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his attainments in bis professional studies, contributed to elevate that medical school to conferred upon hin the degree of Bachelor its present high distinction. of Medicine.

" As a literary character, few men held a “ In 1786 he was gradualed a doctor of me. more elevated rank, in the estimation of all dicine at the university of Edinburgh : upon to whom he was known, than Dr. Wistar. that occasion he published and defended a Beside those branches of science more im. Thesis, " de animo demisso," to which subject mediately connected with the medical prohis attention was probably directed by the fession, as far as his duties as a practitioner feelings that constantly found a residence in permitted, he cultivated, with great industry bis own sensitive bosom.

and success, almost every department of lite. " In February, 1767, after an absence of rature. His house was the weekly resort of Dearly four years, Dr Wistar returned to the literati of the city of Philadelpbia; and at Philadelphia, instructed in every branch of his hospitable board the learned stranger medicine, and the physical sciences with from every part of the world, of every which it is most intimately associated : he tongue and nation, received a cordial wel. was accordingly prepared to fill any station cone. His urbanity, his pleasing and inin which his services might be called for, strnctive conversation, bis peculiar talent in either as a practitioner, or as a teacher of discerning and displaying the characteristic medicine.

merits or acquirements of those with whom “ The first testimony borne to his merits by he conversed, will be remembered with pleahis fellow citizens upon his return to his na- sure by all who have ever enjoyed his society tive country was, his appointment as a phy- and conversation. sician to the Philadelphia Dispensary, which " In 1815 he was elected an Honorary kad been established in the preceding year. member of the Literary and Philosophical

" About that period, the medical school Society of New-York; and, as an evidence attached to the University of Pennsylrania, of the high estimation in which he was beid, and an association denominated the College both for his learning and his private worth, i of Philadelphia, were rival institutions. may add, that when the presidency of the

"Upon the consolidation of these rival American Philosophical Society for Promoschools. Dr. Wistar was associated with the ting Useful Knowledge was vacated, in 1816, late celebrated Dr. William Shippen, as an Dr. Wistar, by an unanimous suffrage, was adjunct professor of anatomy and surgery in elected to fill that honourable station : ho. the University of Pennsylvania.

nourable, having been previously occupied “I need not say how much bis exertions, only by his illustrious predecessors, Frank united with those of his colleagues, have lin, Rittenhouse, and Jefferson.


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E have hardly visited the theatre in Mr. Incledon on his return from Boston sang a criticism on the performances. Since our sated with singing—at any rate he drew only Jast notice of the stage, a Mr. Finn, a native indifferent houses. Mr. Woodhull has made of this city, but who has played in England, his appearance again on the boards, but has has enacted a few characters in the higher not manilested much improvement since the walks both of tragedy and comedy, with ap- last season. A Mr. Hawkshurst, we under probation. We do not learn that he has stand, has inade a decent debut in Picrre. made any engagement with the managers.


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he held in hand a stick that reminded me N crossing La Rue de La Paix, I was stop- of the gold-headed canes carried by foot.

