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Smelt-Among the New-York fishes the smelt is called the Salmo eperlanus. Large quantities of these delicate little fish were sold in the markets in March, at six and eight cents per pound, but at the option of the purchaser, either by weight or measure. They were brought from the streams of New Jersey and Connecticut.
Pickerel. This is the Esox lucius of Dr. Mitchill. A few of them from Long-Island were offered for sale in March.
The Shad.-If the weather is favourable in March, this estimable fish appears in our waters by a few stragglers. Several were taken this month in the Delaware, and appeared in the Philadelphia markets. The fine weather in New-York from the 12th to the 16th March, also brought two or three to our market, and were sold at two dollars
Mya Arenaria, or soft shell clams, continued plenty, fat, good, and cheap, from 25 to 43 cents per hundred.
Venus Mercenaria, or hard shell clams began to improve; and they were more plenty in market than in the two preceding months.
Ostrea Edulis.-The common or eatable oyster, continued good and plenty in March, and of the usual price.
Crabs and Lobsters in March were few, poor, and in no demand.
ART. 10. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
According to the latest accounts from Germany, the celebrated Madam Kruedener was on her way to Russia. She was educated in the Roman Catholic Church; is upwards of fifty years of age. This female fanatic is represented as very engaging in her manners.
Mr. Muehlenfeldt, a young gentleman of extraordinary musical talents and skill, excites the unbounded admiration of amateurs and connoisseurs in Germany. Lately he gave an instance of the proficiency which may be acquired on two different musical instruments. He performed with surprising accuracy that most difficult, grand and unique piano-forte-concerto, composed by Beethoven. With equal taste and nicety he went through the superb violin-concerto of Kreutzer; and, as a specimen of his composition, and a masterpiece of his art, he played a voluntary with variations on the piano-forte.
Several late numbers of the Medico-Chirurgi cal Gazette, edited by Dr. J. N. Ehrhart, at Salzburgh Germany, have been received in this city. As usual, these numbers are chiefly occupied with notices, and summary reviews of American publications. Whilst perusing these German pages, our attention was particularly arrested by two observations of the learned editor, upon which he expatiates the inconsistency of Dr. Rush's theory of diseases;—and the pertinacity with which the
Americans assert, and attempt to prove, that the yellow fever does not originate in America.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
The Legislature of Massachusetts have passed a law restraining persons from practising physic, in that State, who have not received a medical degree. The same regulation exists in Connecticut, and some other states, and a proposition of a similar nature is before the Legislature of NewYork. Massachusetts has likewise granted ten thousand dollars per annum for ten years to its Medical College.
A proposition to establish a Board of Agriculture, with a Professorship attached to it, is under consideration in the Legislature of New-York. A Professorship on this useful branch of science should be instituted in each of our Universities.
At the annual meeting of the Medical Society of New-York, on the 3d of February, at the Capitol in Albany, the following officers were chosen for the present year:-Dr. John Stearns, President; Dr. Henry Mitchill, Vice-President; Dr. Peter Wendell, Secretary; Dr. Charles D. Townshend, Treasurer; Drs. David Hossack, Samuel L. Mitchill Westel Willoughby, J. Romeyn Beck, and John Watts, Censors; Drs. Amasa Trowbridge, William Patrick, A. Davis, Thomas Fuller, Joshua Lee, P. C. Adams, B. White.
Messrs. Gales and Seaton, of the City of Washing, have issued proposals for publishing a Journal of the Debates of Congress, commencing with the first Session after the adoption of the Constitution.
ART. 11. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
THE THIRD CENTURIAL JUBILEE, commemorative of the REFORMATION, has been solemnized in a most splendid manner throughout Germany. The Christian festivities and religious exercises commenced on the 31st October, and ter
minated on Sunday evening the 2d November last. The momentous occasion was characterized by an active mutual feeling of charity, and by evangelical benevolence among Christians of all denominations. In most parts, the Lutheran and
Reformed Churches celebrated their Toleration or Union Festival at the same time, and were solemnly united in the pale of the "Evangelical Church." Many Roman Catholic Christians cordially united with Protestants in acts of charity, in founding philanthropic institutions, and in perpetuating the true principles of Christian unanimity. And it is worthy of remark that the Roman Catholic Clergy of the Imperial Parish Church
in Vienna, readily lent the damask tapestry of that edifice, to complete the decorations of the protestant churches!
