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“One day General Phillips accompanied tender to my children, it inspires me with my husband, at the risk of their lives, on a courage.” He now led me to the tent of visit to us, who, after having witnessed our General Gates, where I found Generals situation, said to him “I would not for Burgoyne and Phillips, who were on a 10,000 guineas come again to this place, my friendly footing with the former. Burgoyne heart is almost broken."

said to me,

“ Never mind, your sorrows have “ In this horrid situation we remained six now an end." I answered him that I should days, a cessation of hostilities was now be reprehensible to have any cares,

as he spoken of, and eventually took place; a con- had none; and I was pleased to see him on vention was afterwards agreed upon ; but such a friendly footing with General Gates. one day a message was sent to my husband, All the generals remained to dine with Genewho had visited me and was reposing in my ral Gates. bed, to attend a council of war, where it " The same gentleman who received me was proposed to break the convention, but so kindly, now came and said to me, You to my great joy, the majority was for ad- will be very much embarrassed to eat with all hering to it; on the 16th, however, my hus- these gentlemen; Come with your children band had to repair to bis post, and I to my to my tent, where I will prepare for you a frue cellar ; this day fresh beef was served out to gal dinner, and give it with a free will." I the officers, who until now had only bad salt said, “ YOU ARE CERTAINLY A HUSBAND AND provision, which was very bad for their A FATHER, you have shewn me so much kind. wounds. The good woman who brought us ness." I now found that he was GENERAL water, made us an excellent soup of the SCHUYLER. He treated me with excellent meat, but I bad lost my appetite, and took smoked tongue, beef steaks, potatoes, and nothing but crusts of bread dipped in wine. good bread and butter! Never could I have The wounded otficers (iny unfortunate com

wished to eat a better dinner: I was conpanions) cut off the best bit and presented it tent : I saw all around

me to me on a plate. I declined eating any thing, likewise; and what was better than all, but they contended that it was necessary for my husband was out of danger! When me to take nourishment, and declared they we had dined, he told me his residence was would not toucb a morsel until I afforded at Albany, and that General Burgoyne inthem the pleasure of speing me partake ; 1 tended to honour him as bis guest, and incould no longer withstand their pressing vited myself and children to do so likewise. invitations, accompanied as they were by I asked my husband how I should act; he assurances of the happiness they had in offer told me to accept the invitation. As it was ing me the first good thing they had in their two days' journey there, he advised me to power, and I partook of a repast rendered go to a place which was about three hours palatable by the kindness and good will of ride distant. General Schuyler had the pumy fellow-sufferers, forgetting for the mo- liteness to send with me a French officer, a ment the misery of our apartment and the 'very agreeable nian, who commanded the absence of almost every comfort.

reconnoitring party of which I have before “ On the 17th October the convention was spoken ; and when he had escorted me to completed. General Burgoyne and the other the house where I was to remain, he turned generals waited on the American general back again. In the house I found a French (Gates ;) the troops laid down their arms, surgeon, who had under his care a Brunsand gave themselves up prisoners of war! wick officer, who was mortally wounded, and now the good woman who had supplied and died some days afterwards. The Frenchus with water at the bazard of her life, re- man boasted much of the care he took of ceived tbe reward of her services ; each of his patient, and perhaps was skilful enough us threw a handful of money into ber apron, as a surgeon, but otherwise was mere and she got altogether about twenty guineas. simpleton : he was rejoiced when he found At such a moment as this, bow susceptible is out I could speak his language, and began the heart of feelings of gratitude !

to address many empty and impertinent “ My husband sent a message to me to speeches to me; said, among other things, come over to hjin with my children. I seat- he could not believe that I was a general's ed myself once more in my dear calash, and wife, as he was certain a woman of such then rode through the American camp. As rank would not follow her husband: he I passed on, I observed (and this was a great wished me to remain with him, as he said consolation to me) that no one eyed me it was better to be with the conquerors than with looks of resentment, but that they the conquered. I was shocked at his impuall greeted us, and even showed compassion dence, but dared not show the contempt and in their countenances, at the sight of a wo- disdain I felt for him, because it would deman with small children. was, I confess, prive me of a place of safety! Towards afraid to go over to the enemy, as it was evening he begged me to take a part of his quite a new situation to me. When I drew chamber: I told him I was determined to renear the tents. a handsome man approached main in the room with the wounded officers; and met me, look my children from the calash, whereupon he attempted to pay me some and hugged and kissed them, which affected stupid compliments. Al this moment the door me almost to tears. ** You tremble,” said he, opened, and my husband with his aid-de-camp addressing himself to me, “be not afraid." enlered. I then said “Here, Sir, is my bus. * No," I answered, “you seem so kind and band;" and at the same time eyed him with