men . At first Ifancied that I was the dupe of gentleman, who, with all imaginable polite: a mischievous jest ; and I was beginning io be ness, held out his hat to me, and requested angry, when my petitioner again extended alms, inquiring at the same time after my his hat, and begged that I would not "ter. health. The novelty of this proceeding sur- minate the happiness of his day." prised me. I threw a glance at the civil The tone of his voice, the affectation of mendicant, from whoin my inspection forced his expressions, the singulari!y and neatness a smile. lle iras dressed in a green great of his dress, all inspired me with a feeling of coat, nankeen pantaloons, and a blue and curiosity which I could with difficulty resist. white striped waistcoat. A large muslin cra- Slipping my hand slowly into my pocket, in vat sustained his double chin, which bad the hope of exciting his expectation, I kept just been shaved; his shoes were fastened clinking a few pieces of money, while I ask: by silver clasps, his hair was powdered, and ed him what were the causes that could have reduced him to practise a profession dress, walk with a quickness which induces which so ill accorded with his language and me to suspect that they are in pursuit of bis habit ? Charmed with the sound of a few pleasure. Their whole minds engrossed by crowns, which in his own mind he already a single idea, they look neither to the right appropriated to himself, our beggar medita- nor to the left. I glide softly after them. My ted for an instant, and then declared that he voice, in the mildest tone, strikes their ear merely followed his own judgment and with a timid prayer, to which I take care to taste. " Whal,” answered I, “ of your age add with a little more emphasis, these words, (he appeared to be no more than thirty years which never fail of effect - it will insure old) when there are so many ways wbich your happiness.' Immediately, and without would lead you to a peaceful and happy stopping, they open their little purse of green Tife ?" "I have travelled them all,” he re- silk, and give me a small piece of money, plied, " and I never tasted tranquility, a hap- thanking me, at the same time, by an almost piness eqral to that which I have enjoyed imperceptible smile, for an expression which during the few last months. I have proved they have the goodness to regard as a proall conditions-none suited me. Driven phecy. from one post by intrigue. I entered on " i return slowly, laughing inwardly at another through patronage, which I left from the idle clerk, and ihe self-important master caprice. I lost my forlu..e in trade, my who are going to their offices.' I see the aubealth in the army. When I was rich ex. thor who racks his brains for a rhyme or a citing envy; when poor calling forth pity; couplet, and the actor who repeats his part obliged to bend to the wishes of great men,

in an onder tone and without gesture, that dreading the treachery of little ones : tor- he may not incommode passengers. Seldom mented with the desire of adding to what I do I interrupt these honest people. Neverpossessed, or by the fear of losing what I theless, last week I ventured to implore the had acquired; compelled to show respect to aid of a performer of a minor theatre, to those whom I bated, employing disreputable whom I bethought myself to lend for a mostratagems to obtain preferment, and am- ment the name of our most celebrated trabiguous means to retain it; continually oc- gedian. His countenance sparkled, he made cupied with anxiety for the future, I passed me repeat my request, and paid me for my the greater part of my life in a perpetual mistake, like a man who was more pleased agitation; in a mixture of hope and suspense; tban surprised at it. I meet, on my way, the of short snatches of happiness and vexations, advocate who is going coldly to plead the the end of which I could scarcely ever dis. cause of a client whose pretentions he has

One lucky day braving prejudice, himself condemned ; the bailiff who hurries which has only the strength that one gives it to the lodgings of a young man of fashion, oneself, scorning shame, which ougbt not to against whom he has for six months had a attach to the beggar on foot more than to the warrant of arrest, the execution of which, in beggar in a coach, I did that which most virtue of certain gratuities, he has repeatedly men dom turned to account the self-love postponed. I have never dared to solicit the and pride of my fellow creatures ; I levied a pity of this last. To be successful it would contribution on all the human passions.- be necessary to attack bis weak side, and I Free from the duties which society in poses, am always afraid of mistaking it. from the obligations it commands, without " At ten o'clock see me near the Tortoni, attachment, without family, alone in the or the Cato Anglais. I continue my moral midst of all, I created for myself a resource observations ; and I find that the cries of which has never deprived me of my indepen- misery must not be poured into the ears of a dence. Exempt from the pains, from the man who has just risen from table.bustle which attend fortune and rank, I live There I am never served until after the wai. without care, without solicitude for the mor- ter, whose eyes dispute with me the remainrow."— But does it not happen that chari. der of the small change which he has just give ty-"“ I never reckon on charity. My en, and which is thrown to me with a disdain calculations are surer. There is more to be that relieves me from the necessity of ack. gained by the vices of men than by their vir- nowledgment.

You sball judge for yourself, from the "I then generally visit the garden of the history of one of my days.

