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commend to Congress their repcal. To impose Military service, 81,110,000. taxes, when the public exigencies require them Naval service, $1,300,000. is an obligation of the most sacred character, Public debt to the first of January, 1818, especially with a free people. The faithful fulfil- inclusive, $2,050,000. ment ofit is among the highest proofsol their virtue,

Making the aggregate amount of $38,370, and capacity for self-government. To dispense with taxes, when it may be done with perfect safe. 002, 88. ty, is equally the duty of their representatives. In

And leaving, on that day, exclusive of this instance we have the satisfaction to know that eight millions, 632,697 dollars and 70 cents in they were imposed when the demand was impe- treasury notes, which are in a train of settlerious, and have been sustained with exemplary ment, in order to be cancelled, a balance in fidelity. I have to add, that however gratifying it the treasury of $6,001,575 88. may be to me, regarding the prosperous and hap- The public debt unredeemed on the 1st py condition of our country, to recommend the day of January 1817 amounted to $115,807, repeal of these taxes at this time, I shall never

805. Between the 1st of January and the theless be attentive to events, and, should any future emergency occur, be not less prompt to

1st of September there was added to the suggest such measures and burthens as may then public debl by the funding of treasury notes, be requisite and proper.

$1,097,315, making an aggregate amount

on that day of $116,905,121. JAMES MONROE.

During the same period there was parchased

and redeemed of ihe public debt, including Wednesday, Dec. 3. Mr. Barbour, from a five hundred and fifty thousand dollars of committee appointed on the subject of the temporary loans, the sum of $16,993,275 50. State of Mississippi, reported a resolution for Which, deducted from the amount of the its admission into the Union ; which was public debt, last stated, leaves, unredeemed, read the third time, passed and sent to the on the first day of October, 1817, the amount other house for concurrence.

of $99,911,845 41. Thursday, Dec. 4. A letter was laid before This amount will be reduced by the 1st of the Senate, by David Holmes, governor of January, 1818, to $98,869,096. the State of Mississippi, inclosing the consti- The amount of the public debt purchased tution of that State.

and redeemed in the year 1817, amounts to Monday, Dec. 8. The President of the $18,036,023. Senate communicated the annual report of The old six per cent stock will be redeemthe Secretary of the Treasury. We have ed in the course of the year 1818. The Louiroom only for the following abstract of this siana debt which becomes redeemable ou important document.

the 21st of October nest, might be redeemed The Secretary calculates the receipts of the at that time, did not the terms of the convenTreasury during the year 1817, at $33,075, tion, which require that it shall be paid by 984, which added to the balance in the annual instalmenis of not less than three Treasury on the 1st of January, 1817, makes millions,' seem to preclude the right of dis. an aggregate sum of $41,371 577.

charging it at once. It may all be redeemed The payments into the treasury, during the by the 21st of October, 1819. three first quarters of the year, are estimated After the redemption of the Louisiana to amount to $27,095, 934 14; viz. Customs stock, there is no part of the principal of the $21,732,068 22; internal revenue and direct public debt redeemable at the will of the tax, $3,480,173 43; public lands, exclusive of government until the 1st day of January, those in the State of Mississippi and the Ala- 1825, except the 5 per cent stock subscribed bama, $1,326,077 44 ; postage and incidental to the bank of the United States. As the comreceipts $26,913 93; payments into the trea- missioners of the sinking fund are not authora sury, $530,751 13.

ized to redeem the five per cent stock, the The application of this sum, for the year permanent annual appropriation of 10,000,000 1817, is estimated as follows, viz.

of dollars, from the year 1819 to 1825, under To the 30th Sept. the payments have the existing laws, can only be applied to the amounted to $32,710,002 93 ; viz:

payment of the interest of the public debt, and Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous ex- to the gradual reimbursement of the principal penses, exclusive of three hundred and se- of the six per cent deferred stock; and will venty-five thousand dollars paid to the State leave, during that period, an annual surplus of of Georgia, from the proceeds of the Missis- nearly five millions of dollars. sippi lands, $2,798,248 75.

