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Sweepers, Weigh-Masters and Measur- This is an interesting work, written with
Market Regulations, Assize of great feeling, containing striking views of Bread, Money Tables, Corporation Laws civilized society, as existing in Europe, and and Ordinances, Inspectors of Native exhib iing the ad an g s and disadvan. Produce, Masters and Wardens of the ages-the abuses anu uprovements, inciPort, Pilots, Slave Regulations, &c. &c. fiue contrast of light and shade. The doc
dent to that state of society, in strong and Embellished with a Plan of the City, irme contained in the work is equally true and Engravings of Public Buildings, and important, and explained with great New-York, Printed for, and Published power of thought, and felicity of illustraby Edınund M. Blunt, 24mo. pp. 508.
tion. Ibis is a very useful publication; full and accurate. The body of the work is impur
The Adopted Daughter; A Tale for tant to the stranger, as it points out what Young Persons. By Miss Sandham, Auever is worthy of examination in the city, thor of the Twin Sisters, &c. New. and, also, the readie-t means of access to the York, W. B. Gilley, 18mo. pp. 172. repositories of literature and the arts. The appendix contains an abstract of the muni
This tale seems to have been written for cipal regulations of New York, and will be very young persons,--to such it may be in. found a great convenience both to the resi.
teresting. dent and foreigner, as it enables them to Sketches of Lower Canada, Historical guard against imposition, and points out the and Descriptive; with the Author's rewhich every person ignorant of the law, is collection of the suil and aspect; the mo. continually liable. It contains well-execut
rals, habits and religious institutions of ed engraved views of some of the most con
that isolated country; during a tour to sideralile public buildings, and is accompa. Quebec, in the month of July, 1817. nied by an excellent map, which exhibits not By Joseph Sansom, Esq. Member of the only a plan of the city, but also a directory American Philosophical Society,, Author to all the public buildings of every descrip- of Letters from Europe, &c. Newtion.
York, Kirk & Mercein, 12mo. pp. 316. Placide, a Spanish Tale; translated
We have not yet had leisure to read this from Les Battuecas of Madame De Gen- volume, which from the setting forth of the lis, :sy Alexander Jamieson. New-York, title page. claims more con-it, ration than Kirk & Mercein, 12mo. pp. 143.
we should be able to give it in this catalogue.
ART. 16. REPORT OF DISEASES TREATED AT THE PUBLIC DISPENSARY,
NEW-YORK, DURING THE MONTH SEPTEMBER, 1817.
lepsy.) 3; Hysteria. (Hysterics,) 3 ; Ophthal. TEBRIS Intermittens, (Intermillent re
mia Chronica, ( Chronic Inflammation of the
Eyes.) 3; Cynanche Tonsillaris Chronica 1; ver.) 1; Febris Continua. (Continued Ferer.)
Catarrhus. (Catarrh.) 1; Bronchitis Chroni. 8; Febris Infantum Remittens, (Infantile Re
ca. 5; Asthma et Dyspnea, (Asthma and millent Ferer,) 12; Hernia Humoralis. 3; Difficult Breathing.) 2; Phthisis PulmonaPhlegmone, (Inflammation.) 3 ; Otitis, (In- lis. (Pulmonary Consumption.) 6; Hepatitis flammation of the Ear) 1; Ophthalmia, (In. Chronica, ( Cronic Inflammation of the liver,) flammation of the Eye,) 4; Cynanche Tonsil
1; Rheumatismus Chronicus, ( Chronic Rheularis, (Inflammation of the Throat,)1; Bron. matism.) 8; Pleurodynia, 3; Lumbago, 9 ; chitis, (Inflammation of the Bronchia.) 1; Hænoptysis, (Spitting of Blood.) 2 ; DysenPneumonia, (Inflammation of the Chesl.) 4;
teria Chronica, 12 ; Diarrhæa, 27; Amenor. Pneumonia Typhoides, 1 ; Mastitis, (Inflam- rbæa, 9; Ischuria, (Retention of Urine,) 1; mation of the Female Breast.) 1; Splenitis, Dysuria. (Difficully of Urine.) 1 ; Lithiasis
, (Inflammator of the Spleen ) 1 ; Rheumatis (Grarel,) 1; Plethora, 2; Anasarca, (Dropmus, (Rheumatism,) 3; Cholera, 2 ; Dysen- sy) 1; Hydarthrus, (White Swelling) 3; teria. (Dysentery,) 5; Erysipelas. (St. Antho
Vermes. (Worms.) 15 ; Syphilis, 16; Uritbriny's Fire) 3; Vaccinia, (Kine Pock,) 5; Den
tis Virulenta. 8; Phymosis, 1; Tumor, 3; titio, ( Teething.) 2.
