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times; I have caught it, however, with a
3. THORACIC FISHES. hook and line, occasionally, in almost every month in the year.
Labrus tautoga. Mit. New-York BlackThe tom-cods brought to market in
Perca Mitchilli. January were sold alive, at a reasonable
Mit. Striped Bass.
Rock-fish. price, by the bunch, strung upon a small Bodiunus flavescens. Mit. Yellow Perch. stick. They are a delicate species of cod- Scomber vernalis. Mit. Spring Mackerel. fish, and much better than the common cod, though not so solid and substantial
Pleuronecles planus. Mit. New-York-Flat
Fish. for a hearty meal. The roes of the female are delicious. Like other fish of
hippoglossus. Mit. Holibut. this family the tom-cods are very tena
New-York Black-Fish. Tautog.-The cious of life, and live much longer out of black-fish is one of the excellent edible water than other fish. Those brought to fishes of the New-York market, and is a market this month were generally small
, constant resident of our sea coast and from four to six inches long, and a few rocky shores and bays. It was called somewhat longer. They were taken in Tautog by the Mohegan Indians, who nets, prepared for the purpose, with small formerly inhabited Long-Island and the meshes, in the bays of Long-Island Sound, adjacent sea coast. Dr. Mitchill has prewithin twenty miles of New York. The served the name, in his specific denominayoung ones were beautifully mottled, and, tion of the black-fish, by converting it into in fact, were fish of an elegant appear- the Latin word tautoga.
The black-fish were good in the month In the autumn, when frost-fish are first of January, and sold at 6 and 8 cents per in season, they ascend the shallows of our pound, from the stalls. These were tasalt water bays and creeks, advancing ken with the hook and line, in November with the tide in search of food, and re- and December, near Fisher's Island and tiring with the ebb. It is then they take Block-Island, and brought to market the bait and afford much sport in angling. alive, having been kept in cars. They will bite at earth worms, grubs, or The tautog may be cooked by frying, clams, and the night is the best time to baking, or stewing, or be prepared in a engage in such sport, as the tide is rising. chowder, and is a wholesome well-tasted They have a wide mouth, bit sharp, and fish. It affords much sport, at some seaare easily hooked. I have spent many an sons of fishing ; but the account of this is evening, while a boy, angling for tom- reserved for the proper period, as it is not cods, in the bays of Long-Island, from taken in the boisterous months of winter, docks, mill dams or water fences, using a and it will not again take the bait till pole, and fishing in three or four feet some time in the month of March. depth of water.
Striped Bass, or Rock-fish.—The stripSounds and Tongues.- The best and ed bass, of New-York, or Rock-fish, so richest part of the common Cod, when called in Philadelphia, is another exceldressed, is the head. This is lost in the lent salt-water fish, brought to the Newdried and pickled cod, but the tongue is York markets in abundance. It is a conpreserved, and also the sound, or swim- stant resident of our sea coast and bays, ming bladder. These are pickled and and it even ascends the Hudson into sold from the stalls during January, with fresh water, and is taken beneath the falls the pickled fish, by the name of Cod's of the Mohawk. It frequents the sandy sounds and tongues, at six and eight cents shores of New-Jersey and Long-Island, per pound. The difference in the price in the spring and autumn, and delights in in favour of sounds and tongues arises cool weather; but in the depth of winter from the want of bone in the latter, re- seeks shelter in the recesses of the bays, quiring less preparation, suffering no loss, and is there taken in large shuals by and affording more nutriment. They are drawing the net. In the fall and spring exposed already soaked in fresh water, they are frequently taken by the hook prepared for cooking, and may be boiled and line, but the supply for the markets is fike the fish itself, and eaten with pota- provided by nets. They are principally toes, or fried like oysters, dipped in four, taken on the south side of I ong-Island, or butter, and they eat almost as good. forty or more miles from New-York, and The tongues are muscular and taste very transported to the city by land or water. much like the fish itself; but the sounds They have been exposed for sale in conare a mass of jelly, easily digested, highly siderable numbers during January, and nutritious, and preferable to any other kept from spoiling by the cold weather,
which has been so severe during the
part of the fish.
month that any further drafts of them
APPENDIX. cannot probably be made till spring.- There are some molluscous animals, They have been sold by the single one, at which the New-York markets afford, and different prices according to the size and are good eating; in common acceptation quality, averaging from 6 to 8 cents per they are called shell-fish, but as they do, pound, which is moderate for the excel- not belong to the class of pisces, we emJence of the fish, but the demand has not brace them in an appendix. been brisk, and it is not so well flavoured Mya Arenarca. Lin. Pennant. Soft as in some other months.
shell Clam. Yellow Perch.—This is a fresh water These animals grow in the sand of our fish, principally taken in the streams of salt water beeches, and in some places, New-Jersey. It is a very good pan fish, are found with shells measuring four and seldom exceeding a foot in length, though five inches, and weighing nearly a pound. the few which appeared in market were They are dug up with a hoe or spade, much less. It is also taken in the fresh from 6 to 10 inches beneath the surface water ponds of Long-Island, and in other of the sand, between high and low water parts of this State. A single fish, weighing mark. They were very good in January, less than a pound, sold for 12 cents. though not so fat as they will be some.