Thuilleries. It affords me a rich harvest on " I seldom rise early. However, when that a fine day. If you did but know the value does occur, I go and try my fortune on the to me of the words, Monsieur le Chevalier,' Boulevards. You must be well aware that I “Monsieur le Baron'- Monsieur le Comte' never address those honest artisans whose--addressed to people without title, or, í Mon compassion I might easily awaken, but whose Colonel – Mon General'—applied to offi: beneficence my habits would deter. Some- cers with only a single epaulette.' Do I times, bowever, betrayed by custom, I have meet, coming from church, one of those accidentally applied to a workman, singing as good women who bave not memory enough he goes along to his shop. In almost all such lo recollect the sermon they have just been cases I have instantly perceived my mistake; hearing, I accost ber; and after å refusal, and more than once I bave bestowed alms often expressed with acrimony, I reiterate on him from whom I had requested them. my request, pronouncing aloud the name of

66 About nine o'clock I watch for those Heaven. That name produces a magical young girls who, alone and in a morning effect; and the alms are doubled on account




of the importance she attaches to the good day, which of course is the conclusion of opinion of those who surround her. There the dramatic year. Talma intended at the are many persons who exhibit charity only termination of the present, to withdraw from when spectators are at hand to applaud it. the Theatre Francais unless the terms which

“ Before the close of the morning I stop at he offered to the managers were accepted: the doors of several of the gaming houses. I the latter thought them rather hard, but salute with respect mingled with sympathy, upon mature deliberation resolved to come the unfortunate man wbo descends with ply, that they might not lose their best trameasured steps, and in whose face the dis- gedian. Talma will in consequence obtain astrous state of his finance is easily read. I a salary of 30 or 40,000 francs, if not more. address almost laughingly the gambler whom He has never yet been able to save any chance favours with good fortune which he thing, and Bonaparte is said to have paid his did not expect. His gifts are generally be. debts several times. It is scarcely to be es yond my hopes; but, alas ! they are too often pected that he will now learn to be a better loans rather than gifts. Frequently have ! manager. been asked at night for the half-crown which A M. Munito, an actor of a different kind, has been bestowed on me in the morning; is at this moment engaging in no small deand in the hope of a change of luck, I have gree the attention of the Parisians. The not hesitated to return it.

house where he exhibits is frequently too “ I dine in that part of the town in which small, and it requires considerable patience I find myself at the dinner hour; but I take to wait till you can be admitted to admire care to dine alone, lest it should bappeu to his talents. This M. Munito is a dog, a kind me to sit at table with one of my customers; of poodle, from the neighbourhood of Milan, whom such a little accident might cause me who has been taught by his master, an Ital. to lose.

ian, to perform all sorts of curious tricks, and " In the evening, I wander about the Palais in truth does great credit to his instructions. Royal, or the Champs-Elysees. I have in re. The writer of the biographical account of serve a story of misfortunes, of which I avail this celebrated quadruped, sold at the en• myself. according to the rank or probable trance of the place of exhibition, says: sentiments of the person to whom I speak. “While we were writing this bistory, we I ruin myself as I choose ; sometimes by fire, hoped that the account of Munito's talents sometimes by the revolution, sometimes by would stimulate the ambition of indolent the ingratitude of my family, sometimes by children.” Accordingly, there are few pathe treachery of my friend. I carefully ex- rents but take their children to admire this amine my listeners, that I may make no mis- model of cleverness, who is become so gentake in my history, should they have the eral a topic of conversation throughout all patience to hear me a second time. It is Paris, that a person would be thougbt very seldom that my eloquence is not crowned meanly of who bad not seen him, and could with happy results; for while I apply for not describe his wonderful performances. compassion, I never forget self-love."- He writes and cyphers like the most expert “ Nevertheless, you may fail sometimes ; master. Set him a sum for example, upon a and you will allow me to believe that at the slate--he places himself gravely before it, moment when you were intrusting to me considers for a few minutes, then seeks all the secret of your mode of life—"" I adopted the figures that form the answer, out of the only proper course with you. My con. several sets that lie scattered upon the floor, fession is a new proof of my skill. I have without receiving the slighest perceptible frequently heard your name. I knew that sign from his master. He writes quite of. one of your chief employments is to collect thographically. A word is mentioned, and remarks on the manners of the capital; and I he immediately seeks out all the letters that thought you would not be displeased at have compose it. Ask him for ten or twelve ing the materials furnished to you for one cards and he will instantly pick them out of your next dissertations."

from among a complete pack.-Munito not 1 bad nothing to reply; so I drew my only exhibits in public every evening at the band from my pocket and took leave of my rate of three francs for each spectator, but is interlocutor, who followed, overwhelming invited to perform before private companies, me with his thanks.

by wbich he is well paid. In short, this LE BON HOMME- learned quadruped acquires riches and re(Dublin Chronicle.)

nown-though strictly speaking the latter

only, as the former fall to the share of his LETTERS FROM PARIS IN 1817. master. From the New Monthly Magasine.