This interesting report, after taking a full Military service, including arrearage, $7, survey of the national finances, concludes as 105,816 90.

follows: Naval service, $2,044,474 25.

According to these vicws the permanent Public debt, exclusive of three millions five annual revenue may be estimated to amount hundred and ninety-two thousand nine hun- to $24,525,000, viz:-Customs, $20,000,000; dred and twenty-seven dollars and sixty internal duties, $2,500,000; public lands, excents of treasury notes, which have been clusive of the Mississippi and Alabama lands, cancelled in due course of settlement, $20, $1,500,000; bank dividends at 7 per cent 761,462 98.

$490,000; postage and incidental receipts During the fourth quarter, it is estimated $35,000. And the payments into the Treasuthat the payments will amount to $5,660,000. ry during the year 1818 may be estimated at

Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous ex. the same amount. To which add the bapenses, $600,000

lance estimated to be in the Treasury on the

first day of January, 1818, $6,000,000. Ma. The bill for the abolition of the internal king together the sum of $30,525,000. duties was received from the House of Re.

The probable authorized demands upon presentatives, read twice, and referred to the the Treasury during the year 1818, are esti. Committee on Finance. mated to amount to $21,946,351 74, viz:- Monday, Dec. 15. The following motions Civil, miscellaneous, diplomatic, and foreign were laid on the table for consideration. By intercourse, $2,069,843 29; military servi

Mr. Troup: ces, including an arrearage of 500,000 dollars, Resolved, That the President of the United $6,265,132 25 ; naval service, including one States be requested to cause to be laid before million of dollars for the gradual increase of the Senate such information as he may pos. the navy, $3,611,376 20; public debt, $10, sess, touching the execution of so much of 000,000. Wbich, being deducted from the the first article of the late treaty of peace and amount estimated to be received into the amity between his Britannic majesty and the treasury, including the balance on the 1st of United States of America, as relates to the January, 1818, leaves, on the 1st of January, restitution of slaves, and which has not here1819, a balance in the treasury of 8,578,648 tofore been communicated. dollars 26 cents, which, however, will be ap- By Mr. Barbour.plied to the redemption of the Louisiana Resolved, That the President of the United stock, under the provisions of the act for the States be requested to communicate to the redemption of the public debt, passed the 3d Senate such information as he may possess, day of March, 1817, as far as those provisions and which the public interest will permit him will admit.

to disclose, relative to our pending negotiaMr. Barbour gave notice that he should, tion with Spain. on to-morrow, ask leave to bring in a resolu- The bill from the House of Representation proposing to the several States an tives to abolish the internal duties, was re.. amendment to the Constitution of the United ported by Mr. Campbell, froin the committee States, on the subject of internal improve on finance, with a few verbal amendments, ments.

which were agreed to, and the bill ordered Tuesday, Dec. 9. Mr. Barbour introduced to be read a third time to-morrow. a resolution to amend the Constitution, Tuesday, Dec. 16. The engrossed bill from agreeably to notice given yesterday.

the House of Representatives, for abolishing Mr. Hawley, Pastor of St. John's Church, the internal duties, was read the third time Washington, was elected Chaplain of the as amended by the Senate, passed, and return. Senate.

to the House for concurrence in the amendWednesday, Dec. 10. The resolution offered ments., yesterday by Mr. Barbour, for an amend. The resolutions offered yesterday by Mr. ment of the Constitution, was read a second Troup, and by Mr. Barbour, respectively, time, and referred to Messrs. Barbour, King, were successively taken up and adopted. Lacock, Macon, and Eppes