a

our

scorn, whereupon he retired abashed ; ne- out into forests or any other place that is vertheless he was so polileas to offer his proper or convenient. chamber to us.

It has long been a source of wonder to “ Some days after this we arrived at Al

me, that the Locust Tree is so little cul. bany, where we so often wished ourselves; tivated as it is. It is certainly one of the but we did not enter it as we expected we

most valuable should-victors! We were received by the

country affords, good General Schuyler, his wife and daugh whether we consider it with reference ters, not as enemies, but kind friends, and to ship timber, other buildings, or for they treated us with the most marked atten- fencing. I have never been able fairly tion and politeness, as they did General Bur- to ascertain how long it will last for fencgoyne, wbo had caused General Schuyler's ing, although I have made it the subbeautifully finished house to be burnt ; in ject of inquiry: one reason is, that very fact they behaved like persons of exalted few persons live a sufficient age to minds, who determined to bury all recollection of their own injuries in the contempla- to see its decay or rot. My opinion is that

witness the fixing of a locust post, and tion of our misfortunes. General Burgoyne from 50 to 80 years may be safely calcuwas struck with General Schuyler's genero; lated on ; when a chesnut post in the sity and said to him, You shev me greal kindness, although I hare done you much in- same exposure will rot in 15 years, or jury." Thal was the fate of war," replied less. the brave man, “lel us say no more about il.The little attention that has been given

With your permission I will furnish to the culture of the Locust Tree, is for your next number, as a proper sequel more to be wondered at, when we conto this account of the Baroness De Rei- sider with what very little trouble it is desel, General Burgoyne's eloquent des- cultivated, particularly after the trees cription of the obsequies of General have grown to a considerable size, and Fraser.

your ground properly prepared for it. Yours, &c.

As you cut off the timber you wish to HISTORICUS. dispose of, or make use of, by keeping

the ground enclosed it immediately

grows up into a thicket, and in 25 or 30 The following letter from Judge Mitchill, years it will be fit to cut again, and by on the subject of the cultivation of the adopting this plan they may be kept

Locust Tree, has been communicated growing at pleasure. to us by Dr. Akerly, from whom we

I have some facts and opinions on the lately received a valuable paper on the subject of the Peach Tree, which I will same subject.

make known to you in a future commuPlandome, 1st November, 1817.

nication. Hoping these hints, through To Dr. Samuel Akerly,

you, may be useful,

I remain your obedient servant, Dear Sir,

SINGLETON MITCHILL. When you visited Plandome, in July last, I recollect your admiring my Letters of a Traveller to his friends in Nursery of young Locust Trees at that

England. time about a foot high. The growing

DEAR season is now over, and I can inform you Our voyage, I should suppose, was atthat their appearance exceeds my most tended with more, and more harassing, sanguine expectation.

disasters than

any

since the transit of I planted the seeds about the first of Columbus ; and since it occupied ninety April last, in the manner before stated to days, employed a considerably longer you, and have now many thousands of period. Four weeks were wasted in the young Locust Trees, that have grown channel-gales and head-winds were from four to six feet, very straight and almost constantly prevalent—the vessel beautiful, during theshort period of seven laboured miserably in that narrow water ; months.

