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considerable alarm at the sight of it; as face, having all the appearance of a hus a general opinion or prejudice exists man being, with very hollow eyes. The amongst the inhabitants of the western cheeks were of the same colour with the isles, that it is extremely unlucky to rest of the face; the neck seemed short; meet with or look upon such animals at and it was constantly with both hands sea, or to point them out to the rest of the stroking and washing its breast, which crew, unless they observe it themselves. was half immersed in the water. Ho
Signed, Neil M'Intosh; Robert Brown, therefore cannot say whether its boFactor for Clanrannald, Witness; Do- som was formed like a woman's or nald M‘Neil of Canna, Witness; Wil- not. He saw no other fins or feet upon Jiam Campbell, W. S. Edinburgh, Wit- it but as described. It continued above ness ; James Gillespie, Architect, Edin- water for a few minutes, and then disapburgh, Witness.
peared. He was informed that some Portree, ad Oct. 1809.—That what boys in a neighbouring farm saw a simiis above written is a true copy of the lar creature in the sea, close to the shore, original.
on the same day. The minister of CampAttested, MALCOLM WRIGHT, M. P. beltown, and the chamberlain of Mull, A young man, named Jolin M'Isaac, attest his examination, and declare they ofCorphine, in Kintyre, in Scotland, made know no reason why his veracity should path on examination, at Campbeltown, be questioned. before the sheriff-substitute of Kintyre, Extraordinary Phenomenon. At Sandthat he saw on the afternoon of the isth side, in the parish of Reay, in the county of October, 1813, on a black rock on the of Caithness, there was seen, in October, şea-coast, an animal
, of the particulars of 1813, an animal supposed to be the Merwhich he gives a long and curious detail, maid. The head and the chest, being answering in general to the description all that was visible, exactly resembled commonly given of the supposed am- those of a full-grown young woman. phibious animal called a Mermaid. He The mammæ were perfectly formed; states that the upper half of it was the arms longer than in the human body, white, and of the shape of a hunan body; and the eyes somewhat smaller. When the other half, towards the tail, of a the waves dashed the hair, which was of a brindled or redish gray colour, appa- sea-green shade, over the face, the hands rently covered with scales; but the ex- were immediately employed to replace tremity of the tail itself was of a greenish it. The skin was of a pink colour. Though red shining colour; that the head was observed by several persons within the covered with long hair; sometimes it distance of twenty yards, for about an would put back the hair on both sides hour and hall, it discovered no symptoms of its head, it would also spread its of alarm. It was seen by four or five tail like a lan; and while so extended, individuals of unquestionable veracity at the tail continued in tremulous mo- the same time. Something of the same tion, and when drawn together again, kind was observed in the same neighit remained motionless; and appeared to bourhood, about seven years ago, by a the deponent to he aborit twelve or four- gentleman then residing near the spot. teen inches broad; that the hair was long The design of inserting this notice is and light brown; that the animal was to excite the attention of inquiring natubetween four and five feet long; that it ralists, and if possible, through this, or had a head, hair, arms, and body, down some other medium, to obtain a more to the middle, like a human being; that satisfactory account of an animal, the the arms were short in proportion to the existence of which has been long reckonbody, which appeared to be about the ed a mere matter of fabulous representhickness of that of a young lad, and ta- tation. pering gradually to the point of the tail; A Merman. A letter from Monmouth, that when stroking its head, as above dated the 13th November, 1810, says, mentioned, the fingers were kept close “ About eight o'clock yesterday morntogether, so that he cannot say whether ing, two fishermen, in their truckies, fishthey were webbed or not; that he saw it ing for salmon, sound their net much for near two hours, the rock on which heavier than usual ; and which, on comit lay beins dry; that after the sea had ing to shore, contained a huge monster, so far retired, as to leave the rock dry to the upper part bearing exact resemblance the height on fire feet above the water, to a man, the middle to a beast, spotted it tumbled clumsily into the sea; a minute like the leopard, and a tail like a fish; the after he observed the animal above wa- hair on his head green-he had red eyes, ter, and then he saw every feature of its and tusks five iaches and a hall in length, and he measured, from head to tail, thir- land, and various statements have been teen feet and three quarters. He is now published by people who averred having deposited in the Town-hall for the in- seen similar appearances on the coasts of spection of the curious.”
