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served throughout the performance. Great racters or plot. The intrigue is not well debeauties frequently redeemed trifing errors; signed by the author, and can claim very litand sometimes in the midst of the most obvi- tle merit in the unravelling. There is no unous misconceptions, a brilliant light would certainty from the beginning, with regard to appear to illumine the surrounding darkness. the real murderer of Alonzo, and we are, of Mr. Duff's principal fault appeared to be a course, not struck with surprise at the detec. misapprehension of the whole scope of the tion of De Zelos by means of the dagger.character of Macbeth, and a want of compreThis play has many poetical, but not many hension of all the emotions wbich are sup- dramatic beauties; and it is remarkable, that posed to agitate bim in many situations. some of the most splendid passages, rather Another error is to be remarked in the swell- retard, than assist the progress of the fable, ing utterance with which he gives familiar and are too declamatory for the develope. orders to his servants. The words,

ment of character. Go bid thy mistress when the drink is ready In consequence of such prevaling faults, it She strike upon the bell.

can easily be surmised that the tragedy would and,Get thee to bed," were declaimed to the not excite much interest in the representa. servants with the energy of violent passion. tion. It did not. That difficult soliloquy beginning, If it were Mr. Duff did his best with the part of Manudone, when 'tis done, was not understood clear- el, and contrived to revive the impression of ly, and the meaning was indefinitely convey the character of King Lear, which produced ed: but we have no further room to point out an association by no means favourable to the either particular beauties or defects.

character represented. There are expressions The play of the Poor Gentleman, by G. in this production obviously copied from Colman the younger, was excellently well Shakespeare and the old dramatists, and in cast, and admirably performed; and would situations where their value is very apparent. have convinced us, if any confirmation were Mr. Brown grappled with De Zelos, and required, of the superior talents of this com- succeeded in achieving a conquest, and Mrs. pany for the representation of comedy, rath. Duff was also successful in Victoria. As to er than of tragedy. Messrs. Bernard, Green, Torrismond, by Mr. Drummond, and Ximeno Brown, Dykes, and Hughes, were all excellent by his wife, we have only to repeat that a in their respective characters. Under this natural mode of utterance will inform the head we should not omit to mention the auditor what the author intended; but that characteristical performance by Mr. Bray of affectation of any sort is insufferable. In any Lord Duberly in the Heir at Law. The part play, but in a new one particularly, it is the we believe is new to him, and he surpasses, duty of performers to suppose the audience deducting a little for too much grimace, any never to have heard it before, and therefore performer we have ever seen "enact it.” the clearest conveyance of the sense is an

The tragedy of Manuel, we presume, does absolute pre-requisite to their comprehension not require a description, either of its cha- of its scope and character.




gow paper remarks, “it is a flattering cir. cumstance for our manufacturers, that the ex

portation of muslin to India from the Clyde, The foreign relations of Great Britain have sold at such prices as to enconrage a great undergone no change since our last, though extension of the trade; and considerable report still speaks of some negotiation being sales to fancy muslins have receatly been on foot with Spain, touching the South- made for that market." The harvest, also, American colonies. His Royal Highness, the is said to have been abundant, as well as Commander in Chief, has refused to grant of excellent quality. The tin and copper leave to any British officer to proceed to mine in the parish of Redruther, which had South America for the purpose of joining the been suspended for two years, has begun patriots, and expressed surprise and dissatis- again to be worked. This is the only mine faction that such application should be made. in the country that has ever produced much The prorogation of Parliament has been con- cobalt, and from this, one stone has recently tinued from the 25th of August, to the 3d of been taken, which weighed one thousand November. Manufactures continue to in- three hundred and thirty-three pounds. It crease_wages have risen, and national is stated that there was imported from the industry is reviving. Manufactures of cotton United States of America into Englend, beand iron are particularly in demand. It is tween the 1stjof September, 1816, and the 1st estimated that the cousumption of cotton, for of Sept. 1817, no less than four bundred and the year 1817, will amount to ninety-two ninety-three thousand, five hundred and fourmillions of pounds; the consumption for teen barrels of fiour, which, with the grain 1816_is supposed to have fallen short of se- imported from the same country, would be venty-five millions of pounds. Cotton manu. sufficient to load two thousand seven hundred factures have been sent to India, and a Glas- and eighty-six vessels ofone hundred tons each. Vor !, No. II.