Madame de Genlis will shortly publish an

April 3. extract from the sixty folio volumes of the According to ancient custom the theatres Memoires of the Marquis de Dangeau, which will be shut here during the Passion Week. are preserved in manuscript in the library of

The performances at the larger houses closed the arsenal. This Marquis de Dangeau be. on Sunday last, and those at the smaller yes- longed to the court of Louis XIV. and is terday. All of them open again on Easter praised by Fontenelle as an able mathemaMonday. These holidays are the vacation tician; nay, more-it was mathematics that of the actors. All their engagements com

gained him the favour of the sovereign. mence with Easter and end with Paln-Sun Footenelle relates, that he was so skiliul in

calculating the combinations of the games played curately engraved. Cadet then resided at Strasat court, as to attract attention, and he was invited burg, where he held some public office. Just at to all such games, after it had been ascertained, this time the public attention was strongly excited by Colbert's advice, that his constant success was by a criminal process against several persons imnot owing to any trick, but merely to his skill in prisoned at Strasburg for issuing forged notes of calculation. Ten or twelve years ago, Madame the bank of Vienna. At the head of these culde Genlis had prepared for press an extract from prits was one Lefevre, who had engraved the these voluminous Memoires, but according to the notes, and that with such accuracy that the forged despotic custom of that time it was necessary that paper could not, without great

difficulty, be disit should be submitted to Buonaparte before it tinguished from the genuine. M. Cadet conceivcould be printed. Napoleon read the abridged ed that such a clever scoundrel would be able Memoires, and instead of permission to print, he 10 produce an exact fac simile of the Egyptian gave this laconic answer ;-" The 'thor of bieroglyphics. He communicated this idea to these Memoirs has represented Louis XIV. as

the procurator of the court, who was his friend, too great and too good"-which was tantamount and who accompanied him to the prison, where to a prohibition. Madame de Genlis, who was

he agreed with Lefevre respecting the engraving not on bad terms with Buonaparte, could not even of to olates. From this time the prisoner was get her manuscript returned, so that she has daily escorted by a gens d'arme to the residence been obliged to transcribe all the extracted pas- of M. Cadet ; Shore he worked regularly at the sages afresh.

hieroglyphics, was supplied with food and clothing Å Mons. Cadet is engaged upon a series of by his employer, and returmed every evening to conversations which he had with the celebrated his prison. In this manner he i Paoli, on the natural history and political consti- 19 or 20 in number, of which the dothe plates,

. tutions of Corsica.- Before the revolution, Cadet Meanwhile the time for the trial approached. was sub-delegate of the French government in M. Cadet had observed the character of Lefevre ; that island. He has already published several and perceived from his conversation that this works upon it; some of which have been translat- poor fellow, who was not a bad man at the bottom, ed into other languages. As he resided nearly had fallen into the snares of subtle rogues, and twenty years in Corsica, he is well acquainted fearful of punishment for a first, though slight ofwith the island and its inhabitants. In his lei- fence, had not been able to extricate himself from sure 'hours he had made a model of the island their toils. M. Cadet promised to intercede with in relief : Paoli heard of it, and called upon the court in his behalf, and he faithfully kept his Cadet'; hence arose an acquaintance which was word. When the trial came on he represented highly interesting to both, and led to a familiar whatever was calculated to palliate the offence intercourse which continued till the breaking out of Lefevre, who was in consequence only place of the French revolution. He related to me a ed under the surveillance of the police, whereas remarkable anecdote of that celebrated leader. his colleagues were condemned to the galleys. M. Cadet was once with him when he was sit- To snatch him completely from his vicious courses, ting down to dinner. There were several other and afford him opportunity for amendment, M. persons in his company, one of whom was a far- Cadet procured him constant employment in enmer and another the then obscure Napoleon Buo- graving maps for an engineer." Unfortunately naparte. Paoli desired the farmer to take a seat Lefevre had sunk too low to be worthy of this near, him, but young Buonaparte was placed at kindness. He plunged into debauchery, and soonl the farther end of the table." Do you see that afterwards died miserably. His performanco youth yonder?" said he in a whisper to M. Cadet; was published by M. Cadet with a brief descrip

