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treasurer be absent, whose health nevertheless will
enable him to be sooner at court than is expected;
especially if this hard weather, too hard to continue,
shall relent; yet we abroad say, his lordship's spirit
may be there, though his person be away. Once I take
for a good ground, that her majesty's business ought to
keep neither vacation nor holy-day, either in the exe-
cution, or in the care and preparation of those whom
her majesty calleth and useth: and therefore I would
think no time barred from remembering that, with
such discretion and respect as appertaineth. The con-
clusion shall be, to put you in mind to maintain that
which you
have kindly begun, according to the reli-
ance I have upon the sincerity of your affection, and
the soundness of your judgment. And so I commend
you to God's preservation.

XXXVI. To my Lord of ESSEX.

My singular good Lord,

THE message it pleased your lordship to send me,
was to me delivered doubtfully. Whether your lord-
ship said you would speak with me at the star-cham-
ber, or with Mr. Philip. If with me it is needless;
for gratitude imposeth upon me satisfaction: if with
Mr. Philip, it will be too late; because somewhat must,
perchance, be done that day. This doubt not solved,
maketh me write again: the rather, because I did li-
berally, but yet privately, affirm your lordship would
write; which if I make not good, it may be a discou-
ragement. Your lordship's letter, though it have the
subject of honour and justice, yet it shall have the se-
crecy of a thing done upon affection. I shall ever in a
firm duty submit my occasions, though great, to your
lordship's respects, though small and this is my re-
solution, that when your lordship doth for me, you
shall increase my obligation; when you refuse to do for
me, you shall increase my merit. So leaving the matter
wholly to your lordship's pleasure, I commend your
lordship to the preservation of the Divine Majesty.
Your Lordship's ever most humbly bounden.
From Gray's Inn.

XXXVII. To my Lord of ESSEX.
My singular good Lord,

I MAY perceive, by my lord keeper, that your lord-
ship, as the time served, signified unto him an inten-
tion to confer with his lordship at better opportunity;
which in regard of your several and weighty occasions,
I have thought good to put your lordship in remem-
brance of; that now at his coming to the court it may
be executed: desiring your good lordship, neverthe-
less, not to conceive out of this my diligence in soli-
citing this matter, that I am either much in appetite,
or much in hope. For as for appetite, the waters of
Parnassus are not like the waters of the Spaw, that
give a stomach; but rather they quench appetite and
desires. And for hope, how can he hope much, that
can allege no other reason than the reason of an evil
debtor, who will persuade his creditor to lend him new
sums, and to enter farther in with him to make him
satisfy the old? and to her majesty no other reason,
but the reason of a waterman; I am her first man of
those who serve in counsel of law? and so I commit
your lordship to God's best preservation.

XXXVIII. To my Lord of ESSEX.

Most honourable, and my singular good Lord, I CANNOT but importune your lordship, with thanks for your lordship's remembering my name to my lord keeper; which being done in such an article of time, could not but be exceedingly enriched, both in demonstration and effect; which I did well discern by the manner of expressing thereof by his lordship again to me. Thus accumulating of your lordship's favours upon me hitherto, worketh only this effect; that it raiseth my mind to aspire to be found worthy of them, and likewise to merit and serve you for them. But whether I shall be able to pay my vows or no, I must leave that to God, who hath them in deposito; whom also I most instantly beseech to give you fruit of your




actions, beyond that your heart can propound: Nam Deus major est corde: even to the environing of his benedictions, I recommend your lordship.

Rawley's XXXIX. To the QUEEN: written by FRANCIS BACON for the Earl of ESSEX.