Spring Mackerel. This elegant fish is time hence. They sold from 50 cents the migratory, and is out of season in Janu- hundred, to a dollar, opened and cleaned. ary, but was exposed for sale from the Fried like oysters, they are excellent eat. pickle, to be soaked and broiled for a ing. The best soft clams seen in Janua. relish at breakfast. A good sized fish, ry, were a dollar per hundred, but so 12 or 14 inches long, was sold from 12 to large and fine that three would make a 13 cents in the fish market, the same hay- pound of food without bone, and conseing probably been purchased by the fish- quently the cheapest meat that the marmonger at 5 or 6 cents during the last ket afforded. These were seen on board season, and salted for retail in winter. of a country boat, and were dug on the
New-York Flat-fish. Some of the flat- north side of Long-Island some distance fish afford very delicate eating. They from New-York. One of them weighed are not very plentiful at this season, as they 14 ounces with the shell, which being thin, retire and lie all winter in the mud. Å did not probably exceed two ounces. few appeared on the stalls, taken with Venus mercenaria. Lin. Pen. Hard shed! spears, while searching for eels. They
Clam. were not however very inviting from their The hard shell clam was not so abunmangled appearance and frozen state. dant this month as the soft shell, and at We shall speak of this fish more particu- this season is not so good. It will be larly at another season.
better towards spring. It is dug up on Holibut.-Holibut taken late in the fall, our sandy beeches two or three inches off Block-Island, was exposed in our mar- only beneath the surface, above low wa. ket in a semi-pickled state, being barely ter mark, but is also raked from the mud corned. It looked fine and in good order, in the deep water of our bays. Price and the choicest cuts were offered at 6 from 50 to 75 cents per hundred. It is cents per pound. In the spring the mar- cooked by roasting, or frying, or is made kets will be plentifully supplied, when it into soup, which may be made very good, shall be more particularly noticed.
wholesome and nourishing, if the clams are tender,
The gelatinous substance 4. ABDOMINAL FISHES.
contained in these clans is so easily diSalmo Salar. Lin. Mit. &c. Common gested that they afford a valuable article Salmon.
of diet for the sick and those whose diCommon Salmon.--The Salmon is a gestive organs are impaired, or not very migratory fish, but does not visit the sea strong. coast of New York, nor frequent the Ostrea Edulis. Pen. Edible Oyster. Hudson river, though he has formerly Our markets, oyster-stands, and public been taken there. He visits the lakes and houses, have an abundant supply of excelstreams in the northern part of the State, lent oysters, which will continue all winand in the winter is sometimes brought ter, derived from the oyster banks in our fresh, in a frozen state, from the lakes to own harbour, those of Long-Island, and New-York. When he appears we shall by importations from Virginia. But we notice him. In January, pickled salmon must defer further remarks at present. was exposed with the pickled cod and Crabs and Lobsters.-Crabs were ofmackerel on the fish-stalls, and sold for fered at 25 cents per dozen, and young 10 and 12 cents per pound.
lobsters at 6 cents per pound.
ART. 9. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. historical account of the United States of
America. L ORD Byron has transmitted to Lon- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
don, for publication, a Fourth Canto Several new periodical publications of Childe Harold.
have been lately announced in this A Narrative of a Residence in Japan, country. A Quarterly Review is to be during 1811,-12,—13, by Capt. Galow- established in the City of Washington;-nin of the Russian navy, is in press.
Mr. Marrett is about commencing a The coal-owners on the rivers Tyne Monthly Scientific Journal, in the City of and Wear have given a public dinner to New-York-and a Quarterly Journal of Sir Humphrey Davy, and also presented the Sciences, to be edited by Professor him with a service of plate valued at Silliman, has been announced by Messrs. £2000, as an acknowledgment of his Eastburn & Co. of New-York, and H services in inventing the SAFETY LAMP. Howe of New-Haven,
Among the new plays advertised, is By an article, published in the WashAccusation, or the Family of D'Anglade, ington City Gazette, said to have been by John Howard Payne, Esq. the Ameri- furnished by Mr. Madison, the numbers can tragedian.
in the great constitutional work, entitled
“the Federalist,” are distributed among No less than four editions of the works the several writers in the following manof Voltaire are now in press.
ner, viz. No. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 64, by Mr. D. B. Warden, for many years se. Mr. Jay; No. 10, 14, 17, 18, 19, 21, 37, cretary to the American legation, and to 58 both inclusive, and 62, 63, by Mr. Consul of the United States at Paris, has Madison ; the remaining 51 numbers by undertaken to publish a statistical and Mr. Hamilton.
