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raceway-and the conjunction of these upon them, and stabling for relay horses,
inventions renders the power on board if required.
very nearly ag advantageous as when They may be used in numberless in-
applied in towing from the land. stances where the heavy expenses of

On the canals in England, barges car- steam-boats and horse-boats are insup-
rying 30 tons are drawn 5 miles per hour portable. They will avoid the incon-
by one horse through still water-whyveniences of leakage and repairs—they
then should not an equal power, if pro- may travel in the shallowest waters, and
perly applied, produce nearly an equal will be more safe than any hollow ves-
result when employed on board ? I am sel can possibly be.
conscious it can never do quite so much, I am, Gentlemen, your very obedient
because it is impossible to prevent the es servant.
cape of water about the paddles entirely,

C. A. BUSBY. but a very near approximation may be No. 2, Law Buildings, New-York, obtained.

February 11. Navigable Raft-Boats and their machi P.S. A model of the Navigable Raftnery may be constructed of various di- Boat is prepared for the inspection of mensions, at one-fourth the expense of those who take interest in the subject. ordinary horse-boats. They may be mov. This invention may also be converted ed with rapidity by one or more horses, into a Floating Tide Millthe raceway or oxen, according to their size.—They being in that case made hopper-mouthed, will be advantageous for ferries, and the to increase the current acting upon the conveyance of passengers, merchandise water-wheel. It may also be applied to of all kinds, and agricultural produce- military purposes, for the defence of harStores and apartments may be erected bours, &c.

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EXPLANATION OF THE DIAGRAM.
A. A. B. B. The double Raft-Boat. the sides and at bottom). suspended be-

C. The water-wheel with upright tween the boats, and nearly fitting the buckets, guard rollers, &c. described in water-wheel.---The distance between our December number.

the boats being about three times the
D. Two drum-wheelson vertical breadth of the raceway, to allow distinct
shafts, or spindles, connected by a band, passages for the eddy-waters, parted by
a second band passes about these drums, the bars of the boats, between them and
and another drum fixed concentrically to the raceway.
the shaft of the water-wheel : horses at F. The horse-course, shaped like the
tached to the first band, by common ancient hippodrome.
whiffle-trees, give motion to the front G. Girders connecting the two boats.
drums, and those drums acting on the N. B. Specifications of every part of
second band, communicate their motion this invention are deposited in the pa-
to the water-wheel.

tent office.
E. The gutter or raceway (inclosed on
VOL. II.-No, v.

49

,

ART. 19. REPORT OF DISEASES TREATED AT THE PUBLIC DISPENSARY, NEW-YORK, DURING THE MONTH OF JAN. 1818. ACUTE DISEASES.

ment of the Tartar Emelic Ointment, briskiy 'EBRIS Remittens, (Remillent Ferer,) 2; rubbed on the skin, night and morning, till it Febris Infantum Remittens, (Infantile Remit were dressed with simple cerate. tent Ferer,) 3 ; Ophthalmia, (Infiammation of The following deaths occurred in New York the Eyes,) 3; Cynanche Tonsillaris, (Infiam during the month of December, 1817. malion of the Throat,) 4; Catarrhus Acutus, Apoplesy, 5--burned, 1-cancer, 1-child(Acute Catarrh.) 3; Bronchitis, 4; Pneumo- bed, 3-cholera morbus, 1-consumption, 38 nia, (Inflammation of the Chest,) 14; Pertus

--convulsions, 7--cramp in the stomacb, 1sis, (Hoopiny-Cough,) 2; Rheumatismus Acu- diarrhea, l--dropsy, 4-dropsy in the chest, tus, (Acule Rheumalism,) 4; Rubeola, (Meas. 3-dropsy in the head, 10-drowned, tes.) 2 ; Variola, (Small Por,) 14; Vaccinia, dysentary, 1-epilepsy,l--intermittent fever, (kine Pock,) 200,

1-Remittent fever, 1-scarlet fever, 14 CHRONIC AND LOCAL DISEASES.