Notwithstanding the disbursements from suffrage, and rallied round the polls in great the treasury of Greenwich Hospital, which numbers. are necessarily very great, it has accumulated A royal ordinance has been issued, for the in the funds £3,760,000 of 3 per cent. stock. purpose of forming, what are called majorats, According to the books of the Hospital of the for ihe bereditary peerage. A majorat is an thirty-two thousand out-pensioners, now hereditary fief. No individual except eccleregistered, from twelve to fifteen thousand siastics can hereafter be called to the house are capable of active service afloat, and a of peers, who has not obtained the king's aufurther number, of shore or barbour service. thority to form a majorat. These majorats

The Tavistock canal, which was com- are divided into three classes ; those attached menced fourteen years ago, and forms a com- to the title of Duke are to consist of property munication with Temar, was opened on the of not less than thirty thousand francs, annual 25th August. It has cost £70,000. Upon value ; the majorat of a Marquis or a Count, the opening of it, a company of three or four of not less than twenty thousand francs, and hundred persons, in boate constructed of that of a Viscount or Baron, of not less than sheet-iron, passed through the tunnel, a dis- ten thousand francs, annual value. tance of a mile and three quarters under Archbishop Talleyrand Perigord, Duke of ground, beneath a ceiling of solid rock, at a Rheims, not the celebrated statesman, Taldepth of four hundred and fifty feet from the leyrand-Prince Benevento-has been apsummit of the hill, accompanied on their pointed to the See of Paris. passage by music, vocal and instrumental. Some disturbances are said to have broken

A Syphon has been recently invented, to be out at Lyons, but subsided without the interused, instead of pumps, for the purpose of wa- ference of the military. Marshal Gouvion tering ships from a tank vessel. It is two feet St. Cyr has succeeded the Duke of Feltres, ia and a half in diameter, and discharges twenty the War department, upon the resignation of tons of water in an hour.

the latter; and Count Mole has been appointed The Bank of England has declared itself secretary of the Marine department. Marready to pay caslı, from the 1st of Oct. for shal Marmont has been appointed to the comall its notes dated prior to the 1st of January, mand of the eighteenth military division, of 1817; and has also agreed to receive the which Lyons is the head-quarters. Marshal notes of the Bank of Ireland the same as its Davoust, Prince of Eckmühl, has taken the own. The Irish merchants heretofore, have oath of fidelity to Louis, and has received a been obliged to pay ten per cent. for the differ- Marshal's baton. The Count des Escotais ence of exchange.

has been appointed agent of the marine and Ireland, in addition to her recent distresses commerce at the Cape of Good Hope, where on account of the scarcity both of food and he is to reside. The King has issued an ordiJabour, and probably in consequence of that nance for bringing into actual service the scarcity, is now suffering from the ravages officers of the old army, who were upon half of an epidemical fever: among the victims pay. The public sentiment is said to be unof the disease is the celebrated Mr. Justice dergoing a change, on the subject of religion, Osborn.

in some of the departments, in consequence The number of emigrants that sailed from of the exertious of Catholic missionaries. The Belfast for America, between the 17th of French papers state, “around Nantz and March and the 21st of August. is dated at two Bourdeaux, nothing now so much'attracts thousand one hundred and fifty-nine.

