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THE "HE difficulty of the first address only be informed of the subject, to know

on any new occasion is felt by in what manner the poem will begin. every man in his transactions with the But this solemn repetition is hitherto world, and confessed by the settled and the peculiar diftin&tion of heroick poetry; regular forms of falutation which necef- it has never been legally extended to the sity has introduced into all languages. lower orders of literature, but seems to Judgınent was wearied with the per- be considered as an hereditary privilege, plexity of being forced upon choice, to be enjoyed only by those who claim where there was no motive to preference; it from their alliance to the genius of and it was found convenient that some Homer. tafy method of introduction should be The rules which the injudicious use established, which, if it wanted the al- of this prerogative suggested to Horace, lurement of novelty, might enjoy the may indeed be applied to the direction security of prescription.

of candidates for inferior fame; it may Perhaps few authors have presented be proper for all to remember, that they themselves before the publick, without ought not to raise expectation which it is wishing that such ceremonial modes of not in their power to satisfy, and that it entrance had been anciently established, is more plealing to see smoke brightenas might have freed them from those ing into fame, than fame linking into dangers which the desire of pleasing is smoke. certain to produce, and precluded the This precept has been long received, vain expedients of softening censure by both from regard to the authority of apologies, or rousing attention by ab- Horace, and it's conformity to the geruptness.

neral opinion of the world; yet there The epick writers have found the have been always fome, that thought it proemial part of the poem such an ad no deviation from modefty to recomdition to their undertaking, that they mend their own labours, and imagined have almost unanimously adopted the themselves entitled by indisputable mehot lines of Homer; and the reader needs rit to an exemption from general re


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straints, and to elevations not allowed endeavour in learning raises an unin common life. They perhaps be bounded contempt, indulged by most lieved, that when, like Thucydides, they minds without feruple, as an honest tribequeathed to mankind 'xlñpa t; dei umph over unjust claims and exorbian estate for ever,' it was an additional

tant expe&tations. The artifices of those favour to inform them of it's value. who put themselves in this hazardous

It may, indeed, be no less dangerous state, have therefore been multiplied in to claim, on certain occafions, too little proportion to their fear as well as their than too much. There is something ambition; and are to be looked upon captivating in spirit and intrepidity, to with more indulgence, as they are incited which we often yield, as to a refiftless at once by the two great movers of the power; nor can he reasonably expect the human mind, the desire of good, and the confidence of others who too apparently fear of evil: for who can wonder that, distrusts himself.

allured on one side, and frightened on Plutarch, in his enumeration of the the other, some should endeavour to gain various occasions on which a man may favour by bribing the judge with an apwithout juit offence proclaim his own pearance of respect which they do not feel, excellences, has omitted the case of an to excite compaffion by confesling weakauthor entering the world; unless it may ·nefs of which they are not convinced; and be comprehended under his general po- others to attract regard by a fhew of fition—that a man may lawfully praise openness and magnanimity, by a daring himself for those qualities which cannot profession of their own deserts, and a pubbe known but from his own mouth; as lick challenge of honours and rewards. when he is among strangers, and can The oftentatious and haughty display have no opportunity of an actual exer of theinselves has been the usual refuge tion of his powers. That the case of of diurnal writers; in vindication of an author is parallel, will scarcely be whole practice it may be said, that what granted, because he necessarily discovers it wants in prudence is supplied by finthe degree of his merit to his judges cerity; and who at least may plead, that when he appears at his trial. . But it if their boasts deceive any into the perufhould be reinembered, that unless his sal of their performances, they defraud judges are inclined to favour him, they them of but little time. will hardly be persuaded to hear the cause. In love, the state which fills the heart

Quid enim? Concurritur-mhore

Memento cito mors venit, aut victoria a. with a degree of solicitude next that of an author, it has been held a maxim, The battle join; and, in a moment's flight, that success is most easily obtained by Death, or a joyful conquest, ends clue fiiht.

FRANCIS. indirect and unperceived approaches : he who too foon professes himself a lover, The quetion concerning the merit of raises obstacies to his own wishes; and the day is soon decided; and we are not those whom ditappointments have taught condemned to toil through half a folio, experience, endeavour to conceal their to be convinced that the writer has broke paffion till they believe their mistress his promise. wishes for the discovery. The fame It is one among many reasons for method, if it were practicable to writers, which I purpose to endeavour the enwoukl fave many complaints of the fe- tertainment of iny countrymen by a fhort verity of the ace, and the caprices of clay on Tuesday and Saturday, that I criticiiin. If a man could glide imper- liope nor much to tire thofe whom i Mall ceptibly into the farvour of the publick, not happen to please; and if I am not and only proclaim his pretentions to lite commended for the beauty of my works, rary horours when he is fure of not be to be at lealt pardoned for their rrevity. ing rejectid, he might commence au But whether my expectations are most thor with better hopes, as his failings fixed on pardon or praise, I think it not might efcape contempt, though he snall' necesary to discover; for having accia never aitain much regud.

rately weighed the reasons for arrogance But fince the world fuppofes every and submishon, I tind them fo nc: rly man that writes ambitious of applausé, equiponderant, that my impatience to as fome ladies have taught themielves to try the event ofiny firh performance will believe that every man interes love who not suffer me to attend any longer the expreies civility, the iniscarriage of any trepidations of the balance.


