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can, I think, be assigned, why a genius of more modern date should not be entitled to the same privilege, except we will absurdly and enthusiastically fancy, that time gives a value to writings, as well as to coins and medals. It may be added also, that as Butler is not only excellent, but almost singular too, in his manner of writing, every thing of his must acquire a proportionable degree of value and curiosity.

I shall not longer detain the reader from better entertainment, by indulging my own sentiments upon these Remains ; and shall rather choose to wait for the judgment of the public, than impertinently to obtrude my own. It is enough for me, that I have faithfully discharged the office of an editor, and shall leave to future critics the pleasure of criticising and remarking, approving or condemning. The notes which I have given, the reader will tind to be only such as were necessary to let him into the author's meaning, by reciting and explaining some circumstances, not generally known, to which he alludes ; and he cannot but observe, that many more might have been added, had I given way to a fondness for scribbling, too common upon such occasions'.

Although my author stands in need of no apology for the appearance he is going to make in the following sheets, the world may probably think, that the publisher does, for not permitting hini to do it sooner.-All that I have to say, and to persons of candour I need to say no more, is, that the delay has been owing to a bad state of health, and a consequent indisposition for a work of this nature, and not to indolence, or any selfish narrow views of my own.

In the present edition, such only are retained as are necessary to bring the reader acquainted with the several less-usual allusions.

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THE

And bent his penetrating brow,
As if he meant to gaze her through;

When all the rest began t'admire,
ELEPHANT IN THE MOON'.

And, like a train, from him took fire,
A LEARN'D society of late,

Surpris'd with wonder, beforehand, The glory of a foreign state,

At what they did not understand, Agreed upon a summer's night,

Cry'd out, impatient to know what To search the Moon by her own light';

The matter was they wonder'd at. To take an inventory of all

Quoth he, “ Th’ inhabitants o'th' Moon, Her real estate, and personal;

Who, when the Sun shines hot at noon, And make an accurate survey

Do live in cellars under ground, Of all her lands, and how they lay,

Of eight miles deep, and eighty round, As true as that of Ireland, where

(In which at once they fortify The sly surveyors stole a shire:

Against the Sun and th' enemy) T observe her country, how 'twas planted

Which they count towns and cities there, With what sh' abounded most, or wanted

Because their people's civiller And make the proper'st observations

Than those rude peasants that are found For settling of new plantations,

To live upon the upper ground, If the society should incline.

Call’d Privolvans, with whom they are To attempt so glorious a design

Perpetually in open war; This was the purpose of their meeting,

And now both armies, highly enrag'd, For which they chose a time as fitting,

Are in a bloody fight engag'd, When, at the full, her radiant light

And many fall on both sides slain, And influence too were at their height.

As by the glass 'tis clear and plain, And now the lofty tube, the scale

Look quickly then, that every one With which they Heaven itself assail,

May see the fight before 'tis done." Was mounted full against the Moon,

With that a great philosopher, And all stood ready to fall on,

Admir'd, and famous far and near, Impatient who should have the honour

As one of singular invention, To plant an ensign first upon her,

But universal comprehension, When one, who for his deep belief

Apply'd one eye, and half a nose, Was virtuoso then in chief,

Unto the optic engine close : Approv'd the most profound and wise,

For he had lately undertook To solve impossibilities,

To prove, and publish in a book, Advancing gravely, to apply

That men, whose natural eyes are out, To th' optic glass his judging eye,

May, by more powerful art, be brought Cry'd, « Strange !"—then reinforc'd his sight To see with th' empty boles, as plain Against the Moon with all his might,

As if their eyes were in again; * This poem was intended by the author for a into the virtuosi taste, and a whimsical fondness satire upon the Royal Society, which, according for surprising and wonderful stories in natural o his opinion at least, ran too much, at that time, I history.

And if they chanc'd to fail of those,

And amply satisfy'd us all To make an optic of a nose,

Of the Privolvans' original. As clearly it may, by those that wear

That elephants are in the Moon, But spectacles, be made appear,

Though we had now discover'd uone, By which both senses being united,

Is easily made manifest, Does render them much better sighted,

Since from the greatest to the least, This great man, having fix'd both sights

All other stars and constellations To view the formidable fights,

Have cattle of all sorts of nations, Observ'd his best, and then cry'd out,

And Heaven, like a Tartar's hord, “ The battle's desperately fought;

With great and numerous droves is stor'da The gallant Subvolvani rally,

And if the Moon produce by nature, And from their trenches make a sally

A people of so vast a stature, Upon the stubborn enemy,

'Tis consequent she should bring forth Who now begin to rout and fly.