if were to let him sit near me he would tion, and it will ever be distinguished as a faithsoon push me out of my own place."

ful copy of one of the greatest hieroglyphic moduA singularity of Paoli deserves to be mention- ments of Egypt. ed. I was informed by Cader that he never cut

April 15. the nail of one of his little fingers, so that it was Since my last, Massena's death has been tie of very great length. His object in suffering it principal event at Paris. We are filled with asto grow was because the same ridiculous notion ionishment when we reflect that a man of mean prevails in Corsica as in China, that long nails birth should have raised himself from the lowest are a mark of gentility, as they afford decisive rank in the service to the highest, merely by his evidence that the owner is not obliged to perform genius, and have filled all Europe with the fame any kind of manu al labour.

of his exploits, so that even the enemies who were As I bave mentioned M. Cadet, I may with opposed to him honoured his merits. This admiraout impropriety give you here some curious par- tion, however, is soon lost in a painful feeling, ticulars concerning one of his works.-A French when we recollect that these military achievetraveller in Egypt had brought back with him a ments tended only to desolate Europe, and to conroll of papyrus, 36 feet long, found in the sepul- solidate the despotism of an insatiable ruler. When chres of Thebes, and communicated it to M. we farther consider how basely this renowned Cadet. The latter proposed to have it engraved general behaved in 1815, and how scandalously and published, especially as this piece of hiero- he sported with the oath of allegiance, the respect glyphics, which had for so many ages withstood due to his military talents dwindles to nothing. At the ravages of Time, was now so decayed that it the place of interment, to which his remains were: could scarcely be touched. This design was, how- attended by an innumerable multitude of officer ; cver, attended by various difficulties ; but Cadet of the old army, General Thiebault delivered az hoped to surmount them all by patience, care, pompous eulogy on the deceased, taking special and perseverance. He first committed the rolí care to pass over in silence whatever did not reto the delicate hands of his wise and daughter. dound to Massena's honour. The campaign in PorThey unrolled it with the utmost caution, and as tugal involved the orator in a dilemma from which. they proceeded, the unrolled part was stuck with be extricated himself in an extraordinary manner. gum upon linen, by which means it was secured He observed that this campaign had not been from dropping to pieces. After the whole was productive of the results which might have boern unrolled, the hieroglyphics were accurately co- expected from Massena's name alone ; « bruit, pied :-the next business was 10 get them as ac- added he, “those who are ablo duly to appre.

VOL. 11.--No.

ciate the obstacles and the means, find in his con- £2000. Of the first nine volumes of this duct a proof that he was capable of executing work only 50 copies were taken off, and of great things with few resources, but not of per- the tenth 300. Out of these 50 copies Mr. forming impossibilities.” This is very true, but Meredith presented the translator with 26; he ought to have intimated that these impossibil and as each copy sells for £50, the value of ities originated in the genius of his antagonist, the whole amounts to £1.300. The 24 copies the Duke of Wellington. A circumstance which shows that Massena was far from considering the which he retained for bigself, were destined conquest of Portugal as impracticable, is the fol- solely for presents to his friends. He has lowing. It is well known at Paris that before Mas- moreover settled on Mr. Taylor a life annuity sena set out from that capital for this campaign, of 100 guineas. Taylor's works belong to he was invited to breakfast by Buonaparte. Here the class of rare books, as not more than 50 he met the emperor and empress alone, who copies of most of thein have been printed. loaded him with flatteries and caresses; he was even promised the kingdom of Portugal, and de- Customs and Manners in Modern Holland. parted, fondly dreaming that he should, won