Wednesday, Dec. 17. No business of imporThursday, Dec. 11. The Senators from tance was transacted this day. the State of Mississippi appeared and took Thursday, Dec. 18. Ņo subject of moment their seats this day; the President of the was brought before the Senaie this day. United States having notified his approbation Friday, Dec. 19. The Senate was occupied of the resolution of Congress, for the admis- with subjects of local or private interest. sion of the State of Mississippi into the Union.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Friday, Dec. 12. The President of the Senate communicated two memorials of offi- Tuesday Dec. 2d. At 12 o'clock the Presi. cers of the Navy and of the Marine Corps, dent's Message was received and read. then serving in the Mediterranean, remon- Wednesday Dec. 3d. On motion of Mr. strating in strong terms against the treatment Taylor, of New-York, the house resolved it. received by Captain Heath of the Marine self into a committee of the whole, on the Corps, from Commodore Perry, and the pro- state of the Union, Mr. Smith of Md. being ceedings thereon, and in one or two other called to the chair.

The President's message was the subject of Mr. Daggett submitted for consideration consideration. the following resolution :

Mr. Taylor moved a series of resolutions Resolved, That the committee on the Judi- referring to different committees the various ciary be instructed to inquire into the expe. parts of the Message. The first resolution diency of passing a law on the subject of offered was the following: bankruptcy; and, if they judge it expedient, to Resolved. That so much of the message of report a bill for that purpose : also, that the the President of the United States, as relates aforesaid committee inquire into the expedi- to the subject of foreign affairs, and to our ency of further provision by law for the pun. commercial intercourse with British colonial ishment of offences committed in places ports, be referred to a select committee. within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Unit. This resolution having been read for coned States; also, into the necessity of further sideration, Mr. Clay (the Speaker) moved to defining piracy, and other offences commit- amend the same by adding to the end there. ted on the high seas, and into any defects ex- of the following words: isting in the laws of the United States for the “And that the said committee be instructpunishment of crimes and otfences.

ed to inquire whether any, and if any, what


provisions of law are necessary to ensure to to reduce the standing army to 8000, &c. &c ihe American colonies of Spain a just obser. These resolutions were received and revance of the duties incident to the neutral feried to a committee of the whole House. relations in which the United States stand, in Mr. Whitman offered a resolution to inthe existing war between them and Spain." struct the committee of commerce and manu

Mr. Clay supported this amendment by factures to inquire into the expediency of some spirited remarks in regard to the na- providing by law for apprebending and see ture of the struggle in which the Spanish curing foreign seamen deserting from foreign provinces were engaged, and the altitude vessels in the ports of the U. S. which it became ibis country to sustain in Wednesday, Dec. Loth. Mr. Forsyth offer. regard to them. He called to the remem- ed for consideration the following resolution, brance of the House our own situation in to obtain a decision on a question raised by 1778 and 1789—the different treatment we a memorial yesterday presented, contesting had received even from 'inexorable legiti. the election of a member from Ohio, and macy,' to that which we exhibited towards which Mr. F. considered of great imporkindred republics. If we did not feel our. tance: selves authorized to afford aid to a cause Resolved, That the committee of elections which deserved our wishes for its success, he be instructed to inquire and report what pertrusted we should at least endeavour to avoid sons, elected to serve in the House of Reprethe appearance of hostility to the efforts of sentatives, have accepted or held offices upliberty in any quarter.

der the government of the United States Mr. Sergeani rose, in consequence of an since the fourth day of March, 1817, and appeal to him to explain the circumstances how far their right to a seat in this House is under which the U. S. Court had interfered affected by it. to detain certain British otficers about em- The adoption of this resolution was warmbarking from Philadelphia to join the pa- ly opposed by Mr. Taylor, of N. Y. and Mr. triots in South America.