typhous fever, 11-hæmorrhage, 4-hives or Asthenia, (Debility,) 2 ; Cephalalgia, (Head- mation of the bowels, 4-inflammation of the

croup, 6-hysteria, 1-infanticide, 2-inflamAch,) 3; Dyspepsia, (Indigestion,) 9; Gastro- brain, 3-inflammation of the chest, 16-indynia, (Pain in the Slomach,) 2; Obstipatio, 5; Aammation of the liver, 2-inflammation ofthe Hysteria, (Hysterics,) 1; Paralysis. (Palsy,) stomach, 2-insanity, 1-intemperance, 2– 1; Hemaplegia, 1; Catarrhus Chronicus, killed or murdered. 1-marasmus, 3-mea(Chronic "Catarrh,) 4 ; Bronchitis Chronica, sles, 2-old age, 10-palsy, 4-pneumonia 2; Asthma, et Dyspnaa, 1; Phthesis Pulmo- typhodes, 1-scirrhus of the liver, 1-small Lalis, (Pulmonary Consumplion,) 3; Pleuro

pox, 10-sprue, 1-still born, 6-stranguary, c'ynia, 2; Lumbago, ? ; Hæmoptysis, (Spil -suicide, 3-teething, 1-unknown, 5ting of Blood,) 2; Menorrhagia, 1 ; Hæmorrhois, 1 ; Diarrhora, 2; Amenorrhea, 3 ; Dys

worms, 4.-Total, 195.

of this number, there died 36 of and under uria, (Difficulty of Urine,) ...; Plethora, 1; the age of one year-16 between 1 and Vermes

, (Worins.) 3; Syphilis, 8 ; Urithritis years—-14 between 2 and 5–8 between 5 Virulenta, 4; Contusio, (Bruise,) 2; Vulous, and 10–14 between 10 and 20—28 between (Wound,)?; Luxation, (Displacement of a

20 and 30—24 between 30 and 40—15. beBone.) 1; Fractura, (Fracture.) 1; Ustio, iween 40 and 50--15 between 50 and 60--15 (Burn.) 3 ; Abscessus, (.Abscess,) 2 ; Ulcus, (Ul. between 60 and 70-6 between 70 and 804 cer,) 3; Scabies et Prurigo, 19; Porrigo, (Scaled between 80 and 90. Bleod,) 3; Psoriasis, 1; Eruptiones Variæ, 4.

The bill of mortality for January, 1818, preThe Winter season, as yet, has been, gene sents 221 deaths from the following dis. rally speaking, remarkably line; but during a few days the cold was severe, and at times,

Apoplexy, 2-cancer, l-casualty, 5light snow, hail and rain occurred. The child-bed, 2-consumption, 54-convulsions, bigliest temperature of this month has been 18---cramp in the stomach, 1- diarrhæa, 1 43° ; lowest 70 ; greatest diurnal variation, drepsy, 9-dropsy in the chest, 2—dropsy 17o; greatest elevation of the mercury in the

in the head, 9-m-drowned, 1-fever, 1-bilibarometer 30. 92; greatest depression 30. ous fever, 1-intermittent sever, 2-typhous 04. Prevailing winds between north-west fever, 7-gout, 3-hives or croup, 8-infanand south-west. Quantity of rain and melted ticide, 1-inflammation of the chest, 18Snow 2. 3 inches. On one night, towards the inlammation of the bowels, 5-inflammation last of the month, one or two peals of thun. of the liver, 3--intemperance, 9-jaundice, der were heard.

killed, 1-measles, 4--mortification, 1-old 'This month has been productive of no re age, 9-palsy, 4-quinsey, 1-rheumatism, markable change in the state of diseases, ex. 3-rupture, i--scrofula, i-small pos, 8– cept that the variety of acute disorders has sore throat, 1--spasms, 1-still born, 23 diminished, as is usual during the Winter sea sudden death, 3-suicide, l-labes mesen

Diseases of the order Febres have con terica, 10—teething, 1-booping-cough, 2tinued to decrease, while those of the Phleg. worms, 2.—Total, 225. masia: have gradually, but slowly, increased. Of which there died 59 of and under the Rheumatisms and affections of the organs of age of one year-18 between 1 and 2 years respiration, varying from Slight-Catarrh to - 17 between 2 and 5—9 between 5 and 10 Acute Bronchitis, and Pneumonic Indamma -10 between 10 and 20-31 between 90 tinn, are the complaints with which the phy. and 30—37 between 30 and 40-_21 between sician has most frequently had to contend. 40 and 50-17 between 50 and 60—5 beCases of Hooping-Cough and Measles have tweeu 60 and 70-5 between 70 and 80also been under trealment. Small-pox, judg. 6 between 80 and 90— between 90 and ing from our register, is extending.