Hernia Inguinalis, 2; Luxalioa 2; Stremma, CHRONIC AND LOCAL DISEASES.
(Sprain,) 1; Contusio, (Bruise.) 7; Volnus,
(Wound ) 5; Abscessus, (Abscess.) 3; Ulcus, Asthenia, (Debility.) 3 ; Vertigo, 6; Cepha: (Ulcer,) 17 ; Fistula in Perineo, 1; Odontal, Lalgia. (Hearl-ach, 6; Dyspepsia. (Indiges gian 12; Sepra Venerea, 1; Ptoriasis. 1; tion.) 16; Gastrodynia, (Pain in the Stomach.) Ptoriasis Gyrate Vene rea, 1; Erythena, 1: 6:; Enterodynia, (Pnin in the Intestines. J 5; Urticaria, (Nellle Rash,) 1; Imprigo, 3 ; Por: Colira. (Colie) 3; Ob-tipatio: (Costiveness,) rigo, 4; Scabies et Prurigo. 11; Herpes, Is 15y Paralysis, (Palsy;) 1; Epilepsia, (Epi- Aphiba, 1; Eruptiones Varicæ, 5.
The change of of temperature during Sep- hibited no very obvious change of character, tember, has been considerable, but not fre. except a great proneness to degenerate into quent. A prolongation of the summer heats, the chronic form. Some cases of diarrhea with occasional calms, marked the first were accompanied with large dejections of twelve days: on the 13th the weather be bile; but in the majority of instances, ibę came more cool, and continued temperate, complaint was without any preternatural or moderately warın, throughout the remain increase of biliary secretion, and oftentimes der of the month. The winds, though mostly seemed to be owing principally to a want of from the south and south west, bave been due tone in the intestines ihemselves. And somewhat various and irregular, as is usual indeed, a relaxation of weakness or the intesabout the time of the autumnal equinox, tines, produced by the hot season, may be when more or less revolution and commo- considered as the most general predisposing tion take place in the whole atmosphere, cause of these autumnal complaints of the accompanied, generally, with one or two bowels. Hence it is, that dysentaries and storms. The whole quantity of rain that diarrhæas with us, seldom begin to prevail has fallen in this month was equal to 4 inches much till towards the conclusion of summer and 6-10, being little more than half the quan- or beginning of autumn, when the hot wea. tity for August -Showers occurred on the ther constantly acting for several months 5th, 11th, 121b, 17th, and 27th; a considera- together, has had its full influence in debili. ble rain through the night of the 141h, a more tating the animal system ;-and they do not heavy one on the 15th, and 16th, and again cease before the approach of winter, when on the 234 and 24:-no tbunder storms, but the corroborant power of atmospheric cold incessant lightning during the evening of the has braced up the solids and implanted new 11th. The highest temperature has been vigor in the constitution. 83°; lowest 480 ; greatest diui nal variation Fevers have continued to make their ap. 18°; mean temperature of the morning, 60° pearance under a variety of forms; and have and 3-100; of the afternoon, 71° and 70 100; more frequently shown marks of degeneracy, at sunset, 67° and 83-100;-greatest eleva. or a stronger tendency to assume the charaction of the mercury in the Barometer, 30 teristics of the malignant or putrid type. inches and 35-100; greatest depression, 29 Some have exhibited malignant symptoms inches, and 36-100.
