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service with leave of government; but they A decree of the king reduces the officers of are not to serve with the forces of his Catho- the navy so that they shall consist of–6 viceliç Majesty in Spanish America.

admirals; 16 rear admirals; 20 captains of The ships Dawson and Emerald, it is said, The 1st class ; 40 do. of the 2d do. ; 30 do. of have sailed from Portsmouth, with about 250 frigates ; 40 lieutenants baving rank with commissioned and non-commissioned offi- the chiefs of battalions; 260 lieutenants with cers, to join the Spanish patriots in South- companies ; 400 ensigns, and 300 midshipAmerica. The ships proceed to St. Thomas'.

The following comparative estimate of commitments for crimne, is not a little inte- Ferdinand appears to be very anxious to posting. In Manchester, commitments for conciliate the European powers in his favour, crime, on an average of nine years, are com- in reference to the contest with the colonies. puted at 1 in every 140 souls; in London. 1 His resources, bowever,seem to be very small, in 800 ; in Ireland, 1 in 1600 ; in Scotland, and his affairs to be growing more entanI in 20,000. A result highly creditable to gled. The inquisition is the enormous curse Scotland.

of the country. The bishop of Queypo, in It is a singular fact, that the several luna. 48 hours after he had been appointed Ministics in the Asylum in Castlebar, Ireland, male ter of Justice, was seized by officers of thar and female, have been taught to spin fine body; and Yonidale, who was nominated yarn, and are now constantly and cheerfully Minister of Finance, was thrown into a dunemployed in doing so.

geon and put to the torture as a trailor to the Dried.] At Claremont, on the 7th of No. king. vember, 1817, in child-bed, her Royal High- A London paper states, that the paper ness, the Princess Charlotte Augusta, dauglı money of Spain was at a discount of 74 per ter of his Royal Highness, the Prince Regent cent. notwithstanding the new plans of 6. of England, and consort of his Serene High- nance, and the assiduity of the council of ness, the Prince Leopold, of Saxe-Coburg, in ways and means. the 22d year of her age. She was presump- The board of health at Alicant, under the tive heir to the crown of Great-Britain. sanction of the supreme board, has made it PRANCE.

death for any person to land clandestinely There appears to have been much interest from the coast of Africa. ing and free discussion, in the Chamber of

SWITZERLAND. * Deputies, during its recent session, on the The celebrated Polander, General Koscisubject of the allies and the occupation of usko, has recently died, at Soleure. A funeFrance by the allied armies. The ing, in ral ceremony, in his honour, was performed his speech on the opening of the session, aster in Paris. After the service was over, the folfaking notice of the death of the child of the lowing brief biographical sketch was circu. duke of Berry, and stating that the treaty with lated. the Pope had been concluded, and alluding “ Thaddeus Kosciusko was born in Lithuto the state of the harvests, and congratula- ania. He was educated at Warsaw, in the ting the house on the prospect that it would corps of cadets. To learn the art of war and not be necessary to increase the taxes to of national defence, he went and took ser meet the expenses of the coming year, thus vice in the rising states of North America. expresses himself in regard to the relations He remained there until the end of the war with the allies : “ The conventions which I of independence, and there merited and obsigned in 1813, presenting results which could tained the friendship of General Washington, not then be foreseen, bave rendered a new of whom he was the companion in arms. begotiation necessary. Every thing leads " When the very existence of his country ine to hope, that its issue will be favourable, was menaced in 1792, Kosciusko hastened and that conditions far above our means will to return to it: he offered it his services and be succeeded by others more conformable to the experience he had acquired in a country, equity, to moderation, and to the possibility wbich like Poland, fought for liberty, and of sacrifices, woich my people support with bad succeeded in establishing it without the a constancy that can add nothing to my love sacrifice of order. He made his first camfor them, but which give them new claiins paign, as brigadier general, under the orders to my gratitude, and to the esteem of all na- of Prince Joseph Poniatowski. In the setlons.