Johnson, of Ky. and was also opposed by Thursday, Dec. 4. The standing commit- Mr. Seybert, Mr. Livermore, and Mr. W. P. tees as appointed by the Speaker, in pur. Maclay, and was supported by Mr. Forsyth. suance of the order of the house, were an- It was opposed as casting an imputation nounced.

upon the House, and as instituting a general Monday, Dec. 81h. An interesting discus- and vexatious inquisition. It was advocated sion took place on a motion made by Mr. by the mover as the most direct means of Rhea to call on the Executive for informa- putting the committee of elections in tbe tion in regard to the proceedings of certain possession of facts. He had understood that persons who have established themselves al there were ten or eleven gentlemen in the Amelia Island, and in regard to a similar House who came within the scope of the resca establishment at Galvezton.

lution—there miglit be more,-had he known Mr. Rhea, Mr. Nelson, of Va. Mr. Miller, all the individuals he would not bare hesitaMr. Johnson, of kv. and Mr. Harrison advo- ted to insert their names in the resolution. cated the resolution., Mr. Forsyth, Mr. Ro. He did not mean to impeach the conduct of bertson, and Mr. Holmes opposed it on various gen lemeh who had taken their seats under grounds, but not with a view to suppress the such circumstances, they had doubtless salisinformation required, which they contended fied themselves of the correctness of so doing, was virtually called for by a previous reso- but the decision of an important constitutionlution of the House.

al question devolved upon the House. Mr. Julinson ou Ky. reported a bill autho- On taking the question on the resolution, rizing a commutation of soldiers' bounty their appeared 85 in favour of it, and 65 lands, for cashı, at the rate of $1 40 per acre, against it. It was adopted by the casting vole which was twice read and committed. of the Speaker.

On motion of Mr. Nelson, ot Va. the House The report of the Committee of Ways and resolved itself into a committee of the whole Means, and the bill for abolishing internal on the Resolution from the Senate for au- duties were taken up in Committee of tbe mitting the State of Mississippi into the Union. whole, Mr. Desba being called to the Chair, The resolution was agreed to, reported to the The bill was advocated by Mr. Lowndes, House, read a third time, and passed.

the Chairman of the Committee which reTuesday, Dec. 9. Mr. Lowndes, from ported it. and Mr. Williams. Mr. Talimadge the committee of Ways and Means, reported moved to amend the bill, so as to except a Bill to abolish the luterual Duties. [Tbe the dutie, on sales at auction, from the geverepeal to take place from and after the 31stral repeal proposed. This amendment was day of the present month.] Tue bill was supported by the mover, and by Mr. Storns twice read and committed.

and opposed by Mr. Whirman, Mr. Smith, Mr. Johosun proposed a series of resolu- and Mr. Clay, (the Speaker.) tions in relation to the Military Establishment Some other amendments were proposed -to provide for the widows and orphans of and lost. the soldiers who where killed in battle or The Committee rose and reported their died in service during the late war, to grant agreement to the bill without amendment. lands to the disbanded officers of the late ar- Thursday, Dec. 11. On motion of Mr. my, to establish three additional military Holmes, of Massacbusetts. academies, to organize a corps of invalids, Resolved, That the committee on Roads and Canals inquire into the expediency of ed, might not be esperienced. He had not providing by law for constructing a naviga- been allowed time to examine the statement ble canal to unite the waters of Lake Michi- of the Treasury department to his satisfac. gan with the waters of those of the Missis- tion, but be thought he perceived some in. sippi.

consistency in it He did not believe that That they also inquire into the expediency the public good or the public will required of providing for constructing a navigable the repeal of the internal taxes, but if gentlecanal to unite the waters of the Tennessee men, who were pressing forward the measure, with those of the Tombigbee.

thought they were running the race of popuThat they also inquire into the expediency larity, he should not impede them. of providing for improving the navigation of Mr. Sergeant of Penn. had no idea of enthe l'ennessee.

tering upon the race for popularity that had Mr. Bassett, of Virginia, submitted a pro- been spoken of On all occasions it was position to amend the rules so as to dispense proper to presume the motives of members with the previous question of consideration. of ihat House fair; it was injurious to queson any motion submitted to the House. tion them where they were borne out by the

