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Thy will be done on earth, as it is in Heaver :" FATHER in Heaven, before and honor, above all things, to comWhom Angels veil their faces—the mit the ordering of our steps into great, the terrible, the jealous God, Thy sovereign keeping, hearkening keeping covenant and mercy, turn- to the voice of Thy Word, and ing the hearts of men whithersoever doing Thy commands with all spiritThou wilt, and doing whatsoever ual discernment betwixt good and seemeth good unto Thy Divine | evil ! Majesty; I, Thy unworthy child O God! may we aim high; and by adoption and grace, in all hu- not measuring ourselves by ourmility acknowledge before Thee selves, or comparing ourselves with my utter insufficiency for knowing others, ennoble our meanest actions what is for my good and happiness, by the heavenly and spiritual prinand would offer Thee a sacrifice of ciples and heavenly and spiritual true contrition, in bemoaning and ends for which we live, move, and confessing before Thee the insubor- have our being. Taught THY WILL dinate wishes, carnal wills, and by the example of Thy Son, may unholy desires, which rise up within we set up His life as our living me, and choke the words we are so type of self-sacrifice; and looking often praying with our lips-“Thy off from self, be constrained by His

love to crucify every affection and IN HEAVEN.

lust that riseth against Thee, acLord God Almighty! through cording to the strict measure of Thy pardoning mercy in Christ Thy perfect rule ; believing, in Jesus may past sins be washed out whatever station of life it hath and remembered not against us, pleased Thee to place us, that we and these our stubborn wills and are in that position which is best rebellious hearts renewed by Thy fitted for exercising our graces and converting grace. May words which bringing honor to Thy Name; conwe so especially make the subject fiding in it as the pledge of Thy of a daily prayer, no longer be to Spirit, living in it as if for it alone, us as the mere symbol of a vague and quietly leaving our present and notion of duty.

Rather let us our future-our time and our etermake it the very habit and princi- nity, in Thy Hands. Would that ple of our life, to do Thy WILL. we were disinfected of ourselves, Remould us, to Thy praise, and for with nothing within or without the glory of our Redeemer, help keeping us from Thee! Oh, plead us to love what Thou commandest, Thine Own cause against every enand desire that which Thou dost snaring corruption—every darling promise; that like as Thy holy sin fighting for mastery within us. Angels do always most perfectly Root out and destroy in us all render Thee service in HEAVEN, kinds of self-seeking and self-pleasso in like manner may we do on ing, cherished vanities, pursuits after EARTH, till it become our delight shadows, restless cravings after

this world's happinesses, giddening be for ever knit together in all excitements, wincing sorenesses. riches of the full assurance of unTake them, and shew them to our derstanding, and to the acknowconsciences in their true light, and ledgement of the mystery of Thee, confute them with clearer views

O Father, and of Christ, to whom of the end for which we were born, be honor and glory, world without and the vanity of all else besides ! end. Father! perfect that which concerns For Thine is the Kingdom, the us, and forsake not the work of Power, and the Glory, for ever and Thine Own Hands, for the glory of ever! Amen. Thy Name; but in mercy, let our hearts be prepared for whatever Thy providence shall bring forth ; that so, if it should be Thy good pleasure to send us heavy and severe affliction, we may meekly THE AUSTRALASIAN BISHOPS bow our wills to Thine, and say, have just issued a document of THY WILL BE DONE; cherishing such great importance to the wellsorrow and the cross as heavenly being of the Church, both there visitants! Let us make it our aim to hail every pang as a gift of Thy and at home, that we lose no time love; rejoicing to lie passive in in presenting it to our readers, in Thy Hands, if so be that in the

an extra number. Together with school of suffering and obedience

it will be found a short notice of we be moulded into the faintest shadow of our Lord's likeness. And

the discovery of that part of the Father, should it be Thy WILL to

British Empire, and a sketch of the try us with any secret trial, hidden history of the Church in those refrom this world's hard gaze, The mote dependencies of the Crown of