Norway, but we never, before the present Merman, A letter from Douglas, dated instance, heard of them being seen on December, 1810, contains a curious ac- our coasts. Last week, however, whilst count of two Merchildren lately disco- a sloop belonging to Beverley was at anvered by three respectable tradesmen du- chor in Hawk roads, near Grimsby, a ring an excursion on the Calf of Man. boy on board saw the appearance of a Attracted by a sound resembling the cries woman at some distance, whom he supof a kitten, they found amongst the rocks posed by some accident had unfortunatetwo small marine animals, exactly resem- ly fallen overboard a vessel. Anxious to bling that species of creature, known hy save her, he hauled the sloop's boat to the name of Merman. One of them was him, and called to the master and another dead, and much lacerated by the violence person on board to assist; but ihe lady, with which it had been driven on shore as he called her, having disappeared, they during a violent gale on the preceding looked anxiously towards the spot, exnight; the other was conveyed to Dous pecting she might again be buoyed up las, where it seems likely to do well. It by the water, and thus enable them to is one foot eleven and three quarter inch- render her the assistance she might want. es in length, from the crown of its head In a short time she appeared again, when to the extremity of its tail; five inches they were immediately sensible, from across the shoulders ; its skin is pale her appearance, that it was a creature of brown, and the scales on its tail are ting- the Mermaid species. She came so near ed with violet; the hair on its head is the vessel that they could not be deceiv. light green; it is attached to the crown ed, for they perceived her shake herself
, of the head only, hanging loose about and put up her hands to shade back her the face, about four inches in length, hair, which was very long, and quite very gelatinous to the touch, and resem- black. Her appearance they describe as bling the green sea-weed, growing on that of a blooming country girl. The rocks; its mouth is small, and has no ap- above is, as nearly as we have been able pearance of teeth. It delights much in to learn, an accurate account of the apswimming in a tub of sea-water, and seeds pearance of this singular phenomenon, a chiefly on muscles and other shell-fish, phenomenon which has asforded a subwhich it devours with great avidity; it ject of much disputation, but has never also now and then swallows small por- yet, as far as we learn, heen positively tions of milk and water, when given to it decided as existing. Hull Chronicle. in a quill.
Mermaid. The many extraordinary The altitude of Ascutney Mountain in tales that have been mentioned respect- Vermont, and Moose-Hillock in Newing the existence of the mermaid, have Hampshire, ascertained barometricalgiven such an air of absurdity to the fact, ly, by Alden Partridge, Esq. Capt. of that there is little wonder at the incredu- Engineers stationed at Governors-Isllity of the generality of people in doubt- and. Sept. 24th, 1817, and addressed ing the existence of such a creature in to the hon. Sam. L. Mitchill. loto. The several instances lately occur- DEAR Sir, ring of such an object as that which ge- I take the liberty to transmit on the nerally passes under the name of the opposite page, several altitudes which I mermaid, having been seen by persons calculated when absent during vacation who may be supposed little likely to be in the month of August last. Ascutney imposed upon by an imaginary appear- is a beautiful insulated, conical mountain, ance, has shaken the opinion of many, situated in the State of Vermont, in the and led them at least to hesitate before towns of Windsor and Weathersfield they condemned the opinion as mon- the summit about five miles southwest strous and improbable. The appcar- from the village of Windsor, and about ances of these creatures have generally the same distance west from Connectibeen confined within those places where cut river. Moose-Hillock is the most positive proof was somewhat hard to be elevated peak of a long range of mounobtained, or at least where the fact had tains, which commences about three lain so long in obscurity, as to prevent an miles from New.laven, in the State of immediate inquiry into the truth of the Connecticut, at a rocky precipice called circumstances. A short time since a East-rock. From this place the range Mermaid was seen in the north of Scot- takes a northeasterly direetion, crossing Connecticutriver, below North-Hampton house of Mr. Eastňans, in the Fecta in the State of Massachusetts, thenee tak- town of Coventry near the foot ing a more northerly direction, it passes of the mountain,