cond, which took place in 1794, it was be " Thus, as I had the happiness of announc- who, by the enthusiasm of national honour ing to jou in the course of last session, the rallied the army; and Prince Poniatowski exponses arising liom the army of occupa- then placed himself under his banners. tion are diminished a fifth, and the period is “ Without funds, without magazines, withnot far distant, when we may be permitted out fortresses, Kosciusko maintained bis ar. io hope, thanks to the wisdom and energy of my for nine months against forces infinitely my government, to the love and confidence superior. Poland then existed only in bis

of my people, and to the friendship of my camp. Devotedness made up for the want allies, that those expenses will entirely cease; of resources, and courage supplied the det. and that our country will resume among na- ciency of arms; but the general had imparted fions the rank and renown due to the valour of his noble character to all bis soldiers. Like Frenchmen, and their noble character in ad. him they knew no danger, they dreaded no faversity."

cigues when the honour and liberty of Poland


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were depending ; like him they endeavoured to lessen the sacrifices which were required

The King of Saxony is said to have made of the inhabitants for national independence; a demand on Prussia of 18,000,000 of rix doland their obedience to their veneraled chief lars, for expenses during the years 1805 and was the more praiseworthy, as it was volun. and 1806, when the greater part of the Prustary. He held his authority by no other te- sian armies were stationed in Saxony. nure than that of his virtues.

A new general Dict, it is expected, will be “ That unequal struggle could not, how.

soon convoked. Considerable changes have ever, last long. Kosciusko-was overcome

taken place in the ministry. by superior numbers at the battle of Macie.

PRUSSIA. yowice. He was wounded, taken prisoner, and conducted to Russia. The Emperor

It appears that a great society, consisting Paul, on his accession to the throne, thought of 4000 persons, with a capital of many milhe could not grant the Polish nation a more

lions, is formed in Prussia, to promote doacceptable favonr than to restore to liberty mestic manufactures, and that British goods the hero whose loss they regretted. He him

are subjected to a duty of 30 per cent. self announced to Gen. Kosciusko, that his

A letter from Paris stales, that Prince Har. captivity was at an end. He wished him to

denberg, the Prussian Ambassador, bas preaccept, moreover, a present of 50,000 ducats

sented an official note, complaining of a pasof Holland; but the general refused it

. Kos. sage in his majesty's speech at the opening of ciusko preferred rather to depend for sub

the session, and of the address of the chamber sistence on the recompence to which his of deputies in reply to it. This official has services in America had entitled him.

excited a strong sensation in Paris, from the “ With this humble fortune, obtained in so emphatic manner in which the Prussian mi. honourable a way, be lived for a while in the nister complains of the declaration put forth United States ; ihen in France, near Fon- respecting the treaties, and his demand of an tainebleau, in the family of Zeltner; and explanation. lastly, in Switzerland. From that time he

SWEDEN. refused to take any part in the affairs of his Letters from the North state that the Prince country, for fear of endangering the national Royal of Sweden has refused permission to tranquility, the offers that were made to bim some Frenchmen, who were obliged to quit being accompanied with no sufficient guaran- France, to take up their residence in Nortee. A fall from his horse, by which he was

way. He reminded them of the decision of dragged into a precipice not far from Vevey, the allied powers, by which they are comwas the cause of his death, which took place pelled to reside in Austria, Russia, or Prussia. at Soleure, the 15th of October. He was aged upwards of sixty years. He had never been married, and his family is reduced to a

Intelligence from St. Petersburg says that single nephew, who lived far distant from

the Russian Asiatic Company had acquainted him.

the government that its latest arrivals from “ But the Polanders all considered them

China brought an account of the desire of selves as his children; they encompassed him

the Emperor of China to see foreign ambas. with respect and love, and presented, with a

sadors at his court upon the same footing as degree of pride, to other nations, that model of they are received at the European-sparing the virtues of their country, so pure, so up- nine thumps of the Ko-Ton.

the heads of foreign ambassadors from tho right, so great at the head of an arıny, so modest in private life, so formidable to his ene.