We have detailed accounts of this memorable Jubilee, from every quarter of Germany, from France, Russia, &c. They give the most exhilarating evidence of the true spirit of toleration and enlightened liberality, which seems to be diffused throughout a great portion of the Christian world
To MRS. W-.
Receipt for a HAGGIS.
ART. 12. POETRY.
BY MRS. GRANT OF LAGGAN.
Though dull, and low, as vanquish'd flag is,
Then on your deck his bounty spread,
With fish in sauce may well supply you.
32 Is better than poetic sham
Like Schakkaba's pistachio lamb:
John Bull, amidst his venison haunches,
But mark the odds. The Scotch gude-wife,
40 So well extirpates all impurity,
E'en John might feed in full security.
When parboiled spread them on the dresser; With knives, the greater and the lesser, 48 Be sure to hack and hew them all,They never can be minc'd too small. Of Scottish oatmeal, fresh and sound, Add something less than half a pound; 52 Then shred two Patagonian onions
The largest in the state's dominions;
And bursting with impaticat pride,
To keep the boiling haggis in;
(1) Bubbly Jock-a turkey cock.
ART. 13. MONTHLY SUMMARY OF POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE.
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.
T24 speech from the throne, of January
R. H. has the utmost confidence in the public resources-that national industry has revived-that public credit remains unshaken-that the difficulties under which the country was before labouring were entirely
owing to temporary causes; and that, under the influence of all these auspicious circum. stances, popular discontent had become quieted. The speech also announces that treaties had been concluded with Portugal and Spain on the subject of the slave trade, and recommends an increase of the number of houses of public worship of the established order.
Government has ceased giving encouragement to persons to emigrate to the British dominions in North America, except to halfpay officers, and persons under peculiar circumstances; the reason assigned is that many who emigrated during the two last years were unable to cultivate the land allotted to them, and became reduced to great distress. The act suspending the Habeas Corpus has been repealed.
At Luebeck, in Germany, a society for the promotion of useful activity has been in existence for a considerable number of years. During the late troubles in Germany, the philanthropic operations of this meritorious society were materially obstructed, and the association was nearly defunet. But, to use the language of its annual report in November last "the resurrection of Germany, and the return of prosperous liberty has infused a new life." Among the various objects of public utility to which this truly benevolent society directs its exertions, it has established a Sunday-School, an Industry-School, a Savings-Bank, and a Swim-Institution. The pupils in this institution (which is successfully frequented by a great number of citizens) are chiefly those who intend to be mariners; and they
are thus qualified to be the courageous and skilful preservers of life."
The Russian navigator, Kotzebue, has been
at the Sandwich Islands, one of which, Ataai, on the north-east of the group, has submitted to the Emperor Alexander; and he has also discovered a new, extensive, and inhabited island a little to the south-west of the group.
Algiers still continues to be disturbed by dissension in the soldiery. The Dey having retired to the citadel of Caspa, dismissed his Turkish guards, and black troops only are now employed about his person. AMERICA.
The troops under Artigas, at Colonia, have mutinied, and 1000 men been sent from Buenos Ayres to assist the mutineers. A squadron of five armed brigs and two transports with troops were at anchor off the town on the 20th December. Considerable commotion has been
excited at Buenos Ayres in consequence of the report in regard to the Russian fleet. Venezuela.
Morillo is said to be in a great measure surrounded by Bolivar, who has 3000 men and 12 pieces of artillery, and has put the Royalists entirely on the defensive; and their only hope is that the Patriots may be induced to come to a general engagement. Mexico.
A despatch from Colonel Joquin Marquez y Donnally to the Viceroy of Mexico, announces the capture of a fort garrisoned by the Patriots, and a heavy loss of men and munitions of war by the latter.
The despatch also states that many were forced down precipices, and otherwise destroyed, which the colonel deeply laments, as many women and children, wishing to follow their husbands and fathers, met with a similar fate, and were destroyed. One of the rebels, as they are called, being about to fall into the hands of the victors, killed his young son, the latter being at the time almost dying from want.
Friday, Feb. 20. The bill for the relief of major general Arthur St. Clair, granting him a pension of sixty dollars per month, was this day passed as amended. Twenty-one to ten.