There are, indeed, many convenien- his abilities to arrange the diffimilar parts ces almost peculiar to this method of of an extensive plan, or fears to be lost publication, which may naturally flatter in a complicated system, may yet hope the author, whether he be confident or to adjust a few pages without perplexity; timorous. The man to whom the extent and if, when he turns over the repositoof his knowledge, or the sprightliness of ries of his memory, he finds his collechis imagination, has in his own opinion tion too small for a volume, he may yet already secured the praises of the world, have enough to furnish out an eliay. He willingly takes that way of displaying that would fear to lay out too much his abilities which will foonest give him time upon an experiment of which he an opportunity of hearing the voice of knows not the event, persuades himself fame; it heightens his alacrity to think that a few days will few him what he in how many places he shall hear what is to expect from his learning and his he is now writing, read with extasies to- genius. If he thinks his own judgment morrow. He will often pleate himself not sufficiently enlightened, he may, hy. with

reflecting, that the author of a large attending the remarks which every paper treatise must proceed with anxiety, left, will produce, rectify his opinions. If before the completion of his work, theat- he should with too little premeditation tention of the publick may have changed encumber himself by an unwieldy lubit's object; but that he who is confined ject, he can quit it without confesling to no single topick may follow the national his ignorance, and pass to other topicks taste through all it's variations, and catch less dangerous, or more tractable. And the axra popularis—the gale of favour, if he finds, with all his industry, and all from what point foever it shall blow. his artifices, that he cannot deserve re

Nor is the prospect less likely to ease gard, or cannot attain it, he may let the the doubts of the cautious, and the ter- design fall at once; and, without injury mors of the fearful; for to such the to others or himself, retire to amule. shortness of every single paper is a pow ments of greater pleasure, or to studies erful encouragement. He thatqueitions of better prospect.

No II. SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1750.



HAT the mind of man is never

Censure is willingly indulged, because satisfied with the objects immedi- it always implies some superiority; men ately before it, but is always breaking please themselves with imagining that away from the present moment, and lot they have made a deeper search, or wider ing itself in schemes of future felicity; survey, than others, and detected faults and that we forget the proper use of the and follies which escape vulgar obfertime now in our power, to provide for vation. And the pleature of wantoning the enjoyment of that which, perhaps, in common topicks is fo tempting to a may never be granted us; has been fre. writer, that he cannot easily resign it; a quently remarked: and as this practice train of sentiments generally received enis a commodious subject of raillery to ables him to thine without labour, and the gay, and of declaration to the seri- to conquer without a contest. It is so ous, it has been ridiculed with all the easy to laugh at the folly of him who pleasantry of wit, and exaggerated with lives only in idea, refuses immediate cale all the amplifications of rhetorick. Every for diftant pleasures, and, instead of eninftance, by which it's absurdity might joying the blessings of life, lets life glide appear moft flagrant, has been studioully away in preparations to enjoy them; it collected; it has been marked with every affords such opportunities of iriumphant cpithet of contempt, and all the tropes and exulracion, to exempliíy the uncertainty figures have been called forth against it, of the humanitate, to roule mortals from

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their dream, and inform them of the silent There would, however, be few entercelerity of time; that we may believe au- prises of great labour or hazard under thors willing rather to transmit than ex- taken, if we had not the power of magamine fo advantageous a principle, and nifying the advantages which we per more inclined to pursue a track so smooth fuade ourselves to expect from them. and so flowery, than attentively to con When the Knightof La Mancha gravely fider whether it leads to truth.

recounts to his companion the advenThis quality of looking forward into tures by which he is to signalize himself futurity seems the unavoidable condition in such a manner that he shall be sumof a being whose motions are gradual, moned to the support of empires, soliand whose life is progreslive: as his pow- cited to accept the heiress of the crown ers are limited, he must use means for which he has preserved, have honours and the attainment of his ends, and intend riches to scatter about him, and an island frit what he performs lait; as by conti- to beltow on his worthy squire; very few nual advances from his first stage of ex- readers, amidst their mirth or pity, can iltence, he is perpetually varying the ho- deny that they have admitted visions of rizon of his prospects, he must always the same kind; though they have not, discover new motives of action, new ex perhaps, expected events equally strange, citements of fear, and allurements of de or by means equally inadequate. When fire.

we pity him, we reflect on our own dirThe end, therefore, which at present appointments; and when we laugh, our calls forth our efforts, will be found, hearts inform us that he is not more riwhen it is once gained, to be only one of diculous than ourselves, except that he the means to some remoter end. The tells what we have only thought. natural flights of the human mind are The understanding of a man natunot from pleasure to pleasure, but from rally fanguine, may, indeed, be easily vi. hope to hope.

