« AnteriorContinuar »
actly 16 years absence, several of her old Cyprinus leres, Mit. Sucker.
APPENDIX. varied motives of love or curiosity.
Mya arenaria, Pen. Soft shell clam. Taking her departure from Rio De Janei. Venus Mercenaria, Lin. Pennant. Hard shell ro, she at last reached, amid various perils, clam. the British shore, and landed at Liverpool, Ostrea edulis, Pen. Edible oyster. whence, on her mistress' lap, she journeyed Crabs, &c. by short stages to London, where becoming
1. APODAL FISAES. an object of curiosity, her visiters were nu- Common Eel.— The common eel continued merous, and at the door of the house where
to be sold at the same price, and in the same she resided, a royal carriage has been seen manner, during February, as in the precedto stop. To the eye and tongue of curiosity ing month. the owners were nothing, but the cat every Sea Eel - A large sea eel was brought to thing. Having lived thus about two years, market and thence sent to Dr. Mitchill, who, she pined in the absence of her master, and upon examining it, found some specific at his return from an inland journey, she marks of difference between it and our comlooked up, recognized bim, held out her paw mou or river vel, and he accordingly named and died, on the 13th October, 1812, aged it the Anguilla oceanica. Il never frequents 18 years, 10 months and 7 days.
our rivers or bays, but keeps on the borders EPITAPH.
of the ocean, and is occasionally taken on Near this spot,
the fishing banks, where cod, black-fish, and are deposited the remains of
sea-bass feed. The individual sent to Dr. a loving mother,
Mitchill weighed over nine pounds, and was a kind nurse.
good eating and an affectionate and dutiful servant,
2. JUGULAR FISHES. who,
Common Cod, and Haddock.—The common not guilty of crime, or even accused of any, cod continued to be plentifully and readily was for many years banished from
sold in February, at four cents per pound HER NATIVE COUNTRY,
from the pickle; sounds and tongues at eight and unconscious whither travelling, cents ; fresh and dried cod at five cents. The circumnavigated the globe.
fresh cod, however, were very thin and poor,
Tom-cods. — These excellent little pan-fisk
continued to be sold in small bunches from Always clean and neat in her attire, during a nine to twelve cents. Many of them, how. long life,
ever, were so small (being no larger than her fashion she altered not.
the finger) that it appeared to me iinproper Unpractised in slander, and a pattern to the that they should be taken or exposed for Sex,
sale, and that some legal provision might be she was without vice.
made to protect them till larger grown. Yet mistake not, gentle reader-this inscrip
3. THORACIC FISHES.
Black-fish, or Tautog.-Black-fish continu-
ed to be exposed for sale in this month, at Who departed this life on a Friday, the 13th eight cents per pound. The weather having of October, 1812,
been uniformly cold, these fish were imme. aged
diately frozen when taken from the cars. eighteen years ten months and seven days. The membrane which covers the vent in the ALAS, POOR PUSS !
winter months was very evident on inspec
tion. Economical history of the Fishes sold in the Pond-fish.—A few individuals of this beau
markets of the City of New York. By Dr. tiful fish were exposed in bunches together Samuel Akerly.
with the yellow perch brought from Neis. FOR FEBRUARY, 1818.
Jersey. This pond-fish is the Labrus auritus 1. APOVAL Fishes.
of Dr. Mitchill, and the fish taken in the Anguilla vulgaris, Mitchill. Common eel. same waters, and called by bim the Labrus Anguilla oceanica, Do. Sea eel.
appendix, has been considered only as a 2. JUGULAR FISHES.
variety of the first. My brother brought speGadus Morhua, Lin. Mit. Cuv. Common cod. cimens of both from Uíster County last sum. Gadus æglefinus, Mit. The Haddock.
mer, and from the drawings which I made, Gadus fomcodus, Mit. Tom cod or frost-fish. it is very evident they are different species. 3. THORACIC FISHES.
To make this clear and satisfactory we shall Labrus tautoga. Mit. New-York black-fish. give a delineation of both in a future nume Tautog.
ber. Labrus auritus. Mit. Pond-fish.
