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Nothing remained now but to dress the remarks, by Valentine Mott, M. D.” wound ; which was done by bringing the This is an instructive case, illustrated by edges into contact, and retaining them in drawings, of the appearances after a sudthis situation by adhesive straps, leaving den and unexpected death, in the left the ends of the ligatures out of the wound, ventricle, and the surrounding parts. and covering the whole lightly with lint." “ Case of a remarkable disease in the (pp. 363, 369.) The operation was per- Larynı and Trachea, by John C. Cheese formed on the 28th November, 1816, man, M. D.” with a drawing. A boy four and the wound was entirely healed, and years old died after experiencing a diffithe patient well, on the 1st January, 1817. culty in breathing for six or eight weeks,

« Case of brachial aneurism, cured by with some peculiar symptoms. The seat tying the subclavian artery above the of the disease was in the larynx and Traclavicle, by Wright Post, M. D.” This chea, on which were discovered warty is another of the successful operations of excrescences, or fleshy tumours very this eminent surgeon. The subject of it much like them. a man aged twenty-seven. The tumour “An extraordinary case of obstruction was situated at the upper and inner part in the colon, hy Wright Post, M. D.” of the arm, high up, and extending to- In the body of a person who expired in ward the axilla. The symptoms were sixteen hours after an attack of what so serious, and the aneurism increased so seemed to be spasmodic colic. Dissecrapidly, that an immediate operation tion showed that there was a stricture, or was ordered, and that the artery should incarceration of the colon, obstructing its be tied above the clavicle. The local dis- passage completely. This was caused in ease was of about a month's standing; the following manner. The mesentery, but there was a constitutional taint of near its attachment to the spine was lues.

much narrower than usual. By somo The mode of proceeding was this: unaccountable movement of the whole

“An incision, commencing at the ex- mass of small intestines, it had been ternal edge of the tendon of the mastoid made to encircle the colon, and falling by musele, was carried through the integu- their weight to the lower part of the abo ments about three inches in length, in a domen, had drawn it so tight around the direction deviating a little from a parallel large intestine as to occasion the fatal Tine with the clavicle. This divided the obstruction. To release, therefore, the external jugular vein, the bleeding from colon from its confinement, it was neceswhich required a ligature for its suppres- sary to raise the whole volume of small sion; and in proceeding with the opera- intestines forwards and upwards, and tion, three or four arterial branches were then to pass them down. behind the diseut, which it was also necessary to se- tended part of the colon. This removed cure. The subclavian artery was then the cause of the mischief. sought for immediately external to the

VI. Physiology scaleni muscles, and was easily laid bare. “ Observations on certain causes which Passing. over the artery at this place, and influence the decarbonizing function of in contact with it, were three considerable the lungs, by Charles E. Pierson, M. D.” branches of nerves, running downwards, In this essay the author supports the hytowards the chest, from the plexus above. pothesis, “ that there are certain circumThese were separated, and the ligature stances affecting respiration, which subpassed under the artery with great facili- ject the human system to a morbid rety, by an instrument well adapted to this tention of the carbon of the blood, and purpose, invented by Drs. Parish, Harts- thereby produce derangement and dishorn, and Hewson, of Philadelphia. On We should cheerfully enter into tying the ligature all pulsation ceased in an analysis of the whole matter contained the liinb. The edges of the wound were in this tract, if our limits permitted ; but, now brought together, and secured by restricted as we are, we refer our readsuture and adhesive straps, and a lighters to the original ; where, if they shall covering of lint finished the dressing.” not be in all respects convinced, we think (pp. 389, 390.) The operation was per- they will, notwithstanding, be rewarded formed on the 7th September, and, on for the trouble of perusal. the 16th October the patient was so “ Observations on the efficacy of emetics far recovered that he went home, with in spasmodic diseases ; with an inquiry the wound entirely healed, and only into the cause of sympathetic vomiting, a few incidental symptoms remaining. by Joseph M. Smith, M. D.” In this able V. Morbid Anatomy.

and ingenious dissertation, Dr. S. under“ Case of rupture of the heart, with takes to show the inefficacy of the comVOL. 11.–No. ill.