The following general view of the customs mount’a throne. If his dreams were pro realized, and manners of the Dutch, is from a very rehe had nobody to blame for his wisappointment but the Duke of Wellingt-; though Massena cent work of Mr. Campbell :-The natives of himself did not manifest in this campaign his for the United Provinces are of good stature, mer impetuopa eurage, nor strive to push for- and inclined to be corpulent, but they are ward wiin his accustomed vigour. It is fortunate remarkable in general for a heavy awkward for mankind that Massena's fame was wrecked mein ; their features are regular, and their before the lines of Torres Vedras. How different, complexions fair. The better sort of people perhaps,would now have been the fate of Europe, imitate the French fashions in their dress; had he succeeded in the attempt to usurp the but those addicted to ancient habits never throne of Portugal !

fail to load themselves with an enormous inAmong the persons of some note whom the . cumbrance of clothes. The hats of those literary world has lost, is M. Chanlaire, who published, in association with Mentelle, the Atlas

women are nearly as large as tea boards, national de la France, and with Peuchet the topo- projecting forwards, and on each side, so as graphical and statistical Description of France, to overshadow both face and body: these in numbers, each containing a department. As are chiefly of straw, with two broad ribbons, he devoted himself more especially to the topo- not tied, but pendant from the sides. Both graphy of the French empire, he has produced men and women wear at least two waistcoats, some good works in that line, though indeed not with as many coats, and the former cover free from errors. One of the rooms in his house their limbs with double trowsers ; but the was fitted up all round with large drawers. dress of the young girls is the most singular,

These drawers were as numerous as the departo especially at any festival or holiday.
ments of the French empire some years ago, and
upon each was inscribed the name of a depart. of inundation is habitually frugal.

The Dutchman, living in continual dread

His topography, statistics, or history of any depart foresight admirable, his perseverance not fo meni was immediately procured by M. Chan- be conquered, and his labours, unless seen, laire, and put into the proper drawer; and as he cannot be credited. This astonishes the had pursued this practice for at least twenty more when the phlegm of his temper and years, he had collected a tolerable complete li- the slowness of his manners are considered. brary, which was of great use to him in the com- View the minuteness of bis economy, the sopilation of his great Description of France. It licitude of his precaution, and the inflexi. is a subject of regret that this work, which he bility of his methodical prudence, who would finished; since he was obliged to relinquish the not pronounce him incapable of great enterundertaking want of encouragement. The prise? He builds himself a dwelling : it is statistical form is too dry for the generality of

an hut in size, it is a palace in neatness; it readers. Besides the above-mentioned works, is necessarily situated among damps, and M. Chanlaire was employed upon several con- perhaps behind the banks of a sluggish ca. siderable collections of maps, as the Map of the nal; yet he writes upon it Myngenoege, my, South of Europe in 45 sheets, the Map of the delight; Land lust, country pleasure ; Land Seat of War in the East in 3 large sheets, the cigt, country prospect; or some other inMap of Belgium in 69 sheets, from Ferrari's. scription that might characterize the Vale of He also contributed a number of sheets to Meu- Tempe, or the Garden of Eden! He still telle's Allas universel in 169 sheets.

cuts his trees into fantastic forms, hangs his

awnings round with small bells, and decoMR. MEREDITH AND MR. TAYLOR, THE

rates his Sunday jacket with dozens of little

buttons. Too provident to waste his sweets, The following facts, gleaned from a fo- he puts a bit of sugar-candy in his mouth, and reign journal, will probably be new to most drinks bis tea as it melts. of our readers, as they were to ourselves. The Dutch are usually distinguished into We are assured that they are authentic-Mr. five classes : the peasants and farmers, sea. Meredith, a private gentleman of London, faring men, merchants and tradesmen, those who, in his patronage of science, displays a who live upon their estates or the interest of munificence worthy of a prince, is printing, their money, and military officers. The pea· at his own expense, Taylor's translation of sants are industrious, and only managed by

Proclus' work on Plato. The printing of fair language. The seafariog men are a Taylor's Aristotle cost the same gentleman plain, rough, and hardy race, seldom using


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