Par greater beasts too, than the Earth; “ These silly ranting Privolvans,

(As by the best accounts appears Have every summer their campaigns,

Of all our great'st discoverers) And muster, like the warlike sons

And that those monstrous creatures there Of Rawhead and of Bloodybones,

Are not such rarities as here.” As numerous as Soland geese

Meanwhile the rest had had a sight ['th' islands of the Orcades,

Of all particulars o'th' fight, Courageously to make a stand,

And every man, with equal care, And face their neighbours hand to hand,

Perus’d of th' elephant his share, Until the long'd-for winter 's come,

Proud of his interest in the glory And then return in triumph home,

Of so miraculous a story; And spend the rest o' th' year in lies,

When one, who for his excellence And vapouring of their victories.

In heightening words and shadowing sense, From th' old Arcadians they 're believ'd

And magnifying all he writ To be, before the Moon, deriv'd,

With curious microscopic wit, And when her orb was new created,

Was magnify'd himself no less To people her were thence translated :

In home and foreign colleges, For as th’ Arcadians were reputed

Began, transported with the twang Of all the Grecians the most stupid,

Of his own trillo, thus t' harangue. Whom nothing in the world could bring

“ Most excellent and virtuous friends, To civil life, but fiddling,

This great discovery makes amends They still retain the antique course

For all our unsuccessful pains, And custom of their ancestors,

And lost expense of time and brains: And always sing and fiddle to

For, by this sole phenomenon, Things of the greatest weight they do."

We 've gotten ground upon the Moon, While thus the learn'd man entertains

And gain'd a pass, to hold dispute Th' assembly with the Privolvans,

With all the planets that stand out; Another, of as great renown,

To carry this most virtuous war And solid judgment, in the Moon,

Home to the door of every star, That understood her various soils,

And plant th' artillery of our tubes And which produc'd best genet-moyles,

Against their proudest magnitudes; And in the register of fame

To stretch our victories beyond Had enter'd his long-living name,

Th' extent of planetary ground, After he had por'd long and hard

And fix our engines, and our ensigns, l'th' engine, gave a start and star'd

Upon the fix'd stars' vast dimensions, Quoth he, “A stranger sight appears,

(Which Archimede, so long ago, Than e'er was seen in all the spheres ;

Durst not presume to wish to do) A wonder more unparalleld,

And prove if they are other suns, Than ever mortal tube beheld;

As some have held opinions, An elephant from one of those

Or windows in the Empyreum, Two mighty armies is broke loose,

From whence those bright effuvias come And with the horrour of the fight

Like flames of fire, (as others guess) Appears amaz'd, and in a fright:

That shine i'th' mouths of furnaces. Look quickly, lest the sight of us

Nor is this all we have achiev'd, Should cause the startled beast t'imboss.

But more, henceforth to be believ'd, It is a large one, far more great

And have no more our best designs, Than e'er was bred in Afric yet,

Because they 're ours, believ'd ill signs. From which we boldly may infer,

Tout-throw, and stretch, and to enlarge, The Moon is much the fruitfuller.

Shall now no more be laid t' our charge; And since the mighty Pyrrhus brought

Nor shall our ablest virtuosis Those living castles first, 'tis thought,

Prove arguments for coffee-houses; Against the Romans, in the field,

Nor those devices, that are laid It may an argument be held

Too truly on us, nor those made (Arcadia being but a piece,

Hereafter, gain belief among As his dominions were, of Greece)

Our strictest judges, right or wrong; To prove what this illustrious person

Nor shall our past misfortunes more Has made so noble a discourse on,

Be charg'd upon the ancient score;

No more our making old dogs young

That elephant may differ so Make men suspect us still i' th' wrong;

From those upon the Earth below, Nor dew-invented chariots draw

Both in his bulk, and force, and speed, The boys to course us without law;

As being of a different breed, Nor putting pigs t'a bitch to nurse,

That though our own are but slow-pac'd, To turn them into mongrel curs,

Theirs there may fly, or run as fast, Make them suspect our sculls are brittle,

And yet be elephants, no less And hold too much wit, or too little ;

Than those of Indian pedigrees.” Nor shall our speculations, whether

This said, another of great worth, An elder-stick will save the leather

Fam'd for his learned works put forth, Of schoolboys' breeches from the rod,

Look'd wise, then said—“ All this is true, Make all we do appear as odd.