Striped-bass, or Rock-fish.—This excellent Bodianus flavescens, Mit. Yellow perch. fish continued to be offered for sale in conScomber vernalis, Mit. Spring-mackerel. siderable quantity during the whole month, Pleuronectes Plances, Mít. New-York flat-fish. notwithstanding the cold weather and the 4. ABDOMINAL FISHES.
ice obstructing our bays and rivers. The Salmo solar, Lin. Mit. Common Salmon. price continued as in January. The fish Clupea Alosa, Mit. Donovan. New-York Shad. were frozen stiff, and in this state they have
been sent with black-fish to Albany and navigation, annoy the shad, and divert them other places in the interior of the country. from their usual course, and tend to break
Yellow Perck.- The Bodianus flavescens or up the fishery, as is more particularly stated yellow perch were, as last month, offered in in the following report. bunches, but not in great plenty, and having “ The committee to whom was referred the some of the pond-fishor Labrus auritus united petition of sundry inhabitants of Kings Counwith them.
ty, relating to obstructions in the Hudson Spring Mackerel.—This fish continued to river, and the injury thereby resulting to the be sold in a pickled state from the stalls as in shad-fishery, have had the same under con. January. It is also sold by the grocers as sideration, and are of opiuion, that the obwell as shad and other pickled fish.
structions by poles and gill neis are very inNew-York jet-fish.-Flai-fish continued to jurious to the shad-fishery, and should not bo be brought tv narket this month, though not allowed-independent of the obstructions to in great plenty, nor in much demand. navigation.
Salmon.--Pickled Salmon at twelve cents “ Your committee are also of opinion that per pound continued on the stalls as hereto- the shad-fishery is of considerable imporfore. I have seen no fresh salmon this winter, tance to the city of New-York, as in tho though sometimes brought in ice from the months of April and May, when shad are in northern lakes and rivers, where they are ta- plenty, butcher's meat and other provisions ken under the ice with spears.
are cheap, and that in order to preserve the Shad.—Shad has not yet appeared, and in annual supply of shad, no obstructions deed it is too early by several weeks for his an- should be permitted in the river that would nual visit. Pickled shad is sold by retail by most tend to prevent the return of those fish to of the grocers in the city, and is not offered their usual haunts. It is well known that on the fish stalls of the markets. This fish is shad are migratory fish, and that they visit introduced at present for the purpose of offer. annually the same rivers to cast their spawn, ing a report on the subject of the shad fishery and to return with their young to the depths as made to the corporation of the city during of the ocean or other places of retreat and the present month; and as the subject will safety. The numbers that frequent our bay, soon engage the attention of the legislature, aud ihe Hudson river are already inuch less it is thought to be a proper time to give it than in former years, and it is feared that currency:
if additional obstructions are sutfered to be The inhabitants of Kings County. (though placed in the river, the run of shad in a few not within the jurisdiction of the Corporation.) years will be entirely destroyed. Whereapplied by memorial to the Common Coun- fore the committee concurin the opinion with cil, to sanction and second their petition to the inhabitants of Kings County that the law the Legislature, that the law “ To protect “To protect the fishing in Hudsons river, the fishing in Hudson's River, and to pre- and to prevent obstructions in the navigation vent obstructions in the navigation thereof,” thereot" should not be repealed. should not be repealed. It appeared that a Which is respectfully submitted. petition was about to be presented to the Le
SAMUEL AKERLY. gislature of New-York, praying that the
REUBEN MUNSON. above-mentioned law night be repealed. The owners of the upland and the fishery, New-York Sucker.—This fish is a species of along the shores of the same would be ma- carp, and called by Dr. Mitchill, Cyprinus terially affected by such repeal, and their teres. It is sometimes, during the winter petition stated various points in which their month, sbrought to our markets from the rights would be invaded; but the only point Croton river and other small streams of this in which the corporation could interpose It is taken by cutting holes in the ice. their opinion, was in the effect that certain It is a moderately good fish in the winter, measures would have, injurious to the fu- bit in warm weather the desh is poor and ture and steady supply of shad to our mar- flabby, and then seldom exposed for sale. kels, wherefore the coinmittee to whom the Our markets have a supply of fish so muck subject was, referred only sanctioned their better, that the sucker is not in much de.. memorial, as it related to the supply of the mand. Its ordinary size is from 12 to 16 fish markets.