the attention of travellers, as the daily pilDied.) At Plymouth, on the 31st of Aug. grimages of repentant and converted atheists Sir John Thomas Duckworth, G. C. B. Admi. to crosses, erected by themselves to expiate ræl of the White Squadron, Commander-in- their former crimes against religion. It is Chief of Plymouth, and M. P. for New Rom- anticipated that the effect of this change will ney. He was promoted to the rank of Rear be favourable to social order and morality. Admiral of the Blue on the 14th of February. General Debelle, whose sentence of death 1799 ; was made a Vice Admiral on the 23d

was commuted, by the king, into imprison. of April, 1804; and Admiral, on the 31st of nient for ten years, and who was confined in July, 1810. On the seventh of February, the citadel of Besancon, has received a free 1806, he commanded the detachment of se- pardon. It is said that he owes his liberty, as vensail of the line, two frigates, and two sloops, well as life, to the intercession of the Duke of which engaged in the bay of St. Domingo, Angouleme, who allowed him, out of his pria squadron of French ships, consisting of five vate purse, a pension during bis imprison. sail of the line, (one, the Imperiale, a three decker,) two frigates, and a corvette, which In consequence of the revival of manufache entirely defeated after an action of two tures in France, among other raw materials, hours. Some years since, a pension of £1,000 iron is in great demand; this may also indiper annuin was settled on him for his ser

cate a preparation for a state of national de vices. His only son, Colonel Duckworth, was fence. Among other articles, French blue is killed in Spain, under Wellington.

said to be now manufactured at Paris, and of

a quality superior to the Prussian blue. AlThe election of deputies took place in though in some parts of France the drought France, in September:---the citizens were has been excessive, get, on the wbole, the eager to pgpreise their new found right of crops appear (vhave been abundant, and of a




good quality; a farmer in the neighbourhood tary prince of Tuscany will marry the prinof Neuville reaped more wheat this year cess Amelia, daughter of the king of Saxon two acres and a half, than he reaped last ony. year on ten acres. The French frigate La His Holiness the. Pope and the King of Fleur de Lis has been recently burned at France have entered into a convention for Toulon, supposed by design; this vessel bad the advancement of the interests of the Robeen prepared for a voyage of circumnavi- man Catholic Religion. gation.

The old king of Sardinia is said to have taAmong the rarities at Paris, is a girl, ken the habit of St. Ignatius, and dedicated who, though seven years old, is but eighteen himself entirely to the daties of religion. inches high, and weighs only six pounds. A fatal fever prevailed at Messina, in AuShe is well proportioned, and converses with gust last, on account of which, vessels from ease and intelligence.

Sicily were refused pritique, at Malta, i. e. Died.] At Agan, recently; Madame Su- admission after having performed quarantine. sanna Toussaint, Louverture, widow of the It is asserted that the Lake of Canterno, celebrated General Toussaint, of St. Do- called also Porciano, totally disappeared on mingo, aged about 50 years. Her character the 24th of July, after a violent detonation, was estimable. She has left two sons-Pla. A large opening has been discovered at the cide and Saint Jean Louverture. The latter bottom, through which probably the water ran was placed in an English Academy, in 1804, into the crevices of the adjacent mountains, where be has been educated at the expense of the British Government; he is about twenty

The funeral obseqnies of Madame de years old. His elder brother remained in Stæl were performed at Copet, not far France, with his mother, and completed his from Geneva, on the 281 h of July. Her re. studies at the Colonial College of Paris. mains, at her own desire, were deposited where be received the rank of Chef d'Es- along with those of her father and mother, cadron. There was another, Isaac, The

Monsieur and Madame Necker. The cereoldest, who died some twelve years ago, in mony was attended by great numbers from Belle-Isle, whither he was exiled. He was

Geneva and its environs. In her will she a captain in the French ariny at the time made many beneficent appropriations to the of his death.

poor. She left, it is said, above a million of SPAIN.

dollars. Accounts from Spain state that the new system of taxation is very popular, as well

Messrs. Eustis and Galatia, Ministers from as productive; that vessels are constantly ar- the United States, are at the Hague, charged riving richly laden from Lima, Vera-Cruz, with the negotiation of a commercial conPorto-Bello, Carthagena, Havana, and vention. They have presented their credenManilla; that the crops are plentiful, and tials, and the king of the Netherlands has that manufactures and commerce viving. The army and navy are said to be 'The conferences have begun.