Alike let us bear England. We cannot doubt that it in thankful and submissive silence, as making us partakers of the subject must interest all English our Lord's mysterious cross, by Churchmen, especially such of our faith seeing Thy bow in every readers as have relatives or friends cloud--Thy form on every troubled in that quarter of the globe. In sea—Thy light arising out of every

these days, too, when the tide of darkness. Thus, Lord, may Thy WILL BE

emigration is drafting so many hunDONE in us and by us, now and dreds of our countrymen to those ever! Oh, mayest Thou strengthen distant regions, they who have us above all that we can ask or known and valued their many rethink, amend and sanctify all that ligious privileges in the Church at is amiss, and give us grace, each in our measure, after the example of home, cannot but rejoice to find our Lord and Master, to bear The that, if themselves called to go Holy WILL in all things; that, thither, they will certainly not be suffering with those that suffer, uncared for or neglected, by the and crucified with those that are

chief Pastors of the flock of Christ acific we may at length be

in Australasia. glorified with those that are glori. fied, at that time when all who lové His glorious appearing, will




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We publish this month, in this extra number, a document, which, if we estimate it rightly, will be the most remarkable one of our times. If it be true, that power of united action, for legislative purposes, is the great want of the Church of England, then the first attempt of any of her Bishops to put that power in action, must be of the deepest interest; especially if the measures so adopted are a pattern of wisdom; disarming opposition by their moderation; meeting all difficulties by their comprehensiveness; and eliciting, even from bitter foes, a meed of praise, valuable in proportion as it is unwillingly rendered. But it not merely, that the Bishops of a remote and obscure part of the British Empire have spoken out. The other colonies—the rest of us at home, cannot be unmoved spectators. Preparations have already been making in the diocese of Exeter, in Canada, in Barbadoes, for movements of a like character. The great advantage of this one is, that it must be followed, and will be followed elsewhere. That circumstances so favour, or rather compel events, that (speaking with all deference to the decrees of Divine Providence) we may say, this event will hereafter be recorded, as the first step to the emancipation of the Anglican Church. Viewed in this light, who shall duly paint its grandeur? Who shall tell its remote consequences ? What prayers are not needed for its success !What care in those concerned, (if there be any details that might be mended) that this so great race should be hindered by no early stumbling-blocks !

It is not, however, so much our place, to lead the imagination to the future results of this measure, as to introduce, by a few introductory remarks, to our readers the document itself. If there is one thing which should, more than another, stimulate us at home to assist in missionary exertions, and to have a care for that tide of emigration that is continually flowing from these shores ---men leaving the Churches of their homes, for the wilds of America and Australia—it is the reflex benefit sent back to the mother from the daughters. Some of us have worked in faith, and that most partially and imperfectly. What a reward and encouragement it is, to find that events have changed our faith into sight, and that our own safety seems likely to depend on these despised brethren, to whom we had tossed a trifle out of our abundance! Nor is it unnatural or unreasonable. Our stability has supported, and still supports them; and now, their expedients to supply pressing and obvious wants, gathered from the experience of other times and countries, with a freedom we could not use, come back in turn, to leaven our conservatism, and quietly and safely excite our sluggishness, and in due time, to weld together the old and the new, not merely in continuity of brotherhood, but in unity of nature, gathering in one the benefits of both, combining antiquity and reform. It is remarkable too, that the voice of sound reform comes from the least promising part of the empire, founded in crime and sin—a shame alike to the mother country and to themselves, and long neglected by us--New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, the last places from which any Christian movement might have been expected. But we must notice in detail a few points regarding them and the other Australasian colonies.

Rather more than eighty years ago, no more was known of these territories, than that land had been seen in three places, by Quiros and Tasman, which, with other discoveries, real or imaginary, in the South Seas, were supposed to be the extremities of a great antarctic continent. To discover this continent, was one important object of Cook's first voyage. Under his searching investiga this continent was resolved into islands, and withdrew itself into latitudes where even Sir James Ross could hardly find it, and the geographical questions concerning it will probably remain for ever unsolved. But Cook did more than merely dispose of fables,--sailing to the south of the Terra Australis de Spiritu Sancto of Quiros, and thus showing that it must be a group of islands,he came upon the land that Tasman had visited, and where he had lost a portion of his crew. Cook, more wary, suffered no loss on his first landing, but was compelled to engage the natives, or to take the lives of several of them, in self-defence. It is interesting to trace the national character of New Zealand appearing in the cases of its first discovery; and it is due to Cook to add, that his own self-reproach for the slaughter he was obliged to commit, is stated by him with much feeling. He sailed round and between these islands, and lingered long there, exploring them carefully. There was much to admire in the warlike people, barbarous though they might be, meeting him with the most determined resistance, fighting without thinking of quarter—when subdued, expecting death as of course, but when they found that, unlike their countrymen, the strangers treated them with kindness, resigning themselves, for the present, with cheerfulness to their lot. Their character seems to promise better than that of any other uncivilized people that have hitherto come in contact with Europeans.

