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tain whether the accused admitted or denied of Representatives of the United States, and the offence imputed to him. If he denied it, of any breach of the privileges of either it would be for the House to substantiate it: House. if he admitted it, it was for the House to pro- Mr. Spencer opened a debate on the subportion its decision thereon to the magni. ject, which occupied the whole day; in tude of the offence.
which, besides the mover, Messrs. Anderson, Mr. Herrick withdrew his first motion, and Barbour. Robertson, and Ervin, supported the moved that the accused be furnished with a resolutions, and Messrs. Forsyth, Tucker, and copy of the letter which was the ground of Mercer opposed them, all at considerable this proceeding; to which was added, on length. suggestion of Mr. Rich, a copy of the state- The debate was one of unusual ability, and ment of Mr. Williams accompanying the eloquence. letter.
When Mr. Ervin concluded, on motion of Thus amended, the resolution accord. Mr. Holmes, of Massachusetts, the House ading thest privileges to the accused, was journed at past 4 o'clock, without having agreed to.
come to any decision on the question before The prisoner having been remanded to the them. bar of the House
Saturday, January 10.-The Speaker laid The Speaker addressed him nearly as fol. before the House a letter directed to the Con. lows :
gress of the United States, from a certain " John Anderson: I am directed to inform Carl Theodore Mobr, residing in Wallendorf, you that, pursuant to your request, you are in Germany, offering to come to America at liberty to engage such counsel as you may upon certain conditions, and to establish a think fit; that the Clerk of the House will manufactory of Porcelain ; which was read furnish you with such subpænas for witnesses and ordered to lie on the table. as you may think proper, and that you will Mr. Middleton, from the committee on so also be furnished with a copy of the letter on much of the Message of the President of the which the proceedings are founded, and of United States, as relates to the illicit intro. the statement of an honourable member of duction of slaves from Amelia Island into the this House which accompanied it. I am United States, made a report in regard to the further directed to inform you, that to-mor- situation of Amelia Island, and approbatory row, at one o'clock, is the time assigned for of the measures adopted by the Executive, further proceedings in this case."
in relation to it. He also reported a bill, in And then the Sergeant-at-Arms withdrew addition to former acts, prohibiting the intro from the bar with his prisoner.
duction of slaves into the United States, which And the House adjourned, at a late hour. was twice read and committed.
Friday, January 9.-Mr. Harrison offered The Speaker laid before the House the a joint resolution, proposing to the States an following letter and enclosure, yesterday reamendment to the constitution of the United ceived by him from Jobn Anderson : States, to give to Congress, concurrently with
January 9, 1818. the States, the power to provide for training SIR_Unwilling to be deprived, by any the militia according to the discipline prescri- circumstances whatever, of an opportunity to bed for the purpose, &c. and to provide for explain to the honourable House of Repre. teaching in the primary schools and other sentatives the motives which have actuated seminaries of learning in the several States, my recent conduct, I heg leave to announco the system of militia prescribed for the mili- my wish to wave, with that object, any contia : which resolution was twice read and stitutional or other question which may have committed.
arisen. Mr. Spencer, of New York, presented I enclose a letter which I had the honour to the House the following preamble and re. this morning to prepare for the consideration solutions :
of the House The House of Representatives, entertain- I am, Sir, with profound respect, ing great doubts of its possessing the compe.
JOHN ANDERSON. tent power to punish John Anderson for his Hon. HENRY CLAY, contempt of the House and bis outrage upon Speaker of the House of Representatives. one of its members.
Washington, Jan. 9, 1919.. Resolved, That all further proceedings in SIR-Considering the honourable body be. this House against the said John Anderson do fore whose bar I am shortly to appear, as the cease, and that he be discharged from the guardian of those rights, which, as a citizen i custody of the Sergeant-at-arms.
possess, and relying upon the generous feel. Resolved. That the Attorney-General of the ings of its members, I have been induced to United States be directed to institute such forego the privilege extended to me of em. proceedings against the said John Anderson, ploying counsel, lest il might be supposed for his said offence, as may be agreeable to that I was inclined to shelter myself by legal the laws of the United States, and of the dis- exceptions. 'As the novelty of my situation trict of Columbia.
may, however, tend to surround me with emResolved. That the committee of the Judi- barrassment, it is my wish, shonld the rule of ciary be instructed to inquire into the expe- proceeding adopted by the House noi oppose diency of providing, by law, for the punish. the course, that such questions as I bave rement of any contempt of the Senate or House duced 10 writing, be propounded to the respective witnesses, by the Clerk, and that he Sergeant delivered their sentiments at large should read the explanation and apology on the subject. which I have to make.