The present population of St. Petersburg mies in battle, so humane, so kind to the is stated at 270,500 inhabitants including the vanquished, so zealous for the glory and in- garrison. The proportion of foreigners is esdependence of his country.”

timated at 1-8th thereof. In point of num. bers that capital ranks the fifth city in

Europe. In consequence of a disagreement between The following statement has been laid be. the Prince of Orange and the Minister of fore his majesty, respecting the destruction of War, Count Goltz, the latter resigned. The public and private buildings at Moscow, king, however, refused to receive his re- during the French invasion : signation, whereupon the prince threw up of public buildings destined for Divine all his military commissions, and appeared Worship, there were 358, of which 348 are afterwards in the theatre in citizen's dress, now restored, so as to be fit for use. and was received with great applause. This Of dwelling houses, there were at that is the prince whom the late Princess Charlotte "time 2,567 of stone, 6,591 of wood-in all, of England refused for a husband. He was 9,158. On the enemy's retreat, there remainchief Minister of war and commander in chief. ed undamaged, of stone, 526, of wood, 2,100;

The king is said to have ordered 100,000 in all, 2,626. florins to be advanced to the linen manufac- Since that time there have been built or turers to buy stock. The Dutch revenue for repaired 3,137 of stone, and 5,561 of wood 1818, is calculated at 67,500,000 florins; the in all 8,688. expenditures at 74,000,000; so that a loan Of booths and shops there were 6,324 of will be necessary.

stone, and 2,197 of wood-in all 8,521. Of



these thero remained undamaged, 989 of to penetrate into the interior of Africa. In stone, and 379 of wood-in all 1,368.

consequence of this, Joseph Ritebie, Esq. There have been sinoe rebuilt or repaired now the private secretary of Sir Charles 6,102 of stone, and 447 of wood-in all Stuart, is selected as a person highly qualified 5,549.

for this undertaking. He will be appoioted The population of Moscow consists of consul at Tripoli ; and be will travel with the 197,482 male inbabitants, and 114,518 fe- caravan to Tombuctoo. This, after all the unmales-in all 312,000 souls.

successful expeditions that bave taken place, TURKEY.

promises to produce the information so much Accounts from Pattras, under date of Ser wanted. tember 8th, state that the barvest, in the

AMERICA. Morea, had been very abundant, and that the plague had just ceased its ravages when a new

SPANISH AMERICA. misfortune came to spread terror and deso

Buenos Ayres. lation. On the 28th of August, about 8 o'clock

It will be recollected that Buenos Ayres, in the morning, there was heard near Vos Chili, and Peru, co-operate in the present contissa, a loud detonation similar to a discharge test with the motber country; and that so of artillery; it was followed almost imme- far as the revolutionary government is estediately by a violent agitation of the earth, blished in these provinces, it is in the bands wbich lasted about a miante and a half. At of the supreme director, Puerreydon, and tbe the same time the sea retired to a considera congress at Buenos Ayres. By the latest adble distance, leaving the vessels dry that were vices from these countries, it appears that the in the harbour. It then returned with fury, royalists are losing ground; that the patriots rose fifteen feet above its ordinary level, have recently obtained many advantages in and covered with its waves an extent of land Peru ; that in Chili the question is decided in of almost an hundred feet. It then returned favour of the independents, and that the new to its accustomed situation.

government is administered with much vigour But the Cape which formed a part of the and discretion. Puerreydon, it is said, has harbour of Vostissa, and was at the mouth of retired for a few weeks, from the fatigues of a river named Gaidou-roup-nietti, after having government, on account of bad health, and castup a very thick smoke, sunk into the Brigadier-General Asquenega supplies his sea which near that point was very deep. place. The town, which contained 800 houses and