inches long. There are three methods of fishing for Killifish.—The killifish frequent the shalshad in the river and bays about New-York. lows of the bays and the small streams of The first is by the use of nets drawn along the salt water, following the recess of the tides shore. The second by hoop nets carried and advancing with the food. There are some distance into the river; and the third, several species of them, and they afford sport by gill nets set in all parts of the river The to children during the summer months, and latter method is the one complained of, and they fish for them with worms on a pin the most objectionable. The two first drive hook. In the wint--r they do not bite, but the fish from the shores into deeper water, collect in great numbers and reside in the and the gill nets harrass and obs?ruct their deep holes of creeks and bays. At such passage there. These are set perpendicular- times they are taken by sweeping their ly in the river, and attached to upright poles haunts with a small scap-net, aud though they driven into the mud in 20, 30, and more feet are not larger than the finger, they are water. These poles offer obstructions to brought to market for sale, and are esteemed
an excellent little pan fish. They are sold gain their hiding places, all those that are for twelve cents a quart. They are put into so uncovered are inevitably left to perish, blood-warm water, which causes them to and the breed of crabs, is thus, by repitition Vomit the contents of their stomachs, and of these means, in danger of extermination. thus they are prepared for cooking. The Wherefore a very long list of petitioners was white-bellied killifish is the one under con- presented to the corporation, praying that sideration, and is the Esox pisculentus of crabs might not be exposed for sale in the Mitchill's memoir. Killifish is a provincial winter. This petition being referred to the word for all small fish in New-York, and ap- market committee, they reported in favour pears to be derived from the Dutch word of the prayer of the petition, and the followkill, applied to all small streams by the origi- ing law was accordingly presented, appror. nal settlers of New-York.
ed, and passed. APPENDIX.
A law to regulate the sale of crabs, passed Soft-shell clams. These continue to be 16th February, 1818. plenty and good, from 37 to 50 cents per BE it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermer kundred opened and cleaned.
and Commonalty of the city of New York, Hard shell clams.-Few or none of these in common council convened, That if any appeared in market in February. They are person or persons shall sell, offer or expose not so good at this season as the other clams. for sale, in any of the public markets of this
Oysters. Oysters from the New-York city, or in any street contiguous thereto, any banks, Long-Island, and Virginia, in great of that species of shell-fish commonly called plenty in market, at oyster stands, and in crabs, between the 15th day of December our public houses, where they are eaten, and the first day of March, in any year, every roasted, fried, stewed, &c. They vary in such person shall forfeit and pay for each price, according to size and quality, from 50 and every offence the sum of 10 dollarscents to five dollars per hundred.
Provided that this ordinance shall not go inCrabs.-Crabs continued to be exposed as to effect until the 15th day of December in January, at 25 cents per dozen.
next. As raking for crabs in the winter uncovers By the Common Council. and exposes many which are not taken, as
J. MORTON, Clerk. from their torpid state they are unable to re
ART. 12. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
A Narrative of Discoveries in Africa, L IEUTENANT-Colonel Johnson is by Mr. Buckhardt, who has been for
preparing for publication a Narra- some years travelling in the countries, tive of an Overland Journey from India, south of Egypt, in the disguise of an performed in the course of the present Arab, under the auspices of the African year, through the principal cities of Per- Association, is in the press. He is still sia, part of Armenia, Georgia, over the prosecuting his discoveries, and is said Caucasus into Russia, through the terri- to entertain sanguine hopes of being able tory inhabited by the Cossacks of the to penetrate to Tombuctoo from the Don, to Warsaw, and thence through east, and proceed from t 18 city to the Berlin to Hamburg. The work will be western coast. accompanied with engravings illustrative The Rev. Mr. Maturin, author of the of the more remarkable antiquities in tragedy of Bertram, is printing a tale, in those countries, the costume of the inha- 3 volumes. bitants, and other interesting subjects,
FRANCE. from drawings executed in the course of Mr. Teissier has lately been engaged the journey
in researches on the period of gestation Early in December will be published, of the females of several domestic aniin one large volume, 12mo. the Juvenile mals. The following is a sumi
immary of Botanist's Companion, or Complete the results :- -Guide to the Vegetable Kingdom, by Out of 375 cows, 21 calved between Robert Thornton, M. D.