In the course of the debate, Mr. Rbea, with JOHN ANDERSON. some incidental remarks on the resolutions, To the Hon. HENRY CLAY,
proposed a substitute to them, by way of Speaker of the House of Repre
amendment, in the following words: sentalires oj the Unilrd Slales
Resolved, That this House possesseth the The letter having been read
competent power to punish Jobo Anderson Mr. For yth moved that the resolutions un. for bis contempt of the House, and bis out. der consideration be laid on the table, that rage upon one of its members; and, therethe House might proceed to the examination fore, of tbe accused person.
Resolved. That the Sergeant-at-Arms be di. A brief debate took place on this motion, rected to conduct the said John Anderson to in which Messrs. Forsyib, Pitkin, Spencer, the bar of the House. Harrison, Hopkinson, Poindexter, Desha, This motion was undecided, when, at a Rich, Beecher and Pindall, participated.
late hour the Hou e adjourned. The motion was finally disagreed to, ayes Wednesday, January 14.-Mr. Lowndes, about 30; and
from the committee of ways and means, reThe debate was then resumed on the reso- ported a bill, making appropriations for the lutions ffered by Mr. Spencer, and continu. payment of the arrearages which have been ed by Messrs. Poindexter, Holmes, of Mass. incurred for the support of the military esta. Storrs and Pindall, until after 4 o'clock; blishment previous to the 1st January, 1817; when the rise adjourned.
and also a bill making an appropriation for Monday, Jan. 12.- After disposing of much the military establishment of the United miscellaneous business, the House proceeded States for the year 1818 : which bills were to the consideration of the resolutions offer. committed. ed by Mr. Spencer, touching the case of Col. The House resumed the consideration of John Anderson.
the proposed proceedings in the case of Col. The debate on this subject was resumed by John Anderson, and the debate was con. Mr. Quarles, and continued during the re- tinned. mainder of the sitting by Messrs. M'Lane, Messrs. Claggett, Whitman, Ross, Rhea, Alexander Smyth, Lowndes, Livermore, Mil- Beecher, Spencer, Forsyth, and Burwell, ad. Jer, Rhea, and Barbuur.
dressed the chair on the main question, and When the House adjourned, a motion was Mr. Hopkinson and Mr. Storrs on incidental pending, made by Mr. Rhea. (for the purpose points. he said, of putting an end to a debate on a The sitting was prolonged to a late hour, negative proposition,) to strike out of the pre- the question being loudly called for in the inamble to the resolutions, the words, “ enter- terval, between each njember's speech ; but taining great doubts of its," so as to make the an adjournment finally took place, without preamble read, "this House possessing the having come to a decision, on the motion of competent power to punish John Ander Mr. Burwell, who, with many others, wished
to have the present shape of the proposition. Tuesday. January 13.-Mr. Johnson, of Ky. so varied as to enable the House, in their from the committee on military affairs, re- voting on it, to express a definite opinion. ported a bill providing for half pay pen. Thursday, January 15.—The House resumed sions, invalid pensioners, and for other pure the consideration of the case of Col. Anderposes; which was twice read by its title son. The resolutions moved by Mr. Rhea, and committed.
by way of amendment, being yet under conA message, accompanied by sundry docu- sideration. ments, was received from the President of
Mr. Rhea, with a view to put his amendthe United States, communicating to Con- ment in a shape more acceptable to gentlegress the fact of the United States' forces men, modified his motion for amendment, so having taken possession of Amelia Island. as to make the first resolution read as follows:
The house having resumed the considera. Resolved, that this House possesses tion of Col. Anderson's case,
adequate power to punish for contempts Mr. Spencer rose, and withdrew the pre. against it. amble to the resolutions he bad offered-leav. Mr. Pitkin assigned the reasons why he ing alune for consideration the resolutions, wished to avoid placing on the Journal any directing all further proceedings against the thing atfirming the authority of the House on accused to cease, directing the Attorney. the one hand, or devying it on the other: General to institute proceedings against him, and to escape the alternative presented to and instructing the judiciary committee to the House by lhe proposed resolution and inquire into the expediency of providing for amendment, he moved to postpone indefinitely the punishment of contempt of either Houses, the consideration of the main question and the for breach of privilege, &c.
amendment proposed thereto. On the general question previously discus- After some questions to the chair, and sed, the debate was renewed, and continued esplanations therefrom, respecting tbe effect with unabaled animation to the close of the of such a postponement, that effect was prositting. Mesors. Tallmadge, Hopkinson, and nounced from the chair to be, to place the
question in the state in which it was when 3. From what part of the city did you the motion of Mr. Spencer was first made; write the letter? Ans. I wrote it at Mr. Besand, if this course were pursued, that the tor's, where I board. House would be at full liberty to take any 4. What is the amount of your own claims course in respect to John Anderson, which which you are attempting to liquidate? Ans. in its opinion was within the scope of its con- About 9.000 dollars. stitutional powers.