After this exploration, he sailed along the eastern coast of Australia, from the southern part discovered by Tasman, to Torres Straits on the

from whence, a series of previous partial discoveries of Spaniards, Dutchmen, and our countryman, Dampier, completed, in somewhat vague outline, the circuit of what might be either a continent or archipelago, and has since been more completely explored by Flinders, and is the seat of our rising empire of Australia.

Occupied by a race few and scattered, and far inferior in culture to the New Zealanders and with a climate not bearing the same resemblance to our own, but, at least in the northern parts, more like that of Africa --- Australia' has not borne out altogether the anticipations Cook formed of it. He was interested in a novel vegetation, and was ignorant of the hot winds and long droughts. Still, man can adapt himself to various climates, (and this is, happily, one of the most healthy in the world) and by cultivation suited to the circumstances, and a due use of the mineral treasures, that have raised the most recently-discovered and least promising part of the continent, South Australia, into the most prosperous and rapidly-increasing dependency of the British Empire, these colonies will doubtless flourish and become powerful.

In his second voyage, Cook explored the Tonga Islands, and the land of Quiros, which, under his research, became the New Hebrides and New



Caledonia. It is to these islands, and the neighbouring groups, that the Bishops of New Zealand and Newcastle are about to direct their wellorganized and most promising Missions. But we must notice more particularly a feature in the process of colonization of these regions, peculiarly discouraging to the Christian and the philanthropist-thé formation of penal colonies.

Not only have the colonists of Eastern Australia been reduced below the average level of morality, by having been formed, to a very great extent, from a criminal population, exposed necessarily, to à surveillance unfavorable to the developement of freedom, or even of truth, but this population, so debased, has overflowed on the neighbouring islands of the Pacific and New Zealand, and, by intermixture with the whalers, has poisoned the first springs of civilization. Deserters, whether convicts or sailors, occupy each his little island. Ignorant and degraded as they may be, still they have knowledge sufficient to make them more powerful than their brown or black neighbours; and at the close of life, if they have escaped accident and premature end, they find themselves transformed from runaways into chieftains, with comparatively small temptation to do ill, and every thing urging the better feelings, that have not been altogether eradicated from their minds, to make them seek the temporal good, at least, of their children and dependants. It is a happy circumstance, that good often comes out of evil. We have read somewhere, a touching account of a settlement in a mountain glen of New South Wales. The graves of the first settlers, convicts, of course, (though that was become a tender subject) clustered on a knoll, not consecrated-hardly fenced off from the rest of the field; one or two of them, perhaps, surviving, softened by extremo old age. The next generation advanced in manhood, civilized, improved, but having grown up before religion was introduced, inferior, therefore, to their own children and grandchildren, in goodness, simplicity, teachableness, and holiness. Nothing could be more charming, than the transition that such a scene displayed, from crime, through social improvement, to religion. The history of the early settlers, however, displays, in general, a different picturc; and it has taken long to lessen the violence and crime of the bitter social distinctions that have grown out of the guilty origin of this colony, and which remain in Van Diemen's Land, because the Government of this country has there perpetuated this debasing system of transportation. These evils, we hope, are lessening. Every year that the tempting advantage of cheap convict labour is foregone, increases the improvement, and lessens the probability of a return to cvil. It is to be hoped, too, that public opinion may set itself immoveably against outrages on the natives. They suffer, as all uncivilized tribes do, but too bitterly, in various ways, by contact with Europeans. The wholesale massacre of them might have been spared, which, happily, was defeated and punished, and the miserable spectacle of corpses by a spring, to which they had been driven by intolerable thirst, after partaking of a barrel of poisoned flour, left on purpose for them, it must be added with shame, in a colony to which convicts have not been sent. Such outrages call for amends, and for efforts to improve and reclaim those few of the aborigines that remain.

Between 1793 and 1838, more than 100,000 convicts had landed in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land. For the religious care of

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