from the very commercement, being attendBoth the diseases and the mortality of this ed with anxious and difficult respiration, hot mooth have, in the aggregate, increased, and offensive breath, brown dry tongue, pun. but not to any considerable extent, or so as gent heat of skin, violent pains of the bead, materially to impair the public health. — The confusion of ideas, or stupor. autumnal season, in this climate, generally In some few cases of remittent and conti. brings with it an augmentation of diseases, – nued fevers, a diarrhæa accompanied them and is particularly favourable to the exten- during the three or four first days, and prosion, or at least to the continuance of fevers, bably arose not merely from congestion, prodysentaries and diarrhæas. Among the more duced during the cold fit, but also from the obvious causes that contribute to, and tend usual tendency of the humours to flow toto produce this morbid influence of the au. wards the intestinal canal, when in a relaxed tumn, may be reekoned the impaired ener- and debilitated state. In one instance in gies of the constitution itself, induced by tbe which this symptom existed, it was almost debilitating power of excessive heat, conti immediately relieved by venesection. nually operating during the preceding sum- The remittent, judging from Dispensary, mer months; the diminution of perspiration; Practice, has been the most general form of the sudden reduction of external tempera- fever; and has assumed, in different indivirature; the variable state of the weather; duals, a sub-inflammatory, bilious, or putrid and lastly, the impure condition of the sur: diathesis. In the two former kinds, the use rounding atmospbere, which, at that time, of the lancet was, in a few instances, had is more generally loaded with noxious mias. recourse to in the beginning of the first stage mata exhaled from large quantities of decay. of the fever, and with decided advantage. jpg or putritying animal and vegetable mat. From a review of the diseases of the three
last months, it appears that we have had feThe diseases thert have principally prevail. vers, u bich have assumed all the different ed, during September, were fevers, and dis- forms, or types, that usually occur in this orders of the primæ viæ, chiefly in the form climaie The writer is happy to have it in of dysentery, diarrhea, and dyspepsia. with his power to state, that we liare vot, in addimost of it consequent affections There has lion to these, been alarmed by the appearalso beeo some intermixture of inflammatory ance of that occasional visiter and scourge of and especially rlieumatic complaints.
our city, the yellow or pestilential fever. The Cholera, though on the decline, was not untavourable state of the summer season, unfrequent in the early part of the month; being accompanied with great and continued but it rapidly diminished after the cessation heat, along with frequent, and oftentimes of bot weather, and has almost entirely dis. heavy rains; the early occurrence of yellow appeared within the last two weeks. Dys. fever in the West-India Islands; its subse. entary and diarrhea have, on the contrary, quent appearance in some of the southern rather increased ia frequeucy, but bave ex. ports of the United States, and the report of
the existence of some cases at our Quaran. origin, have considered necessary for the tine Ground, introduced by vessels coming production of yellow fever, and yet it has from infected ports, all concurred to indicate not occurred; from which the conclusion approaching danger, and to excite serious must follow, that either these causes are not apprehensions. But by the strict enforce in themselves suficient, or else that “ similar ment of Quarantine Regulations to guard causes have, in the present instance, ceased against the introduction of contagion from to produce similar effects.". abroad, the city of New York has again es- The deaths recorded in the New York bills caped a visitation of this dreadful pestilence. of mortality for September, are as follows:
