playing their own of statistics ; the quality of soils, &c. fancies--as I now hearken to them botany, the constitution of his coun- by fits, sporting on the green before try, cum multis aliis. You may get a my window, while I am engaged in notion of some part of his expected these grave speculations-at my neat duties by consulting the fainous suburban retreat at Shacklewell-by Tractate on Education addressed to distance made more sweet-inexpresMr. Hartlib.
sibly take from the labour of my task. All these things-these, or the It is like writing to music. They desire of them—he is expected to seem to modulate my periods. They instil, not by set lessons from pro- ought at least to do so---for in the fessors, which he may charge in the voice of that tender age there is a bill, but at school-intervals, as he kind of poetry, far unlike the harsh walks the streets, or saunters through prose-accents of man's conversation. greenfields (those natural instructors), -I should but spoil their sport, and with his pupils. The least part of diminish my own sympathy for them, what is expected from him, is to be by mingling in their pastime. done in school-hours. He must in- I would not be domesticated all sinuate knowledge at the mollia tem- my days with a person of very supepora fandi. He must seize every rior capacity to my own-not, if I occasion—the season of the year know myself at all, from any consithe time of the day-a passing cloud derations of jealousy or self-compa-a rainbow-a waggon of hay--a rison, for the occasional communion regiment of soldiers going by--to with such minds has constituted the inculcate something useful. He can fortune and felicity of my life-but receive no pleasure from a casual the habit of too constant intercourse glimpse of Nature, but must catch with spirits above you, instead of at it as an object of instruction. He raising you, keeps you down. Too must interpret beauty into the pic- frequent doses of original thinking turesque. He cannot relish a beggar- from others, restrain what lesser porman, or a gypsy, for thinking of the tion of that faculty you may possess suitable
improvement. Nothing of your own. You get entangled in comes to him, not spoiled by the another man's mind, even as you lose sophisticating medium of moral uses, yourself in another man's grounds. The Universe,—that Great Book, as You are walking with a tall varlet, it has been called—is to him indeed, whose strides out-pace yours to lasto all intents and purposes, a book, situde. The constant operation of out of which he is doomed to read such potent agency would reduce tedious homilies to distasting-school- me, I am convinced, to imbecility. boys.- Vacations themselves are none You may derive thoughts from oto him, he is only rather worse off thers; your way of thinking, the than before; for commonly he has mould in which your thoughts are some intrusive upper-boy fastened cast, must be your own. Intellect upon hinn at such times; some cadet of may be imparted, but not each man's a great family; some neglected lump intellectual frame. of nobility, or gentry; that he must As little as I should wish to be drag after him to the play, to the always thus dragged upwards, as Panorama, to Mr. Bartley's orrery, little (or rather still less) is it desira
ble to be 'stunted downwards by your the house is a scene of happiness ; I, associates. The trumpet does not only, am sad at heart.--This fine more stun you by its loudness, than spirited and warm-hearted youth, a whisper teazes you by its provoking who fancies he repays his master inaudibility.
with gratitude for the care of his Why are we never quite at our boyish years--this young man-in ease in the presence of - a school- the eight long years I'watched over master ?-hecause we are conscious him with a parent's anxiety, never that he is not quite at his ease in could repay me with one look of
He is awkward, and out of genuine feeling. He was proud, when place, in the society of his equals. I praised; he was submissive, when He comes like Gulliver from among I reproved him; but he did never his little people, and he cannot fit love me-and what he now mistakes the stature of his understanding to for gratitude and kindness for me, yours. He canot meet you on the is but the pleasant sensation, which square. He wants a point given all persons feel at revisiting the scene him, like an indifferent whist-player. of their boyish hopes and fears; and He is so used to teaching, that he the seeing on equal terms the man wants to be teaching you. One of they were accustomed to look up to these professors, upon my complain- with reverence.' ing that these little sketches of mine “My wife too,” this interesting were any thing but methodical, and correspondent goes on to say, “my that I was unable to make them once darling Anna, is the wife of a otherwise, kindly offered to instruct schoolmaster. When I courted her, me in the method, by which young when I married her—knowing that gentlemen in his seminary were
the wife of a schoolmaster ought to taught to compose English themes. be a busy notable creature, and fear-The jests of a schoolmaster are ing that my gentle Anna would ill eoarse, or thin. They do not tell supply the loss of my dear bustling out of school. He is under the re- mother, just then dead, who never straint of a formal and didactive hy- sat still, was in every part of the pocrisy in company, as a clergyman house in a moment, and whom I was is under a moral one." He can no obliged sometimes to threaten to more let his intellect loose in society, fasten down in a chair, to save her than the other can his inclinations. from fatiguing herself to death
He is forlorn among his co-evals; when I expressed my fears, that I his juniors cannot be his friends. was bringing her into a way of life : I take blame to myself,” said unsuitable to her, she, who loved me a sensible man of this profession, tenderly, promised for my sake to writing to a friend respecting a youth exert herself to perform the duties who had quitted his school abruptly, of her new situation. She promised, « that your nephew was not more and she has kept her word. What attached to me. But persons in my wonders will not a woman's love situation are more to be pitied, than perform? - My house is managed can well be imagined. We are sur- with a propriety and decorum, unrounded by young, and, consequents known in other schools ; my boys are ly, ardently affectionate hearts, but wel! fed, look healthy, and have we can never hope to share an atom every proper accommodation ; and of their affections. The relation of all this performed with a careful master and scholar forbids this. How economy, that never descends to pleasing this must be to you, how I meanness. But I have lost my genenvy your feelings, my friends will tle, helpless Ama!-When we sit soinetimes say to me, when they see down to enjoy an hour of repose young men, whom I have educated, after the fatigue of the day, I am return after some years absence from compelled to listen to what have been school, their eyes shining with plea: her useful (and they are really use sure, while they shake hands with ful) employments through the day, their old master, bringing a present and what she proposes for her toof game to me, or a toy to my wife; morrow's task. Her heart and her and thanking me in the warmest features are changed by the duties terms for my care of their education. of her situation. To the boys, she
holyday is begged for the boys; never appears other than the mastu: 's