the 240th and 270th day : mean term Speedily will be published in one vo- 2594—544 between the 270th and 299th : lume 8vo. Rome, Naples and Florence mean term 282—10 between the 29th in 1817, consisting of sketches of the pre- and 321st: mean term 303. Thus, besent state of society and manners, the tween the shortest and the longest gesarts, literature, &c. of those cities, with tation, there is a difference of 81 days, numerous anecdotes and conversations of that is, more than one-fourth of the mean distinguished writers, English and fo- duration. reign.
Out of 277 mares, 23 foaled betwcen
the 3220 and 330th day: mean term 826 growth, served as formidable weapons -227 between the 330th and 359th : to this enormous reptile. By a singularimean term 3444—28 between the 361st ty worthy of remark, the trigonocephalus and 419th : mean term 390. Between possesses the faculty of living alike in the the shortest and longest gestation there marshes on the same level with the sea, was an interval of 97 days; as before, and on the tops of mountains among the more than one-fourth of the mean dura- clouds, notwithstanding the difference of tion.
temperature which is equal to twelve deObservations were made on twoʻshe grees of the centigrade thermometer, asses only: one foaled on the 380th and and which in the torrid zone produces a the other on the 391st day.
very powerful impression on organized Out of 912 ewes, 140 lambed between bodies. M. Desfourneaux has recently the 146th and 150th day : mean term found, on ascending the volcanic peaks 143—676 between the 150th and 154th : of Carbel, four of these vipers inhabiting mean term 152—96 between the 154th the lofty forests of those mountains and 161st : mean term 157. Here the 1600 yards above the Atlantic. extreme interval is only 15 days, to a An Apothecary of Amiens has just obmean duration of 152—that is only one- tained a new and very lucrative product tenth.
from potatoes by burning the stalks and The mean term of seven female buffa. leaves of the plant, and extracting the loes was 308 days, and the extreme dif- potash which they contain in abundance. ference 27 days.
Just when the flower begins to go off, The extreme gestations of 25 sows
at which time the stalk is in full vigour, were 109 and 143 days.
the plants are cut with a sharp instruThe extreme terms of gestation of 172 ment about five inches from the ground. rabbits were 27 and 35 days ; difference 8. The stumps soon throw out fresh shoots,
In the duration of the incubation of do- which suffice to bring the roots to maturimestic fowls, differences of from 5 to 16 ty. The plants after being cut are left eight days were observed. These cannot be days in the field to dry. They are then ascribed to accidental difference of tem- burned in the same manner as soda perature ; for, according to the observa- manufacturers burn kali, in a hole five tions of Mr. Geoffroi de St. Hilaire, the feet in diameter and two feet deep. The same differences are found in the duration ashes are washed, and the ley evaporatof the developement of the chickens ed. By this process 2500 pounds weight hatched by the Egyptians in ovens. of the salt is obtained per acre ; the author
From the whole of his observations of it calculates that the potatoes grown M. Teissier infers, that the period of ges- upon an acre will produce 225 francs, tation is extremely variable in every spe- over and above the expense of cultivacies. Its prolongation does not seem to tion; and that the salt from the same depend either upon the age or more or erea, deducting the cost of making, will less robust constitution of the female, or be worth 816 francs, making a total of upon the diet, the breed, the season, or 1041 francs, upwards of £43 sterling. the bulk of the fætus, and still less upon the phases of the moon.