5. What is the amount of those of others, After explanatory remarks from various which you are soliciting? Ans. About 21,000 members, among whom were Messrs. Rich, dollars. Rbea, Tallmadge, Ballard, Smith, and Cul- 6. Have you any interest in the latter ? breth
Ans. None of a pecuniary kind, but am inThe question was taken on the postpone fluenced in their pursuit by motives of ment, and decided as follows: for postpone- charity. ment 117, against it 42.
7. Had you any authority from the per The propositions before the House were sons you represent to make the offer conindefinitely postponed.
tained in your letter? Ans. I have a general Whereupon Mr. Tallmadge offered the fol- power of attorney to do for them as I would lowing resolution for consideration.
do for myself, but had no instructions to make “ Resolved, That John Anderson be forth. that or any other offer. with bronight to the bar of Ibis House." 8. Are you acquainted with any persons
Mr. Rich proposed to amend the resolution now in the city soliciting the claims of othby adding thereto the following:
ers? if so, name them, Ans. I am: there is “ And that he have an opportunity of of- a Mr. Pomeroy, who is soliciting bis own fering to the House any explanation of bis claim, and Col. Watson, who is a general alleged offence which be may think pro- agent. per.”
9 Have you made any other offer to any This motinn Mr. Rich supported by obser. person. Ans. No. vations regarding the general question, in 10. Did you consult or advise with any. which he opposed the expediency of pro- person before you wrote and delivered the ceeding turther than he had suggested in the letter? Ans. I did not. present case.
11. Who is the Mr. Hulbard you mention After a few observations from Mr. Ser in the letter? Ans. He is a gentleman I begeant, however, Mr. Rich withdrew his pro- came partially acquainted with during the position.
troubles at the river Raisin. I have not seen Mr. Rich subsequently moved to insert an him since that time till I arrived in this city, amendment, denying the power of the House at the present session of Congress, and did to judge or punish any individuals, its own not recognise him until be made bimself members excepted, which motion was nega- known to me. tired by a large majority.
12. Has he any claims to solicit? u. Mr. Culbreth then moved to strike out the None, to my knowledge. whole of Mr. Tallmadge's resolution, and to 13. Have you, any witnesses to esamine, substilule, by way of amendment, the follow- or defence to make, in justification or expleing:
nation of your.conduct? If you have, the “Whereas John Anderson is in custody for House is now ready to hear you, an offence which tbis House does not possess The prisoner at the bar then called upon the constitutional power to try, or right to his witnesses, viz. Gen. Harrison, Col.Johnson, punish: Therefore,
members of the House ; Mr. R. J. Meigs, • Resolved, That the said John Anderson post-master-general, Capt. Gray, Mr. Cyrus be discharged from the custody of the Ser. Hulbard, Capt. Larrabec, Col. Jos. Watson, gennt-at- ruis."
Mr. John H. Pratt, Capt. S. D. Richardson, And the question was taken on the amend- Mr. Pumroy, Lieut. Conway, who all being ment thus proposed, and decided as follows: previously sworn delivered in their testi Yeas 47. Nays 119.
mony. So the House refused to agree to the The testimony was uniform, as far as the amendnient proposed by Mr. Culbreth. knowledge of the witnesses extended in giv
The question was then taken on the mo- ing i he accused a high character for probity, tion that “John Anderson be forthwith correct deportment, and patriotic conduct. brought to the bar of this House," and decid. It was too diffuse for publication entire; that ed in the affirmative, by Yeas and Nays: of Col. R. M. Johnson is selected as a speci318 to 45.
men of the general tenor of the evidence. Whereupon the Sergeant-at-Arms brought Mr. Johnson having been called on by the the prisoner to the bar, and the Speaker pro- prisoner to give to the House any informapounded to him the following interrogato- tion in his possession, touching his character ries, to which he made the replies therelo: and conduct, testified to this effect, that bis
1. Do you acknowledge yourself to be knowledge of the character of Col. Jobn AnJohn Anderson ? Answer. Yes.
derson was not derived so much from per 2. Did you write and deliver to Louis Wila sonal intercourse as from the information of liams, a member of this House, the letter of others; but, so far as his personal informawhich a copy bas been furnished to you by tion extended, was corroborated by it. When the Clerk? Ans. I did.
