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CHRIST CHURCH MEADOW,
Shines full upon the river,
And the vars keep time
To St. Mary's chime, Which calls to prayers the studious city;
And all else is still,
But the falling midl,
To the shallow brink,
Where the cattle drink, Beneath cool trees, whose leaves are
All around my boat,
As I gently float, Through the boughs in the streamlet dipping.
“He let his hook wanton gently over the
smooth mirror of the waters, less, it should seem, for the sake of fishing than in the listless play of thoaght. There was not, perhaps, even a worm upon it."
- FOUQUE. ONE eve with rod and line, and baited
And spread it on the grass beneath a
DUTY IN DANGER.
The Tale contained in the following lines
ago, by the then Dean of Ripon.
ledge; Forth from his pouch a meal the fisher
J. J. B.
THE POST BAG.
OUR CORRESPONDENT'S NOTES OF A TOUR IN THE
not have been out of place on the
walls of a London Club, and for On the 6th of January I took a finish, were equal to any modern guide to myself, and rode alone to drawing-room. Such was the imEl Karnak. Leaving the boat, I pression they created in my mind. passed through the village of Luxor, In the decorations of these chamand proceeded by the ancient bers as well as in the tombs of the street, -the Dromos of Sphinxes, - kings, I was especially struck with towards that mightiest ruin of the a certain drawing-room air totally earth. I passed the Temple of different from the impressions conLuxor, but put off visiting ‘it till veyed by Greek and Roman monulater. I was all anxiety to see ments, and even possessing a look Karnak. Between Luxor and Kar- more familiarly modern than Pomnak the road is flat and dusty, nor peii itself. As if, in the circle of was there anything striking in the time, the remote past were joined approach until the fragments of on to the present and thus there Sphinxes assumed some shape, those
no new thing under the nearer Karnak being rather less This is almost literally true mutilated than the rest. The great with regard to Art, the expression southern Gate-way of the Temple of the beautiful, and Morals,—the is visible almost from the time of natural laws of 'man's nature,-alleaving Luxor, but seemed to though false as respects science and increase disproportionately to our faith, which have been allowed to approach, and, all at once, to range into new worlds, and to peneassume a gigantic size. It is one trate fresh mysteries. The body and of four gates, formerly approaches the soul of man are the same now as to the Temple from the four points when Phidias sculptured and Soof the compass, and each one ter- crates moralized; but we have minating an avenue of Sphinxes. improved upon the inventions of These four Dromoi, -or avenues of Archimedes and are allowed to Sphinxes, were probably four of penetrate beyond the dark Polythe principal streets of Thebes, theism of Philæ and El Karnak. with houses, and, perhaps, bazaars,
Thus when we are told that we on either side of the way,
have not improved upon the anKarnak is a vast and confused cients, it is to be presumed that pile of ruins. In first approaching reference is made to art rather than it from the Luxor side, and after to science, and to morals rather passing the great gate-way, I than to faith, entered a building containing seve- I entered the great Temple of EI ral rooms in perfect preservation. | Karnak, by its western entrance, A richly sculptured doorway con- whence an avenue of Sphinxes conducted into a vestibule opening ducted to the river, and thence, into four apartments. Of these, westwards, to the defile of the two were of larger dimensions than Kings' Tombs. The western enthe others, and the interior walls of trance is between the two towers the entire structure were embossed of the Propylon, or portico, square, with exquisite bas-reliefs in a very massive structures, built of vast superior style. They really would / blocks of stone,-far more bulky and ponderous, (but as far less Osiris. The great hall measures lofty and graceful) than the two 170 feet by 329, and is supported western towers of Lincoln Minster. by a central avenue of 12 gigantic Within the door-way is a vast columns 66 feet high and 122 court of which the colonnades are smaller columns about 42 feet in too much choked up with rubbish height. to recall their original effect. Passing from the great hall, I