On motion of Mr. Spencer, of New-Yorkweight of argument. The system of taxathe committee on the judiciary were in- tion which it was now endeavoured 10 upstructed to inquire whether any, and, if any, hold had already been broken in upon, and what legal provisions are necessary to pre- its symmetry destroyed. A few fragments of scribe the effect which the public acts, re. it remained, which could not too soon be cords, and judicial proceedings of one State removed. A great proportion of the taxes shall bave in the courts of any other State ; which it was proposed to repeal were exand also to inquire what provisions by law tremely objectionable ; and even if the reve. are necessary to ensure a more prompi publi- nue did not warrant the repeal, he would cation of the laws of the United States, and still vote for the bill, and leave the deficit to a more speedy and general distribution of be provided for in some more equal and them.

equitable manner. He adduced various ipThe engrossed bill for a repeal of the in- stances of the oppressive operation of these ternal taxes was read a third time.

taxes. He not only considered it unnecessaOn the question “shall the bill pass ?" Mr. ry as it regarded the national wants, and Hopkinson, of Pennsylvania, rose to express prejudicial as it regarded the national indus his disapprobation of a course, which he was try to continue them, but he viewed it as aware it would be useless to oppose. The pernicious in another light; the accumula. reasoning of gentlemen who favoured a re- tio. On a surplus in the Treasury would not peal of taxes, appeared to him fallacious. It be permitted, the possession of an exuberant proceeded upon the supposition that we were income would lead to an improvident exto enjoy an uninterrupted peace. He con- penditure. sidered this doubtful. Were the position to Mr. Holmes of Massachusetts was in favour be assumed as true, where was ihe use of of the bill. He thought these taxes should augmenting the navy, or of supporting a only be resorted to in cases of absolute necesstanding army? If we could not contide in sity' ; and to enable the people to meet them pacitic prospects so far as to dispense with at such times, they ought be remitted the military and vaval armaments, it was folly to moment that necessity had passed away. It make our revenue wholly dependent on a was only as temporary burdens, indispensasource which must in a great measure fail in bly requisite, that they would be submited to the event of war. Besides, if we bad really with cheerfulness. an excess of revenue, at this time, and 'no Mr. Barbour of Va. Mr. Johnson of Va. adverse change to apprehend—if taxes were Mr. Pitkin of Conn. and Mr Smith of N. C. too prolific, and some of them must be re- spoke asso in favour of the bill. pealed; he should prefer to remove the im- The passage of the bill was decided 161 post upon salt, to reduce the tonnage, and to to 5. diminish the duties upon tea, cotlee, sugar, Friday, Dec. 12th. Mr. Hopkinson, of Pennand other necessary articles of consumption; sylvania, from the committee on the Judito destroying a system of internal tases ciary, reported a bill to establish an Uniform which bad with such difficulty been brought Sistem of Bankruptcy throughout the United into operation, and on which alone we could States ; which was twice read and committed. * rely in case of emergency. But he had been Mr. Bloomfield, of New Jersey, from the once deceived by a Nattering picture of an committee to whom was referred so mucha overflowing treasury, and could not but fear of the President's Message as relates to the that there was some delusion in our present surviving Revolutionary Patriots, reported golden anticipations.

in part, a bill concerning certain surviving Mr. Baldwin of Penn. could not but re- officers and soldiers of the late Revolutionary mark, upon the singular appearance it would Army. exbibit, if Congress were now to repeal on [This bill provides that every commissionthe ground of a redundant revenue, those ed and non-commissioned officer or soldier, taxes which were laid but three years ago to who had served in the army during the war retrieve a sinking credit. The inconvenience which terminated in the treaty of peace with which this repeal was to guard against, was Great Britain in 1783, and reduced to ind:. not yet felt,' and notwithstanding the san- gence, or by age, sickness, or any other guine estimates on which the bill was found. cause, may be unable to procure subsistance by manual labour, shall receive half pay dur. ties of the House, and the justice of the naing life, equal to the half of the monthly pay tion. The resolution was adopted without a allowed to his grade of service during the re- division. volutionary war-provided, that no pension The House resolved itself into a committee thus allowed to a commissioned officer shall of the whole, Mr. Bassett in the chair, on the exceed the half pay of a lieutenant-colonel.] bill for the commutation of soldiers' pay. This bill was twice read and comınitted.