Col. d. was on the north-western frontier,
Col. Anderson was a fugitive from Detroit on any verbal communication, offer you any the River Raisin, as Col. J. bad understood; reward or inducement to intluence your and, being well acquainted with the frontier good opinion in favour of my claim, or of any of that part of the United States, attached other claims? himself to the mounted regiment. How Answer. You never made me any verbal long he acted in that capacity Mr. J. did not offer of the kind. recollect. As far, said Mr. J. as his conduct Col. Anderson. That is all I wished the came within my own knowledge, I consid- House to know from your testimony. dered him a very gallant and very brave Mr. Williams, I presume, if you had made man. In relation to the information he had me any such offer, the House would have received from other quarters, there was a koown it, without your asking it. general consent of opinion that, during the Mr. Wilson, of Pennsylvania, being also war, Col. Anderson had been considered not called upon, testified that Col. A. had disonly a gallant and patriotic man, but a man claimed, on finding the letter had offended of integrity, who had made uncommon sacri. Mr. Williams, any intention of offering the fices, of nearly all his property, from his devo- money to him with any other view than as a tion to the cause of the country. Mr. J. said compensation for extra trouble. he did also understand, from several sources, On further questions by the 'Speaker to that Col. Anderson, at the risk of his own John Anderson, it appears that the accused life, did, at the River Raisin, rescue individu- is a native of Scotland, came to this country als from the hands of the savages. Col. J. at three years old, and is a naturalized citihad further understood, he said, that Col. Anderson bad refused the command of a regi- The Speaker then said he had been inment, offered to bim by the British comman- structed to propound to the prisoner the fol. der, when the enemy had possession of that lowing interrogatory, to which Col. Andercountry; and Col. Elliott,' on being pressed son made the reply subjoined. to repeat the offer, answered, that he knew Question.-In writing the letter to Lewis the character of Col. Anderson fully, and Williams, a member of this House from that he knew he would as soon submit to North Carolina, in which you offer to him have bis head chopped off as to accept of it. the sum of five hundred dollars, for services of John Anderson, said, Mr. J. in relation to to be performed by him in relation to claims his conduct to me at the last session and at for losses sustained during the late war, had this, I can say, without prejudice to the me you or had you not any intention to induce rits of others, I have never known an indi- him to support your claims against his own vidual, whose losses were so great, and who convictions of their justice, or to interfere knew I was disposed to advocate his claims, with the discharge of bis legislative duties, or to take up so little of my time, and to be as to offer any contempt to the dignity of the modest in urging his claims. All these cir- House of Representatives? cumstances together had given to Mr. J. a Answer.--No, sir : I call God to witness to high idea of the integrity, of the gallantry, that, which is the most sacred appeal I can and of the patriotism of Col. Anderson. make. I repeatedly assured him, that the
Other facts than those above mentioned offer was made without any wish to influ. were established by ample testimony, de- ence his opinions in any degree. scriptive of the sufferings and steadfastness The accused was then questioned whether of Jobn Anderson in the cause of the country he had other witnesses to examine : he reduring the war, &c.
plied in the negative. The Speaker then The examination of the witnesses had not called upon him for the defence which he closed when the house adjourned.
bad intimated it was his intention to offer. Friday, Jan. 16. After some other pro- The prisoner then addressing the chair, ceedings which we have
with much earnestness, in a brief manner, tice particularly, a resolution was adopted stated the palliations of the offence with to appoint a committee to inquire whether which he stood charged, as explained more any of the clerks or other persons in the offi- at large in the address, which he concluded ces of government have conducted them- by delivering to the clerk, by whom it was selves improperly or corruptly in the dis- read. charge of their duties.