As the avowed object of these Reports, is Abscess, 1; Apoplexy, 3; Asthenia, 1; a history of the weather and prevailing dis. Cancer, 1; Caries, 1 ; Child Bed, 1 ; Cholera eases, with details of practical facts and ob- Morbus, 2 ; Consumption, 51; Convulsions, servations,-the writer forbears to enter upon 20 ; Diarrboa, 9 ; Drinking Cold Water, 1 ; any formal discussion or examination of the Dropsy, 5; Dropsy in the Head, 9; Dropsy important questions which have divided the in the Chest, 1; Drowned, 5: Dysentery, medical profession of tbis country, as to the 23; Inflammatory Fever, 1; Intermittent nature and origin of this pestilential disease: Fever, 2; Hectic Fever, 1; Remittent Fewhether it be contagious or non-contagious; ver, 3 ; TyphusFever, 21; Iofantile Flux, 6; whether it be a foreign or domestic produc Hæmoptysis, 1; Hamorrlage, 2; Hives, tion; a disease of a peculiar and specific 3; Inflammation of the Bowels, 5; Inflamcharacter, originating only in tropical cli- mation of the Brain, 2 ; Inflammation of the mates, or merely our common autumnal re- Chest, 2 ; Inflammation of the Liver. 4; Inmittent, rendered more violent and fatal flammation of the Stomach, 1; Insanity, 1; from local impurities, from a deranged stale Intemperance, 5; Killed, 1; Marasmus, 3; of the atmosphere, or from other accidental Mortification, 2 ; Nervous Disease, 1; Old circumstances. It may, however, be proper Age. 10; Palsy, 2 ; Peripneumony, 1 ; Quinto add, that our city, during the last season, sy, 1; Rickets, 1; Scrophulag 3; Spirue, 7; has been under the iofluence of all the still Born, 17; Sudden Death, 1; Suicide. 1; causes wbich the advocates for domestic Tabes Mesénterica, 4; Teething, 3; Una
known, 4; Worms, 1.-Total, 259. * These causes are a continuance of heat Of whom there died, 73 of and under the and, moisture, with a quantity of decaying age of 1 year ; 37 between 1 and 2 years ; apimal and vegetable matter. With regard 13 between 2 and 5; 8 between 5 and 10; to the two former of these, it must suffice to 17 between 10 and 20; 23 between 20 and observe, that it will scarcely be denied that 30; 18 between 30 and 40; 25 between 40 they have, during the last season, existed to and 50; 18 between 60 and 60; 8 between an extent quite equal to that of some of the 60 and 70; 8 between 70 and 80; 8 between years in which yellow fever has appeared:- 80 and 90 ; and 1 of a 100. and as to animal and vegetable filth, it may
JACOB DYCKMAN, M, D. safely be said, that our city bas seldom, if New York, September 301h. 1817. ever, presented a greater abundance! In addition to other nuisances, our streets, populous city, and at this season of the year, docks, wharves and market places, have when the Board of Health invite the serious been notoriously foul. So great, inded, was attention of the citizens to the means pro the annoyance, and so serious the apprehen. vided by law for the purpose of guarding sions from some of these sources ef disease, against malignant and pestilential diseases; that we witnessed the extraordinary and un. And the Jurors, aforesaid, do further presenta usual occurrence of a presentment of the that at the intersection of Orange and Leo" Grand Jury,"in behalf of the people of the nard streets down to Collect street; in Col. city and county of New York, actually pre lect street down to Canal street; in and ferred against the guardians of the public across Canal street nearly to the foot of Fleshealtlı, the Mayor and Corporation, for dere. ter street, down to the river, diverse miry, liction of duty, in not interposingftheir autho- offensive and unwholesome places remain, rity, in order to remove and prevent, as far and are permitted, to the great danger of the as possible, these several nuisances, so ob. public health, and annoyance of toe people noxious to the health of the city. In the thereabout inhabiting; and so the Jurors, said "presentment of the Grand Jury,” aforesad, do present the Mayor, aldermen among other things, it is remarked that, "at and Commonalty, of the city of New York,' no time for many years has the public health for permitting the said places and streets been exposed to greater danger, from pools aforesaid, which remain to tbe great danger of stagnant water, carcases of dead animals, of the good people, and to the great scandal and large heaps of street manure, which are of the city of New York." suffered to remain in the very heart of this