appointed commissioners to treat with them. punctually paid, as also the dividends due to the public creditors. It is stated that 11.000 spected in September; it is nearly 90,000

The army of the Netherlands was in. picked troops are ordered to hold themselves

strong. in readiness for immediate embarkation 10 countries on the Rhine ;-the emigrants

Emigrations continue from the Buenos Ayres, to proceed against the insur- shape their course for the southern and wesgents; and that the shipping is to be furnished them by the French Government, in Seventeen distinguished French emigrants

tern parts of the United States of America. consequence of an arrangement with the have been recently compelled to quit the NeCourt of Madrid. Ferdinand has ordered therlands; just as the general order issued, that all military men taken in arms, in South Count Regnault St. Jean d'Angely, arrived America ; all spies, all instigators to rebel at Antwerp with his wife, but was obliged lion, and deserters from the royal standard. to depart, and it is supposed he will retreat sball be tried by Court Martial, and promptly to Russia. punished. All other offenders to be tried by

In the latter end of August and the begin. civil process, but execution to take place ning of September 140 vessels arrived at according to the summary method of mili- Amsterdam, laden with wheat and rye, tary law.

chiefly from Russia and Prussia. Many alOn the 21st day of August the queen gave birth to an infanta, who has been christened beans, oats, and peas. The crop of potatoes

so came, laden with buckwheat, barley, by the name of Maria Isabella Louisa.

in the Netherlands is uncommonly plentiful.

It is one hundred years since the cultivation Two marriages have taken place in Flo- of the potatoe was introduced into the Ne. rence, which will draw closer the relations therlands by the bishop of Namur. of four courts. The prince of Carignan, of The action brought by the Duke of Wel. the blood royal of Sardinia will espouse lington against M. de Buicher, the editor of the Archduchess ; Maria-Theresa, daughter“ The Journal of East and West Flanders," of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, and niece has been decided to be not inaintainable, to the Emperor of Austria ; and the beredi. and the Duke has appealed.


are re



Vaccination las made such progress at will finish at Soederkoeping, an extent of Amsterdam, that out of a population of thirty-six Swedish miles. The expense is es200,000 souls, not one was attacked with the timated at 7,500,000 crowns; more than half small pox in the first quarter of the year 'the canal is finished, and the whole will be 1817.

completed in six or seven years. GERMANY. The Elector of Hesse, and the Hanse The Emperor Alexander is performing a Towns, have acceded to the holy alliance. tour through the southern provinces of his The Austrian Government has forbidden the extensive empire. He pays great attention exportation of warlike stores to any country to his army, and reviews his troops three or in a state of insurrection. According to the four times a week. He has augmented the last returns of the Austrian army, there are, pay of both officers and soldiers. He is also of principal oficers, 456 generals, and 380 increasing, bis navy. Great improvements colonels, of which. 321 generals, and 163 also have been made in St. Petersburg since colonels are unemployed. The infantry con- the Emperor's return from his travels. The sists of 58 regiments of the line, 21 battalions Emperor, indeed, seems wholly occupied of grenadiers, 17 frontier regiments, 1 regi. with public affairs, striving to develope, as inent of Tyrolese chasseurs, 12 battalions of fast as may be, the resources of his empire, chasseurs, and 5 garrison battalions : the and bring his means under his control. He cavalry is made up of 8 regiments of cuiras. has determined to make Helsingfors the capisiers, 6 regiments of dragoons, 7 regiments of tal of Finland, instead of Abo, and accordlight horse, 12 regiments of hussars, 4 regi- ingly has issued orders for all persons conments of bulans, and a corps of horse gendar- nected with the Government to go from Abo, merie in Lombardy : the artillery comprises after the 1st of October, to Helsingfors. This 5 regiments of artillery, a corps of bom- town, hithierto the capital of the province of bardiers, and 19 corps of garrison artillery: Nylands, has a commodious harbour in the Gulf of engineers, there are 6 generals, 30 staff of Finland, commanded by a powerful fortress officers, 102 superior officers, and corps of The mother of the Emperor has presented sappers and miners. The Austrian corps to the young queen of Spain the grand dec. forming a part of the army of occupation in oration of the Order of 'St. Catharine, and France, consists of 6 regiments of the line, the Emperor has appointed the Spanish mi. 2 battalions of chasseurs. 2 regiments of dra. nister of foreign atlairs (Pizarro) Chevalier of goons, and 2 regiments of hussars. The Aus- the order of St. Alexander. The Russian trian corps stationed in the Kingdom of Na. Envoy at Brazils is said to have taken offence ples consists of 3 regiments of infantry of the and left that country. line, and a regiment of dragoons. The last The differences between the Turks and corps was expected to return home in Octo- the Russians, it is said, are likely to be amicaber.