9246 into the State of New Hampshire, form- Altitude of the same, above Coning for a considerable distance the height necticut river at Orford Bridge, 4032 of land, between Connecticut river on the Altitude of the same, above Merwest, and Merrimack river on the east. rill's tavern, in the town of War. This range, I believe, is joined, previous ren, near Bakers river,
9810 to crossing the New-Hampshire boun- Altitude of Connecticut river at dary, by another range commencing near Orford Bridge, above tide waLyne in the State of Connecticut, and ter,
504 called the Lyme range of mountains, Altitude of Fairlee Mountain, near but which does not attain any considera- the Meeting-House in Fairlee, ble elevation. The celebrated White above Connecticut river, at OrMountains are a spur from this range,
547 branching off to the north-east. Moose- Altitude of the same above the Hillock is situated about forty-five miles, Sea,
1051 a little to east of north, from Dartmouth Note. The north peak of Moose-HilCollege, and about fifteen miles east lock is rather higher than the south from the village of Haverhill, which ad- peak. At the time I was on the south joins Connecticut river. It is so called peak the weather was so extremely in consequence of formerly having been thick and inclement as to prevent my much frequented by Moose. The rocks, passing to the north peak. From my and also the fallen trees on the sides of own observations, however, and from the the mountains, are covered with a thick best information I could obtain, I think bed of moss. Hard timber, such as the difference between the two peaks Beech, Maple, and Birch, intermixed does not exceed one hundred feet. I with a few Evergreens, grow around the presume, therefore, that four thousand foot of the mountain, but as we ascend, six hundred and thirty-six feet may be the Evergreens, Hemlock, Spruce, and taken for the altitude of the north peak, Firs, wholly prevail; these as we ap- without essential error; this is, undoubtproach the summit dwindle into mere edly, the highest mountain) except the shrubs, about three feet in height. Their White Mountains) in the northern States, branches are so interlocked that it is al- if not on this side the Mississippi. The most impossible to get through them: prospect from the top of Ascutney is the summit of the north peak was burned very fine. I have witnessed more exover a few years ago, and is now entirely tensive ones, but never a more beautiful bald ; a a mere mass of bare granite rocks. one: the foregoing altitudes were calcu. A silver mine is reported to have been lated from barometrical, and thermomet. discovered many years ago by some rical observations in the month of Auhunters, on the side of the mountain. gust, 1817. The position of this reported mine, how- A. PARTRIDGE, Capt. of Eng. ever, is not now own, though much vain search has been made to ascertain it. Observations on the application of Oiled In haste, with the greatest respect, silk, or Oil-skin, to the surface of the yours, sincerely,
Human Body; by ALEXANDER ŘadA. PARTRIDGE. SAY, M. D. Lecturer on Anatomy and Hon. SAM. L. MITCHILL.
Physiology, &c. &c.
Feet. In the year 1796 I was induced to Altitude of Ascutney Mountain draw deductions respecting the treatment above the Sea,
3320 of the human skin, where the vessels beAltitude of the same, above Con
come enfeebled or inert, from the follow. necticut riverat Windsor Bridge, 2903 ing circumstances: When I wasa student Altitude of the same, above the of anatomy, the frequent occurrence of
house of Mr. Giles Gills, near wounds from the scalpel, oceasioned my
the foot of the mountain, 2595 adoption of finger cases formed of oilElevation of Conneeticut river, at skin, which, being impervious to mois
Windsor Bridge above tide wa- ture, prevented the danger accruing from ter.