We have not room for this paper, in which CASE OF COL. ANDERSON: the prisoner confessed his error, but disJobn Anderson was then remanded to the claimed any sinister intention, imputing his bar of the House, and proceeded in the fur- indiscretion to an over earnestness to accelether examination of his witnesses.
rate that relief which justice demanded for General P. B. Porter, Wm. O'Neale, and the sufferers in whose behalf he acted, and to W.P. Rathbone, were then examined as wit- whom delay was an evil of the heaviest nanesses in behalf of the accused, whose testi- ture. With many expressions of contrition mony was to the same effect as that given for his inadvised conduct, and with renewed yesterday.
asseverations of the purity of his intentions be Mr. Williams of North Carolina, was then threw himself upon the candour and lenity called upon by the accused, who put to bim of the House. this question :
The prisoner, being asked if be had ang ? Did I ever directly or indirectly, bay thing further to say, and answering in the VOL. 11.-No. iv.
not room to no
negative, was taken from the bar: and the port of yonr character and good conduct House proceeded to deliberate on the course heretofore, is its deep regret that you have now proper to be pursued.
deliberately attempted to commit a crime so Mr. Forsyth offered for consideration a entirely incompatible with the high standing motion in substance like that which was you have heretofore maintained. You bave ultimately adopted, but which proposed the less apology for the attempt which you Wednesday next as the day on which John made, because you had yourself experienced Anderson should he brought to the bar. the justice of this House but a few days be
A variety of propositions, suggestions, and fore, by the passage of two bills in your fareinarks, were made on this occasion, which vour, founded on petitions presented to the it wonld be difficult, if it were important, ac- House. Your attempt to corrupt the fourcurately to report.
"tain of legislation, to undermine the integrity One motion on which the yeas and nays of a branch of the National Legislature is a were taken, is worthy of pariicular gotice. crime of so deep a dye that even you must It was inade by Mr. Poindexter, to strike out acknowledge and be sensible of it. And if, of that passage which charged John Anderson John Anderson, you could have been sucof being guilty of a contempt against the pri- cessful in such an attempt; if it were possirileges of ihe House, the "words the privileges sible that Representatives of the people could of," thus denying the House to have any pri- have been found, so lost to their duty as to vileges not conferred on them by the consti- accept your offer, you must yourself see the tution. This motion was negatived, 103 dreadful consequence of such a deplorable to 54.
state of things : In your turn you might fall The will of the House was ultimately con- a victim : for your rights, your liberty, and summated, by the passage of a resolution in your property, might in the end equally sufthe following words:
fer with those of others. The House has seen Resolved, That John Anderson has been with pleasure, that, at a very early period guilty of a contempt and a violation of the after making your base offer, you disclaimed, privileges of the House, and that he be with symptoms of apparent repentance and brought to the bar of the House this day, contrition, any intention to corrupt the inaud be there reprimanded by the Speaker for tegrity of a member; and, in directing me to the outrage be has committed, and then dis. pronounce your discharge, the House indulcharged from the custody of the Sergeant-at- ges the hope that, on your return home, you Arms.
will be more fully convinced of the magniWhereupon John Anderson was brought tude of your offence, and by the future tenor to the bar of the House, and addressed by the of your life endeavour to obliterate, as far as Speaker as follows:
it may be possible, the stain your conduct on " John Anderson : You have been brought this occasion has impressed on the bigh and before this House upon a charge of having honourable character you appear to have committed a breach of its privileges in at previously sustained. You are discharged tempting to bribe one of its members filling from the custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms." a high and responsible situation. The House Whereupon Jolin Anderson was discbarged has patiently heard you in your defence, and, from custody. in proportion to the pleasure wbich it bas de- And the House adjourned to Monday. rived from the concurrent testimonies in sup
ART. 14, DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.
The elegant picture painted by Col. SarThe great carise between the Trustees of gent of the Landing of our Forefathers' at Dartmouth College and the Trustees of the Plymouth, has been entirely destroyed by University, has been removed to the Su. damp. It was rolled up, and placed in a preme Court of the United States. The term chamber where it remained undisturbed for of that Court commenced the first of Febru. some time; but upon unrolling the canvass it @ry.
was found to be so entirely decayed that it MASSACHUSETTS.
would not hang together. The Massachusetts Agricultural Society, The wife of capt. Daniel Young, of Squam, Have advertised their intention of awarding (Gloucester,) was delivered no long ago of 77 premiums at the annual Brighton-Cattle two fine boys, and a îne girl : the mother Show and Fair, next autumn. The spirit of and children all alive and doing well. The agricultural enterprise and improvement has first was born on Wednesday morning, the heen greatly excited by the doings of this second on Thursday, and the third on FriSociety
day night. A picture of the large oxen and tbe heifer, By a statement in the Salem Gazette, it apwhich obtained the premiums at the last pears there are now owned in the town of Brighton Show, has been finished by Mr. Salem, and employed in the India trade, 54 Fisher, the celebrated painter of animals; ships and brigs, amounting in all io 14,120 and it is said to be admirable for accurate de fons. Jineation and beautiful colouring.
Estimating the value of tbese vessels at $50