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even then, need feel any distressing doubt; because St. John and others were still living, of whom questions might always be asked : which they, being full of the Holy Ghost, could not but answer according to the mind of the Lord.”

B. Sometimes I have thought it might be partly with a view to this, that Almighty God continued the life of St. John, in so remarkable a manner, a quarter of a century beyond the lives of his brethren, the other Apostles.”

H. One may see plainly, now you mention it, what a very special help that generation must have had in St. John's life, so many years prolonged, just when the condition of things seemed to require it. Besides the settlement of the New Testament Scriptures, in which one may easily imagine how welcome the decision of an Apostle would be, that great revolution, the destruction of the Jewish worship, happened at this time,-so new and strange an event, that it might well shake and disturb men's souls like an earthquake. And we may be sure that the presence of the disciple whom Jesus loved, nay, the mere conciousness that he was in the land of the living, must have greatly helped the faith and hope of the brethren. The tarrying of that one Apostle, until in this sense his Lord came, may have been specially ordained by Christ, to use His people gradually to go on serving Him, without His personal presence or that of His immediate messengers, and to settle them gently down in the condition wherein they were intended to continue—no living inspired person with them, but inspired Scriptures, and the whole Church divinely entrusted to keep and interpret those Scriptures.”

Mrs. H. Mr. Butler, may I ask the favour of you not to go on now about St. John? I must go away now: and I am very anxious to hear about that Saint in particular.”

B. “ I, too, have an engagement.”
H. Well, we must contrive to meet again soon.”

“ Ceremonies are advancements, cises of faith; the shell that preof order, decency, modesty, and serves the kernel of religion from gravity, in the service of God; ex- contempt, the leaves that defend pressions of those heavenly desires the blossoms and the fruit; but if and dispositions which we ought to they grow over thick and rank, bring along with us to God's House, they hinder the fruit from coming adjuments of attention and devotion, to maturity, and then the gardener furtherances of edification, visible plucks them off."-Abp. Bramhall. instructers, helps of memory, exer

COMMON QUESTIONS ANSWERED,

HOW CAN LAYMEN HELP IN THE CHURCH ? We ask this question not as though we had the slightest doubt that the Laity can and ought to help much in the Church's work, but in the hope of putting before our readers some of the ways in which the Church's lay-members may best help. We well know that they desire to help, but need direction ; we are sure that the Church of England cannot fulfil her mission, if Laity and Clergy stand aloof from and are jealous of each other, instead of mutually co-operating in the Church's work: we are fully alive to the fact that hitherto there has been sad want of united action between the Clergy and Laity in England, that they have misunderstood one another, and have been afraid of each other: especially this has been the case between the MIDDLE classes (particularly the younger portion) and the Clergy. Now this ought not to be; and we do not for a moment hesitate to acknowledge that the Clergy have been much to blame in the matter : from various causes, the practice has too generally been to care for and to visit the poor and the rich, but to overlook the better portion of the artizans, the little tradesmen and the shopkeepers. At the same time, we do not mean to say that these Laity are wholly free from blame in this case, they have been too apt to be jealous of what they thought the Parson's interference—the Priest's rule.

But surely it is high time the two understood each other better, trusted each other more-cast to the winds their too long cherished prejudices and suspicions--worked together as brethren, which by their Baptism they are, in furthering the one great object of Christ's Church on earth— that all may be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth. The following account, which a lay correspondent has sent to us of a very modern Church Guild, will suggest one most important way in which the Laity can help in the Church's work,

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A CHURCH GUILD. In the year 1844, a Clergyman tion and Atonement, and the absoliving in the neighbourhood of lute necessity of Divine Grace, as N- commenced the publication men's only hope of doing works of a series of Religious Tracts, well-pleasing to God. But sincere which went by the name of the and earnest as were the endeavours “N- Church Tracts,” their ob- of these teachers (whether Churchject being to disseminate sound men or Dissenters), yet they failed, doctrine among the middle classes in a great degree, in their work, of that important manufacturing through not fully teaching the town. Before that period there WHOLE of the Divine scheme of Rehad been few opportunities offered demption. They taught the theory, them of becoming acquainted with as it were, without its practical the true doctrine and discipline of bearings on individual cases. They the Church. It is true that many taught of sanctification and of forwell-intentioned and devoted men giveness, without pointing plainly had for years stirred up the people to the Sacraments and other means from the slumbers of formalism, and by which the soul is absolved from had taught them the blessed truths sin, sanctified by heavenly grace, and of our Saviour's work of Redemp- | nourished with spiritual food. These

tracts tended to show how the thought of by th03. whom “the Precious Blood of Christ Which was