24

ease."

mon method of treating the spasmodic stage of life, and in every condition of symptoms of hysteric and epilepsy ; to body, whether of health or disease, unexhibit the superiority of emetics as anti- less when mechanically interrupted. He spasmodics ; to inquire whether their maintains, that though the heart may be use is not founded on the laws of the the primum vivens of the system, the animal economy; and to notice some of mouths of absorbents are its true ultithe diseases in which they may be suc- mum moriens; and he contends that the cessfully employed. The views which life which they possess within themselves the author takes of the animal economy maintains its ascendancy over the death evince an accuracy of observation, and of the body, until probably they are a solidity of reasoning, which render his killed by the poisonous quality of its dispaper worthy of the special attention solving materials. The considerations both of the student and of the practi- urged by the author evince an original tioner.

and comprehensive mind; knowing at “ A dissertation on the uniform action once how to make observations and to of the absorbents, by Cornelius E. De reason upon them. We are sorry we Puy, M. D.” In this well-written essay cannot enter into the detail of his stateDr. D. expresses his opinion that the ab- ments. The reader will be fully resorbent vessels of the animal body con- warded in the perusal of the entire tract. tinue an uniform action through every

(To be continued.)

Art. 5. A Sketch of the Military and Political Power of Russia, in the year 1817.

New-York. Kirk & Mercein, 8vo. pp. 208.

IT
T is amusing, though melancholy, to sage to their fury were swept away by

observe how seldom the conduct of their force. In the wreck of the monarmankind comports, not merely with their chy and the priesthood the lower orders professions, but even with their honest in- of society rose by the removal of an intentions. The least variation of circum- cumbent weight, and gained some porstances that deranges their preconceived tion of the power and property which plans of operation, too commonly sug- had become derelict. But having now gests a new principle of action, whilst suc- a substantial interest at stake on the tum cess itself in the course first marked out of the contest with their deposed rulers, is far from insuring an ultimate issue con- the security of this interest became the formable to the original design. The cha- prime object of their consideration, and racters of men are changed not only by to attain it they consented to the sacrifice the vicissitudes but by the gradations of of those political privileges, the acquitheir fortune. Virtuous resolves and in- sition of which had been the principal genuous feelings are even more easily sub- motive of rebellion. The despotism of dued and perverted by an uninterrupted Napoleon was more arbitrary, and scarcesuccession of prosperous events than by ly less onerous than the regime of the the sternest oppugnation of adversity. Bourbons. But it presented a barrier The fable of the ecclesiastick of Salaman- against the return of the feudal system, ea and the magician exhibits a true picture and any other evil was deemed comparaof the parallel progress of ambition in tively tolerable. Thus was a revolution the mind, and of depravity in the heart. which began with the cry of “liberty and

This divergence of purpose and prac- equality," completed by placing the sceptice is not less frequent in communities tre that had been wrested from a king than in individuals. The same vacilla- in the hands of an emperor ! A catastrotion that distracts, and the same inconsis- phe so repugnant to the plot sufficiently tency that disgraces private men, are of- confirms our general position in regard ten seen in the councils and the policy of to the termination of most human entera government and people.

prises, and the nature of the causes which The French revolution commenced in influence their evolution, without making a project of wholesome reformation in the French nation accessary to the mea. the civil and religious institutions of that sures pursued by Buonaparte towards country, but a vent once given to the pent- other states, in contravention of all the up energies of a nation, their eruption maxims which it had professed to recould not be subjected to control. T'hey verence. It would, indeed, be difficult burst forth like the imprisoned winds of to say how far the rash and presumpÆolus, and those who had opened a pas- tuous interference of the European

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reigns in the affairs of France, whilst the ed to believe, against Buonaparte, may

be revolution yet wore the features of a do- classed among its unmatured atrocities, mestic reform, might warrant the subse- when the invasion from Elba interrupted quent departure on her part from defen- the conclave, and suspended for a while sive ground; or again, how far Buonaparte its magnanimous deliberations. We did was himself the creature and the slave of hope better things from those, whose resituation. But if France set the example cent experience of the instability of illof violating the integrity of states, legiti- gotten power should have taught them mate princes were not reluctant to obtain to curb" inordinate desires. We even indemnities by a similar abuse of power. hoped, that laying aside cupidity for terri Let not, however, the infamy of origi- tories to which tiey had no claim, the alnating this system of federative rapine lied sovereigns would have devised some be imputed to France, -it belongs to the plan for the introduction of rational liberauthors of the Holy League; to the per- iy into the countries which rightfully bepetrators of the partition of Poland! tolonged to them; and by voluntarily iinRussia, Austria, and Prussia.