And learnedly observd by you: This one discovery 's enough

But there's another reason for 't, To take all former scandals off

That falls but very little short But since the world 's incredulous

Of mathematic demonstration, Of all our scrutinies, and us,

Upon an accurate calculation, And with a prejudice prevents

And that is-As the Earth and Moon Our best and worst experiments,

Do both move contrary upon (As if they were destin'd to miscarry,

Their axes, the rapidity În consort try'd, or solitary)

Of both their motions cannot be And since it is uncertain when

But so prodigiously fast, Such wonders will occur again,

That vaster spaces may be past Let us as cautiously contrive

In less time than the beast has gone, To draw an exact narrative

Though he 'ad no motion of his own, Of what we every one can swear

Which we can take no measure of, Our eyes themselves have seen appear,

As you have cleard by learned proof. That, when we publish the account,

This granted, we may boldly thence We all may take our oaths upon 't."

Lay claim t'a nobler inference, This said, they all with one consent

And make this great phenomenon Agreed to draw up th' instrument,

(Were there no other) serve alone And, for the general satisfaction,

To clear the grand hypothesis To print it in t:2 next Transaction.

Of th' motion of the Earth from this." But whilst the chiefs were drawing up

With this they all were satisfy'd, This strange memoir o'th' telescope,

As men are wont o'th' biass'd side, One, peeping in the tube by chance,

Applauded the profound disput Beheld the elephant advance,

And grew more gay and resolute, And from the west side of the Moon

By having overcome all doubt, To th' east was in a moment gone.

Than if it never had fall’n out; This being related, gave a stop

And, to complete their narrative, To what the rest were drawing up;

Agreed t' insert this strange retrieve. And every man, amaz'd anew

But while they were diverted all How it could possibly be true,

With wording the memorial, That any beast should run a race

The footboys, for diversion too, So monstrous, in so short a space,

As having nothing else to do, Resolv'd, howe'er, to make it good,

Seeing the telescope at leisure, At least as possible as he could,

Turn'd virtuosi for their pleasure; And rather his own eyes condemn,

Began to gaze upon the Moon, Than question what he 'ad seen with them.

As those they waited on had done. While all were thus resolv'd, a man

With monkeys' ingenuity, Of great renown there thus began

That love to practise what they see; “ 'Tis strange, I grant! but who can say

When one, whose turn it was to peep, What cannot be, what can, and may?

Saw something in the engine creep, Especially at so hugely vast

And, viewing well, discover'd more A distance as this wonder 's plac'd,

Than all the learn'd had done before. Where the least errour of the sight

Quoth he, “ A little thing is slunk May show things false, but never right;

Into the long star-gazing trunk, Nor can we try them, so far off,

And now is gotten down so nigh, By any sublunary proof:

I have him just against mine eye.” For who can say, that Nature there .

This being overheard by one Has the same laws she goes by here?

Who was not so far overgrown Nor is it like she has infus'd,

In any virtuous speculation, In every species there produc'd,

To judge with mere imagination, The same efforts she does confer

Immediately he made a guess Lipon the same productions here,

At solving all appearances, Since those with us, of several nations,

A way far more significant Have such prodigious variations,

Than all their hints of th' elephant, And she affects so much to use

And found, upon a second view, Variety in all she does.