Lord had made rulers over His shed upon the Cross for us, and the household, to give them their porvarious gifts of the Holy Ghost, are

tion of meat in due season, though applied to each several soul through perhaps the help was not sowier. the Sacraments and other ordinan

The position of these young men ces of the Church. They were was perplexing in the extreme. eagerly read by the more devout They had conceived a value for portion of the class for whom they privileges which it seemed out of were intended, and they produced a

their power to obtain. As laymen, decided and lasting impression. they were bound, as far as possible, There is a reality and practical aim

to frequent their several parish in what is called (sometimes reviled

Churches, and to pay regard to as) “the Sacramental systemof the

the Ministers under whose parochial Church, which cannot fail, sooner

care the Church had placed them. or later, to take hold of the minds of In their perplexity they resolved to peopl», especially of the young.

associate themselves together, and They feel, as Holy Scripture teaches, called their Society “The Nthat such truths as their having CHURCH Guild." They drew up a been made “temples of the Holy

set of rules, and instituted a Book Ghost” in Baptism-their being Club, trusting, in faith, that their strengthened with His seven-fold united prayers would lead to a solugifts in Confirmation-fed with the tion of their difficulties. Their Spiritual Food of Christ's Body and rules were few and simple : providBlood in Holy Communion-raised ing for the admission of new memup from deadly sins, (if, as alas! too bers; the rejection (in cases of ill commonly, they fall into them,) conduct) of misbehaving members ; through Confession and Absolution,

small fines for absence from meetas pointed out in the Exhortation of ings ; attendance at Church, &c. &c. the Communion Office—they feel,

As these rules were framed before I repeat, that these alone are their the Guild was provided with any true preservatives against the mani- Pastoral superintendence, it was fold temptations which beset them. thought expedient not to bind the There is a healthiness and vigour

members with special rules of conabout this kind of religion, which science touching upon their private will be sure to contrast most favour-l'ives, and therefore it was simply ably with any other system; for,

enjoined, that in their prayers they indeed, it alone can really satisfy

should always remember each other the cravings of men's souls.

and their Guild, and should ocThis was somehow felt and ac- casionally meet together at some knowledged by many of the young

Church where they might all remen in the town of N and they ceive Holy Communion. were consequently led to look about They felt, however, more and them for the practical aids of which more strongly the need for united they now experienced the want. devotion, a need of which Christians Unfortunately, at that time the cannot fail to become increasingly Churches in the town afforded them

sensible. St. Paul bids the Ephesian but little help: there were no

and Colossian Christians to “adDaily Prayers; Holy Communion monish one another in Psalms and was but rarely celebrated. As to Hymns and Spiritual Songs.” the direct Pastoral superintendence (Eph. v. 19; Col. lii. 16.) And the referred to, it seemed quitė un

* S. Matt. xxiv.45; and S. Luke xii. 24.

Church, by her Choral service, has the decoration of the reredos and provided for this in the chanting the painting of the Chancel roof, of alternate verses by either side of which, between the beams, is enthe choir and congregation. So riched with gilt stars on a blue thought the "N- - Church Guild,” firmament. The organ, which is and they resolved to form them- placed on one side of the chancel is selves into a choir, and to offer their conducted by one of the members of services to any one of the Clergy | the Guild, while the others, clad in who would accept their aid in the white surplices, chant the choral performance of Divine Service in portions of the services. Nor is his Church. They first (as they their assistance confined to Sundays, felt bound) addressed themselves to but is also given on other days of the Incumbent of the Old Parish the week when the choir can Church ; but were either refused or assemble. After some time, the discouraged in that attempt. They Guild have succeeded in obtaining afterwards proceeded to sound others a more frequent celebration of the of the Clergy, and at length, after Holy Eucharist. Without this many ineffectual attempts, were re- blessing there could not but lack ceived by the Incumbent of the much of that spiritual life which is suburban parish of and have, so necessary to the harmonious and ever since, carried on the choral united action of religious brotherservices of that Church. The hoods. At first they had many parish of is partly within the difficulties to encounter. Those town, but the Church is situated on who should have been foremost the outskirts. It was built by