and so irrepressible and pervasive was I have much to expect from these trees the sickness occasioned by this awkward if they improve hereafter as they have and unruly motion, that but very few of done this season, of which I have no the passengers were able to appear upon doubt. The rows are now four feet deck. During this period, howerer, 'we apart, and I intend next April to thin enjoyed some scattered days of mild and them out, so as to leave them about four beautiful weather. The first two or three feet in the rows, and keep them in that days from Gravesend were calm and position about three seasons, when I sunshiny—the air soft and soothing--and ibink they will be large enough to set the English coast, now rising in abrupt precipitancy over the subject waves, and nobler and more sensitive spirits of the again sinking into softer and more grace- world were trained in that undoubting ful outlines, sprinkled with villages and and consoling belief that keeps the heart hamlets, (to which occasionally we ap- ever open and alive to the purest and, at proached so near that the sound of the same time, most delightful and aniihe church-bells swelled audibly on the mating sentiments and impressions—and breeze,) and opening into plains and as- imbues the scenes of earthly existence cending woodlands, sweeping upward till with colours more bright and glorious their massy and mingled shades blended than those of the rainbow--and leaves in indistinct beauty with the horizon : reason to direct her energies to better such was the weather—such the general purposes than the derision of her Godaspect of the scenery, till we reached the and sheds on the high way and mansions lofty and snow-white promontory of of eternity so blessed a radiance, that the Beachy Head. But the interest with light of ten thousand suns would glimmer which we gazed on the various attractions like tapers in those illustrious and immorof the ever changing landscape was re- tal abodes! My letter from Yarmouth fined and exalted by a most delightful gave you the particulars of my ramble and unexpected contingency. Among through the Eastern section of the Isle the passengers in the steerage were se- of Wight—but I think I forgot to inform veral Germans and Italians, who per- you that we returned so late in the evenformed, and with taste and skill, upon ing, that on reaching Ryde, we found various instruments, the flute, violin, &c. the ship had been several hours proceedAt the request of the cabin passengers, ing on her voyage. We thought we had these kind hearted wanderers came for- lost our passage, it was nearly eleven ward, and gave us several charming airs, o'clock, the waves looked black and gome English, but more frequently the stormy—the boats were all drawn up on touching and captivating melodies of the shore-and most of their masters had their native regions. We found these retired to their beds. We wandered, in simple people as well acquainted with no pleasant mood you may suppose-on the scientific and ethereal compositions the beach: at length we fell in with a of Haydn and Mozart, and Jomelli, and boatman and his son. We related our Geminiani, as our ruder peasantry with case—“Will you put off with us ?”_" if the vulgar ditties that constitute their on- you'll make it worth our while”—“ Will ly music:-Oh! tell me, you whose triple your usual fare satisfy you?"mind and feelings, my dear

“ Yes"_“ Hawl out your boat”—and render you so capable of appreciating in less than five minutes we were again the influence of sweet sounds—is there upon the element we had so lately quitnot something in the climate of the ted—and which, on the morning we left South that gives to the music of its chil- the ship, smiled in placid lustre, but dren a pathos, denied (with few excep- seemed now, by the boisterous tossing of tions) to the more frigid and regular its waves, to reproach our imprudent strains of the North? The delicious and wanderings in the lovely Isle from which picturesque scenery of those romantic we were rapidly receding. The people climes—iheir pure glowing skies, and of our frail bark had expressed, and conthe constitutional gayety of their off- tinued to express, such perfect convicspring; do not all these conspire to instil tion of reaching the ship, that we would into their music a deeper and more not suffer our spirits to decline; we affecting influence than breathes in the talked, and joked, and laughed; and disharmony of less favoured lands? So at turbed as was my mind, and in wrath as Jeast, I thought when gliding in light and I was with myself for having yielded to serenity, past the coast of my native the voice of the tempter," I could not country, I listened to the martial min- be wholly insensible to the troubled strelsy of the Tyrol-or drank with beauty of the surrounding scene: the eager ear the brilliant and fascinating heavens were shrouded with darkmelodies of Saxony and Bavaria ; or re- browed clouds, that as they swept their clining, in the purple beauty of the even- swarthy volumes through the atmosing, over the sides of the ship, felt the phere,' revealed the pure azure of the notes of that sweet pensive composition, firmament, studded the Hymn to the Virgin, thrilling in every