His own hypothesis most true; Hence may b'inferr'd, that, though I grant For he had scarce apply'd his ey · We 'ave seen i' th' Moon an elephant,

To th' engine, but immediately

He found a mouse was gotten in

Which wisely was by Nature hidden, The hollow tube, and, shut between

And only for his good forbidden? The two glass windows in restraint,

And therefore with great prudence does Was swell'd into an elephant,

The world still strive to keep it close; And prov'd the virtuous occasion

For if all secret truths were known, Of all this learned dissertation :

Who would not be once more undone? And, as a mountain heretofore

For truth has always danger in 't, Was great with child, they say, and bore

And here, perhaps, may cross some hint A silly mouse; this mouse, as strange,

We have already agreed upon, Brought forth a mountain in exchange.

And vainly frustrate all we ’ave done, Meanwhile the rest in consultation

Only to make new work for Stubs, Had penn’d the wonderful narration,

And all the academic clubs. And set their hands, and seals, and wit,

How much, then, ought we have a care, T" attest the truth of what they 'ad writ,

That no man know above his share, When this accurs'd phenomenon

Nor dare to understand, henceforth, Confounded all they 'ad said or done :

More than his contribution's worth? For 'twas no sooner hinted at,

That those who ’ave purchas'd of the college But they all were in a tumult strait,

A share, or half a share, of knowledge, More furiously enrag'd by far,

And brought in none, but spent repute, Than those that in the Moon made war,

Should not b' admitted to dispute, To find so admirable a hint,

Nor any man pretend to know When they had all agreed thave seen 't,

More than his dividend come to ? And were engag'd to make it out,

For partners have been always known Obstructed with a paltry doubt :

To cheat their public interest prone; When one, whose task was to determine,

And if we do not look to ours, And solve th' appearances of vermin,

'Tis sure to run the self-same course." Who 'ad made profound discoveries

This said, the whole assembly allow'd In frogs, and toads, and rats, and mice,

The doctrine to be right and good, (Though not so curious, 'tis true,

And, from the truth of what they 'ad heard, As many a wise rat-catcher knew)

Resolv'd to give truth no regard, After he had with signs made way

But what was for their turn to vouch, For something great he had to say;

And either find or make it such: 3“ This disquisition

That 't was more noble to create Is, half of it, in my discission”;

Things like truth, out of strong conceit, For though the elephant, as beast,

Than with vexatious pains and doubt Belongs of right to all the rest,

To find, or think t' have found, her out. The mouse, being but a vermin, none

This being resolv'd, they, one by one, Has title to but I alone;

Review'd the tube, the mouse, and Moon; And therefore hope I may be heard,

But still the narrower they pry'd, In my own province, with regard.

The more they were unsatisfy'd; “ It is no wonder we 're cry'd down,

In no one thing they saw agreeing, And made the talk of all the town,

As if they 'ad several faiths of seeing. That rants and swears, for all our great

Some swore, upon a second view, Attempts, we have done nothing yet,

That all they 'ad seen before was true, If every one have leave to doubt,

And that they never would recant When some great secret 's half made out;

One syllable of th' elephant; And, 'cause perhaps it is not true,

Avow'd his snout could be no mouse's, Obstruct, and ruin all we do.

But a true elephant's proboscis. As no great act was ever done,

Others began to doubt and waver, Nor ever can, with truth alone,

Uncertain which o' th’ two to favour, If nothing else but truth w' allow,

And knew not whether to espouse 'Tis no great matter what we do:

The cause of th' elephant or mouse. For Truth is too reserv'd, and nice,

Some held no way so orthodox T' appear in mix'd societies;

To try it, as the ballot-box, Delights in solitary abodes,

And, like the nation's patriots, And never shows herself in crowds;

To find, or make, the truth by votes: A sullen little thing, below

Others conceiv'd it much more fit All matters of pretence and show;

Tunmount the tube, and open it, That deal in novelty and change,

And, for their private satisfaction, Not of things true, but rare and strange,

To re-examine the transaction, To treat the world with what is fit

And after explicate the rest, And proper to its natural wit;

As they should find cause for the best. The world, that never sets esteem

To this, as th' only expedient, On what things are, but what they seem,

The whole assembly gave consent; And, if they be not strange and new,

But, ere the tube was half let down, They ’re ne'er the better for being true.

It clear'd the first phenomenon: For what has mankind gain'd by knowing

For, at the end, prodigious swarms His little truth, but his undoing,

Of flies and gnats, like men in arms,

Had all past muster, by mischance, 2 Sic Orig.

Both for the Sub- and Privolvans.

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