A debate of some length arose on this The motion submitted by Mr. Basset of Va. bill, and particularly on its details, which to amend the rules of the House was taken

did not, however, result in any final deciup and agreed to. [The question of conside- sion. ration, which has beretofore been a matter of much contention in the House, in the days Ky. Chairman of the Committee on

It was supported by Mr. Johnson of of party conflict, is thus expunged from the Military affairs, and, with some modifica; rules of the House.]

Monday, Dec. 15th. Mr. Tucker of Va. tions, by Mr. Clay, (the speaker,) and from the committee to whom was referred so was opposed by Mr. Holmes of Mass. much of the message of the President of the Mr. Storrs of New York, Mr. Smith of United States as relates to the subject of in- Maryland, and Mr. Claggett of New ternal improvements, made a long and elabo- Hampshire, principally on the ground of rate report, concluding with the following its opening a new field for speculators resolution :

rather than benefitting those for whom it Resolved, That, in order to promote and give security to the internal commerce among

was designed to legislate. the several States; to facilitate the safe and Tuesday, Dec. 16. Mr. Rhea of Tenexpeditious transportation of the mails by the nessee, offered for consideration the fol. improvement of post roads, with the assent lowing resolution : of the respective States; to render more easy Resolved, That the committee on penand less expensive the means and provisions sions and revolutionary claims be instructnecessary for the common defence, by the ed to inquire into the expediency of susconstruction of military roade, with the like pending, for one year, so much of the assent of the respective States; and for such act, entitled “ an act making further proother internal improvements as may be with; vision for the support of the public credit in the constitutional powers of the general and for the redemption of the public government, it is expedient that the sum to be paid to the United States by the 20th sec- debt," passed the third day of March, tion of the act to incorporate ihe subscribers 1795, as bars from settlement or allows to the bank of the United States, and the divi- ance, certificates, commonly called loan dends which shall arise from their shares in office and final settlement certificates, and its capital stock, be constituted as a fund for indents of interest. internal improvement.

Mr. R. supported this resolution by The report was read and referred to a com

some feeling and pertinent remarks. It mittee of the whole.

was adopted without opposition. A message was received from the Presi. dent of the United States, transmitting in

On motion of Mr. Whitman, of Mass. compliance with the request of the House, the information in possession of the execu:

Resolved, That the committee on pentive, in regard to the establishments at Ame. sions and revolutionary claims be directJia Island and Galvezton.

ed to inquire into the expedieney of conMr. Robertson, of Louisiana, offered the tinuing the pensions, granted to invalids following resolution to the House:

of the army who served in the late war, Resolved, That a committee be appointed in case of their decease before the expito inquire into the expediency of providing ration of the term of five years from the by law for the exercise of the

right of expa: time of granting the same, to the widow • triation; and that they have leave to report by bill or otherwise.

or children of such deceased invalid, if Mr. R. explained his motives in making any he has left or shall leave, to the end this proposition at this time. He wished to of the said term. see the question decided by the proper tribu- Mr. Wendover offered a resolution for nal, and he thought it might now be discussed the appointment of a Committee to inand determined dispassionately. The reso- quire into the expediency of altering the lution was agreed to without opposition. national flag; which was adopted. Mr. Harrison of Ohio, moved a resolution for

The House resumed the consideration, instructing the committee on military affairs, in committee of the whole, Mr. Bassett to inquire into the expediency of continuing in the chair, of the bill for the commutapensions granted to the widows and orphans of officers and soldiers who were killed or

tion of soldiers' pay ; wounded in the late war, for a term of five The question being on striking out the years beyond their expiration by the present first section of the billlaw. Mr. H. supported this resolution by a A debate of much length ensued, which feeling and eloquent appeal to the sensibili. resulted in no final decision of the ques.

it was

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