Monday, Feb. 23. The House of Representatives having notified to the Senate the death of one of its members, col. Peterson Goodwin, of Virginia, it was unanimously resolved that the members of the Senate should wear the usual badge of mourning for the deceased; and the Senate adjourned.
Tuesday, Feb. 24.
Considerable business, chiefly of local or temporary interest, was transacted this day.
Wednesday, Feb. 25. The business before the senate this day was
Thursday, Feb. 26.-The bill for the relief of the surviving soldiers of the revolution was taken up and ordered to a third reading,
Friday, Feb. 27. The bill to provide for the surviving officers and soldiers was read a third time, and passed as amended.
Monday, March 2. The consideration of the bill respecting the transportation of people of colour, &c. principally engaged the senate this day.
Tuesday, March 3. The senate resumed the consideration of the bill regulating the pay of brevet officers. On motion of Mr. Barbour the bill was amended, by a provision that hereafter no brevet rank shall be conferred except by and with the advice of the senate. And the bill was ordered to a third reading.
Wednesday, March 4. Considerable business was forwarded, but no important results at tained.
Thursday, March 5. The resolution providing for an amendment of the constitution, by establishing an uniform mode of choosing electors of president and vice president of the United States, was taken up and adopted.
Friday, March 6. The senate was occupied in the further discussion of the bill regulating the reclamation of fugitive slaves and indented ser
Monday, March 9. The amendments of the House of Representatives to the bill for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the revolutionary army, were taken up and coneurred in. And the bill was finally passed.
Mr. Dickerson's resolution proposing an amendment of the constitution in regard to the mode of choosing electors was negatived-less than two thirds of the senate voting in favour of it.
Tuesday, March 10. No business of importance was transacted this day.
Wednesday, March 11. The bill prescribing the mode of reclaiming fugitive slaves was again discussed, and was ordered to a third reading.
Thursday, March 12. The bill from the House of Representatives, providing for the recovery of fugitive slaves and indented servants, was read a third time as amended, passed (17 to 13) and returned to the House for concurrence.
Friday, March 13. The engrossed bill "in addition to the act to promote the progress of the useful arts," and the engrossed bill respecting the transportation of persons of colour for sale, &c. were severally read the third time, passed, and sent to the other house for concurrence.
Monday, March 16. A similar message to that transmitted on Saturday to the House of Representatives in regard to our relations with Spain, was received from the President of the United States, with the accompanying documents.
The proposition to adjourn on the 13th April
was taken up, and the consideration of it postponed to Monday sen'night.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Wednesday, Feb. 18. The House in committee, was principally occupied this day in the renewed discussion of the bankrupt bill.
Thursday, Feb. 19. The discussion on the bankrupt bill was resumed in committee of the whole, and occupied the greater part of this day's sitting.
Friday, Feb. 20. After disposing of much miscellaneous business, the House resolved itself again into a committee of the whole, on the bill providing for a uniform system of bankruptcy.
Monday, Feb. 23. Mr. Newton of Virginia announced to the House the death of his colleague Col. Peterson Goodwin. At the motion of Mr. N. the house unanimously resolved to wear crape on the left arm for one month, in testimony of respect to the deceased-and on motion of Mr. Forsyth immediately adjourned.
Tuesday, Feb. 24. On motion of Mr. Forsyth, a call was made on the President of the U. States for information in regard to our relations with Spain.
The bankrupt bill was again taken up in committee of the whole.
Wednesday, Feb. 25. The bankrupt bill was again taken up, and after a protracted debate, was indefinitely postponed-82 to 70.
Thursday, Feb 26. The House was occupied most of the day in discussing the bill providing a mode of exercising the right of expatriation.
Friday, Feb. 27. The petition of the "Irish Emigrants," for a grant of land on certain conditions, was rejected---83 to 71.
Saturday, Feb. 28. The debate on the expatriation bill was resumed, and the first section was struck out by a vote of 70 to 58.
Monday, March 2. The President of the U. States communicated by message the doings of the Commissioners under the treaty of Ghent.
The discussion on the expatriation bill was resumed, and continued till the House adjourned.
Tuesday, March 3. On motion of Mr. 1 aylor of New-York, a resolution was adopted for the appointment of a joint committee to consider and report when the present session of congress may be terminated.