Venezuela. some public buildings, a mosque, and several A letter from Admiral Brion, dated, Augus. churches, was almost entirely destroyed, and tura, September 29th, says, “ It is with the 65 of the inhabitants perished in the ruins. greatest satisfaction that I am enabled to The villages of Mourta, Dimitropouto, Lon- date my letter from this city; the Venezbe muri, and Temeni, near Vostissa, were also lian flag now flies triumphant on the whole destroyed.

of the Oronoke, whilst General Bermudaz has During eight days, shocks less violent, but marched with a strong division to join Gene very frequent, succeeded this earthquake. ral Zaraza and enter Carraccas.” There is still seen, half a league from Vostissa,

Mexico. a great space of earth covered with yellowish The last accounts from Mexico state, that water, and deeply furrowed.

General Mina had been taken and executed. AFRICA.

in the vicinity of the city of Mexico; and ALGIERS.

that in celebration of that event, the city was The new Dey of Algiers is dead. He died illuminated. It is also stated, that the fol. on the 18th of September. This event result. lowers of Mina were either dispersed or de ed from the entrance of a Hamburgh prize stroyed. into port. The English Consul demanded that

Florida. it should be restored, but the Dey having refus- Since our last, Amelia Island has been deeu, all the consuls drew up an energetic pro- livered up to the forces of the United States. test, threatening to depart. This gave rise to a Aury and his men were allowed to remain popular commotion. The Dey retired to the until they could conveniently embark, witle palace, but was attacked by the people and whatever might belong to them. They were strangled. The new Dey was formerly a not permitted to retain their side-arms; and shoemaker.

were required to leave behind, when FernanBy a letter from the French Consul at dina should be evacuated, all the public proCadiz, it appears that the Algerine squadron perty that was found at its surrender to them. has been making captures of vessels of differ

PORTUGUESE AMERICA. ent nations, Dutch, Swedish, Russian, and it

Brazils. is added, one English; while they professed to The Archduchess Leopoldine, wife to the be looking after Prussian and Hamburgh ves- hereditary prince of Portugal, has arrived at sels only.

Rio Janeiro. Her arrival was hailed by the TRIPOLI.

people as a very happy event; for, from her It is said that the Bey of Tripoli bas con- talents and amiable character, it was antici. sented to receive a man of science and litera- pated that she would be instrumental in softure at his court, to reside there, and acquire tening the rough nature of the prince, froin the language and manners of the country; which the Brazilians appear to think they after which he will give him a military escort have much to fear.

A new commercial regulation, a tariff, with of angmenting the pay of the militia when considerable increase of duties, was to be called into the service of the United States. established on the 1st of November, by Tuesday, Dec. 30. The motion submitted which the samne amount of duties on tonnage by Mr. Tait yesterday was called up and would be exacted, as is paid by the Portu- agreed to. guese in.countries to which the vessels arriv- The bill to provide for certain surviving of ing belong.

ficers and soldiers of the revolutionary army The Portuguese still hold possession of was received from the house of representaMonte-Video, but make no progress, and the tives, and passed to a second reading. British government, it is said, have ordered Mr. Daggett submitted the following resoall their officers, in the Portuguese service, Jution for consideration. employed in that expedition, to retire.

Resolved, That the president of the United BRITISH AMERICA.

States be requested to cause to be laid before Canada.

the sepate a statement of the proceedings The citizens of Quebec have petitioned the which may have been had under the act of conprovincial Legislature for an incorporation of gress, passed the 3d of March, 1817, entitled That city, by which the government shall be an act to set apart and dispose of certain vested in a common council, consisting of a public lands for the encouragemeut of the Mayor and twelve Aldermen—the Mayor cultivation of the vine and olive.” Also, that and Aldermen to have no salary, and any the president be requested to give to the person duly qualified, who shall be elected senate such information as he may possess in Mayor, and shall refuse to serve, to pay a fine relation to any location of land, or settleof £500; an alderman in like manner refu- ment made by any individuals under the sing, a fine of £250.

aforesaid act. A spring of Saline water has been disco- Wednesday, Dec. 31 Mr. Burrill submitwhich has proved by experiment to produce referred the petition of the committee of the vered near the village of St. Catherines, ted for consideration the following motion : salt of a very excellent quality.