Thence I passed into the great hall, proceeded towards the sanctuary, the nave of the Temple of El Kar- which is constructed of red granite. nak. This magnificent interior, Among the ruined chambers at the with its forest of columns, disap- | back of the sanctuary, is a small pointed me at first sight. It is apartment containing some baswanting in grand effect. There is reliefs of great beauty of finish, no coup d'æil, no vast prospect as representing Osiris, Isis, and the in our cathedrals, but a labyrinth King. Close to the sanctuary are of cumbrous columns, intersecting some polygonal columns of the time the view in all directions. It re- of Osirtasen I., who reigned B.C. minded me of a Palm-grove, but 1740, that is, before Joseph's arrival for the less graceful proportions of in Egypt. The grand hall was not the shafts. I went about trying built till the reign of Osirei I., B.C. to discover the particular idea of 1385. Among the mass of ruins to beauty which its architect had the east of the great hall, are the intended to convey, and, at length, graceful granite Obelisks of the time perceived some long and beautiful of Thothmes I., B.c. 1532. vistas, with intervening lights and The roofed corridors of the palace shadows, like the glades of a forest. of Thothmes III. partially remain, As the notion of the Mosque is but satisfactorily to describe so vast simplicity, so the idea of the Egyp- and intricate a mass of ruins as tian Temple was intricacy and mys- those of El Karnak were utterly tery. The Church, in its architec- impossible, seeing that even to a ture, as in its doctrine, combines
person on the spot their size and the verities of each into a perfect variety are must perplexing, and for whole inspired by a sublimity some time, hopelessly bewildering. scarcely conceivable to fallen man. On the 7th of January, I started The great hall has only a range of early to inspect the Temple of six columns, from east to west, Luxor, a ruin, surrounded and alwhile from north to south, its range most embedded in modern Arab of columns extends to twenty-two; habitations, whose mud walls conthus its width greatly exceeds its ceal a great portion of the old struclength. The twelve central columns ture. As I was coming out of the are considerably higher than the village of Luxor, a man, mounted remainder, and the pillars on either on horse-back, galloped past me, side of the central colonnade support and disappeared down a narrow windows, formerly glazed, by which street. Presently there seemed to the whole interior was illuminated. be a great commotion, and I was At the present day, the roof is informed that the fugitive had, entirely destroyed, and the light, within a few minutes of the time no doubt once thrown with artistic I saw him, murdered a woman, effect among the intricate vistas through jealousy, her parents not of the Pronäos, or fore-court, now being willing to give her to him in glares upon the pillars and bleaches marriage. He had knocked her on the fading frescoes of Amunra and the head and galloped off on horseback, the woman's relations follow- months afterwards, when I saw ing him pretty closely. I believe Baalbec, I regretted Thebes, and he was soon caught, and would, I the Hall of El Karnak. was told, be sent Kenëh, where, During a pigeon-shooting expewith less delay than on a certain dition, in the evening, I obtained a Circuit at home, he would be tried most lovely view of Luxor, with a and hanged with more of equity foreground of Palm and Mimosa, than law.
and the Nile flowing at our feet, Two of my friends, who accom- while in the far back-ground were panied me to the summit of the the Rocks of Koornëh and the Temple of Luxor, amused them- | King's Tombs. This view was selves with shooting tame pigeons, from the opposite side of the town English travellers, in Egypt, are to that on which our boats were most unscrupulous in this respect, stationed. but my friends satisfied their con- I was unhappy at being allowed sciences by distributing baksheesh so slight a view of Thebes, and to the supposed proprietors, within hoped for a longer delay in returnthe courts of whose houses the ing. We left the Temple of pigeons fell, and who brought them Erment too, (an ancient suburb of forth without delay when they be- Thebes), for future inspection ;held the piastres and paras which that uncertain future to which one awaited them.