parting what it is impossible long to withMuch as we deride the fickleness and hold, have averted a struggle, to the concondemn the turpitude of the French, we sequences of which they can neither be see nothing to commend in the conduct blind nor indifferent. Whether the legitiof the Allies. Under the assumed title male arbitrators of Europe ever entertainof the “Deliverers of Europe," they en- ed, at any time, in good earnest, the idea listed the sympathies of all the friends of of restoring the stalus quo ante bellum, freedom in their behalf; and when their should the blessing of that Heaven to efforts were crowned by the overthrow of which they so devoutly appealed attend Napoleon, the credulous philanthropist, their arms--and yet have suffered themwas ready to exclaim,

selves to be seduced from their faith by Magnus ab integro seclorum nascitur ordo : the very boon they had invoked; or whe

Jam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna. ther their piety was feigned, and their It will be well to inquire whether these love of justice simulated to serve an oc, expectations have been fulfilled. In set casion, we shall not undertake to decides tling the political basis of Europe at the but between their manifestós as belligeCongress of Vienna, in what instance was rents, and their ultimatum as pacificators; regard paid to legitimate rights when they between their declarations and their came into competition with the views of deeds, a discrepancy exists which can onprofligate ambition ? Where was justice ly be accounted for on the one supposior honour, or the faith of treaties observ- tion or the other. ed towards any object of political jealousy

Whether the actual state of things is or resentment? What measure was con- more favourable to the future tranquility certed that did not directly or indirectly of Europe, than that condition which tend to the aggrandizement of the high would have resulted from a rigid observ contracting powers?" The divulsion of ance of the rule of right, is a question, Norway from Denmark, the dismember- which if it could be answered in the af ment of Saxony, the perpetuation of the firmative, might well be put by the adsubjection of Poland, the annexation of vocates of the Holy' Allies; though the Holland to the Netherlands under an he- admission of the arrangement to be bereditary King, the commutation of Lucca neficial, would not justify the mode in with a branch of the Spanish Bourbons which it has been effected, nor excuse to obtain an appanage for the Ex-Em- the falsification of royal promises. But press Maria-Louisa, the abandonment of if it shall appear that as little regard has Genoa to the king of Sardinia, the sur- been paid in the division of power to the render of the Spanish patriots to Ferdi- protection of the peace of the world nand and the Inquisition, the immersion against unprincipled usurpation, as bas of Venice and Ragusa in the Austrian been shown to the conservation of the dominions, the secularization of the Ec- rights of the people, and of the honour clesiastical Electorates, and of a multitude of kings, it must then be admitted, that of Archbishoprics, Bishoprics, and Ab- this arbitrary allotment of population beys, in favour of Bavaria, Baden, Hano- and allegiance, is as impolitic as it is imver, &c. and the disfranchisement of nume- moral. That a worse tyranny has been rous Imperial Cities, transferred to the imposed upon any nation than it endurpetty Princes of Germany, are among ed under the domination of the French, the overt acts of this sanctiinonious con- we shall not contend-it is enough that vention; whilst the meditated perfidy the hopes of emancipation have been against Murat, and, as we are now inclin- defeated. The French theinselves are perhaps the only absolute sufferers by that the paragraph was manufactured in the change of dynasties and boundaries; London. We do not know that the and possibly their regrets spring chiefly charge has been denied. With this artifrom chagrin. But in the consternation cle, and the observations of the London created among the European States by editor, the sketch, &c. commences. the menacing attitude of Napoleon, Our author informs us that he has in. every other apprehension was absorbed ; serted them entire, “as the basis of that and whilst guarding with too much zeal inquiry, and those reflections which fol. against imminent danger from this low.” It will be proper, therefore, for us source, both governors and governed to lay them before our readers. have been wholly insensible to other occasions of alarm, which though more