May it please your Majesty,

Ir were great simplicity in me to look for better, than that your majesty should cast away my letter, as you have done me; were it not that it is possible your majesty will think to find somewhat in it, whereupon your displeasure may take hold; and so indignation may obtain that of you which favour could not. Neither might I in reason presume to offer unto your majesty dead lines, myself being excluded as I am; were it not upon this only argument or subject; namely, to clear myself in point of duty. Duty, though my state lie buried in the sands, and my favours be cast upon the waters, and my honours be committed to the wind, yet standeth surely built upon the rock, and hath been, and ever shall be, unforced and unattempted. And therefore, since the world, out of error, and your majesty, I fear, out of art, is pleased to put upon me, that I have so much as any election, or will in this my absence from attendance, I cannot but leave this protestation with your majesty; that I am, and have been merely a patient, and take myself only to obey and execute your majesty's will. And indeed, madam, I had never thought it possible that your majesty could have so disinteressed yourself of me; nor that you had been so perfect in the art of forgetting; nor that after a quintessence of wormwood, your majesty would have taken so large a draught of poppy, as to have passed so many (a) summers without all feeling of my sufferings. But the only comfort I have is this, that I know your majesty taketh delight and contentment in executing

(a) This shews this letter was wrote before the earl of Essex had been reconciled to the queen; and our author not having been called or advised with for some year and a half before the earl's going to Ireland, determines the date at the latest to the beginning of 1598.

this disgrace upon me. And since your majesty can
find no other use of me, I am glad yet I can serve for
that. Thus making my most humble petition to your
majesty, that in justice, howsoever you may by strange-
ness untie, or by violence cut asunder all other knots,
your majesty would not touch me in that which is indis-
soluble: that is, point of duty; and that your majesty
will pardon this my unwarranted presumption of writ-
ing, being to such an end: Icease in all humbleness,
Your Majesty's poor, and never so unworthy servant,






I FORBEAR not to put in paper, as much as I
thought to have spoken to your honour to-day, if I
could have stayed: knowing that if your honour should
make other use of it, than is due to good meaning, and
than I am persuaded you will; yet to persons of judg-
ment, and that know me otherwise, it will rather ap-
pear, as it is, a precise honesty, and this same suum cui-
qui tribuere, than any hollowness to any. It is my luck
still to be akin to such things as I neither like in nature,
nor would willingly meet with in my course; but yet
cannot avoid, without shew of base timorousness, or
else of unkind or suspicious strangeness. .
[Some hiatus in the copy.]

And I am of one spirit still. I ever
liked the Galenists, that deal with good compositions;
and not the Paracelsians, that deal with these fine se-
parations: and in music, I ever loved easy airs, that go
full all the parts together; and not these strange points
of accord and discord. This I write not, I assure your
honour, officiously; except it be according to Tully's
Offices; that is, honestly and morally. For though,
I thank God, I account, upon the proceeding, in the
queen's service, or not proceeding, both ways; and
therefore neither mean to fawn nor retire; yet I natu-
rally desire good opinion with any person which for
fortune or spirit is to be regarded: much more with a

Rawley's Resuscitatio.

secretary of the queen's, and a cousin-german, and one
with whom I have ever thought myself to have some
sympathy of nature, though accidents have not suf-
fered it to appear. Thus not doubting of your honour-
able interpretation and usage of that I have written,
I commend you to the divine preservation.
From Gray's Inn.



YOUR honour knoweth, my manner is, though it be not the wisest way, yet taking it for the honestest, to do as Alexander did by his physician, in drinking the medicine, and delivering the advertisement of suspicion so I trust on, and yet do not smother what I hear. I do assure you, Sir, that by a wise friend of mine, and not factious towards your honour, I was told with asseveration, that your honour was bought by Mr. Coventry for two thousand angels: and that you wrought in a contrary spirit to my lord your father. And he said farther, that from your servants, from your lady, from some counsellors that have observed you in my business, he knew you wrought underhand with me: the truth of which tale I do not believe. You know the event will shew, and God will right. But as I reject this report, though the strangeness of my case might make me credulous, so I admit a conceit, that the last messenger my lord and yourself used, dealt ill with your honours: and that word, speculation, which was in the queen's mouth, rebounded from him as a commendation: for I am not ignorant of those little arts. Therefore, I pray, trust not him again in my matter. This was much to write; but I think my fortune will set me at liberty, who am weary of asserviling myself to every man's charity. Thus I, etc.

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