100. In some cases of Chronic Rheumatism, con

JACOB DYCKMAM, M D. siderable benefit resulted from the employ- New-York, January 31, 1818.

eases:

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lime are both very common in our winter in ridges. Choose a southern aspect, spring water; the last salt and super-carbo as far froin lakes, rivers, ditches, or marshes, nate of lime are the chief cause of what we as may be ; for proximity to much moisture call hard waters, which are very unwhole occasions the early frost bliglit. Early in some and unfit for washing. When soap is February, level as much of your prepared used with these waters a double decomposi- ground as will receive twelve seed pods, two tion takes place; the sulphuric acid of the inches deep in the earth, and halt a foot selenite unites with the alkali of the soap, asunder. Repeat this operation, if the and forms sulphate of potass or sulphate of weather permits, every fortnight, till the soda, which remains in solution, while the time when your general crop should be magnesia or lime unites with the tallow, and planted; and then let all your seed pods be forms an insoluble coinpound, which swims set. Keep the plants very clear of weeds, upon the surface of the water like curds. In and treat them in all respects as your comthis way hard waters require much more mon potatoes. In autumn ga ber the roots. soap for any given purpose than rain water, They will be very small, but are the gerins er waters which do not contain these earthly of new potatoes, perhaps of new varieties. salts. Such waters are also unfit for boiling Plant them in spring, as directed above, and any esculent vegetable; but they may be continue in the saine way till they produce rendered soft by adding to them a very little seed, wbich is to be treated as already decarbonate of soda or carbonate of potass tailed, progressively for many years. Till twenty-four hours previous to their use. By the potatoes raised from seed answer your this addition, a double decomposition will be expectation in quality and quantity, it will effected, and the carbonate of lime, a very be proper to gather a few from the common insoluble salt, precipitated.

kind, and to manage them according to the

preceding rules. The returns made by all From the New Monthly London Magasine. kinds of potatoes might be much greater, if MR. EDITOR,

when first used in autuinn the leading roots I have no doubt you will with promptitude · were never unsettled. The largest bulbs give a place in your columns to any means

sliould be picked off with the hand, uncoverfor ameliorating the condition of the poor, ing then cautiously with a forked stick. and therefore send you the experiments of Many seemingly insignificant protuberances an old gardner thirty years ago. Death in- will soon sweli when the principal fibres terrupted his labours in the fifth year; and are not disturbed, and when the plant is well scarcity had not given importance to such earthed up, the removal of its largest produce discoveries; so the facts are revived from als will hasten the perfection of what remains, most oblivion. If accepted I shall send you by leaving more nourishunent. Every peasthe management of bees by this votary of ant knows how to prepare potatoe hour or agricultural science, who supported his old starch. It makes palatable bread, in the proage by the profits of his apiary.

portion of one third with wheat, rye, or barBoianists have proved by experience that ley meal, or with the potatoe roots fresh any delicate exotics may be rendered so boiled and mashed; well kneaded and baked bardy as to stand the rigour of our winters into thin cakes. Potatoe-flour keeps several in the open air, if the plants have been raised years.

B.G. from seed; but it generally takes fourteen Jugust, 1817. years to inure them to a cold climate. This faci in natural history may be applied to an

Seed Corn.-A respectable farmer bas improved method in the culture of that communicated to us a successful method of valuable root the potatii. Allowing that preventing his corn being pulled up by birds fourteen years should be requisite before

and other enemies of the young plant. It is raising it from seed can enable it to resist simply to give the seed a coat of tar before our frosts, the labourer would be well repaid. planting; and if afterwards rolled in plaster, All farmers, and even every collager who

so much the better. Neither bird, squirrel, has A garden, should each spring sel a few

nor insect will then eat it. Thin your tar by seeds, vulgarly termed potatne-apples. Let

a moderate heat, and turn it on the seed; the farmer look through his potatoe-fields, only take care not 10 have it so warm us to and gather such pods as are first ripened. destroy the germinating principle. The stalk should be cut so long as to admit tying them in pairs, to be thrown over a rope, when the imperfect seed have been

A new method of preserving wood from tio ef.