ART. 10. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Greek, 10,000 in Moldavian, 5,000 in THE Church Missionary Society of German, 5,000 in Esthonian, 5,000 testa
England have established a mission ments in Latin, and 8,000 Gospels of St. in New Zealand for the purpose of in- Matthew in Calmuc. They are also structing the natives in religious duty, translating the Scriptures into the Mogul and in the useful arts of life. Much po- and Turkish languages. litical as well as moral good is likely to result from the judicious measures adopted. A college has been established at Cal
cutta by the natives. The object of it is The protestant clergy in Ireland are to instruct the sons of respectable Hincirculating religious tracts calculated to doos in the English and Indian languages, expose the errors of popery. This mea- and in literature and liberal science. sure is designed to counteract the misrepresentations of the catholics, by which A “Juvenile Hindoo Society' has been they endeavour to excite prejudice against established in the City of New-York, for the protestants, and to gain converts to promoting the education of the pagan their own creed.
Children of Hindostan.
The most Rev. Dr. Ambrose Mareschal The Bible Society in Russia have de- has been consecrated (Catholie) Arehtermined to distribute 196,000 copies of Bishop of Baltimore. the bible in 17 different languages. In The Rev. Daniel Kimball has beep orthe course of the year 1816 they printed dained as pastor of a congregation in 10,000 Sclavonic bibles, 10,000 new tes- Hingham, Mass. taments, in the same language; 5,000 Fin- The Rev. Hosea Ballou has been in. nish, 5,000 French, and 5,000 Samoiedan. stalled pastor of the Second Universal Before the close of this year they will Church in Boston. finish an impression of 25,000 bibles and Baptist churches have been consecrated testaments in the Sclavonic, 8,000 in the in Cambridge-Port and West Cambridge, Armenian, 2,000 in the Tartaric, 8,000 in Massachusetts. VOL. 11.-No. iv.
ART. 11. POETRY.
For the American Monthly Magazine.
SCENES OF MY YOUTH.
With joy the contrite heart pervade ;-
O raise my thoughts from earthly things;
On living faith's immortal wings'Till the last gleam of life decay In one eternal SABBATH Dar?
For the American Monthly Magazine.
OW chang'd are the scenes of my youth !
! How fraught with instruction and truth,
As view'd through my fast falling tears. I pause, as I pass through the glade,
"On each object which once gave me joy, But weep on the spot where I play'd,
When a light-hearted, gay, thoughtless boy. No prospect now bursts on my sight,
But has magick to call forth my tears ; I mourn for each youthful delight
That's lost in the current of years. The oak whose rude branches sublime,
Long brav'd the assaults of the blast, Now leafless and shatter'd by time,
Sigbs mournful for years that are past. The brook, though it still warbles low,
As it rolls through its deep winding bed, Awakens the anguish of wo,
For it murmurs a dirge to the dead. On its banks where clear waters meet,
The youth of the village once play'd; But now in that rural retreat
The sires of the hamlet are laid.
What, tho' banish'd from home, o'er the world I
may rove, Still thai home I have left is the first in my love; There's no sorrow so great as its absence to
mourn, No joy that's so bright as the hope of return. At home are tbe friends of my earliest years, That form'd my first hopes, and sooth'd my first
fears, That tanght my young bosom the pleasures of
love, And directed its thoughts to the heaven above. Tho'much I may love other friends I bave seen ; Tho' the hills I now tread may be sunny and
green, Still the hills of my childhood are brightest and
best, And the friends of my home are the first in my
breast : On that mirror full oft other objects may play, And fash on its surface alluringly gay; But the joys of my home form a picture more
bright, That will glow in the darkness and blaze in the
light, For that picture is touch'd by a pencil most true, And the colours that deck it are of love's brigbe
est hue. Like the vapours that rise from the far spreading
main, Ascend high in air, and in clouds charg'd wib
rain, Descend on the mountains, still, in rivers, their
They will bend to that ocean that gave them their So my love, tho'towards friends I have met til
oft burn, To that centre, my home, it will always return. Tho' the pleasures of home may be scattered at
last, Like the scar'd leares of autumn borne off by the
blast, There's a home that is better and brighter than
this, Where no gloom will destroy or o'ershador its
bliss. Oh ! how sweet to reflect, when the world's
storms are o'er, · There's a baven of joy, on eternity's shore, When our tempest-loss'd barks will be sale on its
breast, And our hearts from lise's troubles eternally pes.