M. Benvenuti of Florence has inventAt a late meeting of the Royal Acade- ed a machine by means of which any my of Sciences, M. Moreau de Jonnes person, though unacquainted with draw. communicated some particulars respect- ing, enabled to copy paintings in oil ing the great viper of Martinique in ad- or fresco, and even to trace the contour dition to those given in one of our late of statues and other round bodies, either numbers. It is a fact that this serpent of the natural size or reduced to onegrows to the length of 7 or 8 feet, and to twelfth. This machine, which is far suà diameter of four or five inches. M. perior to the pantograph, will be particuDesfourneaux, a planter of Martinique, larly useful for frescoes ; and it is even some months since killed one of these asserted that in this department it will reptiles which had attained these dimen- do as much in one day as formerly resions, and which when erect on its tail quired the labour of a month. would have considerably exceeded the M. Bettoni, printer of Padua, has cir. height of a man. Upon an examination culated the prospectus of a Collection of of the membranous sheath with which Lives and Portraits of Illustrious Men, the mouth is laterally furnished, there in 4to. The list comprehends 79 names were found on both sides sixteen chan- of distinguished persons of all ages and nelled teeth of different sizes, but only countries, excepting modern Italy. Atwo of these having reached their full mong these are Altred the Great, Bacon,
Harvey, Hume, Locke, Marlborough, taining a map of the world, and maps of Milton, Newton, Robertson, Shakspeare, Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and and Washington. Each life will be print- South America, and of the different ed in Latin, Italian, English, French, and States composing the American Union. German.
The work will be published by subscrip
tion, in five numbers, at six dollars each The number of German periodical number. works published at Vienna is more than Henry Durell of New York, is publisha dozen. Two of them deserve to rank ing, by subscription, a stereotype edition among the most celebrated in Germany. of Shakspeare, with the annotations of GERMANY.
Johnson, Steevens, &c. &c. in ten roDr. De Carro, the ardent and success- Inmes, ornamented with plates. ful propagator of vaccination in the Aus- John Jenkins, Esq. is now circulating, trian dominions, is employed in prosecut- in New-York, his admirable treatise on ing experiments to ascertain the value the Art of WRITING. The simplicity of sulphureous acid fumigation external and facility of his system of chirography ly applied, according to the method of give it a preference over every other Dr. "Galès, of Paris, as a remedy in va- which we have seen. In fact it superrious diseases of the skin, joints, glands, sedes the necessity of a writing-master. and lymphatic system.
It has also another recommendation of Dr. De Carro has obtained apparatuses no little weight-it requires no constraint from the French physician; and the Aus- of posture prejudicial to the health of trian government, on the report of a the pupil. We sincerely hope that its incommittee of professional men, sanctions genious author will derive an emoluand encourages the undertaking. ment from his labours, commensurate
with the benefit he has conferred upon Messrs. Tanner, Vallance, Kearny and the community. His book should be Co. of Philadelphia, have issued propo- adopted as a manual throughout the sals for publishing an elegant Atlas, con- United States.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
ART. 13. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
called Johanna) said they, 'is gone to Johanna Southcott's followers. heaven, till the coming of Shiloh ; and
N the 14th of October, in a wood at as types were used under the law as fanatical followers of Johanna Southcott this pig signified the binding and burning sacrificed a black pig; each of the wo- of Satan; and, according to the miramen present gave the pig nine blows on cle, (Luke viii.) their prophet had that the head with a chopper; after which morning ejected the evil spirit from their the men beat it with bludgeons till it hearts, and it had entered into the swine." was dead, then hung it up with a chain, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. and burnt it; they then scattered the New adhesions have increased the remains over their heads, or trampled number of auxiliaries to the American them under their feet.
Bible Society to one hundred and thirtyA spectator inquiring the reason of two. this service, was informed, that they had On the 13th of January the Rev. Nacopied from the scriptures 1115 verses, thaniel Hewitt was installed Pastor of which proved the truth of their doctrines. the first church and society of Fairfield,
*The daughter of Zion,' (so they Connecticut.
ART. 14. POETRY.
Till half its contents deck'd his head.
At morn 'twas health, wealth, pure delight:
'Twas health, wealth, peace and bliss, at night. With wheat his fields were covered o'er; I wish'd not to disturb his bliss Plenty sat smiling at his door.
'Tis gone: but all the fault was his. His wise the fount of ceaseless joy:
The social glass I saw him seize, How laugh'd his daughter, play'd his boy : The more with festive wit to please,