to encourage them were either Rickman some 30 years since, and, timid or unsympathizing. By dethough unfortunate in its style of grees, however, the Guild have won architecture, was still more so in its their friendly concurrence. fittings and high pews. The Altar This example of the “Nwas mean, and the Chancel filled Church Guild” is most worthy of with pews like the rest of the imitation, and might easily be folChurch. The “N- Church | lowed by the middle classes and the Guild" undertook to remedy these citizens in London and our large defects. At their own expense, and towns. How much might not be by degrees, they fitted up the Chan- done for the Church by such voluncel with old oak stalls; paved the tary associations; and how many floor with encaustic tisles ; raised of the lay members of the Church, the Altar, and erected a painted tradesmen and young men especially, reredos behind it; purchased a would thus be brought into direct handsome lectern from which to and personal intercourse with the read the lessons; built a stone pul- Clergy, to the unspeakable enpit; and, finally, fitted up the couragement and benefit of both; whole Church with open seats in- whereas, now they too commonly stead of pews.

The cold and stand aloof, and are suspicious and meagre architecture, and still colder | mistrustful of each other. One fact services, were replaced by the 1 is worth a thousand arguments. warmth and solemnity which should Brotherhoods, such as the “Ncharacterize God's House of Prayer. Church Guild,” would do much to The members of the Church Guild promote unity, and to break down were some of them, personally en- the barrier which has too long exgaged in this good work of beauti- isted between the middle classes fying their Church, and to one of , and the Clergy in England. their own number it is indebted for

A LAYMAN. OUR EXHIBITION FOR 1851.

THE PAINTER'S CALLERY.

THE SLAVES OF THE IMPERIAL

GARDEN..

THE EMIGRANTS TO BRAZIL

(Conclusion.)

name, told him was his bed Con

rad deposited his bundle on the Let us return to Conrad. His ground, sat down on the mat, and new master, having bought him, gave himself up to the saddest remade him a sign to follow him. It flections. was then only that the unfortunate Him

very

sorrowful, poor young man fully realized all the white man,” said Agostinho, lookhorrors of his situation. He had ing at him compassionately, “ Agosnow to submit in everything to the tinho sorrowful too, when him leave will and caprice of a master, to his country and old father. White whom all his time and faculties be- man not shew him sad. Massa, longed, and who might kill him him take one great whip, and flog with labour, privations, and ill- him! Agostinho often beat when treatment. Alas! poor Conrad! he him done no harm! Bad massa! must have sunk under the trial, bad massa!” had it not been for his strong reli- Thus spoke the good negro, and gious sentiments, and his ardent his discourse did not tend to cheer self-sacrificing love for his family, Conrad. He was hungry and which made him rejoice even in thirsty, for he had neither eaten the midst of his sufferings, at nor drunk the whole day, and no having saved them from ruin. one seemed to care to supply his When they arrived at the garden, wants. Casting his eyes on a bed several negroes hastened to them at of fine pine apples that grew near, the call of their master, who spoke he asked if he might take one.

At to them in a harsh and imperious this question, the negro called out tone. He committed Conrad into in his terrortheir hands.

“ Him take pine apple! him “Him be German?” said one of whipped to death! Him touch nothe negroes, addressing him in bad thing here! Him eat beans, mornGerman. « Him come with me, ing, noon, and night. Massa find little white friend, shew him bed out if him eat fruit!” and new coat, cloth coat him too 6 Get me then a little water, for hot. Come! come!”

I am dying of thirst.” Although the negro spoke in a Oh! him drink water much hine scarcely intelligible manner, yet as like!” And the good negro ran to he appeared kind and benevolent, a neighbouring fountain. Conrad thought himself fortunate instant he returned with a large in having fallen into his hands. calabash (a pumpkin hollowed out He followed him to the hut which and dried, which in those countries was to be his future abode. It was is used for a drinking vessel) and built of wattles and mud, about presented it to Conrad, who drank eight feet square, and contained deep of the cool delicious draught. neither table, nor chair, nor furni- * Good?” said Agostinho, “ now ture of any description. In one him put on other coat, him come

a straw mat, which work. Massa not like idle boy!" Agostinho, that was the negro's Conrad undressed himself, ex

In an

corner was

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