Wednesday, March 4. The expatriation bill was again taken up, and after further discussion, denied a third reading---75 to 64.
Thursday, March 5. Several bills were reported, and some amendments were made to the bills from the senate, concerning the surviving officers and soldiers of the revolution.
The Georgia militia-claims bills for 179495, was rejected, 90 to 70.
Friday, March 6. A petition for pecuniary relief was presented by Mr. Butler, from major general John Stark, and referred to a select
The House went into a committee of the whole on the report of the committee to whom had been referred that part of the President's message which relates to internal improvements; and the resolution reported by the committee to establish a fund for promoting internal improvements was under discussion when the House adjourned.
Saturday, March 7. Mr. Sergeant from the joint committee to whom the subject was referred, reported a resolution for an adjournment of the Session of Congress on the 15th of April.
The subject of internal improvements was again discussed at length.
Monday, March 9. The resolution providing
for the adjournment of Congress on the 13th of April was taken up, and carried, 101 to 46.
The House then again resolved itself into a committee of the whole on the report of the committee on the question of internal improvements. The debate was not concluded when the House adjourned.
Tuesday, March 10. Mr. Mason of Mass. from the committee, to which the subject had been referred, made a report on the Massachusetts claims for expenses incurred in calling out the militia in the late war, accompanied by a bill providing for the payment of them-which was twice read and committed.
The House went again into a committee of the whole on the subject of internal improvements. Several amendments to the resolution were moved and carried in the committee, expressing the right of Congress to appropriate money for the construction of roads and canals, &c.-also to construct them under certain restrictions. The committee rose, reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again
Wednesday, March 11. After disposing of some other business, the House again went into a committee of the whole on the subject of internal improvements. The debate was continued till sunset, when the House adjourned without having come to any decision.
The speaker presented the petition of Vincente Pazos, representing himself to be the agent of the republics of Venezuela and Buenos Ayres, complaining of the capture of Amelia Island, stating that application had been made to the executive, who had refused justice, as he says, and praying the interposition of Congress.
Mr. Forsyth moved that the petition be not received, stating that as the petitioner was an agent of a foreign power, he had applied to Congress as an appellate power over the executive, he thought it improper that he should be thus heard.
This brought on a long discussion, incidentally touching upon the propriety of the executive of the United States taking possession of Amelia Island, and upon the policy of receiving a petition from an unacknowledged agent of a foreign power.
The discussion continued nearly three hours, which terminated in a rejection of the petition by a vote of 124 to 28.
Thursday, March 12. On reading the journal this morning, a discussion arose on the mode in which the entry had been made respecting the petition of Vincente Pazos, presented yesterday. In the entry, the official character of the petitioner, and the tenor of his petition were set forth; and it was particularly stated that this application to the legislature was in consequence
It was said, on the other hand, that it was requisite, to show the nature of the petition, that the reason of its rejection might appear.
The House, by a large majority, refused to amend their journal, and thus sanctioned the entry.
The report on internal improvements was again taken up in committee, and the debate renewed.
Friday, March 13. The discussion of the report on the subject of internal improvements was early resumed and continued through the day in committee of the whole. The committee rose and reported the resolutions to the House.
Saturday, March 14. The resolutions on the subject of internal improvement were taken up in the House. The question on the first resolution was taken after a short debate. The resolution is in these words:
Resolved, That Congress has power, under the constitution, to appropriate money for the construction of post roads, military and other roads, and of canals, and for the improvement of water
The House concurred in this resolution, 90 to 75. The second resolution, is in the following words:
Resolved, That Congress has power, under the constitution, to construct post roads and military roads, provided that private property be not taken for public use without just compensation
Was rejected, yeas 82, nays 84-As was also the third, viz.
"Resolved, That Congress has power, under the constitution, to construct roads and canals neces sary for commerce between the states; provided that private property be not taken for public purposes, without just compensation"71 voting for, and 95 against it.
The fourth resolution was then read as follows: "Resolved, That Congress has power, under the constitution, to construct canals for military purposes; provided, that no private property be taken for any such purpose, without just compensation being made therefor;"
And was lost, ayes 81, nays 83.
A message was received from the President of the United States, respecting our relations with Spain, accompanied by official documents.
Monday, March 16. No business of importance was transacted in the House this day.