Among the exports from Lower Canada, Yearly Meeting of the Society of Friends at during the year 1817, were 109,071 cwt. Baltimore, be instructed to inquire into the ashes ; 145,660 bushels wheat ; 38,047 bbls. expediency of so amending the laws of the flour; 10,477 bushels tlaxseed; 350,000 skins, United States on the subject of the African furs ; 36,023 pieces masts, spars and other slave trade, as more effectually to prevent timbers ; 1,897,446 pieces staves and head- said trade from being carried on by citizens ing; and 1,955 bbls. pork. Among the im- of the United States, under foreign Hags; and ports were, 1,125,848 gallons rum ; 44,660 also into expediency of the United States, gallons brandy ; 12,616 gallons gin ; 225,000 taking measures, in concert with other nagallons wine; 2,310,967 Ibs. muscovado, and tions, for the entire abolition of said trade. 609,170 lbs. refined sugar; 35,995 lbs. coffee; Friday, Jan. 2. Mr. Burrill's motion sub254,248 lbs. tea ; 186,247 minots salt; 376, mitted on Wednesday last, to inquire into 634 lbs. leaf tobacco, and merchandise pay. the expediency of amending the laws prohiing an advalorem duty of 6 1-2 per cent. of biting the African Slave Trade, and of taking tbe valne of 672,8761.

measures in concert with other nations for its The number of vessels which entered was entire abolition, was taken up, and after an 3:32, of 77,115 tons, and with 3,629 men interesting debate, in which the mover, Cleared, 334 vessels, 76,559 tons, 3, 950 men. Messrs. Troup, King, and Campbell were en

gaged, the consideration of the resolution UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

was postponed to Monday.

Monday, Dec. 5. Mr. Burrill's resolution, in PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. respect to the Slave Trade, was on his motion

further postponed to Monday next. Monday, Dec. 22. The Senate was princi- Tuesday, Jan 6. No public business of impally occupied with Executive business, portance was transacted in the senate this day. which is always acted upon with closed Wednesday, Jan. 7. Mr. Campbell sub doors.

mitted the following motion for consideTuesday, Dec. 23. Nothing of importance ration: occured during this day's session.

Resolved, That the committee on military Wednesday, Dec. 24. The resolution pro- affairs be instructed to inquire into the expeposed by Mr. Dickerson, for amending the diency of requiring, by law, the nominations constitution, so as to provide for the election of Agents to Indian tribes, to be submitted to of representatives and electors in the several the Senate for their consent and approbation, states, by districts, was read a second time, in like manner as nominations of other offand committed to Messrs. Dickerson, King, cers now are. Daggett, Macon, and Stokes, to consider and Thursday, Jan. 8.

The resolution proreport thereon.

posed yesterday by Mr. Campbell was 1aThe senate adjourned to Monday. ken up, and after some desultory remarks and

Monday. Dec. 29. Mr. Tait offered the fol- foropositions to amend it, the consideration lowing motion for consideration :

of it was postponed till 10-morrow. Resolved, That the cominittee on the militia Friday, Jan. 9. The resolution of Me. be instructed to inquire into the expediency Campbell was taken up, and after receiving


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some modifications enlarging its scope, was troducing this resolution if he did not believe agreed to.

the cloth of American manufacture could Some Executive business was transacted, be obtained at a reasonable rate. One of the and the Senate adjourned to Monday. objections to making a provision by law such