tiated by the luxurious indulgence of He that directs his steps to a certain hope, however necessary to the production point, must frequently turn his eyes to of every thing great or excellent; as some that place which he strives to reach; he plants are destroyed by too open expothat undergoes the fatigue of labour, fure to that sun' which gives life and must folace his weariness with the con beauty to the vegetable world. templation of it's reward. In agricul Perhaps no class of the human species ture, one of the most simple and necessary requires more to be cautioned againit this employments, no man turns up the anticipation of happiness, than those that ground but because he thinks of the har- aspire to the name of authors. A man veft; that harvest which blights may in of lively fancy no sooner finds a hint tercept, which inundations may sweep moving in his mind, than he makes moaway, or which death or calamity may mentaneous excursions to the press, and hinder him from reaping.

to the world; and, with a little encouYetas few maxims are widely received, ragement from fiattery, pushes forward or long retained, but for some confor into future ages, and prognosticates the mity with truth and nature, it must be honours to be paid him, when envy is confefied, that this caution againit keep- extinct and faction forgotten, and those ing our view too intent upon remote ad- whom partiality now fuifers to obscure Vantages is not without it's propriety or him shall have given way to the triflers usefulness, though it may have been re of as thort duration as themselves. cited with too much levity, or enforced Those who have proceeded so far as with too littie distinction : for, not to to appeal to the tribunal of fucceeding {peak of that vehemence of delire which times, are not likely to be cured of their presles through right and wrong to it's infatuation; but all endeavours ought gratification, or that anxions inquietude to he used for the prevention of a disease, which is justly chargeable with distrust for which, when it has attained it's height, of Heaven, fubjects too folemn formy pre- perhaps no remedy will be found in the fent purpose; it frequently happens that, gardens of Philosophy, however she may by indulging early the raptures of success, boast her physick of the mind, her cawe forget the measures necesary to secure tharticks of vice, or lenitives of passion. it, and suffer the imagination to riot in the I fall, therefore, while I am yet but fruition of some pollible good, till the lightly touched with the symptoms of time of obtaining it has dipped away. the writer's malady, endeavour io fortify


myself against the infection, not without one of the luminaries of life. For this some weak hope, that my preservatives suspicion, every catalogue of a library may extend their virtue to others whose will furnitha fufficient reason; as he will employment exposes them to the same find it crouded with names of men danger:

who, though now forgotten, were once Laudis amore tumes? Sunt certa piacula, quate himself, equally pleased with their own

no less enterprizing or confident than Ter part letto poterunt recreare libello.

productions, equally caressed by their Is fame your passion! Wisdom's powerful

patrons, and flattered by their friends. charm, If thrice read over, fhall it's force disarm.

But though it should happen that an FRANCIS.

author is capable of excelling, yet his

merit may pass without notice, huddled It is the fage advice of Epictetus, that in the variety of things, and thrown into a man should accustom himself often to

the general miscellany of life. He that think of what is most shocking and ter endeavours after fame by writing, solirible, that by such reflections he may be cits the regard of a multitude fluctuating preserved from too ardent wishes for

in measures, or immersed in business, seeming good, and from too much de without time for intellectual amusejection in real evil.

ments; he appeals to judges prepossessed There is nothing more dreadful to an by passions, or corrupted by prejudices, author than' neglect; compared with which preclude their approbation of any which, reproach,

hatred, and oppoficion, new performance. Soine are too indoare names of happiness: yet this worst, lent to read any thing, till it's reputathis meanest fate, every one who dares tion is established; others too envious to to write has reason to fear,

promote that fame which gives them I 229, et verfus recum meditare canoros. pain by it's increase. What is new is

opposed, because most are unwilling to Go now, and meditate thy tuneful lays.

be taught; and what is known is reELPHINSTON.

jected, because it is not sufficiently conIt may not be unfit for him who fidered, that men more frequently remakes a new entrance into the lettered quire to be reminded than informed. world, fo far to suspect his own powers,

The learned are afraid to declare their as to believe that he posiibly may deserve opinion early, left they should put their neglect; that nature may not have qua- reputation in hazard; the ignorant allified him much to enlarge or embellish ways imagine themielves giving fome knowledge, nor fent him forth entitled proof of delicacy, when they refuse to ty indifputable superiority to regulate be pleased; and he that finds his way to the condu&t of the rest of mankind; reputation through all thele obitructions, that, though the world must be granted muit acknowledge that he is indebted to to be yet in ignorance, he is not destined other causes behides his industry, his to dispel the cloud, nor to shine cut as learning, or his wit.

No III. TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1750.





That is more thorwinoir torres
PE task of an author is, either to in upon the mind, and open new scenes

to the prospect, or to vary the dress and enim :d known truths by his inannerfituation of coin:non objects, lo as to give v skorning then; either to let new light them fich grace and mure powerful at


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