“ With those isles of light, fibre of my frame and wished-how So wildly, spiritually bright;" vainly! that instead of the cold specu- while on the black edge of the horizon Jation that has blighted so many of the the moon shewed her globular and sanfairest flowers in the path of life, the guinary aspect-and the light-house of Ryde and Gosport sent across the waters that was rarely relieved by any favoura wild and crimson gleam—and the rough able change in the circumstances of tho surges over which we bounded were vessel. Önce we gained the neighbourdashed by the velocity of the boat into hood of Torbay, but were compelled countless, momentary, yet ever springing to retrace almost the whole of our course fires—and the wind whistled in our sail

from that port to Yarmouth,* where at with a ferocity that suited admirably length we lay to, as well for the purpose with the fierce and disordered features of of recruiting our stores, as to wait for the night.

a steady breeze from the east. Thus we proceeded for some hours, During my stay at Yarmouth I was cherishing the hope, that, at length, spite introduced to a gentleman of the name of all our efforts, began to wane. The of Mitchill, to whose polite and ever boatmen, however, were still confidentfriendly attentions, as well as those of his nay, they discerned, they said, the light amiable lady, I am indebted for much of that is suspended at the mast head, on the pleasure attached to my second visit the expected or possible return of absent to the Isle of Wight. In his youth Mr. passengers :—but now, wet, weary, and Mitchill had been appointed to one of exhausted—I felt the approach of des- the civil stations of British India ; he had pondency. I threw myself in the bot- travelled through and seen much of that tom of the boat, and resigned myself to interesting portion of Asia—his memory the contemplation of the dilemma into is still surprisingly retentive—his knowwhich my folly had betrayed me. My ledge of Eastern history, manners, custhoughts, in that hour of dreariness and

toms, literature, prejudices, and superdesolation, would not have excited the stition, evinces an observing and even envy of the poorest man in England. studious disposition-and in our converSilently I ruminated upon the situation sations upon oriental topics, the natural in which it seemed probable I should be cheerfulness of my venerable host placed by that unfortunate gratification of warmed into unusual vivacity. We cana desire abstractedly blameless, but to vassed together the records of the Arsawhich circumstances conspired to give cidæ and Sassanides, traced the footsteps an air of utter inconsiderateness. In the

of the homicide Timour in the march of midst of these gloomy meditations I the nobler Macedonian—and mourned was roused by the exclamation of my over the fallen grandeur of Agra and companion and the boatmen—“the ves- Delhi. With the abasing despotism of sel is in sight,” and at the sound I their ancient masters, we compared the started :-yes—it was the ship. The

ease and security enjoyed by the natives captain—the mate-perceive us—“ Lie- under the benignant 'Sway of their British to for the truants”-and once more we Rulers, and found reason to rejoice in stand upon the crowded and rejoicing the establishment of a government, and deck of the Mary-Ann. At that mo- the possible extension of a religion, bement I felt like Robinson Crusoe when neath whose united auspices the children he regained his Island: but the impres- of Brahma may at length be led to the sion this adventure produced was too knowledge of political and divine truth. vivid to die away on its termination, and of poetry Mr. M. is an ardent admirer. night after night was my sleep disturbed With the writings of our old and modern by its fancied repetition.

schools he is almost equally familiar ; Immediately on our regaining the ship, conscious as I am of my own inability to her sails were unfurled, and she went produce lines worthy of any thing more forward, for some few hours, with all than a transient existence, the frankness the canvass she could muster. But the with which he exhibited his own efforts wind, propitious during the night changed in that and its sister art of painting, en, its direction with the break of day, and couraged me to submit to his perusal it was only with extreme difficulty, and some manuscript verses I had brought continual tacking that we could make any with me;

among them were a few advance against the strong blasts from unfinished stanzas written, literally erthe west. Yet it was rather by the shift- tempore, on the sailing of the Mary-Ann ing of the wind, than the quarter from from Gravesend. With these he had the which it blew, that we were prevented from proceeding on our course ; we could * A market town in the Isle of Wight, in the Comnot count upon its continuance in any ty of Hampshire-containing about 1500 inhabitants.