fects of the wealher. picked off. There the seed remain till spring; but it must be observed that the rope should Take three parts of air slacked lime, two be extended where, without much artificial parts of wood ashes, and one part of fine lieat, frosts may be excluded; and where sand ; sist the whole, and add as much lin. none of the clusters shall touch the wall, or seed oil as is necessary to form a mass that each other--for a free circnlation of air is ne can be laid on with a paintbrush. To make cessary. A piece of well manured ground this mix(ure perfect and wore durable, it väl

be well to grind it on marble. Two coats the potatoe, very precious for the art of makof it are all that are necessary; the first ing paper. The dregs of the tubercle, grated should be rather light, but the second must and cleared of its flowry substance, it appears, be put on as thick as the brush will permit. mixes itself easily with the common prepaThis composition well prepared is impene. ration, or paste, with which the paper is trable to water; resists both the influence of made. the weather, and the action of the sun, which Receipt for making paper fire proof:-]mhardens it and makes it more durable. The merse any kind of paper in a strong solution government of France has ordered that all of ailum water-thoroughly dry it, immerse gun carriages should be washed with this and dry it again—and neither fire nor candle composition.

will burn it. Roman Cemenl.- A sort of plaster so call It has been proved by several series of esed, which well withstands our moist climate, periments, that, for feeding cattle, and in js made by mixing one bushel of lime slacked particularly milch cows, during the winter, with 3} lbs. of green cupperas, 15 gallons of the water ought to have the chill taken ofi; water, and half a bushel of fine gravel sand. as wben in the state of freezing, or nearly so, The copperas should be dissolved in hot wa- it .creates a general chill tiroughout the ter; it must be stirred with a stick, and kept frame, and suspends, instead of assists, the stirring while in use. Care should be taken functions of digestion. It has been found, by to mix at once as much as may be requisite adopting this method, and giving cows their for one entire front, as it is very difficult to bay saturated with salt-water, they yield onematch the colour again, and it ought to be third more milk. mixed the same day it is used,

M. Peschire, to remove the musty flavour A Chemist of Copenhagen has discovered of injured wheat, has tried a solution of from a brilliant yellow matter for dying in potatoe 3 to 4 lbs. of potash of commerce for every tops. The mode of obtaining it is by cut cwt. of wheat with three times its bulk of ting the top when it is in fower, and bruising water. The wheat is next repeatedly washed, and pressing it, to estract the juice. Linen agitated aud dried quickly; and that which or woolen kept in this liquor 43 hours, takes was not only musty, but very sour, acquired a fine, solid and permanent yellow colour. its natural properties by this method, and If the cloth be aftewards plunged in a blue served to make excellent brown bread, in dye, it then acquires a beautiful permanent which a slight bitter taste was the only in

convenience remaining. The loss in weight A new discovery has just been made on amounts to one fifth of the whole.

green colour.

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It is with feelings of concern for the public and was born in July, 1752. He was admitt.

loss, as well as of individual regret, that we ed into Yale College in 1767, and having record the death of General Humphreys. honourably acquitted himself in his studies, Not having the materials of a full acount received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in of his life and labours at band, we present 1771. In college he paid his addresses sucour readers with the following brief bio- cessfully to the Muses, and contracted a pargraphical sketch taken from the New Ha ticular intimacy with their favourite, the late ven Journal.

lamented Dr. Dwight. JED, in this city very suddenly, on leaving college went to reside in the 12 o'clock, General David Humphreys, aged York, and while there, is said to have ad66. Although for a few weeks past he bad dressed a poetical letter to his friend, ia not enjoyed his usual health, he was not con which he displayed his future plans, hopes, sidered in very immediate danger; be found and prospects, with much ease and elegance; himself in the morning quite as well as he that letter we believe has never been pubbad been for a number of days preceding; lished, and perhaps cannot now be found. he walked out several time, conversed very He first entered the army in capacity of a cheerfully, and was in cheerful company not captain, but at what time we are not informmore than twelve minutes before he expired; ed; in 1773, however, he was Aid to General his company happened to leave the room, no Putnam with the rank of Major. one saw him for the space of three or four Two years after, be proved the successful ininutes, at the end of which time a visible candidate of four, for the otfice of Aid-De. alteration appeared in his countenance, and Camp to the Commander in Chief-bis comin eight minutes he had breathed his last petitors were Col. Talmadge, Gen. Wm. without a struggle. His disorder was an or- Hull, and Roger Alden. From this time be fanic affection of the heart, and we are in continued with General Washington till the ormed, was the first serious illness be ever end of the war, and afterwards accompanied experienced.

him to Virginia. Wbile aid-de-camp 10 Gen. Humphreys was son to the Rev. General Washington, his rank was that of Daniel Humphreys of Derby, Conuecticut; Colonel, and for his signal services at ibe

siege of York, Congress voted him an ele A poem on the death of General Washington. gant sword in testimony of their high esti Occasional poems, epistles, &c. mation of his fidelity and valour.