bly arranged, and a negociation is on foot, The Grand Duke of Mecklenburgh, Stre- by wbich it will he agreed that the sublime litz, was married on the 12th of August, to Porte do permit all vessels to pass the Darthe Princess Maria, daughter ofthe Landgrave danelles upon paying a moderate duty. Mr. Frederick of Hesse. Mass has been cele. Pinkney, the American ambassador at Petersbrated throughout Austria, in thanksgiving burgh, is treated with great distinction, and it for the abundant harvest of the year.

is supposed that very important negotiations

are in progress. The Danish government is said to be mak- A Prussian Princess arrived at St. Peters. ing great exertions to re-establish a navy; burgh, on the 2nd of July, under an escort of which at present, with the exception of some forty thousand soldiers, for the purpose of light vessels in the West-Indies. consists of solemnizing her nuptials with the brother of the Phenix, sixty-four gun ; Princess Char. Alexander. Before the ceremony could take lotte, sisty-four; a new ship just ready to place, however, it was necessary for her to launch, seventy-four; three new frigates, make public renunciation of the religion in each tbirty-six ; three brigs, fourteen; and the which she had been educated; in doing keels of two more have just been laid, one which, she is said to have fainted twice. Her to be a seventy-four, and the other a sixty- age is about eighteen years. four gun ship. Denmark has obtained a loan, On the 21st of June last, the ground of a at Genoa, of 3.000.000 dollars.

village, a short distance from Abo, suddenly

sunk to the depth of many fathoms, and took Great efforts have been made in Sweden with it twelve houses, which were so entireto introduce among the people habits of the ly swallowed up that no trace of them remost frugal economy, and to this end, in mained. A Similar event occurred in the some of the provinces sumptuary laws have same place in 1755 and 1786. This phebeen enacted; but it is said the government nomenon is ascribed to the swampy marsh bas begun to relax its non-importation laws. upon which the village is built, and to the It is announced that Prince Oscar is to

river which Bows through it marry a German Princess.

TURKEY. They continue to work

upon the grand ca- Intelligence from Constantinople states, that nal, between the North Sea and the Baltic. the Kiaya Bay, or minister of the interior, bas This canal commences at Gothenburg, and been suddenly sent into exile the cause in





not known. The celebrated Servian chief, upon the inhabitants, cutting off their noses, Czerny George, has been apprehended at Se. ears, fingers, &c. A major, with a detach: mendria, and beheaded. His skin was stuffed ment of 300 men, met 10,000 of these maraudwith straw, and sent to Constantinople. This ers, and killed 800, and captured 1000 horse, man had given the Turks much trouble in without any loss. their wars with the Servians, and he had al

AFRICA. ways received encouragement from Russia. The reason of his going to Semendria was

The plague continues to spread its ravages that he had left there, in his flight from Ser- in the Barbary states. At Algiers 80 died in via some years before, the sum of 50.000 du- a day. The superstitious Turks saw, with cats, and he went in disguise to recover it, unconcern, persons momently falling dead and escape to Russia. A pretended friend around them, but did nothing to arrest the however, betrayed him. He was known to dreadful malady. The Turks are all predes. be an imperial Russian general, and was de- tinarians. corated with the order of St. Ann. It is