The town offers nothing to gratify the curiosity of the point for half an hour—and for another

traveller ; but the walks in its vicinity abound in the week we wandered to and fro over the softer charms of nature, while the extraordinary lier waves the dull, listless victims of ennui, objects of agriculture, a hundred for one.

tility of the soil repays the labourer, in soine of tbe

politeness to express himself pleased. struction. For the purpose of inculI.venture to send them to you—not from cating in the poor of his vicinity sounder an idea that they possess any superior notions of efficient and practical christiclains to the approbation of so excellent anity, and creating among them a deepa judge as yourself, but rather from the er reverence for its doctrines, he has fitfeeling that what í showed to a casual, ted up in his villa at Freshwater (about though interesting acquaintance, should half a mile from Yarmouth) two comnot be withheld from one who has every municating apartments, as

a sort of claim to my lasting and most respectful chapel, in which, after the usual prayaffection.

ers, his lady pronounces, weekly, a dis

course or exhortation on a scriptural Lines on the departure of the Mary-Ann from text, to an audience composed princiGruvesent for the United Stutes. pally of labourers and peasantry. The

effects of this excellent institution are Fresh from the shore blows the steady gale, already visible in the ameliorated morals

And the sun is bright upon the sea : The Mary-Ann's white and swelling sail

of the working classes; and such is the Shines o'er the waters gloriously.

influence of Mrs. Mitchill, and the resThe bright Atlantic's beauteous guest,

pect she has ensured to herself by her She sails in a track of light to the West. pious exertions, that not only are her

meetings attended by many of her Heaven speed the gallant ship, for she bears wealthy neighbours, but the poor, from In her bosom (he anxious hopes of those

a distance of several miles, are in the Who flee from Europe's oppression and cares, To lands where liberty lives and glows:

habit of repairing every Saturday to Where nature's god has reared himself a shrine, Norton Cottage, to listen to the discourses Fit for the worship of a Power Divine.

of their worthy benefactress.

In my next I will relate every thing Brilliant the heavens, and smiling the seas, that I can suppose interesting to you with The Mary-Ann bounds before the breezeLike a falcon, loos'd from the keeper's wrist,

respect to our passage across the AtlanShe flies, while the winds blow as they list.

tic, and endeavour to give you some idea The gale in her shrouds is a blithesome guest,

of the beautiful city of Boston, in which And ihe vessel seems still, though not at rest, port we anchored at the close of October So swifily the winds in a waveless line,

last. Bear her bravely on through the sparkling

I am, &c. brine. Each heart is joyous-each eye is glistening

G. F. B. And hands are waving—and ears are listening New-York, November 26th, 1817. To catch the faint, but fond farewell That breathes in the gale's increasing swell.

To the Editors of the American Monthly Yet is there one, whose mute and mournful air

Magazine. Seems like a cloud upon the gladness there;

GENTLEMEN, The joy around he neither shares nor heeds,

Noticing an attack on my Nautical And silence wraps a heart that inly bleedsA heavenly face, with eyes of floating light,

Almanacks, from one Edward Hitchcock, Is gleaming on his mind's enamour'd sight.

a few remarks only are necessary to exFalsehood-ay-worse than falsehoodstains plain the man's drift.

He says my Almanack for 1816, page And scandal's fangs are fasten'd on her fame, Yet in his soul her vision'd beauty glows

16, at the bottom, had the number 12. With all the lustre that perfection knows

instead of 21. It may not be improper to inform the reader that the fourth page of every month, in the Nautical Alma

nack, contains the following figures at the The virtue and piety that are content bottom of the left hand column, viz. 1, to operate and diffuse themselves in se- 11, 21. After the form was made percret it is the delightful duty of every fectly correct, the figures 21 were drawn just and liberal mind to bring into more out by the balls, and the pressman, general notice. The severe sufferings of through mistake, transposed them, and the

poor in Mr. Mitchill's neighbourhood, a few copies were printed 12; but I have in consequence of the inclement winters now on hand 200 copies of that year, that have of late years afflicted not Eng- not one of which contains the error he land merely, but nearly the whole of points out. Europe, have been considerably allevi- The second error he has pointed out, viz. ated by that gentleman's substantial gene- immersions instead of emersions, was corrosity; at the same time that he has not rected previous to the publication of the been unmindful of the deficiencies ex- work. isting in the state of their religious in- He continues ; Blunt's Edition for

Vol. 11.-No. III.

her name,

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