Monday, Jan. 12. Mr. Burrill's resolution as he contemplated, and the only objection on the subject of the African slave trade was which appeared to him to bave any force, taken up for consideration. It was support. was that, by destroying the coinpetition beed by Mr. Burrill. Mr. Barbour spoke in tween domestic and foreign articles, the gofavour of the first, and in opposition to vernient would be obliged to pay higher for the second clause of the resolution. Mr. the same articles than they now do, but it Troup also opposed the second clause. Mr. would be seen by gentlemen that such aug. Wilson, calling for a division of the question, mentation could only be momentary; and, Mr. Barbour observed, that a motion he was Mr. J. said, the competitie:1 of the manufacabout to make would supersede the call turers among themselves would be so great, made by the gentleman from New-Jersey; he had no doubt, as to give the article to the and accordingly moved to strike out the lat- government at the lowest possible price. The ter clause of the resolution. This motion practice of the war department, already, was was opposed by Mr. Morrill and Mr. King, io give a preference to the domestic fabric; and advocated by Mr. Lacock.

but that preference was given with reference The question was taken on motion of Mr. to the cost of the article-a system which Troup, by Yeas and Nays—Ayes 16, Noes produced not only uncertainty, because of 17; and the resolution then agreed to, ibe fluctuating state of the foreign market,

Tuesday, Jan. 13. The Senate was chiefly but uncertainty, consequently to the calcuengaged in Executive business this day. Jations of the manufacturer. lo relation to

Wednesday, Jan. 14. But little business was the navy, Mr. J. said, he did not know that done in the Senate to-day. A bill was re- his project was practicable; if it was, it ported to divide the State of Pennsylvania would be necessary perhaps to give a discreinto two judicial districts ; and one or two tionary power on this head 10 the commandreports on private claims were acted on. ers, when on foreign stations. But he hoped

Thursday, Jan. 15. The Senate was no objection would be made to an inquiry principally engaged in Executive business on the gubject, and that the committee would this day; and adjourned to Monday to give favour the bouse with an early report. an opportunity to make some repairs in their The motion was agreed to. Chamber.

On motion of Mr. M Coy of Virginia, it was

Resolved, That the committee on public

lands be instructed to inquire into the expe. Monday, Dec. 22. Mr. Robertson of Lou. diency of increasing the price at which said isiana, from the select .committe? to whom lands should be sold hereafter. the subject had been referred, reported a bill On this question there was a division: the providing the manner in which the right of resolution was agreed to by a majority of citizenship may be relinquished.

twenty or thirty votes. {The bill proposes to provide that when On motion of Mr. Basset, of Virginia, it any citizen, by application in writing to the District Court of any district of the United Resolved, Tbat the secretary of the navy be States, in open court, and there to be record- required to communicate to this house the ed, shall declare that he relinquishes the cha- measures taken, if any, to give effect to the racter of a citizen, and means to depart out of act passed on the 26th February, 1811, for the United States, be shall be thenceforth the establishment of navy hospitals; if nothing considered as having exercised the rights of has been done, to show the cause why the expatriation, and as being no longer a citizen statute has been neglected, and wbether it be of ihe U. States ; that such person shall be held necessary to repeal the same. as an alien for ever after, and shall not re- A report was received from the secretary sume the rights of citizenship without going at war, in which the actual force of our prethrough the same process of naturalization as sent peace establishment is estimated al 8,421 other citizens.)

including officers. The bill was twice read and committed. The remainder of this day's sitting was

Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, offered the fol- spent in committee of the whole on the bill lowing resolution :

concerning the surviving officers and soldiers Resolred, That the Committee of Com- of the revolution There was much debate, merce and Manufactures be instructed to in occasionally eloquent, but generally desul. quire into the expediency of providing, by tory, on amendments proposed to the bill, law, for clothing the army and navy of the but involving also its principle. Messrs. United States exclusively in American Manu- Bloomfield, Walker, Garnett, Harrison, Strothfactures.

er, Comstock, Palmer, Livermore, Trimble, In offering this motion, Mr. J. said it would and Rliea successively joined in the debate. not be proper for him to detail the facts, or We cannot find room for a detail of all that advance the reasoning which led him to the took place at this sitting; we regret that our conclusion that the measure be proposed to limits do not allow us to give even a sketch inquire into was expedient. But he should of a debate on a subject to which national say ibat he should not have thought of in- feeling is so much alive.



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