SATURDAY NIGIIT. Sweet to the soul the parting ray,
Which ushers placid evening in, When with the still expiring day,
The Sabbath's peaceful hours begin ;How grateful to the anxious breast, The sacred hours of holy rest! I love the blush of vernal bloom,
When morning gilds nights' sullen tear; And dear to me the mournful gloom
Of autumn, Sabbath of the year ; But purer pleasures, joys sublime, Await the dawn of Holy Time. Hushd is the tumult of the day,
And worldly cares, and business cease, While soft the vesper breezes play,
To hymn the glad return of peace; O season blest! O moments given To turn the vagrant thoughts to Hcaren! What though involv'd in lurid night,
The loveliest forms of nature fade; Yet mid the gloom shall heavenly light,
Art. 12. DRAMATIC CENSOR.
"ROM the manner in wbich the Theatre dy cannot too soon drain her own bowl, nor
was attended, during the last engage. Comedy too soon give place to satire. ment of Mr. Cooper, compared with the During his last engagement, Mr. Cooper thronged boxes during the exhibitions of Mr. appeared in two new characters, Malec, Incledon and Phillips, we should inser that and King John ; the former of these he had singing and songs are in much higher esteem never before personated, and the latter never in New-York than the most just and striking before on the New-York Stage. He also appersonification of the passions—the most peared in his old and admired parts of Olhelbold and accurate delineation of character, lo, Macbeth, Hamlel, Duke Aranza, Bethe most pathetic bursts of feeling, or the full-verly, Penruddock, Charles De Moore, Leon, est flow of eloquence. If the theatre is de- &c. Mr. Cooper evidently improves, from serted when such talents as Mr. Cooper's are year to year; we think we have never seen employed to give interest to the scene, who him play so well, notwithstanding the emptican hope for encouragement? And if age, ness of the boxes, as he has at times during wealth, fashion, youth, and beauty hurry to his recent engagement. He has become the play-house to drink in, with thirsty ears, more severe and chaste in his style of act. the voice of the songster, no matter of how ing, and consequently more natural; he has melodious and sweet stop" his pipe may acquired the power of exhibiting passionbe, while the finest moral lessons, enforced strong feeling; by the deep agitation of his frame in the most impressive and engaging man- and the fine workings of bis face, rather than ner, can scarcely gain a listener, where is by violent contortions, and furious gesticulathe just taste of the city? An old noel, tion. His reading, too, though always good, is whose name does not seem to be in as "good in better taste than it used to be: it is as rich odour" now a-days, as it bas been in a grav- as ever in variety of tone and modulation, er age, (for he was once regarded with some and is, at the same time, more simple and admiration,) in a poem of his, entitled Para- natural. His conception, moreover, manifests dise Lost, in describing the manner in which a deeper insight into character, with a finer certain of his personages beguiled the time dur- discrimination of adventitious traits, and a ing a period of great disaster, has the follow. more philosophical and profound knowledge ing remark:
of the passions than we have ever discern* For eloquence the soul, song charms the sense." ed in him before : indeed, he is an admirable
The inference to be drawn from this re. actor. His Malec was well studied, and in mark is loo obvious to require a formal state. his representation we saw nothing to mend, ment, especially as conscientious scruples except, perhaps, an occasional failure of es. need not be considered.
pressing his conceptions with sufficient clearBut now, the good old plays, replete with ness and strength ;-these failures, which thought and observation, and hung round, were few, appeared to be owing as well to like ihe galleries of the old baronial castles, the cold aspect of a thin house, as to want with full-length portraits of real life, where of practice in the public personation of the oach gazer of the human family may trace part-a part, to which we doubt not he will some lines of likeness, and where he may give universal popularity, His Mark Anlearn, as he compares himself with bis ances. ihony is entitled to high commendation. In tors, how new prejudices and new opinions, his other characters, he is so familiar to the which are but the costume of character, vary public that it is unnecessary to say more than the general appearance and expression of that he has, in most, if not in all of them, exwbat are in fact the same features these bibited manifest improvement. good old plays these transcripts of life, and As to the other performers, either because true exemplars of human character are com- they have so much to do, in consequence of pelled to give place to caricatures of nature; the smallness of the company-or because to dramatic performances which, instead of they do not feel an ambition sufficiently being the mirrors of life, exhibit a medley of stimulating to make the labour of study peflecting surfaces--convex and concave- pleasant-or because they do not aspire to in which nothing is seen but distortion. If the competition with quadrupeds and mountelegitimate occupants of the stage are thus banks, or for some other reason, but little, compelled to surrender to melo-dramatic ro- if any improvement has been remarked in mances, borse-playing, and jugglers, Trage- them.
Art. 13. MONTHLY SUMMARY OF POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE.
men from serving in the military or naval forGREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. ces of the Spaniards, or of the Spanish AmeriPROCLAMATION has been issued by cans. There is an exception in favour of