17. CABINET OF VARIETIES.
being obliged to sustain actions founded on That ibe defendant's filly was dead. Tne bets. Besides the countenance thereby given learned counsel observed, that the stipulato a pernicious system of gambling the trans- tion of the half forfeit was to guard against actions themselves are frequently too base accidents, which hurses as well as men uere or contemptible for grave investigation. subject to. The wager had been won up to Among those disgraceful suits which learned the extent of one balt of it; aud the law of Judges have been obliged to decide, was one England would shew that the defendant was between two young fashionables, on the bound to pay the 50%. for the recovery of lives of their fathers, running them against which the action was brought each other, and calculating the bet in pro- The Attorney Generai submitted to the portion to the chances of longevity. He court, that ihe act of God bad rendered it whose father died first was to pay a forfeit. impossible for the defendant to fulfil bis part It turned out that the father of one of these of 'he contract; and that such rule of law hopeful youths, was dead at the time his was equally as applicable to brutes as to dutiful son was making this wager, though manhind. both the parties were ignorant of it. He re- Chief Justice --- Here not so, undoubtedly; fused to pay the stipulated sum, which was, a man undertakes that he will doso and so, however, recovered at law. A bet was made and binds himself to the performance of it ; as to the sex of the Chevalier D'Eon, but lord he is responsible for the non-performance of Mansfield refused to try it, as affecting the his agreement. So with a horse ; a man feelings of a third person.' An action was may bind himself that bis filly shall perforin lately broughtato recover a bet won on Jo- a stipulated task, wbicli it cannot do. The anna Southcot's non-delivery of a male responsibility certainly lies upon the con. child, before the lst. of November, 1815; traet." but it appearing that Joanna Southcot was Verdict-For the plantiff damages 501. not a married woman, the learned justice Chief Justice--- Gentlemen of the Jury, dismissed the suit, as involving too delicate you will recollect that pounds are always a subject of inquiry,-though he admitted, guineas on the turf!”—The verdict was acif she had been a married woman, it would cordingly altered to guineas. have been a strictly legal wager!
We think the Supreme Court of Massachu. From the European Magazine for Aug. 1817. setts took the proper ground in regard to this
ENGLISH BISHOPRICKS. species of litigation. On the first attempt to Statement of the Value of different Sees, acinforce a contract of this kind, the Court
cording to the present Rentals : the indisclaimed all cognizance of questions of this
equality among them is geuerally little description, as unworthy of their notice. It
known. was well observed by the present Chief Jus
£ tice of that Commonwealth, that from being Canterbury—the Duke of Rutland's the umpires of such controversies, it would
cousin (Dr. C. Manners Sulton) be but a slight descent to become the stake. York-Lord Vernon's and Lord Har
20,000 holders of the parties.
court's brother (Dr. Edward Vena. The following trial will show what Eng. ble Vernon)
14,000 lish courts can stoop to.
Durham-Lord Barrington's uncle
24,000 Sir T. Massey Slanley, Bart. v. Hodgson.- Winehester-Lord North's brother This was an action against the defendant, a (Hon. B North)
18,000 gentleman of the first respectability on the Ely-The Duke of Rútland's tutor turf, for the amount of a bet which was re- (Dr. Sparke)
12.000 fused to be paid, as being against the laws of London-(Dr. Howley)
9,000 the turf. The case had been argued before, Bath and Wells - Duke of Glouces. in a court of another description, but al. ter's tutor (Dr. R. Berden)
5,000 though a court of honour, (the Jockey Club), Chichester--Duke of Rickmond's tu. the members had no power to issue writ or tor (Dr. Buckner)
4,000 process, to compel the execution of their Litchfield andCoventry-Lord Corn. judgment. The case was as follows:
wallis's uncle (Dr J. Cornwallis) 6.000 In 1811, a party of sporting gentlemen Worcester-(Dr. Cornwall)
4000 Jined at Colonel' Barnston's in Chester, Hereford--(Dr. Huntingford)
4,000 among whom were the plaintiff and the de. Bangor-- The son of the Queen's fendant, a gentleman of fortune al Liverpool. English master (Dr. J. W. MaThey had each a filly a month old, and it was jendie)
5,000 agreed by the parties they should run a st. Asapb--Duke of Beaufort's tutor match at Chester races, 1813, 8st. each, for (Dr. Luxmore)
6,000 300 guineas, h. f. Sir Thomas brought his Oxford-Brother of the Regent's tu. Ally to the post, but no horse of the defend- tor (Dr. Jackson)
ON A CHEAP MODE OF FEEDING PIGS.