can never trust! In order to gain access to the On the 9th of January, we reancient staircase which leads to the mained within view of the Theban top of the Pylon, or gate, of Luxor,we mountains, but reached Esnėh at passed through a Mosque and its sunset. It had been the hottest adjoining day-school, where several day we had yet felt, and glorious children were being taught to read was the view of the Palm-girt and write. They wrote with ink, town, with the sun setting behind using reed pens, and metal plates the groves to its right,—where they for slates. The writing seemed enshroud Mehemet Ali's principal very good. After making trial of cotton factory. The buildings of one of their reed pens and slates, the town, which had looked well at I found that their instructor, the a distance, turned out to be much Imawn, could not or would not, dilapidated. The most remarkable prevent the whole school clamour- object was the fragment of a stone ing for baksheesh. The view from quay of Ptolemaic or Roman date. the summit of the Pylon gave me a good idea of the position of the ancient streets and especially of the “A prating barber came to trim avenue of sphinxes to Karnak,
king Archelaus, and said to him, I spent another morning at Karnak, and remained long in the great
"How will you please to have me hall. I suppose there is no ruin in cut your hair ?
Said the king, the world so extensive as Karnak, ‘silently. Though a man has noand yet, how infinitely more suited thing to do but to hear and answer, to my prejudices of the beautiful, yet a boundless tongue is a strange are the baths of Caracalla, or the
unbridled beast to be worried with; Colisseum, or Pæstum, or Tintern, Such were my thoughts that day, and the misery is, that those who and yet these Egyptian monuments speak much, seldom speak well.”grow upon the imagination, and, Feltham.
MESSAGES FOR THE CHILDREN.
RAMBLES ON THE SEA-SHORE,
may be said to perform the office of
the skeleton in the higher orders of “ To-day,” said Miss Sydney, animals, by giving form and pro“we will look among the sea-weeds,
tection to the entire fabric. The and other objects left high and dry common sponge which is so useful by the tide, for a bit of dead sponge,
in various ways, belongs mostly to for so we may call it, as in reality the warm zones of the sea, those it is but the skeleton of the Zoo- we find on our own shores are of a phyte or plant-animal, of which it much harder and more horny naonce formed a part. Sponges were ture, less tough too, for you will formerly thought to be vegetable find by attempting to separate a productions, but in the present im- piece that it is easily done. The proved state of natural history, they finest kind of sponge in use, comes occupy a place in the lowest scale to us from Constantinople, the of organization as animals, and the common coarse sort is brought from name Porifera has been given them the coasts of Barbary. The qualiby Dr. Grant, to whom we are fications of a good diver for this greatly indebted for knowledge on useful commodity, are held in althe subject. The tribes of sponges most as high estimation as those of grow on every rocky coast of the a pearl diver, and great numbers of ocean, from the shores of greenland people are employed in the gatherto those of Australia. They are of ing and preparation of sponges. great size within the tropics, and “At the island of Nicaria, in the are found to be smaller and of a Mediterranean, for instance, sponge firmer texture as we approach the diving forms the chief employment polar circles. They adhere to, and of the population. The sea is at spread over, the surface of rocks, all times extremely clear, and the and on shells, and other marine experienced divers are capable of animals, such as crabs, cray fishes, distinguishing from the surface, the and lobsters, and cling so firmly as points to which the sponge is not to be removed without lace. attached below, when an unpracration or injury to their bodies. tised eye could but dimly discern They line with a variegated and the bottom. Each boat is furnished downy tleece, the walls of caves with a large stone attached to a under the water, or hang in living rope, and this the diver seizes in stalactites from the roof. The ex- his hand, on plunging head foreternal appearance of the sponge is most from the stern. He does this certainly much like a vegetable, in order to increase the velocity of but the internal part is composed of his descent, thus economising his a soft flesh, with a vast number of stock of breath, as well as to facilifibres, the whole woven into a tate his ascent, when exhausted at curious kind of net-work. The the bottom, for he can then be solid portion of the sponge, of a quickly hauled up by his comhorny, flinty, or chalky matter, is ns.
can remain called the axis of the Zoophyte, longer than about two minutes beand as it serves to support the low, and as the process of detaching softer substance of the animal, it the sponge is very tedious, three,