The widow of Malabar, a tragedy transla. On Mr. Jefferson's appointment as ambas. ted from the French, first played at the Philasador to France Col. Humphreys was

delphia theatre.

He has written an essay nominated his secretary, and sailed for Eu on ihe life of Gen. Putnam, and several politirope, in company with the brave and unfor- cal tracts, and an oration delivered before tunate Kosciusko in 1784. Soon after bis re the Cincinnati of Connecticut at the dissolu. turn from France in '86, he was sent a repre- tion of their society. sentative from Derby, to the legislature of Connecticut, and honourably acquitted him We noticed in a late number the death of self in that situation for two years, when he Dr. Wistar, of Philadelphia. The following was appointed to the command of a regi- sketch of his life and character is from the ment raised for the Western service. Dur- pen of Dr. David Hosack, of New-York. Dr. ing this appointment his time was princi- Hosack took an opportunity, in the course of pally spent at Hartford, and with Trumbull, bis medical lectures, in the University, to inBarlow, and Hopkins, he assisted in the pub- troduce an eulogy on the deceased, which lication of the Anarchiad. On the reduction was published at the request of the students of his regiment he repaired to Mount Ver- of the college of physicians and surgeons, non, and continued with Gen. Washington and from which we have made our extracts : till 1790, when he received an appointment to the court of Portugal; in '94 he visited " Dr. Caspar Wistar was a native of that America, but very soon returned to Lisbon- city, [Philadelphia,] which he adorned by he was afterwards appointed to the court of his learning, and enriched by his labours : he Spain. In '97 he formed a matrimonial was born in the year 1760 : his parents were connexion with an English lady, daughter of German extraction, and belonged to the of John Bulkly, Esq. a very wealthy mer- society of friends, of wbich they were highchant in Lisbon-with her he went to reside ly respected members. at Madrid, where he continued till 1802, “ Dr. Wistar received his elementary eduwhen he returned to America.

cation at the celebrated grammar school that Here ends general Humphrey's public ca. had been originally established in the city of reersince his return to America his atten- Philadelpbia by William Penn. At that setion has been principally given to objects of minary he received an excellent English and public utility. His introduction of merino classical education, the institution being at sheep into this country has very much im- tbat time under the direction of Mr. Jolin proved the quality of wool, and will doubt. Thompson, an eminent scholar, and very less prove a lasting benefit to domestic manu able teacher of the Latin and Greek lanfactures. He has done much also for the guages, and now a respectable merchant in promotion of agriculture; this seemed to be the city of Philadelphia. With the preparaa favourite pursuit ; and he was making tory knowledge thus acquired, young Wistar strong exertions to form a society for the resolved to study medicine as the business of purpose of producing an agricultural farm his future life : for this purpose he entered as a lor experiment.

private pupil of the late Dr. John Redman, He had also formed a plan for obtaining then one of the most eminent practitioners of and publishing the Biography of the distin- physic in the city of Philadelphia. While he guished men who have flourished in Connec was thus acquiring the advantages of much ticut, and had made applications to a number practical information in the office of his preof literary gentlemen in the State to aid in ceptor, he also diligently availed himself of the design. It is much to be regretted that every opportunity of instruction that bis this plan was not carried into execution be- native city then afforded, by attendance fore his death.

Gen. Humphreys had a fund upon the medical lectures of Drs. Morgan, of information, adapted to a purpose of this shippen, Rush, and Kuhn. kind, which could never be collected from Stimulated by the success and distinction any other source ; few have had a better ac which those eminent teachers and practitionquaintance with men and manners than he, ers of medicine bad derived from a visit to or have possessed more of that kind of infor- Europe, and an attendance upon the celebratmation which is derived from extensive in- ed schools of Leyden, Edinburgh, and Lon. tercourse with the world.

don ; always animated by the desire of exGen. Humphrey's literary merit is well celling in whatever he undertook, and of known; though he has produced no work of rendering himself most useful in his profesmagnitude, what he has written has usually sion, he proceeded to Enrope for the purpose done him credit.

of improving his acquisitions in medicine, He first distinguished himself as a poet, by and of extending bis researches in those his address to the armies of the U.' States. branches of science which are most nearly In addition to that, he has written

connected with it, and in which he afterA poem on the happines of America, wards excelled. A poem on the future glory of the U. S. In the spring of 1784, shortly after his deA poem on the industry of the U. S. parture for Europe, the trustees of the medi. A poem on the love of country.

cal school of Philadelphia, as an evidence of

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