" It seems to be necessary, that Europe remote, are not less appalling. These, danger does not and will not come from

should be acquainted with her danger. The have not perceived in the annihilation of England, or from France, or from Austria. the supremacy of the popular will in. It will come from the North-from Russia. France, the rivetting of the fetters by Russia is the power which is desirous of a which they are themselves enthralled; suining the high and dictatorial attitude and those have not discovered that in which France assumed under the tyranny of freeing themselves from one foreign yoke Buonaparte. It is on this account she did they have bowed their necks to receive every thing in her power to prevent the intianother. Certain it is, however, that

mate alliance between England and the Ne. the only concert that prevails among the milies, and to connect the House of Orange

therlands, by a marriage between the two fa. confederated princes, consists in a com

with the imperial family of Russia. It is for mon endeavour to repress the expanding this purpose she brought about the marriage sentiments of their subjects; whilst there of the King of Wurtemberg with the Dutch. is reason to believe that in the general ess of Oldenburgh. It is for this purpose she connivance at encroachments on the pro- is connecting, herself also by family ties scribed and defenccless, an inequality of with the House of Brand-nburgh. It is with acquisition has destroyed all political this view that she does not view with much balance.

displeasure the charges of foreign libellers The book before us, which rumour has against England, because they may tend to ascribed to the pen of Sir Robert Wilson, Dation ; or those constant attacks upon the

weaken the esteem and respect for that great contains some striking and interesting government of France, which may tend to views of the military means and disposi- keep up alarm and apprehension in the is. tions of Russia. We shall extract largely terior of that country. She relies upon alien. from the work, as we concur in many of ating England and France from each other, the author's sentiments, both in regard to by encouraging reciprocal jealousies and ill past transactions and present prospects.

will."— Frankfort. We do not, however, enter into all his

“We are disposed to give the Frankfort opinions. He betrays an adulatory spirit but ire own we do not share them, nor do wo

writer credit for the sincerity of his fears; towards Buonaparte, which in the histori- contemplate affairs in the same point of an of the Erpedition to Egypt, is as con

view. In the first place, he relies too much temptible as it is base; and expresses himself, in other respects, with a feeling of liances. The experience of all history shows

upon the operations and effects of family al. party animosity, with which we have no us how feeble they are whenever they at all sympathy. He is too passionate to be clash with any favourite plan of policy, of candid, and too assuming to inspire confi- ambition, or aggrandizement. We know not, dence. Indeed his pretensions to supe- and care not

, what influence Russia had. Op rior skill and unlimited information, and whether she had any, in breaking off the his unparalleled audacity of assertion in intended marriage between the families of cases where he can neither be confirmed union between the families of Brunswick and

Brunswick and of Orange; because the nor confuted, are calculated to excite dis- of Saxony has given perfect satisfaction to gust. But he has often appealed to facts to the people of this country; and surely no fortify his arguments ; and the jealousy prince could have been selected, whose conwhich is daily discovering itself, among duct could have been more highly praisethe Allies, of the constantly developing worthy than the conduct of the Prince Sase energies of Russia, shows that he is not Cobourg. The opinion we have given of singular either in his suspicions or his the effect of marriages in general between fears.

sovereign families, will apply to the other An article of an important nature was alluded to. Wartemberg indeed! What ef

marriages the Frankfort Correspondent has lately published in an English ministerial fect can she produce, or what weight can paper, (we believe the Courier,) under she have in the scale of European policy? the head of Frankfort. It has been re- With respect to the charges of foreign libel. peatedly asserted, in the opposition prints, lers against England, we are not astonished

at them, because they come from notorious ously pursued by his successors.