417 the contact of wounded parts with puAltitude of the souts peak of trid matter. This impervious substance,
Moose-Hillock above the Sea. 4556 equally precluded the escape of vapour Altitude of the same, above the from the finger, retained the beat, and oecasionally the perspiration appeared in linings are stitched in, and left over night a condensed state on the oil-skin. Ob- in foot-socks, &c. they become damp in serving this local influence, I was in the the morning, and partially overthrow the use of recommending to my pupils, in my purposes intended. lectures in Surgeon's-square, in Edin- Gloves. From what has been said, burgh, in 1796, and subsequent years, the the reader will conclude, that a cotton or application of oil-skin in all cases where flannel glove, distinct from the oil-skin, an artificial atmosphere was, denoted, is to be used, over which the oil-skin in a partial or general manner to the glove is to be drawn: when they are sesurface.
parated they can be dried, resume their Whether the universal use of this sub- entire purposes; and, by drawing a comstance took its rise from those hints I mon glove over the oil-skin, the heat is have mentioned, is of little consequence increased, and the surface of the silk
preto the public or to me; the proper ap- served. The lining and outer glove may plication of it, however, is of importance be adapted to the state of the patient, in to invalids; and on my late return to their fabric of cotton or worsted, &c. Europe, in 1810, I find it hurtful in some For children and old people, in gout, cases, from an ignorance of the rationale rheumatic affections, palsy, &c. these of its operation. I therefore trust, that a applications seem hihly useful.* liberal public will forgive my obtruding Waistcoats, &c. Waistcoats, or breaston their attention this subject, so long pieces, I have known to banish hæmopfamiliar to me, and so often productive tosis, and alleviate asthma: they often of the most unexpected happy conse- excite blisters if a lining is not added; quences; nor should this surprise us drawers, stockings, and foot socks, are when we consider the highly vascular now frequently in use; and local affecand nervous economy of the structure of tions of partial organs, as the throat, the skin, a diagram of which I had the joints, or surfaces of the skin, &c. are pleasure of offering, (No. 184, June, relieved by this application. All these 1814, in the London Physical Journal,) require linings only, as the clothing and prepared with the cold injection which stocking preserve the outer surface. A I have recommended in America, and complete envelope in a desperate case of find now frequent in Europe.* I shall dropsy abroad, not only excited sensible first enumerate a few general circum- perspiration, but occasioned much allestances; and then the particular applica- viation of symptoms. tions of oil-skin.
Bed cavers. I find, by several experiGeneral Observations. In all cases, the ments on myself, and some on patients, oil-skin ought to be lined with woolly that oil-skin forms a powerful substitute cotton or flannel; this at once prevents for bed clothes; indeed, a few bed the coldness of the silk being perceived clothes are necessary as interposing subwhen first applied, absorbs perspiration, stances, to lesson the over accumulation and has the effect of obviating the chilling of heat. The sudden condensation of sensation experienced after the ceasing the perspired matter, by the oil-skin in of copious perspiration.
cold weather, reflects the extricated heat I shall be particular, in pointing out, so abundantly, as to induce, occasionally, where an outside covering is denoted to copious perspiration seemingly in a short prevent friction, because the influence of period. I, therefore, lay the silk over the substance is lost, whenever the sur- the blankets, with a woolly cotton interface is abraded. I should be apt to sup- posed, as an absorbent, as the nil-skin is pose, that when coarse oiled linen is usually in a profuse wet state in the adopted in place of silk, that the rongh morning, and thus injures the blankets. sidé should be exposed to the human In my own case, I find, that covering skin, as less conduction takes place than from the feet up to the knees suficiently from the smooth surface. The linings, excites the system; a weighty coverlet in all eases, ought to be loose, so as to spread overthe oil-skin, occasions a regube removed, and dried or washed daily, lar application to the surface of the body, the surface of the silk ought to be spong- and thus produces a rapid and equal ex. ed with a slight soap-lather; when the citement of the external vessels.
* See No. 184 of this Journal, alluded to. * I have known even cutaneous eruptions
1 Excepting, however, on this account ( corrected by this plan of precluding aimosmušt prefer the smooth side toward the skin, pheric influence, and the use of oil-skin in as its abrasion is thus lessened, and it admits Europe and America, seems now very geneof being more easily sponged and cleaned. ral.
Note. The reader will easily conclude, cloth, or painted cloth. I shall refer to from the cause I have assigned, as the the annexed diagram for conveying a means of promoting heat by this appli- notion of this apparatus.* cation, that the accumulation, is in a ratio In yellow fever, in languid cases, in to the surface covered. Hence also the high temperatures of climate, in low tydanger of healthful persons incorrectly phus, &c. vapour-bath became the only resorting to this coverlet, as several la preparatory means by which I quelled dies and gentlemen experienced in Lon- the irritation of the stomach, and thus don, the oil-skin is applicable only in paved the way for medical application.t cold weather, or feebleness, &c.