Lincoln, Mr. Pitt's secretary (Dr. G. after digging. I find that when potatoes are P. Tomlins)
5,000 left in large heaps or pits in the ground, that Salisbury, Princess Charlotte's tutor a fermentation takes place, which destroys (Dr Fisher)
6,000 the sweet flavour of the potatoes. In order Norwich-(Dr. Bathurst)
4,000 to prevent tbat fermentation, and to preCarlisle Duke of Portland's tutor serve them from loosing the original fine and (Dr. Goodenough)
3,500 pleasant flavour, my plan is (and which exSt. David's - (Dr Burgess)
5,000 perience proves to me to have the desired Rochester-Duke of Portland's secre.
etfect) to have them packed in casks, as tary (Dr. King)
1,500 they are digged from the ground, and to have Exeter-Lord Chichester's brother the casks, when the potatoes are piled in (Hon G. Pelham)
3.000 them, filled up with sand or earth, taking Pelerborongh-(Dr. J. Parsons) 1,000 care tbal it is done as speedily as possible, Bristol-Mr. Percival's tutor (Dr. W. and that all vacant spaces in the cask are L Mansel)
1,000 filled up by the earth or sand. The cask Leandaff - Mr. Marsh late (Dr. Wat
tbus packed holds as many potatoes as it son)
900 would was no earth or sand used in the packGloucester-(Hon. Dr. H. Ryder) 1,200 ing; and as the vacant spaces of the cask of Chester-Lord Ellenborough's bro
potatoes so packed are filled, the air is totally ther (Dr. H. Law.)
1,000 excluded, and cannot act on the potatoes,
and consequently no fermentation can take
place. In the year 1803. a very curious proposal
" I sailed from New York to S Bartholowas made to the public by a Mr. Saunders, mew's, and brought with me two hundred of Stroud, Gloucestershire, who assert. barrels of potatoes, packed in the above ed that he had discovered a new kind of manner On my arrival at the island, I found, food for pigs, which was so highly nutri
as I expected, that the potatoes had preservtious, and at the same time so extraordinary ed all iheir original sweetness of Bavour; in cheap, that these animals might be kept fact, were as good as when first dug,having un (taking all ages and sizes together) at the dergoue no fermentation, nor in the slightlow rate of one penny per head per day.
est degree affected by the bilge or close air Mr. Saunders observes, that “ clover or
of the ship. Some barrels of the potatoes I sainfoin bay, at 41: 14s. 4d. per ton, is 4s. 8d.
sold there, and at the neighbouring islands, per cwt. or one ballpenny per pound; and for four dollars per bushel, and at the same that twenty pounds weight of either, well time potatoes taken out in bulk without pack. boiled, will make, with the addition of the ing, and others tbat were brought there packincorporating ingredients, sufficient wash or ed in casks which had not been filled up in food to maintain thronghout the day fifty earth, sold only for one dollar per bushel, store pigs, from three inonths old to an in they being injured in the passo e by the definite age upwards.
bilged air and fermention, being bitter and He then gives the following estimates of bad, whilst mine were perfectly sweet and daily expenses of keeping fifty store pigs :-- dry as when dug Wbat remained, I shipped
s. d. from Bartholomew's to Jamaica, where Potatoes one bushel
13 they arrived in equally good condition, and Meal of any description
14 sold it at a higher price than they had brought Clover hay
0 10 at the former island. Some of these casks Coal
3 of potatoes were put in a cool cellar by tbe Attendance
0 purchaser at Jamaica, and on examining
them when I was leaving the island, two
4 2 months afier, I found that they had, in a very which is exactly one penny per head.
sma! degree, sprouted, but tbat all their oriMr. Saunders afirms that a single sack of ginal favous was preserved. boiled potatoes, when mixed with this wash, without any other ingredient, will go as far as four or five sacks when given without it, From the Philosophical Magasine for Aug. 1817 although boiled.
At Tunbridge Wells, on the night of Wed. In the European Magazine for July last, nesday the 30th of July, about half after we find a simple method of preserving pota- eleven o'clock, appeared a beautiful parasetoes, contained in a communication from lene, or mock njoon. It was at the distance Charles Whitlow, Esq. dated in New York, of about 25 degrees south of the inoon, and Feb. 1816.
was highly coloured with red and yellow, “ The usual mode at present practised for en. and at length bad the addition of a project. deavouring to preserve potatoes, after digging ing and tapering band of light estending in is to exposed them to the sun and air, until the direction of the halonic radius. The phathey are dry. This exposure generally causes nomenon lasted about three ininuies. The sky thein to have a bitter taste, and it may be was full of the cirrus or curlcloud, and the remarked, that potatoes are never so sweet waneclond passed oversio fine veils, here aud to the palate as when cooked immediately there dispersed in wavy bare. A cbange had