AMERICA. thought, therefore, that Alexander will re

SPANISH AMERICA. venge his death, and protect his fainily. This extraordinary man was born about the year. Morillo has been driven from the island of 1770, not far from Belgrade, and rendered Margarita, and is now at Cumana. The pahimself memorable by the struggle which he triots are triumphant at present in the promaintained to free his country, Servia, from vince Guayanna, and it is expected they will the yoke of the Ottomans. His figure was soon advance upon Carracas, whitber Moriltall, but spare, and he wore a quieu which lo is preparing to proceed. Amid confusion covered his whole back. His appearance dif- and distress, the stagnation of business, and fered from that of a common peasant in no the enormities of an atrocious warfare, the respect, except that he always wore a dag- cause of the Independents seems to be slowly ger and pistols. His violent and stern tem- gaining ground. per early displayed itself, and hate for the Turks seems to have been born with him.

By the last accounts from Chili, it appears When quite young, meeting a Turk in the that the independents have had a battle with street, who told him in an imperious tone to

the royalists, and were victorious. The royget out of his way, or he would shoot him, alist commander, Sanchos, who commanded Czerny advanced upon him and laid him dead at his feet. After this he led into Transylva- a reinforcement of 500 men from Lima,

at l'alcaguana, the sea-port, had received nia, and became an officer in the Austrian which augmented his army from 1,400 to service, being then only 18 years old. Here, 1,500 men. The patriot commander, Heyas, however, he did not long remain, but return- bad about 1700 men, having been joined by ing, in disgust, to his native country, be head- 200. part of the 1000 who went with general ed aband of robbers, at the head of which he O'Higgins. The royalists made a sortie with severely harassed the Turks: he in his victory, their whole force, but were completely desparing neither sex nor age. The Turks, in feated, with the loss of 160 men and three retaliation, condemned 26 Servians to death, pieces of cannon, The Lima squadron was and collected troops to attack Czerny's band; still at Talcaguana, for the purpose of takbut the oppressed Servians, from all sides, ing, as was supposed the royal troops to Peru. flew to his standard, and the Turks were repulsed. His father renounced him, and set out for Belgrade to deliver him to the Turks. Colonel Perry and Major Gordon, who The son used every persuasion to make his had been despatched by General Mina, with father desist, but failing, shot him. On this forty-six men, to proceed 10 Nachitoches, account he obtained the name of Czerny,

were attacked on their way at Cow-pens, which means black. Though destitute of edu- near Labidie, by 300 Spaniards, or accordcation, knowing neither how to read nor ing to the Spanish Official, by 100 men, and write, he had great gists; he well understood entirely routed ;-twenty-seven were killed, the conduct of troops, and how to animate the remainder wounded and taken prisoners, them in battle.

except two, who fled. Perry and Gordon ASIA.

are killed.

General Mina, after having erected a small EAST-INDIES.

fort at Soto la Marina, left in it Major Pierre Since the fall of fort Hattrass, the ritish of New-Orleans, the patriot Bishop Mier, troops have taken, it is said, eleven other and 200 men, consisting chiefly of inhabitants forts, which leaves the whole country entire who had come to his standard, proceeded ly at the mercy of be British.

himself, with 300 to 1000 men, into the It is said that Lord Moira, as soon as the country toward St. Louis de Potosi. The season would permit, intended to invade the fort has been reduced by Arredondo, who, Marhatta dominions with 80,000 men. also, despatched a colonel with about 3,000

The frontiers of Madrass, northward and men, of whom 600 were cavalry, after Mina. Westward, are infested with large bodies of Upon coming up with Mina, a battle ensued, freebooters, who bave laid waste the whole and the royalists were repulsed with heavy proviqce, and exercised the greatest cruelties loss. Mina proceeded on to join a corps of


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