I have only to add, that cheapness and A cloak may be safely used composed durability of an article so extensively of this substance, provided the collar was useful as the substance, the application kept from contact of the person so as to of which I have proposed, has become admit air, and the same was used in the an object of my attention. Mr. John body; there should not be any arms, but Hargrave has, at his own expense, in a a lap seul as the hussar cloaks. Several manner equally polite and philanthropic, British oficers died, in consequence of furnished me with materials, and institight cloaks, during the war on the Pen- tuted such experiments as I suggested. insula, from the heat excited, which ex. This gentleman, therefore, is in possesposed them to the influence of sudden sion of my opinions, respecting not only transition.
the manner of preparing oiled silk and Envelop. Where great cold is expe- cloth, but merits my recommending him rienced, or sudden perspiration denoted, to public attention and confidence. would an envelop of flannel, applied to the skin, around which a similar covering are the powers of nature occasionally, !
* In this dreadful malady, so eshausted of oil-skin may be wrapped, produce the have witnessed a patient, in the syncopy of intended effect? My experiments on death, from the indiscretion of the nurse myself seem to favour this opinion.* permitting him to rise to make water or
Vapour-Bath. No circumstance har- stool, in place of introducing the bed-panc rowed up my feelings more cruelly than I was forced to permit the unhappy, victims the sufferings of patients in the yellow- to remain longer in the squalid linens they fever hospitals, which I have visited wore than cleanliness seemed to dictate, as abroad. The fatigue endured by con- in aggravated symptoms, and even in death.
shifting them, often terminated in fainting, veying them from their chambers to the
+ In all cases of irritation or spasm, as asthvapour bath, seemed to induce aggravat- ma, colds, incipient fever, &c. vapour-batk ed symptoms. This occasioned my pro- seems denoted as a laudable application; posing the plan of the following portable and, if the plan proposed here succeeds, vapour-bath, formed of oiled silk or much expense incurred by individuals in the
use of public baths will be saved, and inva
lids can always enjoy their benefit at home * The improper treatment of domesticat. at an easier rate. In a future communica. ed animals, seems to pervert their constitu- tion, I intend to offer remarks on the tion. Gentlemen of the veterinary art, have cases where cold-bath, warm-bath, and observed to me the frequent failure of sudo vapoor-bath, are peculiarly denoted—where rific medicines, given to the horse. Would the above mode of vapour-bath proposa covering of oil-skin produce the effected, will be recommended in cases of corwished, hy exciting the cuticular system :- pulency, by which means, when assisted Are not our animals too much confined in by bandaging the arms, legs, and trunk, the bouses? I have observed in my travels, vessels acquire habitual tone, and the sys. that no cattle were so well conditioned as tem may be altered. I beg leave to mention those that never were housed. Where the another purpose to which oil-skin is applied constitution is sound, no children, no people with happy influence, i. e. In cutaneous afsuffer so little from inclemency of any fections of the limbs in particular, as this is kind, as those wbo do not indulge in warm usually connected with enlarged veins, and a clothing. I fear your readers may suspect derangement of the structure of the cutisverer, me as 100 much bordering on quackery, too bandaging supports the vessels and restores sanguine and extended in my proposals and tone; where itching and heat are accompa. appiications of oil-skin, but the unprejudiced niments, this roller ought to be saturated man must perceive, that my recommenda. with lime water-mercurial additions seem untions flow from the structure of the skin, and necessary to the water; over the roller apply any belief of its functions; as also its an oil-skin cover, by which means the moisperversion of structure by too much cover ture is protracted, and indeed, a seeming ing. by debilitating causes, &c. and the ne, emolient effect which often produces laudacessity of .counteracting this state, by a sub- ble influence. I recommend bathing the parts stance adapted to exclude powerful transi- in water as warm as can be endured when tions, and to facilitate the operations of na- the bandage is changed, and friction used in ture.
the course of the venous circulation: