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a convention to amend the constitution of By accounts from the South, under that state ; on which question the people date of November 10th, hostilities were are invited to yote, Ay or No, at the expected to break out between the Uni- next General Election. This is the most ted States troops, and the Seminole democratic process of any of our goIndians.
vernments--submitting the question to General Gaines, with his troops, took the people, individually, for their opiup the line of March from Fort Montgo- nion, without any representative intermery, on the Alabama, to Fort Scott, mediation. on the Flint River, about the 27th ult. The following resolution has been inwhere he was to be joined by about 500 troduced into the Legislature of TennesCreek warriors, who would make his ar- see, by some one who dreads the intromy, including regulars, militia, and duction of the National Bank into that Indians, amount to about 2500 men. State. The fate of the motion does not The Seminoles are said to have in the yet appear. field 1500 warriors. General Jackson and “Be it resolved by the General Assemsuite, it was expected, would join Gen- bly of the State of Tennessee, That they eral Gaines at Fort Scott.
do greatly regret the necessity which im-, General Gaines made a demand upon pels them to declare, that they will view the Seminoles, for the murderers of with concern and disapprobation the esseven whites—they refused, and in re- tablishment of any bank, branch of any turn stated, that our people had killed bank, or other monied institution, not ten of their tribe, and demanded the , chartered by the laws of this State, withbalance to be given up to them, as the in the limits thereof; and they do feel only condition on which they would themselves under all the ties of responmake peace. The General made no sibility which bind the representative to further reply, but immediately put his the people, to use all lawful means in their troops in motion, to operate against power to prevent and prohibit the same." them.
An Academy has been erected in David B. Mitchell. Esq. of the State Nashville for the instruction of females. of Georgia, is Commissioner, to treat The building is in the centre of a large with the Creek nation of Indians. Square, in which the forest trees remain.
Deaths in Savannah from the 1st to the It will already accommodate 156 stu5th of October inclusive, reported by dents, and is intended for 300. the Board of Health--males 50, females Daniel Berry, and Lady, of Salem, Mas12_total 62. Of this number 50 died sachusetts, have been placed at the head of the yellow fever. Forty-three of the of the Institution. Nearly one hundred above deaths were non-residents, 32 of young ladies were immediately enrolled whom were seamen.
Exports from West Tennessee to NerIn a letter from Natches, dated Octo- Orleans, last year.- $10,000 hhds. Tober 13th, it is remarked by the writer- bacco, $1,000,000 ; 1500 bales Cotton, “ Of all the plagues I ever heard of, we $100,000 ; Pork
and Beef, $50,000; have one that exceeds them. The yel. Butter, Lard and Tallow, $25,000 ; Corn low fever has raged so in this place, that and Vegetables, $50,000 ; Sundries, three fourths, or at least two-thirds of the $200,000
; Castings, $20,000 ; Horses, inhabitants have left the place, and there Sheep and Beef Cattle, $100,000. are not enough to attend the sick and bury the dead. The poor wretches are The commissioners on behalf of the found dead in their houses by themselves, United States, have, at the treaty lately and it is difficult to get any one to lay held at Fort Meigs with the Indians, obthem out and put them in the ground. tained a relinquishment of their claims Almost all the stores are shut up, and to all the lands within the State, with the the post-office is only open two or three exception of the following reservations: hours on mail days. It is such an awful At upper Sandusky, 12 miles square ; time that not a dollar enters the town, at Wappakonata, 10 miles square; at except to get some necessary that can- Lewiston, 7 miles square; at Hog Creek, not be dispensed with."
5 miles square ; at Fort Seneca, 7 miles
square, and the tract west of St. Mary's An appeal to the sense of the people River, supposed to be about 300 square has been authorized by the requisite ma- miles, amounting in the whole to 425, jority of two-thirds of the legislature of 880 acres. The whole tract of land purTennessee, on the expediency of calling chased, including the Indian reservations,
and the unceded traet west of the St. tion was opened, and upwards of £1000 Mary's river, contains, by a rough calcu- subscribed the first day. The buildings lation, says the Supporter, 3,862,420 have already been commenced, and the acres, from which deducting the amount first hall is expected to be completed the of the reservations as above, will leave present autumn. 3,435,540 acres, to which the Indian title is extinguished. To this may be added, say 340,800 acres, lying north of the His excellency William Clark, GoverMiami of the lakes, and east of a meri- nor of the Missouri Territory, and his dian running north from Fort Defiance, Excellency Nimian Edwards," Governor ceded by the treaty of Detroit in 1807, of the Illinois Territory, are Commissionmaking, agreeably to this estimate, an
to treat with the Potawotamies and aggregate of 4,276,340 acres of unoccu
other tribes of Indians, in the Illinois Terpied lands in the State of Ohio, to which ritory. the Indian title is extinguished.
For these lands the treaty “ allows the' Major Bradford departed from this Wyandots an annuity of 4000 dollars; post a few days since, with a detachment the Shawanoes 2000 dollars; and the of U. S. riflemen, accompanied by Major Senecas 500 dollars ; together with the Long, topographical engineer, for the sum of $300 for fifteen years to be di- purpose of establishing a military post vided between the Pottowattomies, Chip- on the Arkansas River, near the Osage pewas, and Ottowas."
boundary line. His object is, ostenMICHIGAN TERRITORY.
sibly, to remove squatters on the public The citizens of Detroit have set about lands. Something more may grow out establishing a University. A subscrip- of it.
ART. 13. NEW INVENTIONS.
Description of a water-wheel recently in- arms of the wheel, and through which
vented by Mr. C. A. Busby, of New- the braces above mentioned convenientYork, architect and engineer ; applica- ly pass and work. ble tó Steam-boats, Horse-boats, and If the wheel were now put in gentle Mills; and calculated to avoid the great motion, and met no opposition, the padloss of power, and other inconveniences, dles, turning on their pivots, would conheretofore arising from back-water, vi- tinue perpendicular; and the ring, susbration, &c.
pended by the braces, would revolve
about its imaginary axis, at a short disTHE paddles of this where are mappen trece perpendicularly below the shaft of pivots, by their upper edges, working in tance, the paddles would trail, or drag, sockets fixed in the extremities of the and the ring be carried with them. arms of the wheel; the lower edges be- This inconvenience might apparently ing re-connected (leaving a small interval be obviated by converting the ring into between the parts) by braces, or bars, of a wheel, and giving to it a fixed axis, or rod iron. The sockets in which the pi- shaft. But then the radii, or spokes, of vots' work are included in the circum- this second or lower wheel, would be ference of a circle, whose centre is the obstructed in action by the shaft of the axis of the wheel. The paddles are per- main wheel, and vice versa. It has therependicularly dependant, and the braces fore been necessary to adopt some other equi-distant from the respective points of means of retaining the ring permanently suspension. It is manifest, therefore, that beneath the wheel. a circle equal in diameter to that includ- From an attentive consideration of the ing the sockets, and whose centre should construction, so far as already developed, be at as great a distance below the shaft it will be obvious that the ring, indepenof the wheel as the braces are below the dantly of its rotatory action with the pivots, would pass through all the braces. wheel, can only swerve from its appointed The inventor has consequently been ena- station by trailing with the paddles; and bled to introduce a strong flat ring in the this is effectually prevented by the addispace (left for that purpose) between the tion of two'minor wheels, or guard-rolldivisions of the paddles; with holes, orers, on axis' fixed equi-distantly from sockets, corresponding to those in the the wheel, level with the centre of the ring, and having their circumferences in invention, founded on scientific and novel contact with the opposite edges of the principles, is as remarkable for the simring.
plicity of construction and operation, exThus the ring above described, not- emplified in the model, as for the diffiwithstanding its peculiarities, effectively culty of conveying an accurate and comperforms the office of a second wheel, prehensive representation of it, through and the paddles, connected with two pa- the medium of verbal or graphic descriprallel bicentric circles, and revolving in tion. The following cut, with the explaconjunction with them, firmly maintain nations accompanying it, will however, thsir perpendicular directions.
aid the understanding of the nature of It may be necessary to add that this the improvement.
A. Axis of wheel.
C. Flat iron ring connecting the padB. Braces passing through the arms of des. the wheel from which the paddles depend. .D. Guard rollers.
Letters from the hon. David Hum- enterprising seamen. Since his retreat from phreys, F. R. S. to the right hon. Sir Jo- the harbour of Gloucester, the serpent has seph Banks, president of the Royal So- been repeatedly seen in Long-Island sound. ciety, London ; containing some account There are circumstances which lead to the of the Serpent of the Ocean, frequently supposition that more than one of these ani. seen in Gloucester Bay. New-York, Kirk mals has been seen about the same time on
our coast. and Mercein. 18 mo. pp. 86.
The second one is described as having
several asben or yellowish rings round its Gen. Humphreys is entitled to our thanks neck The following summary description for his seduliiy in' collecting, and his faithful.. of the Sea-Serpent is given by Gen Hum. ness in reporting the most authentic informa: phreys. tion it was possible to obtain in relation to " Io avoid tedious repetitions, I give tho the late terrific visiter of our sbores. It is aggpo:gate result, that his head and tail reimpossible for any one accessible to evidence, semble those of the common snake : some, longer to remain incredulous in regard to however, think the bead more Aat, like that the fact of the appearance of this monster in of the turtle (Tortoise) and adder, that his our waters. Gen. Humphreys has sbown colour is nearly black, bis body about the that his escape from the hardy fisherman of bigness of a four barrel, and his length from Marblehead and Cape Anne, was only owing sixty to one hundred feet, or more. Somo to his timely departure from that vicinity. judicious people who saw him stretched out No opportunity offered after adequate prepa- to his full length, by comparing the extent ration was made for attack, to try the con- with the distance between two objects on test, though it was impatiently sought by our shore, are inclined to believe the last men
tioned estimate approximates nearest to the progressive motion was produced by first truth.
contracting, and then extending himself.” . For the rest, there is an extraordinary uni
E. formity of opinion. * All concur in his having neither the gills,
American Entomology or Descriptions fins, scales, nor tail of a fish. All. I believe, of the Insects of North America, illuswith one or two exceptions, represent his trated by coloured figures from drawings movement to have been like that of the executed from nature, by Thomas Say. caterpillar, but infinitely more rapid. They Philadelphia, Mitchell and Ames, 8vo imagined, also, he moved faster under, than first number pp. 40. with six plates and above water. There is, haturally, a considera
an engraved frontispiece. ble difference between the reports of those who saw him at rest, or in motion, as to his
The United States can at last boast of hav. smoothness, or roughness, as well as with ing a learned and enlightened Entomologist regard to the curvatures and bunches on his in Mr. Say. Those who have preceded him, back. To some he appeared jointed, or like
«uch as Catesby, Abbot, Melsheimer, Mublena string of kegs or buoys connected on a rope in others, uniformly smooth and have merely been collectors, or painters, or
berg, Barton, Escher, Leconte, Torrey, &c. round.”
nomenclators; but the author of this work Soon after the disappearance of the Old shows himself acquainted with the details Serpent, a Young Serpent of very singular and improvements of the science; he is at formation, and supposed to be the progeny
the same time an acute observer and an able of the former, was killed by a Mr. Colbey in painter. This increases our regret that ina field near Loblolly Cove, and about one
stead of aiming at the glorious title of the hundred and fifty paces from highwater mark, American Fabricius, his utmost ambition is to as ineasured by the hon. Mr. Nash of Gloucester. There is a remarkable coincidence his uncouth arrangements, desultory style,
tread in the steps of Donovan! and iwitate in the structure of this non-descript serpent pompous publications, and costly performanwith that of the great Sea-Serpent, and its
We regret exceedingly to see those demovement seems to have been similar. Mr. fective modes introduced by the author of Colbey gives the following account of his this work, and are sorry to foresee that they rencontre with this reptile,
are not likely to promote bis views. This " Mr. Colbey says, that he and two of his
was not the manner in which the labours of sons were gathering bay. when the young Linneus, Fabricius, and Latreille bave been serpent was first discovered by one of his published, yet they are the classical authors boys, who called to bis father to run, for he
of the science. It is true that we are offered never saw such a strange snake. Mr. Col bey ran about four rods, with a pitchfork in price of it is two dollars. For that sum we
an elegant specimen of typography; but the his han?, before the young serpent had crept have forty pages (of wbich twelve are quite one rod.
As the serpent was passing over some loose rocks, he clapped his pitchfork and six fine coloured plates, containing only
blank !) printed on beautiful paper and type, down, and confined bim against the rocks, eight species (whereof five are new) of inwhen the snake exhibited more temper than he had ever seen displayed by one before. Therefore at this rate, as there are at least
sects, while they might have included sixty ! He threw his head around, seized his own
eight thousand species of insects in North body, held on, and shook (to use his own ex
America, the sum of two thousand dollars pression)" as one dog shakes another when
will be requisite in order to admire the insects fighting." His tail, likewise, seemed to be a
on this new plan! while on the plan of Linweapon of defence, for be swung it around several times, and struck the end of it against It would be well if this style was left for the
neus, &c. ten dollars might be quite sufficient. the handle of the pitchfork. when Mr. C. could distinctly hear a noise, which clicked. this work shall proceed, we may endeavour
use of the princesand lords of Europe. When (as he said,) like a pin, when struck against to review it at length.
C.S. R. the handle. Mr. Colbey's account of bis motion is still more extraordinary. He says,
Descriptio uberior Graminum et Planthat he possessed the power of contraction
tarum Calamariarum Americae septenand expansion, to a degree almost incredible: that when contracted, be judged his length trionalis, indigenarum et cicurum. Aucwas not more than one foot and a half; and tore D. Henrico Muhlenberg. Philadelthe protuberances on his back were (to use phia, Soł. W. Conrad, 1817. I vol. 8.vo. his expression) nearly as large as his fist. pp. 295. He afterwards remarked, that the tumours, when the serpent was contracted, were at This is one of the posthumous works of the least three times as large as when he was rev. Dr. Muhlenberg, whicb had sol ong been extended. Wben creeping on the ground, expected by the botanists: and probably not his motion was vertical, he carried bis bead one of the least valuable. About four hunnear the ground, and he progressed very dred and fifty species of Grasses, including slow, much slower than a man ordinarily the Cyperoides, and genera Carex. Juncus ? walks. He moved in a straight line, and his are here enumerated and described at full
length. But like many posthumous works, it all in a row, are to be learnt before he can bears the stamp of imperfection : more than establish his claim to her affection. He is forty species, perhaps new, are published next told that when he has learnt to read without names I could any one believe that words and sentences he will be a man;
lo in the present stage of science such a blun- which bis experience soon gives the lie. His der could be committed. The author, had he aunt shortly after trepans bim into a clergy been living, would never have done it, and man's'family, who fortunately proves a very unless the editor thought that there was no worthy man. Cælebs thrives under bis tuione that could rectify this omission, he is in. tio In due time he is entered at college, excusable; but we are certain that many of where he grows dissipated, and gets in debt
. our botanists would have been very glad to He finds himself however master of a handdo it, and associate thereby this trilling la- some patrimony, and suffers no great incon. bour to those of the worthy author. The venience from his folly. A visit to his guarconsequence will be that those new species dian, who is on his death bed, recals him will be named by Rafinesque, Decandolle,“ to reflection, and revives his religious imRomer, Leconte, &c. and receive therefore pressions. He now takes it into his head to as many different names! while the real an. fall in love, all at once, with liis cousin Lucy, thor will be deprived of that merit. It is the playmate of his childhood. Her personal likewise astonishing, that the editor could beauty entirely blinds him to her character. not, or would not employ some botanist to With a view to matrimony he takes orders, compare the species of Muhlenberg, with and purchases a benefice. Just as he is ready those of Pursh and Elliot ! and frame spe- to install Luc in the parsonage-house, he cific definitions. These and many other detects her in a clandestine correspondence omissions and imperfections lessen very with a circulating library, and their engagemuch the value of this otherwise classical ment is broken otf in mutual disgust. In a work; we shall endeavour to rectify them in few months Lucy marries an Irish fortune a future review.
C. S. R.
hunter. Cælebs has suddenly acquired : Cælebs Deceived. By the author of convert to the belief ihat a plurality of wires
distaste to matrimony, and after becoming & "an antidote to the Miseries of Human
is allowable by scripture, and after bringing Life, Cottage, Sketches,' &c. New
over to the same faith a young female MethoYork, 24mo. pp. 264.
dist with whom he had contracted an intima.
cy, he persuades her, we know not by what Though we have read this book throngh, process of reasoning; to cohabit with him we bardly know what to make of it. We without being married at all. The lady soon must rank it however, we suppose, with the becomes satisfied that this concubinage is not class of works called religious novels, not- sanctioned by revelation, and leaves him withstanding there are some things in it that with an irrevocable resolution never to resavour not overmuch of religion in our ap- turn to him, though he offers to undergo prehension. It seems to be an indirect at- the rites of marriage. tack upon Episcopalianism; and deserves to
Cælebs's preaching in the mean time had be reprehended not only for its tendency to
given his congregation great comfort. He promote dissension in the church of God, but
had talked much of the all-sufficient atonefor a spirit of unfairness incompatible with
ment, and of the imputed righteousness of the principles of the gospel
the Redeemer; but had wholly forgotten to By the by, we do not altogether approve say any thing about the necessity of faith of drawing religious discussions into novels.
and repentance. At length the happy deaths There is a time and a place for all things; a
of some of his impenitent parishioners opens romance is not the place where we look for his eyes to bis error. He shifted his ground religious instruction, nor do we often take one
and witnesses a happy reformation in his up when in that mood which is best fitted for dock. To set a good example he once more receiving it. Let us not be understood as re
turns his thoughts towards the wedded state, quiring novels to be irreligious ; on the con
but finding the lady wbom he had selected trary we think some of the best lessons of piety for his partner, from bis recollections of her and morality may be effectually instilled un
some twenty years before, already the der this guise. But as amusement is the mother of a family, he abandons himseli to avowed, so it should be the apparent object celibacy for the remainder of his life. of such productions. A reader is not pleased Such is the outline of the fable. The age to find himself circumvented by a sermon,
thor seems to have a measure of good sense, where he had looked for a diverring adven- strangely mixed up with prejudice and biture. Honest John Bunyan's allegories are greatly preferable to the flimsy fictions of gotry. Her style is exceedingly negligent;
indeed ber seniences are seldom grammatimodern sectarians. Celebs junior is less
E. amiable, and not much more interesting than his predecessor. He is early the viciim of deception. His education is commenced by A sermon, preached in St. Paul's bis aunt, who tells him that if he will only Church, in the city of New-York, on the learn his A, B, and C, she will love him. The 31st of October, 1817, on occasion of the poor boy however finds that not only A, B, solempization of the third centurial jubiand C, but three and twenty letters more, lee, in commemoration of the reforma