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ON CHRIST'S SUFFERING UNDER
1. Nothing can be imagined more elegant, instructive, and impressive, than the emblems made use of in sacred writ; and that which occurs in Zech. iii. 9. has always appeared to me particularly beautiful. Our Saviour is there represented as a STONE laid by the hand of God before Joshua the High-priest, to which one Stone seven eyes are directed, and the engravings of which the Lord of hosts engraved, whilst by means of it he purposed to remove the iniquity of the earth in one day. The Stone signifies Christ, who is “ the “ rock of our salvation,”a and “ the corner-stone, in “whom the whole building of the church fitly framed “ together, groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord.”b He is called “ one Stone;" “ for other foundation can “ no man lay.”c God hath laid the Stone, namely,
God, who so loved the world that he gave his only“ begotten Son.”d He laid it, too, before Joshua, that he and the rest of the priests, and all the teachers
a Deut. xxxii. 15.
Ephes. ii. 20, 21. d John üii. 16.
of the mysteries of Divine revelation, might attend to it, might point it out to the people as the foundation of the whole system of revealed truth,—and on it might build themselves, and the people committed to their charge. This was accordingly done with great diligence, in particular, by the Apostles Peter and Paul.e Upon this Stone are seven eyes ;—to wit, the eyes of God, who beholds it with complacency, and protects it with care ;f and also the eyes of the church, which regards it with cordial and entire confidence, agreeably to the following invitation; “ Look unto me, and be
ye saved, all the ends of the earth.”! But that this Stone might be distinguished from all other stones, it was necessary that it should be divinely engraved with " the engravings thereof,”—its own peculiar engravings. By this we understand “the name of God” impressed upon him as with a seal,h—that is, the splendour of the Divine Majesty shining forth in him and his works;i and also those dreadful sufferings by which it became God to make perfect the Captain of our salvation.j It was by means of those sufferings that the iniquity of the whole earth was taken away, and the world reconciled to God in one day, namely, the day on which his sacrifice was completed, and, so to speak, the last farthing of his satisfaction paid.k Let us then take an accurate survey of this Stone with the engravings thereof, to wit, Christ and his sufferings. We shall speak, first, of the sufferings themselves, and then of the chief Judge in Judea, under whom the principal part of them befell him.
e 1 Pet. ü. 4–6. 1 Cor. iii, 10.
8 Is. xlv. 22. i John i. 14. * Heb. x. 14.
ON CHRIST'S SUFFERING UNDER
1. Nothing can be imagined more elegant, instru tive, and impressive, than the emblems made use of sacred writ; and that which occurs in Zech. iii. 9. h always appeared to me particularly beautiful. O Saviour is there represented as a STONE laid by t hand of God before Joshua the High-priest, to whi one Stone seven eyes are directed, and the engravin of which the Lord of hosts engraved, whilst by me of it he purposed to remove the iniquity of the ear one day. The Stone signifies Christ, who is “ rock of our salvation,” and “the corner-st “ whom the whole building of the church fit!
together, groweth unto an holy temple in th He is called “one Stone;" “ for other foun “ no man lay.”c God hath laid the Sto “ God, who so loved the world that he g
begotten Son.”d He laid it, too, 7 that he and the rest of the priests, and
* Deut: xxxii. 15. ci Cor. iïi. 11.
nysteries of Divine tereistian, sigut attend to sit point it out to the people as the foundation of nole system of revealed truth, ai might i themselves, and the reaple comments to the
This was accounting date was great, die in particular, by the Apostles Pea mi Per
is Stone are sezen oo;- , tre excess of i she beholds it with us, mic prema is E cze; and also the eyes o tre emes, wizics es
Eith cordial site alien, gratis ze fallowing invitation; "Lude muito ma, me le sred, all the cuts of the eart Bretta ta might be distinguisted from a des smas, at
11. In discoursing aright on the SUFFERINGS Christ-an expression, including amongst others, thq which are afterwards expressly mentioned in the Cree --five points fall to be explained. 1st, Who suff ed. 2dly, WHAT-3dly, WHEN—4thly, For wh. END—5thly, FOR WHOM—he suffered.
III. Who suffered ?-Christ the Mediator, Go man, made satisfaction by suffering, in his whole PC son ; each nature contributing its own share. In str propriety of speech, Christ suffered only in the hum nature; since the adorable Divinity is equally incar ble of the least increase or diminution of its glorio blessedness, and finds most amply in itself alone, a in the possession, knowledge, and enjoyment of its ov perfections, all the treasures of that felicity which worthy of the Supreme Being. “If thou sinnest, wh “ dost thou against him? or if thy transgressions " multiplied, what dost thou unto him? If th “ be righteous, what givest thou him, or what “ ceiveth he of thine hand?” But that it is far fro being true, that the Divinity contributed nothing all towards this object, will appear from what is imm diately to be said.
iv. As the whole man, both in soul and body, ow obedience to God; and as the whole man, soul a body, simned and thus became obnoxious to eteri punishment; so it was necessary that Christ shou suffer at once in soul and body, that he might glor God in both parts of human nature, expiate hum guilt, and sustain the punishment due to sin. T whole history of the Gospel speaks at great leng of the sufferings of his body; of those of his soul,
I Job xxxv. 6, 7.