Of jacobins; nay, we are willing to go farther, those, Catharine the second, who possessand assert, that we have deserved it at their ed the greatest genius, accomplished the hands. We put them down, and their libels most. She added to her dominions, the and calumnies are the natural offspring of revenge and disappointment. But we have Crimea, Caucasus, and the country of the often been surprised at the impunity and Cossacks, besides a large share of Poland. asylnm that were so long afforded them. The reign of Paul was fertile in projects Surely no power n Europe is under greater and in failures. obligations to England than the government · Alexander came to the throne," says the of The Netherlands. It was the influence of author of the Sketch,“ with strong predilec. this country, in a great measure, that, com- tions in his favour-real personal good quali. bining the United Provinces with the Nether. ties had gained the affections of all who bands, established the family of Orange upon approached him ; and, as the pupil of La a powerful throne :-one of the wisest Harpe, expectation was raised high as to strokes of policy that could have been de- bis capacity for government. The “ Televised. It seems to us to be absurd to sup. machus of the North" was not then inebrie pose that the kingdom of the Netherlands ated with power, but, instructed in his ducould give into any views of aggrandize. ties by a Mentor endowed with intelligence ment which Russia might have, or enter into and virtue, exercised the authority of a desany offensive treaty with her, against France potic sovereign to establish philanthropy as and England: for such a policy would com- the basis of his throne.* bine both against her. And what efficacious An enemy to the costly vanities of some Kervice could Russia, so distantly situate, of his predecessors, he regulated the exrender her ? Besides it is to be considered, penses of his palaces with economy, and ap. that the developement of such a policy plied his treasures to the foundation of useful would not be viewed with indifference or establishments, the promotion of useful inertness by Austria. And in such a state of public works, the equipinent of his arsenals, affairs as that to which the Frankfort Curs and the augmentation of his army-Tern. respondent alludes, it would not be difficult perate, active, and indefatigable, he transto find employment on the side of Turkey. acted the business of government through But we repeat, that we consider the fears of direct correspondence of personal superin. the Frankfort Correspondent as chimerical tendence; and, familiar with the statistics, We do not believe Russia to have any such topography, and interests of the various Intentions. That, which in all former times people inhabiting his extensive empire, he was deemed improbable, is now not only cherished the general prosperity by a polity probable, but apparent and extant. England adapi.d to the wants of each and ali. and France have discovered it to be their in- Such was Alexander: the same fidelity of terest to be firmly and cordially united; and description shall represent him as he is : we, perhaps, do not hazard much in affirm- since the individual character of an autocrat, ing, that there are no two courts in Eu- whose will is the only professed principle of mope between whom a better understanding government, must always have paramount subsists Austria is united to both with the influence on the measures of his cabinet. same cordiality and intimacy. And now we " Alexander had no alternative but to make should be glad to ask, what could any other peace with England : it was indeed the impower, or all of them together effect against plied condition of his succession. His feelthe union of Great Britain, Austria, and ings were in unison with his obligations, and France? The peace of Europe is not likely he profited by the improvement of his finanto be soon disturbed. No power has any ces, to bring into action many sources of motive in disturbing it; all have powerful wealth and strength which had been heremotives in preserving it."-London.

tofore unemployed. Qui s'excuse s'accuse, says our author. “ Notwithstanding a never-ceasing wasteful And certainly a similar inférence may be expenditure of men and money on the Perdrawn from this officious defence of Řus- sian and Moldavian frontiers, his dock-yards sia, and the evident anxiety to prove her

were constantly adding to his navy, and his as incapable of harm as innocent of depots advancing newly-formed battalions. meditating it.

* Involved, as an ally of Austria, in the

disaster of the battle of Austerlitz, (a battle The author of the Sketch affects to re- precipitately resolved on, and lost, it may gret the agitation of this question ; but be truly said, before the combat began, by since it has been made a theme of discus- an injudicious flank movement,) Alexander sion he promises to investigate it dispas- himself perhaps was the only man of bis arsionately, and to demonstrate “that the my who did not descend' the Carpathian folly of the provocation is augmented by mountains despairing to retrieve the misthe total want of means to sustain the fortunes and disgrace of that campaign. challenge.” To this end he takes a brief Exertions were multiplied according to the review of the Russian European history; exigency; and when Napoleon passed the which is sufficiently familiar to all politi- + Vide the Ukases, respecting the condition of the cians, without this recapitulation. The slaves-their non-transfer by sale from the land—the

abolition of the punishment of death-the rare pure plans of Peter the great have been assidu- ishment of the knool, &c. &c.

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